Abstract

In this work, dual-core antiresonant hollow core fibers (AR-HCFs) are numerically demonstrated, based on our knowledge, for the first time. Two fiber structures are proposed. One is a composite of two single-core nested nodeless AR-HCFs, exhibiting low confinement loss and a circular mode profile in each core. The other has a relatively simple structure, with a whole elliptical outer jacket, presenting a uniform and wide transmission band. The modal couplings of the dual-core AR-HCFs rely on a unique mechanism that transfers power through the air. The core separation and the gap between the two cores influence the modal coupling strength. With proper designs, both of the dual-core fibers can have low phase birefringence and short modal coupling lengths of several centimeters.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (2)

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[Crossref]

F. Poletti, “Nested antiresonant nodeless hollow core fiber,” Opt. Express 22(20), 23807–23828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

Abdolvand, A.

P. S. J. Russell, P. Holzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Abeeluck, A. K.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alagashev, G.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Argyros, A.

Bache, M.

Balciunas, T.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bang, O.

Benabid, F.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in hypocycloid-core Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 669–671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biryukov, A.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carter, R. M.

Chang, W.

P. S. J. Russell, P. Holzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Couny, F.

Dianov, E.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fan, G.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fourcade-Dutin, C.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerome, F.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Habib, M. S.

Hand, D. P.

Headley, C.

Holzer, P.

P. S. J. Russell, P. Holzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jaworski, P.

Kai, G.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolyadin, A.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Koshiba, M.

Kosolapov, A.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Litchinitser, N. M.

Liu, J.

Liu, Y.

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poletti, F.

Pryamikov, A.

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. S. J.

P. S. J. Russell, P. Holzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Saitoh, K.

Setti, V.

Shephard, J. D.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Sun, T.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Travers, J. C.

P. S. J. Russell, P. Holzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vincetti, L.

Voronin, A. A.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, C.

Wang, Y. Y.

Wang, Z.

Wheeler, N. V.

Witting, T.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, F.

Yuan, S.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, W.

Zheltikov, A. M.

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

T. Balciunas, C. Fourcade-Dutin, G. Fan, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, F. Gerome, G. G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6117 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. S. J. Russell, P. Holzer, W. Chang, A. Abdolvand, and J. C. Travers, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fibres for gas-based nonlinear optics,” Nat. Photonics 8(4), 278–286 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Kosolapov, G. Alagashev, A. Kolyadin, A. Pryamikov, A. Biryukov, I. Bufetov, and E. Dianov, “Hollow-core revolver fibre with a double-capillary reflective cladding,” Quantum Electron. 46(3), 267–270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. Meng, J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Bend tunable coupling in dual-hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (OSA, 2012), paper OTh1H.4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The structure of a nested nodeless HC-ARF. (b) Simulated core modal field profile and the electric field contour plot. The field intensity values increase from blue to red.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The proposed composite circular dual-core HC-ARF structure; The simulated y-polarized (b) antisymmetric (odd) and (c) symmetric (even) supermode field profiles. The field intensity values increase from blue to red.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The coupling length of the composite circular dual-core fiber (Lc,x and Lc,y) dependence on the normalized core separation dcore/Dcore with different additional tube gaps. The inset plot shows the local magnification for d2 = 4d1, with Lc,x and Lc,y very close.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The average confinement loss spectra of the two proposed dual-core HC-ARF with dcore/Dcore = 1.1 and d2 = 4d1, in comparison with that of the single-core HC-ARF. (b) The spectra of Lc,x and Lc,y (left axis), as well as the PB (right axis) for the composite circular dual-core fiber and (c) for the elliptical dual-core fiber.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The proposed elliptical dual-core HC-ARF structure. The simulated y-polarized antisymmetric (odd) (b) and symmetric (even) (c) supermode field profiles. The field intensity values increase from blue to red.

Equations (3)

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λ res =2t n 2 1 /m,
L c,i =π/| β i + β i |, L c,i =π/| β i + β i |,i=x,y.
PB=λ|1/ L c,x 1/ L c,y |/2.

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