Abstract

The hybrid white light-emitting didoes (LED) with polyfluoren (PFO) polymer and quantum dot (QD) was investigated using dispensing method at the different correlated color temperature (CCT) for cool and warm color temperature. This result indicates that the hybrid white LED device has the higher luminous efficiency than the convention one, which could be attributed to the increased utilization rate of the UV light. Furthermore, the CIE 1931 coordinate of high quality white hybrid LED with different CCT range from 3000K to 9000K is demonstrated. Consequently, the angular-dependent CCT and the thermal issue of the hybrid white LED device were also analyzed in this study.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

2014 (1)

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

H. S. Chen, K. W. Wang, S. S. Chen, and S. R. Chung, “ZnxCd1-xS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2080–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. N. Trung, Q. P. Luu, B. T. Son, H. Sinh, and J. Y. Bae, “Enhanced Fluorescence, Morphological and Thermal Properties of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Incorporated in Silicone Resin,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 434–442 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, C. H. Wang, M. Y. Kuo, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “The Influence of the Thermal Effect on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots in Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2256–2261 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (7)

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. O. Huyal, T. Ozel, U. Koldemir, S. Nizamoglu, D. Tuncel, and H. V. Demir, “White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode for high color rendering index,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1115–1124 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

C. Y. Huang, Y. K. Su, T. C. Wen, T. F. Guo, and M. L. Tu, “Single-layered hybrid DBPPV-CdSe-ZnS quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 282–284 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. R. Tseng, H. F. Meng, K. C. Lee, and S. F. Horng, “Multilayer polymer light-emitting diodes by blade coating method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153308 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, K. S. Lee, J. H. Ryu, C. H. Hong, and Y. H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19(14), 145202 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. McFarlane, L. S. Coumont, D. G. Piercey, R. McDonald, and J. G. C. Veinot, “One-Pot” Synthesis of a Thermally Stable Blue Emitter: Poly spiro(fluorene-9,9 '-(2 '-phenoxyxanthene),” Macromolecules 41(21), 7780–7782 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (5)

C. H. Chou, C. H. Yang, C. S. Hsu, and T. M. Chen, “Hybrid white-light emitting-LED based on luminescent polyfluorene polymer and quantum dots,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7(8), 2785–2789 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

J. H. Park, S.-I. Park, T.-H. Kim, and O. O. Park, “Enhanced electroluminescence in emissive polymer/CdSe double-layer films,” Thin Solid Films 515(5), 3085–3089 (2007).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

G. Zeng, W. L. Yu, S. J. Chua, and W. Huang, “Spectral and thermal spectral stability study for fluorene-based conjugated polymers,” Macromolecules 35(18), 6907–6914 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness ingan/algan double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bae, J. Y.

N. N. Trung, Q. P. Luu, B. T. Son, H. Sinh, and J. Y. Bae, “Enhanced Fluorescence, Morphological and Thermal Properties of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Incorporated in Silicone Resin,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 434–442 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradley, D. D. C.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bredas, J. L.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

Burroughes, J. H.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. H.

Chen, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, C. H. Wang, M. Y. Kuo, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “The Influence of the Thermal Effect on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots in Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2256–2261 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Kuo, C. W. Hung, H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. H. Wang, C. W. Sher, C. C. Yeh, C. C. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of REMOTE PHOSPHOR for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express 19(Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. S.

Chen, H.-M.

Chen, K. J.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, C. H. Wang, M. Y. Kuo, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “The Influence of the Thermal Effect on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots in Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2256–2261 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Kuo, C. W. Hung, H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. H. Wang, C. W. Sher, C. C. Yeh, C. C. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of REMOTE PHOSPHOR for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express 19(Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K.-J.

Chen, S. S.

Chen, T. M.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Chou, C. H. Yang, C. S. Hsu, and T. M. Chen, “Hybrid white-light emitting-LED based on luminescent polyfluorene polymer and quantum dots,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7(8), 2785–2789 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. C.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cheng, B. S.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. Y.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y. J.

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K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
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K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
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H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
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J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
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H. Wang, K. S. Lee, J. H. Ryu, C. H. Hong, and Y. H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19(14), 145202 (2008).
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I. O. Huyal, T. Ozel, U. Koldemir, S. Nizamoglu, D. Tuncel, and H. V. Demir, “White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode for high color rendering index,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1115–1124 (2008).
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H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Dos Santos, D. A.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
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R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
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C. Y. Huang, Y. K. Su, T. C. Wen, T. F. Guo, and M. L. Tu, “Single-layered hybrid DBPPV-CdSe-ZnS quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 282–284 (2008).
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Gymer, R. W.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
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Han, H. V.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
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K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
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H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
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Han, J. Y.

