Abstract

In this letter, a new kind of grating, quasi-one-dimensional gold grating, has been proposed to enhance the optical coupling in AlGaN/GaN quantum well infrared photodetector (QWIP). The electric field distribution, current density and energy flow are analyzed by an algorithm of finite element method (FEM). Significantly enhanced electric field component Ez perpendicular to multiple quantum wells (MQWs) is explained by introducing the resonant coupling of surface plasmon polariton (SPP) and localized surface plasmon (LSP). The |Ez|2 in MQWs reaches 0.85 (V/m)2 when the electric field intensity (|E0|2) of normal incidence is 1 (V/m)2 at 4.65 μm, showing 2 times and 1.3 times increase compared with that obtained via a one-dimensional gold grating and a two-dimensional gold grating, respectively. The results confirm that the quasi-one-dimensional gold grating provides more plasma excitation source and higher charge density with structure optimization, resulting in a high optical coupling efficiency of 85% in quantum well region.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

S.-Q. Zhai, J.-Q. Liu, F.-Q. Liu, and Z.-G. Wang, “A normal incident quantum cascade detector enhanced by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Hofstetter, J. Di Francesco, P. K. Kandaswamy, and E. Monroy, “Intersubband spectroscopy probing higher order interminiband transitions in AlN-GaN-based superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071104 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. H. Shen and B. Maes, “Combined plasmonic gratings in organic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(106Suppl 6), A1202–A1210 (2011).
[PubMed]

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, X. G. Guo, J. C. Cao, and H. C. Liu, “Near field and cavity effects on coupling efficiency of one-dimensional metal grating for terahertz quantum well photodetectors,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073110 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

W. Wu, A. Bonakdar, and H. Mohseni, “Plasmonic enhanced quantum well infrared photodetector with high detectivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161107 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

N. Péré-Laperne, C. Bayram, L. Nguyen-Thê, R. McClintock, and M. Razeghi, “Tunability of intersubband absorption from 4.5 to 5.3 μm in a GaN/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 N superlattices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(13), 131109 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. L. Bai, Q. Q. Gan, F. Bartoli, J. Zhang, L. K. Cai, Y. D. Huang, and G. F. Song, “Design of plasmonic back structures for efficiency enhancement of thin-film amorphous Si solar cells,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3725–3727 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Yang, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, and Y. Shimogaki, “Blueshift of intersubband transition wavelength in AlN/GaN multiple quantum wells by low temperature metal organic vapor phase epitaxy using pulse injection method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 162111 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Ch. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. D. R. Bhat, N. C. Panoiu, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. M. Osgood., “Enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio of an infrared photodetector with a circular metal grating,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4588–4596 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. K. Mapel, M. Singh, M. A. Baldo, and K. Celebi, “Plasmonic excitation of organic double heterostructure solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 121102 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Driscoll, A. Bhattacharyya, T. D. Moustakas, R. Paiella, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Intersubband absorption in AlN/ GaN/ AlGaN coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141104 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. Rogalski, “Optical detectors for focal plane arrays,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 12(2), 221–245 (2004).

L. H. Smith, J. A. E. Wasey, and W. L. Barnes, “Light outcoupling efficiency of top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(16), 2986–2988 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Kawashima, H. Yoshikawa, S. Adachi, S. Fuke, and K. Ohtsuka, “Optical properties of hexagonal GaN,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(7), 3528–3535 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. P. Berenger, “Three-dimensional perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 127(2), 363–379 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

B. F. Levine, “Quantum-well infrared photodetectors,” J. Appl. Phys. 74(8), R1–R81 (1993).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

Adachi, S.

T. Kawashima, H. Yoshikawa, S. Adachi, S. Fuke, and K. Ohtsuka, “Optical properties of hexagonal GaN,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(7), 3528–3535 (1997).
[Crossref]

Alexander, R. W.

Atwater, H. A.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, W. L.

Baldo, M. A.

J. K. Mapel, M. Singh, M. A. Baldo, and K. Celebi, “Plasmonic excitation of organic double heterostructure solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 121102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

L. H. Smith, J. A. E. Wasey, and W. L. Barnes, “Light outcoupling efficiency of top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(16), 2986–2988 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartoli, F.

