Abstract

We report on the demonstration of a passively Q-switched 1.55 µm fiber laser utilizing a colloidal PbS quantum dot (QD) thin film as a saturable absorber. Colloidal PbS QD films have several features that are advantageous in passively Q-switched fiber laser operation, including a large operation wavelength range, cost-effectiveness, and a low saturable absorption intensity. We conducted thorough material and optical studies to verify the advantages of PbS QDs in Q-switched laser operation and successfully generated 801 nJ pulses with a 24.2 kHz repetition rate. To the best of our knowledge, the developed Q-switched fiber laser is the first based on colloidal PbS QDs.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2015 (1)

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904123 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Low-threshold tunable CW and Q-switched fibre laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 22(3), 159–160 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, F.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, H.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. H. M.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Allan, G.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrés, M.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Azooz, S. M.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Cao, W.

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Codemard, C. A.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904123 (2014).
[Crossref]

De Muynck, D.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delerue, C.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Denisov, I. A.

Díez, A.

Dong, B.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dong, J.

Fedosejevs, R.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gini, E.

Hamida, B. A.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Häring, R.

Harun, S. W.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hens, Z.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Honkanen, S.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Huang, G.

Hwang, B. C.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Jiang, S.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

R. Paschotta, R. Häring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, H. L. Offerhaus, and D. J. Richardson, “Passively Q-switched 0.1-mJ fiber laser system at 1.53 µm,” Opt. Lett. 24(6), 388–390 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Khan, S.

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lambert, K.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipovskii, A. A.

Liu, J.

Liu, W. K.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lucas, J.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Luo, A. P.

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Luo, Z.

Luo, Z. C.

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. Q.

Malyarevich, A. M.

Martins, J. C.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Low-threshold tunable CW and Q-switched fibre laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 22(3), 159–160 (1986).
[Crossref]

Melchior, H.

Moreels, I.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nollet, T.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Offerhaus, H. L.

Pan, L.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

Payne, D. N.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Low-threshold tunable CW and Q-switched fibre laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 22(3), 159–160 (1986).
[Crossref]

Pérez-Millán, P.

Peyghambarian, N.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Poole, S. B.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Low-threshold tunable CW and Q-switched fibre laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 22(3), 159–160 (1986).
[Crossref]

Popa, D.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Reekie, L.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Low-threshold tunable CW and Q-switched fibre laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 22(3), 159–160 (1986).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Savitsky, V. G.

Seneschal, K.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Smeets, D.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smektala, F.

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

Sun, Z. P.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Utkin, I.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vanhaecke, F.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vantomme, A.

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wei, L.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Wu, D.

Wu, S.

Xu, H.

Xu, W. C.

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q. H.

Ye, C.

Yumashev, K. V.

Zalvidea, D.

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D. P.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

ACS Nano (1)

I. Moreels, K. Lambert, D. Smeets, D. De Muynck, T. Nollet, J. C. Martins, F. Vanhaecke, A. Vantomme, C. Delerue, G. Allan, and Z. Hens, “Size-dependent optical properties of colloidal PbS quantum dots,” ACS Nano 3(10), 3023–3030 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Low-threshold tunable CW and Q-switched fibre laser operating at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 22(3), 159–160 (1986).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904123 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Cao, H. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Graphene-based, 50 nm wide-band tunable passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

S. M. Azooz, M. H. M. Ahmed, F. Ahmad, B. A. Hamida, S. Khan, H. Ahmad, and S. W. Harun, “Passively Q-switched fiber lasers using a multi-walled carbon nanotube polymer composite based saturable absorber,” Optik (Stuttg.) 126(21), 2950–2954 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, T. Luo, K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, S. Honkanen, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, “Net gain of 15.5 dB from a 5.1 cm-long Er3+-doped phosphate glass fiber,” in Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Postdeadline (2000), paper PD5–1.

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A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption spectrum of QD thin film.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Saturable absorption characteristics of PbS QD thin film at 1565 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup of QD-based Q-switched fiber laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Typical oscilloscope traces of Q-switched pulse trains under different pump powers: (a) 60.8 mW, (b) 88 mW, (c) 101.9 mW, and (d) 115.1 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Pulse duration and pulse repetition rate versus pump power, and (b) oscilloscope traces of output pulses under 115.1 mW pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Average output power and pulse energy versus pump power.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Output spectrum of Q-switched fiber laser.

Equations (2)

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α= α 0 1+I/ I sat + α B ,
I sat = hν σ gs t ; σ gs = α 0 bN ,

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