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
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Hedrick, B.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Henderson, R. H.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Holder, E.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Holmes, A. B.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
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Hong, C. H.

H. Wang, K. S. Lee, J. H. Ryu, C. H. Hong, and Y. H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19(14), 145202 (2008).
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Horng, S. F.

S. R. Tseng, H. F. Meng, K. C. Lee, and S. F. Horng, “Multilayer polymer light-emitting diodes by blade coating method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153308 (2008).
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S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
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Hsu, C. S.

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
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C. H. Chou, C. H. Yang, C. S. Hsu, and T. M. Chen, “Hybrid white-light emitting-LED based on luminescent polyfluorene polymer and quantum dots,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7(8), 2785–2789 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, Y. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. C.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
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Huang, C. Y.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
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C. Y. Huang, Y. K. Su, T. C. Wen, T. F. Guo, and M. L. Tu, “Single-layered hybrid DBPPV-CdSe-ZnS quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 282–284 (2008).
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Huang, T. S.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
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Huang, W.

G. Zeng, W. L. Yu, S. J. Chua, and W. Huang, “Spectral and thermal spectral stability study for fluorene-based conjugated polymers,” Macromolecules 35(18), 6907–6914 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hung, C. W.

Huyal, I. O.

I. O. Huyal, T. Ozel, U. Koldemir, S. Nizamoglu, D. Tuncel, and H. V. Demir, “White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode for high color rendering index,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1115–1124 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H. S.

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeon, D. Y.

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
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Kim, J. K.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
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J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. Y.

J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. G.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. W.

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. Y.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, T.-H.

J. H. Park, S.-I. Park, T.-H. Kim, and O. O. Park, “Enhanced electroluminescence in emissive polymer/CdSe double-layer films,” Thin Solid Films 515(5), 3085–3089 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. C.

J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
[Crossref]

Koldemir, U.

Kuo, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, C. H. Wang, M. Y. Kuo, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “The Influence of the Thermal Effect on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots in Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2256–2261 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Kuo, C. W. Hung, H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. H. Wang, C. W. Sher, C. C. Yeh, C. C. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of REMOTE PHOSPHOR for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express 19(Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, H. T.

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, H.-C.

Kuo, M. Y.

Kwon, O.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. C.

S. R. Tseng, H. F. Meng, K. C. Lee, and S. F. Horng, “Multilayer polymer light-emitting diodes by blade coating method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. S.

H. Wang, K. S. Lee, J. H. Ryu, C. H. Hong, and Y. H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19(14), 145202 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, P. T.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, P.-T.

Lee, S. G.

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T. W.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, J.-R.

Li, L. S.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, S. Y.

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
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Li, X.

Li, Y.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
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Liao, H. H.

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
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Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, B. C.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. C.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, C. H. Wang, M. Y. Kuo, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “The Influence of the Thermal Effect on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots in Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2256–2261 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Kuo, C. W. Hung, H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. H. Wang, C. W. Sher, C. C. Yeh, C. C. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of REMOTE PHOSPHOR for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express 19(Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, C.-C.

Lin, H.-Y.

Logdlund, M.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
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Luu, Q. P.

N. N. Trung, Q. P. Luu, B. T. Son, H. Sinh, and J. Y. Bae, “Enhanced Fluorescence, Morphological and Thermal Properties of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Incorporated in Silicone Resin,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 434–442 (2013).
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Marks, R. N.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

McDonald, R.

S. L. McFarlane, L. S. Coumont, D. G. Piercey, R. McDonald, and J. G. C. Veinot, “One-Pot” Synthesis of a Thermally Stable Blue Emitter: Poly spiro(fluorene-9,9 '-(2 '-phenoxyxanthene),” Macromolecules 41(21), 7780–7782 (2008).
[Crossref]

McFarlane, S. L.

S. L. McFarlane, L. S. Coumont, D. G. Piercey, R. McDonald, and J. G. C. Veinot, “One-Pot” Synthesis of a Thermally Stable Blue Emitter: Poly spiro(fluorene-9,9 '-(2 '-phenoxyxanthene),” Macromolecules 41(21), 7780–7782 (2008).
[Crossref]

Meng, H. F.

S. R. Tseng, H. F. Meng, K. C. Lee, and S. F. Horng, “Multilayer polymer light-emitting diodes by blade coating method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153308 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mukai, T.

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness ingan/algan double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mutlugun, E.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness ingan/algan double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nizamoglu, S.

I. O. Huyal, T. Ozel, U. Koldemir, S. Nizamoglu, D. Tuncel, and H. V. Demir, “White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode for high color rendering index,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1115–1124 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Noh, T.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oh, T.-S.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ozel, T.