Bayram, C.

N. Péré-Laperne, C. Bayram, L. Nguyen-Thê, R. McClintock, and M. Razeghi, “Tunability of intersubband absorption from 4.5 to 5.3 μm in a GaN/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 N superlattices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(13), 131109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Bellet-Amalric, E.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, “Three-dimensional perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 127(2), 363–379 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bhat, R. D. R.

Bhattacharyya, A.

K. Driscoll, A. Bhattacharyya, T. D. Moustakas, R. Paiella, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Intersubband absorption in AlN/ GaN/ AlGaN coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141104 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bonakdar, A.

W. Wu, A. Bonakdar, and H. Mohseni, “Plasmonic enhanced quantum well infrared photodetector with high detectivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bougerol, C.

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brueck, S. R. J.

Cai, L. K.

Cao, J. C.

R. Zhang, X. G. Guo, J. C. Cao, and H. C. Liu, “Near field and cavity effects on coupling efficiency of one-dimensional metal grating for terahertz quantum well photodetectors,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Celebi, K.

J. K. Mapel, M. Singh, M. A. Baldo, and K. Celebi, “Plasmonic excitation of organic double heterostructure solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 121102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cen, L. B.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Q.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Ch. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X. S.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. X.

Chen, Y. T.

Colombelli, R.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dai, J. N.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dai, S. W.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Francesco, J.

D. Hofstetter, J. Di Francesco, P. K. Kandaswamy, and E. Monroy, “Intersubband spectroscopy probing higher order interminiband transitions in AlN-GaN-based superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y. Y.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, K.

K. Driscoll, A. Bhattacharyya, T. D. Moustakas, R. Paiella, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Intersubband absorption in AlN/ GaN/ AlGaN coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141104 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T.

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fang, Y. Y.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ferry, V. E.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuke, S.

T. Kawashima, H. Yoshikawa, S. Adachi, S. Fuke, and K. Ohtsuka, “Optical properties of hexagonal GaN,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(7), 3528–3535 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gan, Q. Q.

Ghaemi, H.

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gong, H. M.

Grupp, D.

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).

Guo, X. G.

R. Zhang, X. G. Guo, J. C. Cao, and H. C. Liu, “Near field and cavity effects on coupling efficiency of one-dimensional metal grating for terahertz quantum well photodetectors,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hofstetter, D.

D. Hofstetter, J. Di Francesco, P. K. Kandaswamy, and E. Monroy, “Intersubband spectroscopy probing higher order interminiband transitions in AlN-GaN-based superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. C.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. F.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Ch. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. D.

Hui, X.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin, G. F.

Jin, Y. H.

Julien, F. H.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kandaswamy, P. K.

D. Hofstetter, J. Di Francesco, P. K. Kandaswamy, and E. Monroy, “Intersubband spectroscopy probing higher order interminiband transitions in AlN-GaN-based superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071104 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kawashima, T.

T. Kawashima, H. Yoshikawa, S. Adachi, S. Fuke, and K. Ohtsuka, “Optical properties of hexagonal GaN,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(7), 3528–3535 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kotsar, Y.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lai, Y. L.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lan, C. C.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

Levine, B. F.

B. F. Levine, “Quantum-well infrared photodetectors,” J. Appl. Phys. 74(8), R1–R81 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lezec, H.

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

Li, Q. Q.

Li, S. L.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. L.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. P.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.-Q.

S.-Q. Zhai, J.-Q. Liu, F.-Q. Liu, and Z.-G. Wang, “A normal incident quantum cascade detector enhanced by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

R. Zhang, X. G. Guo, J. C. Cao, and H. C. Liu, “Near field and cavity effects on coupling efficiency of one-dimensional metal grating for terahertz quantum well photodetectors,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073110 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.-Q.

S.-Q. Zhai, J.-Q. Liu, F.-Q. Liu, and Z.-G. Wang, “A normal incident quantum cascade detector enhanced by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Long, L. L.

Lu, C. H.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, and C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. Ch.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Ch. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Machhadani, H.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maes, B.

Mangeney, J.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mapel, J. K.

