Abstract

We report experimental and theoretical verification of the nature and position of multiple interference points of visible light transmitted through the valve of the centric diatom species Coscinodiscus granii. Furthermore, by coupling the transmitted light into an optical fiber and moving the diatom valve between constructive and destructive interference points, an extinction ratio of 20 dB is shown.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. O. Pulz and W. Gross, “Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65, 635–648 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. W. H. C. F. Kooistra, R. Gersonde, L. K. Medlin, and D. G. Mann, “The origin and evolution of diatoms: their adaption to a planktonic existence,” in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea, P. G. Falkowski and A. H. Knoll, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 207–250.
  4. J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Falciatore and C. Bowler, “Revealing the molecular secrets of marine diatoms,” Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 53, 109–130 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. V. Smetacek, “A watery arms race,” Nature 411, 745 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Kieu, C. Li, Y. Fang, G. Cohoon, O. D. Herrera, M. Hildebrand, K. H. Sandhage, and R. A. Norwood, “Structure-based optical filtering by the silica microshell of the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Opt. Express 22, 15992–15999 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. L. De Stefano, I. Rea, I. Rendina, M. De Stefano, and L. Moretti, “Lensless light focusing with the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus walesii,” Opt. Express 15, 18082–18088 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, V. Mocella, L. Moretti, M. De Stefano, I. Rendina, and L. De Stefano, “Multi-wavelength study of light transmitted through a single marine centric diatom,” Opt. Express 18, 12203–12212 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. G. R. Hasle and G. A. Fryxell, “Diatoms: cleaning and mounting for light and electron microscopy,” Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 89, 469–474 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  19. N. Delen and B. Hooker, “Free-space beam propagation between arbitrarily oriented planes based on full diffraction theory: a fast Fourier transform approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 857–867 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

K. Kieu, C. Li, Y. Fang, G. Cohoon, O. D. Herrera, M. Hildebrand, K. H. Sandhage, and R. A. Norwood, “Structure-based optical filtering by the silica microshell of the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Opt. Express 22, 15992–15999 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. De Stefano, I. Rea, I. Rendina, M. De Stefano, and L. Moretti, “Lensless light focusing with the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus walesii,” Opt. Express 15, 18082–18088 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Pulz and W. Gross, “Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65, 635–648 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Falciatore and C. Bowler, “Revealing the molecular secrets of marine diatoms,” Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 53, 109–130 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

V. Smetacek, “A watery arms race,” Nature 411, 745 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1970 (1)

G. R. Hasle and G. A. Fryxell, “Diatoms: cleaning and mounting for light and electron microscopy,” Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 89, 469–474 (1970).
[Crossref]

Antonucci, A.

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bowler, C.

A. Falciatore and C. Bowler, “Revealing the molecular secrets of marine diatoms,” Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 53, 109–130 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohoon, G.

Congestri, R.

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coppola, G.

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

Dardano, P.

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

De Stefano, L.

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, V. Mocella, L. Moretti, M. De Stefano, I. Rendina, and L. De Stefano, “Multi-wavelength study of light transmitted through a single marine centric diatom,” Opt. Express 18, 12203–12212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. De Stefano, I. Rea, I. Rendina, M. De Stefano, and L. Moretti, “Lensless light focusing with the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus walesii,” Opt. Express 15, 18082–18088 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Stefano, M.

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, V. Mocella, L. Moretti, M. De Stefano, I. Rendina, and L. De Stefano, “Multi-wavelength study of light transmitted through a single marine centric diatom,” Opt. Express 18, 12203–12212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. De Stefano, I. Rea, I. Rendina, M. De Stefano, and L. Moretti, “Lensless light focusing with the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus walesii,” Opt. Express 15, 18082–18088 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Tommasi, E.

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, V. Mocella, L. Moretti, M. De Stefano, I. Rendina, and L. De Stefano, “Multi-wavelength study of light transmitted through a single marine centric diatom,” Opt. Express 18, 12203–12212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delen, N.

Di Caprio, G.

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

Doubell, M. J.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El Rharbl-Kucki, M.

T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
[Crossref]

Falciatore, A.