I. O. Huyal, T. Ozel, U. Koldemir, S. Nizamoglu, D. Tuncel, and H. V. Demir, “White emitting polyfluorene functionalized with azide hybridized on near-UV light emitting diode for high color rendering index,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1115–1124 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Park, J. H.

J. H. Park, S.-I. Park, T.-H. Kim, and O. O. Park, “Enhanced electroluminescence in emissive polymer/CdSe double-layer films,” Thin Solid Films 515(5), 3085–3089 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
[Crossref]

Park, O. O.

J. H. Park, S.-I. Park, T.-H. Kim, and O. O. Park, “Enhanced electroluminescence in emissive polymer/CdSe double-layer films,” Thin Solid Films 515(5), 3085–3089 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. H. Park, J. Y. Kim, B. D. Chin, Y. C. Kim, J. K. Kim, and O. O. Park, “White emission from polymer/quantum dot ternary nanocomposites by incomplete energy transfer,” Nanotechnology 15(9), 1217–1220 (2004).
[Crossref]

Park, S. H.

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-I.

J. H. Park, S.-I. Park, T.-H. Kim, and O. O. Park, “Enhanced electroluminescence in emissive polymer/CdSe double-layer films,” Thin Solid Films 515(5), 3085–3089 (2007).
[Crossref]

Piercey, D. G.

S. L. McFarlane, L. S. Coumont, D. G. Piercey, R. McDonald, and J. G. C. Veinot, “One-Pot” Synthesis of a Thermally Stable Blue Emitter: Poly spiro(fluorene-9,9 '-(2 '-phenoxyxanthene),” Macromolecules 41(21), 7780–7782 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rao, M. V. M.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ruzyllo, J.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Ryu, J. H.

H. Wang, K. S. Lee, J. H. Ryu, C. H. Hong, and Y. H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19(14), 145202 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salaneck, W. R.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sari, E.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senoh, M.

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness ingan/algan double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sher, C. W.

Shih, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shih, M. H.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, H. C. Chen, C. C. Lin, S. H. Chien, C. C. Huang, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “White light emitting diodes with enhanced CCT uniformity and luminous flux using ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Nanoscale 6(10), 5378–5383 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, C. H. Wang, M. Y. Kuo, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “The Influence of the Thermal Effect on CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots in Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2256–2261 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shih, M.-H.

Sinh, H.

N. N. Trung, Q. P. Luu, B. T. Son, H. Sinh, and J. Y. Bae, “Enhanced Fluorescence, Morphological and Thermal Properties of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Incorporated in Silicone Resin,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 434–442 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Son, B. T.

N. N. Trung, Q. P. Luu, B. T. Son, H. Sinh, and J. Y. Bae, “Enhanced Fluorescence, Morphological and Thermal Properties of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Incorporated in Silicone Resin,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 434–442 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Y. K.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Huang, Y. K. Su, T. C. Wen, T. F. Guo, and M. L. Tu, “Single-layered hybrid DBPPV-CdSe-ZnS quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 282–284 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, Q.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Taliani, C.

R. H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, A. B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, D. D. C. Bradley, D. A. Dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Logdlund, and W. R. Salaneck, “Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers,” Nature 397(6715), 121–128 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tan, Z.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Tian, N.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Ozel, E. Mutlugun, I. O. Huyal, E. Sari, E. Holder, and N. Tian, “White light generation tuned by dual hybridization of nanocrystals and conjugated polymers,” New J. Phys. 9(362), 1–13 (2007).

Trung, N. N.

N. N. Trung, Q. P. Luu, B. T. Son, H. Sinh, and J. Y. Bae, “Enhanced Fluorescence, Morphological and Thermal Properties of CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots Incorporated in Silicone Resin,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 13(1), 434–442 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, C. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsai, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. H. Wang, H. V. Han, H. H. Tsai, H. T. Kuo, S. H. Chien, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Improvement in uniformity of emission by ZrO₂ nano-particles for white LEDs,” Nanotechnology 23(26), 265201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsai, K. A.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tseng, S. R.

S. R. Tseng, H. F. Meng, K. C. Lee, and S. F. Horng, “Multilayer polymer light-emitting diodes by blade coating method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153308 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tu, M. L.

C. Y. Huang, Y. K. Su, T. C. Wen, T. F. Guo, and M. L. Tu, “Single-layered hybrid DBPPV-CdSe-ZnS quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 282–284 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tuncel, D.

Veinot, J. G. C.