J. K. Mapel, M. Singh, M. A. Baldo, and K. Celebi, “Plasmonic excitation of organic double heterostructure solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 121102 (2007).
[Crossref]

McClintock, R.

N. Péré-Laperne, C. Bayram, L. Nguyen-Thê, R. McClintock, and M. Razeghi, “Tunability of intersubband absorption from 4.5 to 5.3 μm in a GaN/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 N superlattices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(13), 131109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mohseni, H.

W. Wu, A. Bonakdar, and H. Mohseni, “Plasmonic enhanced quantum well infrared photodetector with high detectivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Monroy, E.

D. Hofstetter, J. Di Francesco, P. K. Kandaswamy, and E. Monroy, “Intersubband spectroscopy probing higher order interminiband transitions in AlN-GaN-based superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071104 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moustakas, T. D.

K. Driscoll, A. Bhattacharyya, T. D. Moustakas, R. Paiella, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Intersubband absorption in AlN/ GaN/ AlGaN coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141104 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nakano, Y.

J. S. Yang, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, and Y. Shimogaki, “Blueshift of intersubband transition wavelength in AlN/GaN multiple quantum wells by low temperature metal organic vapor phase epitaxy using pulse injection method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 162111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nguyen-Thê, L.

N. Péré-Laperne, C. Bayram, L. Nguyen-Thê, R. McClintock, and M. Razeghi, “Tunability of intersubband absorption from 4.5 to 5.3 μm in a GaN/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 N superlattices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(13), 131109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ohtsuka, K.

T. Kawashima, H. Yoshikawa, S. Adachi, S. Fuke, and K. Ohtsuka, “Optical properties of hexagonal GaN,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(7), 3528–3535 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ordal, M. A.

Osgood, R. M.

Pacifici, D.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paiella, R.

K. Driscoll, A. Bhattacharyya, T. D. Moustakas, R. Paiella, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Intersubband absorption in AlN/ GaN/ AlGaN coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141104 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pan, J. H.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Panoiu, N. C.

Péré-Laperne, N.

N. Péré-Laperne, C. Bayram, L. Nguyen-Thê, R. McClintock, and M. Razeghi, “Tunability of intersubband absorption from 4.5 to 5.3 μm in a GaN/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 N superlattices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(13), 131109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

Razeghi, M.

N. Péré-Laperne, C. Bayram, L. Nguyen-Thê, R. McClintock, and M. Razeghi, “Tunability of intersubband absorption from 4.5 to 5.3 μm in a GaN/Al 0.2 Ga 0.8 N superlattices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(13), 131109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rogalski, A.

A. Rogalski, “Optical detectors for focal plane arrays,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 12(2), 221–245 (2004).

Sakr, S.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sarigiannidou, E.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shen, B.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shen, H. H.

Shimogaki, Y.

J. S. Yang, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, and Y. Shimogaki, “Blueshift of intersubband transition wavelength in AlN/GaN multiple quantum wells by low temperature metal organic vapor phase epitaxy using pulse injection method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 162111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singh, M.

J. K. Mapel, M. Singh, M. A. Baldo, and K. Celebi, “Plasmonic excitation of organic double heterostructure solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(12), 121102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. J.

K. Driscoll, A. Bhattacharyya, T. D. Moustakas, R. Paiella, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Intersubband absorption in AlN/ GaN/ AlGaN coupled quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141104 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. H.

L. H. Smith, J. A. E. Wasey, and W. L. Barnes, “Light outcoupling efficiency of top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(16), 2986–2988 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sodabanlu, H.

J. S. Yang, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, and Y. Shimogaki, “Blueshift of intersubband transition wavelength in AlN/GaN multiple quantum wells by low temperature metal organic vapor phase epitaxy using pulse injection method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 162111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, G. F.

Song, J.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sugiyama, M.

J. S. Yang, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, and Y. Shimogaki, “Blueshift of intersubband transition wavelength in AlN/GaN multiple quantum wells by low temperature metal organic vapor phase epitaxy using pulse injection method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 162111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sweatlock, L. A.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tchernycheva, M.