A. Falciatore and C. Bowler, “Revealing the molecular secrets of marine diatoms,” Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 53, 109–130 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Y.

Ferrara, M. A.

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

Fryxell, G. A.

G. R. Hasle and G. A. Fryxell, “Diatoms: cleaning and mounting for light and electron microscopy,” Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 89, 469–474 (1970).
[Crossref]

Fuhrmann, T.

T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gersonde, R.

W. H. C. F. Kooistra, R. Gersonde, L. K. Medlin, and D. G. Mann, “The origin and evolution of diatoms: their adaption to a planktonic existence,” in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea, P. G. Falkowski and A. H. Knoll, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 207–250.

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grillet, C.

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Gross, W.

O. Pulz and W. Gross, “Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65, 635–648 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamm, C. E.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hasle, G. R.

G. R. Hasle and G. A. Fryxell, “Diatoms: cleaning and mounting for light and electron microscopy,” Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 89, 469–474 (1970).
[Crossref]

Hayashida, N.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Herrera, O. D.

Hildebrand, M.

Hooker, B.

Hsu, S.-H.

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Jurkojc, P.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kieu, K.

Kooistra, W. H. C. F.

W. H. C. F. Kooistra, R. Gersonde, L. K. Medlin, and D. G. Mann, “The origin and evolution of diatoms: their adaption to a planktonic existence,” in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea, P. G. Falkowski and A. H. Knoll, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 207–250.

Lal, R.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landwehr, S.

T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
[Crossref]

Larkum, A. W. D.

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Losic, D.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, C.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mann, D. G.

W. H. C. F. Kooistra, R. Gersonde, L. K. Medlin, and D. G. Mann, “The origin and evolution of diatoms: their adaption to a planktonic existence,” in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea, P. G. Falkowski and A. H. Knoll, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 207–250.

Medlin, L. K.

W. H. C. F. Kooistra, R. Gersonde, L. K. Medlin, and D. G. Mann, “The origin and evolution of diatoms: their adaption to a planktonic existence,” in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea, P. G. Falkowski and A. H. Knoll, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 207–250.

Merkel, R.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitchell, J. G.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mocella, V.

Moretti, L.

Nagy, S. S.

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norwood, R. A.

Ohguchi, M.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paoletti, C.

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Prechtel, K.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pulz, O.

O. Pulz and W. Gross, “Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65, 635–648 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rea, I.

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, V. Mocella, L. Moretti, M. De Stefano, I. Rendina, and L. De Stefano, “Multi-wavelength study of light transmitted through a single marine centric diatom,” Opt. Express 18, 12203–12212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. De Stefano, I. Rea, I. Rendina, M. De Stefano, and L. Moretti, “Lensless light focusing with the centric marine diatom Coscinodiscus walesii,” Opt. Express 15, 18082–18088 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rendina, I.

Ritchie, R. J.

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Sandhage, K. H.

Seuront, L.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seymour, J.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Short, K.

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smetacek, V.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Smetacek, “A watery arms race,” Nature 411, 745 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Springer, O.

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sterrenburg, F. A. S.

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sumper, M.

T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takeda, H.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tiffany, M. A.

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torres, M.

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Usami, H.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Voelcker, N. H.

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamanaka, S.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yano, R.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. (1)

A. Falciatore and C. Bowler, “Revealing the molecular secrets of marine diatoms,” Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 53, 109–130 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (1)

O. Pulz and W. Gross, “Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 65, 635–648 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. (1)

T. Fuhrmann, S. Landwehr, M. El Rharbl-Kucki, and M. Sumper, “Diatoms as living photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 78, 257–260 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Yamanaka, R. Yano, H. Usami, N. Hayashida, M. Ohguchi, H. Takeda, and K. Yoshino, “Optical properties of diatom silica frustule with special reference to blue light,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074701 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Biophotonics (1)

G. Di Caprio, G. Coppola, L. De Stefano, M. De Stefano, A. Antonucci, R. Congestri, and E. De Tommasi, “Shedding light on diatom photonics by means of digital holography,” J. Biophotonics 7, 341–350 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Langmuir (1)