S. L. McFarlane, L. S. Coumont, D. G. Piercey, R. McDonald, and J. G. C. Veinot, “One-Pot” Synthesis of a Thermally Stable Blue Emitter: Poly spiro(fluorene-9,9 '-(2 '-phenoxyxanthene),” Macromolecules 41(21), 7780–7782 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wan, C. T.

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, A. Y.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Wang, C. H.

Wang, D.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, K. S. Lee, J. H. Ryu, C. H. Hong, and Y. H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19(14), 145202 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K. W.

Wang, K. Y.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.-Y.

Wang, S.-W.

Wang, Y. A.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wen, T. C.

C. Y. Huang, Y. K. Su, T. C. Wen, T. F. Guo, and M. L. Tu, “Single-layered hybrid DBPPV-CdSe-ZnS quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 282–284 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. H.

C. H. Chou, C. H. Yang, C. S. Hsu, and T. M. Chen, “Hybrid white-light emitting-LED based on luminescent polyfluorene polymer and quantum dots,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7(8), 2785–2789 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, C. M.

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. C.

Yeh, C. C.

Yu, P.

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, W. L.

G. Zeng, W. L. Yu, S. J. Chua, and W. Huang, “Spectral and thermal spectral stability study for fluorene-based conjugated polymers,” Macromolecules 35(18), 6907–6914 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. H.

S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zeng, G.

G. Zeng, W. L. Yu, S. J. Chua, and W. Huang, “Spectral and thermal spectral stability study for fluorene-based conjugated polymers,” Macromolecules 35(18), 6907–6914 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Zhu, T.

Z. Tan, B. Hedrick, F. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, R. H. Henderson, J. Ruzyllo, and A. Y. Wang, “Stable Binary Complementary White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Quantum-Dot/Polymer-Bilayer Structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(21), 1998–2000 (2008).

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-Enhanced Full-Color Emission of Quantum-Dot-Based Display Technology Using a Pulsed Spray Method,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-Light-Emitting Diodes with Quantum Dot Color Converters for Display Backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Jang, H. Yang, S. W. Kim, J. Y. Han, S. G. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “White light-emitting diodes with excellent color rendering based on organically capped CdSe quantum dots and Sr3SiO5: Ce3+, Li+ phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 20(14), 2696–2702 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “Candela-class high-brightness ingan/algan double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(13), 1687–1689 (1994).
[Crossref]

T. W. Lee, M. G. Kim, S. Y. Kim, S. H. Park, O. Kwon, T. Noh, and T.-S. Oh, “Hole-transporting interlayers for improving the device lifetime in the polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(12), 123505 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. R. Tseng, H. F. Meng, K. C. Lee, and S. F. Horng, “Multilayer polymer light-emitting diodes by blade coating method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153308 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, B. C. Lin, H. C. Chen, M. H. Shih, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, H. H. Tsai, P. Yu, P. T. Lee, C. C. Lin, and H. C. Kuo, “Improving the Angular Color Uniformity of Hybrid Phosphor Structures in White Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 34(10), 1280–1282 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C. Y. Huang, T. S. Huang, C. Y. Cheng, Y. C. Chen, C. T. Wan, M. V. M. Rao, and Y. K. Su, “Three-Band White Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Hybridization of Polyfluorene and Colloidal CdSe-ZnS Quantum Dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 305–307 (2010).
[Crossref]

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S. R. Tseng, S. Y. Li, H. F. Meng, Y. H. Yu, C. M. Yang, H. H. Liao, S. F. Horng, and C. S. Hsu, “High-efficiency blue multilayer polymer light-emitting diode based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084510 (2007).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagrams of hybrid LED device with the PFO materials phosphor structure (b) The picture of the hybrid LED device.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The absorption and emission spectra of (a) PFO and (b) blue and yellow blue QD and the inset picture is the picture of PFO and blue and yellow blue QD.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)The reflection and (b) transmission of the hybrid LED device with PFO polymer and yellow QDs and the reference sample with wavelength from 300 to 800 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The emission spectra (b) Luminous flux and the luminous efficiency of hybrid LED device with PFO polymer and yellow QDs and the reference sample with 5000 K driven at the current from 20 to 150 mA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a). The normalized external quantum efficacy of the PFO polymer and blue QD with UV LED sample (b) PL quantum yield of the hybrid LED device with PFO polymer and yellow QDs and the reference sample with wavelength driven at the current from 20 to 150 mA.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 CIE 1931 coordinate of the different correlated color temperature hybrid LED.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) The angular-dependent correlated color temperature of the PFO with yellow QD with 5000K (b) The emission spectra of the PFO with yellow QD with the temperature from 25°C to 70°C.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The mixing volume ratio of RGB QDs for white LEDs with different color temperatures.

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