H. Machhadani, Y. Kotsar, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, R. Colombelli, J. Mangeney, E. Bellet-Amalric, E. Sarigiannidou, E. Monroy, and F. H. Julien, “Terahertz intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN step quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(19), 191101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. K. Kandaswamy, H. Machhadani, C. Bougerol, S. Sakr, M. Tchernycheva, F. H. Julien, and E. Monroy, “Midinfrared intersubband absorption in GaN/AlGaN superlattices on Si (111) templates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141911 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. Grupp, T. Ebbesen, and H. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).

Tian, W.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wang, X. Q.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.-G.

S.-Q. Zhai, J.-Q. Liu, F.-Q. Liu, and Z.-G. Wang, “A normal incident quantum cascade detector enhanced by surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ward, C. A.

Wasey, J. A. E.

L. H. Smith, J. A. E. Wasey, and W. L. Barnes, “Light outcoupling efficiency of top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(16), 2986–2988 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, W.

W. Wu, A. Bonakdar, and H. Mohseni, “Plasmonic enhanced quantum well infrared photodetector with high detectivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z. H.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, F. J.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. Y.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, W. Y.

W. Tian, W. Y. Yan, X. Hui, S. L. Li, Y. Y. Ding, Y. Li, Y. Tian, J. N. Dai, Y. Y. Fang, Z. H. Wu, C. H. Yu, and C. Q. Chen, “Tunability of intersubband transition wavelength in the atmospheric window in AlGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells grown on different AlGaN templates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063526 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yan, X. D.

C. C. Huang, F. J. Xu, X. D. Yan, J. Song, Z. Y. Xu, L. B. Cen, Y. Wang, J. H. Pan, X. Q. Wang, Z. J. Yang, B. Shen, B. S. Zhang, X. S. Chen, and W. Lu, “Intersubband transitions at atmospheric window in AlxGa1−xN/GaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN/sapphire templates adopting AlN/GaN superlattices interlayer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 132105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. C.

D. M. Yeh, C. F. Huang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Ch. Lu, and C. C. Yang, “Localized surface plasmon-induced emission enhancement of a green light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology 19(34), 345201 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. S.

J. S. Yang, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, and Y. Shimogaki, “Blueshift of intersubband transition wavelength in AlN/GaN multiple quantum wells by low temperature metal organic vapor phase epitaxy using pulse injection method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 162111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y. Q.

Yang, Z. J.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematics of (a) AlGaN/GaN QWIP with quasi-one-dimensional gold grating and (b) basic unit of the simulated geometry on different sides.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Averaged |Ez|2 across the whole quantum well region at a normal incidence for different wavelengths; (b) |Ez| in the square center (x = 0.55 μm, y = 0.5 μm) as a function of the distance (z) away from the Au/semiconductor interface at 4.65 μm; (c) dispersion diagram of SPP generated at the Au/semiconductor interface; (d) dispersion diagram of SPP detailed with enlarged scale line.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Averaged |Ez|2 across the whole quantum well region at a normal incidence for different wavelengths: one-dimensional gold grating (black line), quasi-one-dimensional gold grating (red line) and two-dimensional gold grating (blue line); (b) |Ez|2 enhancement ratios M: |Ez|2_avg0 for quasi-one-dimensional grating, |Ez|2_avg1 for one-dimensional grating and |Ez|2_avg2 for two-dimensional grating.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 FWHM of |Ez|2 spectrums and relevant peak wavelengths of three patterned gratings.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Distribution of |Ez| in the x-y plane 10 nm under the Au/semiconductor interface at 4.65 μm: (a) one-dimensional gold grating; (b) quasi-one-dimensional gold grating; (c) two-dimensional gold grating. The black arrows represent the normalized time-averaged Poynting vector.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Current density in the x-y plane 10 nm under the Au/semiconductor interface at 4.65 μm: (I) one-dimensional gold grating; (II) quasi-one-dimensional gold grating; (III) two-dimensional gold grating.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Averaged |Ez|2 enhancement over the x-y plane (F) as a function of the distance (s) away from the Au/semiconductor interface. The green region represents the AlGaN/GaN quantum well region. The inset shows the proportion of Ez component in quantum well region.

Equations (3)

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ε( ω )= ε ω p 2 ω 2 +iω ω τ
k sp = ω c ε m ' ε d ε m ' + ε d
k sp = k +i G x +j G y

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