D. Losic, K. Short, J. G. Mitchell, R. Lal, and N. H. Voelcker, “AFM nanoindentations of diatom biosilica surfaces,” Langmuir 23, 5014–5021 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

V. Smetacek, “A watery arms race,” Nature 411, 745 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. E. Hamm, R. Merkel, O. Springer, P. Jurkojc, C. Maier, K. Prechtel, and V. Smetacek, “Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection,” Nature 421, 841–843 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

PLoS One (2)

M. A. Ferrara, P. Dardano, L. De Stefano, I. Rea, G. Coppola, I. Rendina, R. Congestri, A. Antonucci, M. De Stefano, and E. De Tommasi, “Optical properties of diatom nanostructured biosilica in Arachnoidiscus sp: Micro-optics from mother nature,” PLoS One 9, 3–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. G. Mitchell, L. Seuront, M. J. Doubell, D. Losic, N. H. Voelcker, J. Seymour, and R. Lal, “The role of diatom nanostructures in biasing diffusion to improve uptake in a patchy nutrient environment,” PLoS One 8, e59548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

E. De Tommasi, I. Rea, L. De Stefano, P. Dardano, G. Di Caprio, M. A. Ferrara, and G. Coppola, “Optics with diatoms: towards efficient, bioinspired photonic devices at the micro-scale,” Proc. SPIE 8792, 87920O (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Hsu, C. Paoletti, M. Torres, R. J. Ritchie, A. W. D. Larkum, and C. Grillet, “Light transmission of the marine diatom Coscinodiscus wailesii,” Proc. SPIE 8339, 83390F (2012).
[Crossref]

Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. (1)

G. R. Hasle and G. A. Fryxell, “Diatoms: cleaning and mounting for light and electron microscopy,” Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 89, 469–474 (1970).
[Crossref]

Trends Biotechnol. (1)

R. Gordon, D. Losic, M. A. Tiffany, S. S. Nagy, and F. A. S. Sterrenburg, “The Glass Menagerie: diatoms for novel applications in nanotechnology,” Trends Biotechnol. 27, 116–127 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. H. C. F. Kooistra, R. Gersonde, L. K. Medlin, and D. G. Mann, “The origin and evolution of diatoms: their adaption to a planktonic existence,” in Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea, P. G. Falkowski and A. H. Knoll, eds. (Elsevier, 2007), pp. 207–250.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM image of C. granii. The pores of the valve are easily seen as well as the nonporous off-centered origin of the structure. (b) High resolution transmission optical image of C. granii illuminated by a 532 nm laser, where the light is observed to be primarily transmitted through the holes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup for transmission and ER experiment. The sample can be illuminated by laser sources at either 632 nm or 532 nm or both at the same time. In the figure; (M) guiding mirrors, (DM) is a dichroic mirror. (PH) is a 100 μm pinhole, 40× infinity corrected objective with NA = 0.75 and a tube lens to create an image plan at the position of the CCD camera or spectrometer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Top: crop of a SEM image of a valve; the dark green lines indicate the hexagonal structure. The following values are extracted: hole size, 0.548 μm, and hole-to-hole distance 1.345 μm. Bottom: corresponding mask used in the simulations. (b) Transmission experiments at 532 nm (top) and 632 (bottom) where position on the optical axis of the data points (markers) are compared to simulations (solid line). The data points are normalized with 255 (max intensity of the camera) and the simulations are normalized to the maximum value being one.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 CCD camera images of the same diatom valve under illumination of: (a) 632 nm, (b) 532 nm, (c) a combination of both. The images are taken at z = 209 μm and clearly show a bright center at 632 nm and a dark center at 532 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Spectra for destructive interference (stars) and constructive interference (circles) in the center when the valve is illuminated by 632 nm. The ER is calculated to be 20 dB for the two spectra. (b) Cropped CCD imaged showing the bright center on the top (z = 207 μm) and the dark center (z = 195 μm) at the bottom used for the extinction experiment.

Equations (1)

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U ( x , y , z = L ) = F 1 { F { U ( x , y , z = 0 ) } exp ( i k z L ) }

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