Abstract

We present a novel large-mode-area thulium-doped fibre with a large pedestal design. We discuss the advantages of this large pedestal fibre in the context of overcoming limitations imposed by cleaving and splicing tolerances. Finally we demonstrate the use of such a fibre in constructing monolithic fibre lasers operating at 1.95 µm with 170 W of output power, 0.1 nm line-width and a diffraction limited beam quality of M2X,Y = 1.02, 1.03.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. A. D. Yablon, Optical Fiber Fusion Splicing (Springer-Verlag, 2005).
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  27. http://www.vytran.com/publications/datasheet_lfs4000_2010.pdf
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  30. http://www.dilas.com/gdresources/downloads/products/DILAS_MMF-IS11_200um_793nm.pdf
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    [Crossref]

2014 (5)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2010 (4)

2009 (4)

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Lapointe and M. Piché, “Line-width of high-power fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7386, 73860S1–73860S8 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

H. Yoda, P. Polynkin, and M. Mansuripur, “Beam quality factor of higher order modes in a step-index fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1350–1354 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, “85 W Tm3+ -doped silica fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(12), 687–688 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Cross relaxation and energy transfer upconversion processes relevant to the functioning of 2 μm, Tm3+ -doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 230(1-3), 197–203 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

Barnes, N. P.

Bennetts, S.

Book, L. D.

Carter, A.

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “High power operation of cladding pumped holmium-doped silica fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4560–4566 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chatigny, S.

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

Corena, L.

Creeden, D.

Davidson, A.

de Sando, J.-P.

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

Desrosiers, C.

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

Farroni, J.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, “85 W Tm3+ -doped silica fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(12), 687–688 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gagnon, É.

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ghalmi, S.

Goodno, G. D.

Hanna, D. C.

Haub, J.

Hemming, A.

Hou, J.

Hou, Y.

Huang, C.

Ibsen, M.

Jackson, S. D.

Jacobson, N.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Johnson, B. R.

Kadwani, P.

Kim, J. W.

King, T. A.

Lancaster, D. G.

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, “85 W Tm3+ -doped silica fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(12), 687–688 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lapointe, M. A.

M. A. Lapointe and M. Piché, “Line-width of high-power fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7386, 73860S1–73860S8 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lapointe, M.-A.

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, L.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber super-fluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).

J. Liu, H. Shi, K. Liu, Y. Hou, and P. Wang, “210 W single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13572–13578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, K.

J. Liu, H. Shi, K. Liu, Y. Hou, and P. Wang, “210 W single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13572–13578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber super-fluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).

Lu, Q.

Machewirth, D.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mansuripur, M.

McComb, T. S.

Morasse, B.

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mossman, S.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

Pearson, L.

Piché, M.

M. A. Lapointe and M. Piché, “Line-width of high-power fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7386, 73860S1–73860S8 (2009).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, P.

Ramachandran, S.

Richardson, M.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Sahu, J. K.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, A.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Setzler, S. D.

Shah, L.

Shen, D.

Shi, H.

Simakov, N.

Sims, R. A.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D. Yu.

Sudesh, V.

Tan, F.

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber super-fluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).

Tang, Y.

Tankala, K.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Torruellas, W.

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Turner, P. W.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Wang, P.

J. Liu, H. Shi, K. Liu, Y. Hou, and P. Wang, “210 W single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13572–13578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber super-fluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).

Wang, S.

Willis, C. C. C.

Xu, J.

Xue, G.

Yablon, A. D.

Yin, K.

Yoda, H.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, “85 W Tm3+ -doped silica fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 41(12), 687–688 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber super-fluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Cross relaxation and energy transfer upconversion processes relevant to the functioning of 2 μm, Tm3+ -doped silica fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 230(1-3), 197–203 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “Spectrum narrowing of high power Tm: fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8937–8941 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, C. Huang, S. Wang, H. Li, and J. Xu, “High-power narrow-bandwidth thulium fiber laser with an all-fiber cavity,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17539–17544 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “High power operation of cladding pumped holmium-doped silica fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4560–4566 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Shi, K. Liu, Y. Hou, and P. Wang, “210 W single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13572–13578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yin, B. Zhang, G. Xue, L. Li, and J. Hou, “High-power all-fiber wavelength-tunable thulium doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Opt. Express 22(17), 19947–19952 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yu. Stepanov and L. Corena, “Bragg grating fabrication with wide range coarse and fine wavelength control,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27309–27320 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (3)

M. A. Lapointe and M. Piché, “Line-width of high-power fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7386, 73860S1–73860S8 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Morasse, S. Chatigny, C. Desrosiers, É. Gagnon, M.-A. Lapointe, and J.-P. de Sando, “Simple design for single-mode high power CW fiber laser using multimode high NA fiber,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 719505 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Tankala, B. Samson, A. Carter, J. Farroni, D. Machewirth, N. Jacobson, A. Sanchez, A. Galvanauskas, W. Torruellas, and Y. Chen, “New developments in high power eye-safe LMA fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6102, 610206 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

A. D. Yablon, Optical Fiber Fusion Splicing (Springer-Verlag, 2005).

A. Hemming, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, D. Stepanov, L. Corena, M. Hughes, N. Carmody, P. Davies, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “An efficient, high power, monolithic, single mode thulium fiber laser,” in Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and their Applications, (Optical Society of America, 2013.), paper T2.4. 25].

http://www.vytran.com/publications/datasheet_lfs4000_2010.pdf

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, A. Drozhzhin, V. Sergeev, and V. Gapontsev, “415 W single- mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the International Quantum Electronics Conference. CLEOE-IQEC 2007, CP2 (2007).

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http://www.dilas.com/gdresources/downloads/products/DILAS_MMF-IS11_200um_793nm.pdf

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 a) End-face view of a 25P/400-TDF with a 25 µm core, 40 µm pedestal and a 400 µm flat-to-flat octagonal cladding. b) End-face view of a 20LP/400-TDF with a 20 µm core, 65 µm pedestal and a 400 µm flat-to-flat octagonal cladding.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Illustration of a splice between a passive non-pedestal fibre and an active fibre containing a pedestal around the core. The pedestal is able to capture a significant fraction of the light coupled from the core at the splice (red arrows) and also the spontaneous emission from the excited rare-earth ions (blue arrows). At the output splice from active TDF to passive GDF only the radiation in the core of the active fibre is coupled into the core of the passive fibre.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Effective overlap as a function of pedestal diameter for different core diameters
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) Impact of compound cleave angle mismatch on the loss at a splice for various mode-field diameters. b) Impact of transverse misalignment on the loss at a splice for various mode-field diameters.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 A schematic of the monolithic thulium-doped fibre laser and diagnostic equipment
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 a) Output power at 1.95 µm vs launched pump power at 0.79 µm for several lasers. b) 4-sigma beam diameters taken through a focus of a 100 mm lens. A calibrated magnification lens was used to measure the waist diameters.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 a) Evolution of the spectrum with increasing output power measured with a resolution of 0.05 nm. b) Laser output spectrum measured with a resolution of 2 nm showing there is negligible ASE content at the output of the laser.

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