Abstract

Asian dust storms originating from arid or semi-arid regions of China or her adjacent regions have important impact on the atmosphere and water composition, and ecological environment of the Eastern China Seas. This research used data collected in the middle of the South Yellow Sea, China, during a dust storm event from 23 April to 24 April 2006 to analyze the instantaneous influence of dust storms on optical scattering properties, which are closely related to particle characteristics. The analysis results showed that the dust storm had a remarkable influence on the optical scattering property in the upper mixed layer of water, and dust particles drily deposited from the dust storm with an aerosol optical depth of nearly 2.5 into the water could induce a 0.14 m−1 change in the water optical scattering coefficient at 532 nm at the depth of 4 m. The duration of the instantaneous influence of the dust storm on the water optical scattering properties was short, and this influence disappeared rapidly within approximately 3 hours after the end of the dust storm.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

X. Zhang, R. H. Stavn, A. U. Falster, D. Gray, and R. W. Gould., “New insight into particulate mineral and organic matter in coastal ocean waters through optical inversion,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 149, 1–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. Gao, Z. Jiang, J. Liu, Q. Chen, J. Zeng, and W. Huang, “Seasonal variations of net-phytoplankton community structure in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Ocean Univ. China 12(4), 557–567 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, Y. Feng, D. Wang, S. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Ding, and Y. Wu, “Bottom-up control of phytoplankton growth in spring blooms in Central Yellow Sea, China,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 97, 61–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Bian, W. S. Jiang, Q. Quan, T. Wang, R. J. Greatbatch, and W. Li, “Distributions of suspended sediment concentration in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea based on field surveys during the four seasons of 2011,” J. Mar. Syst. 121, 24–35 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

J. H. Liang, J. C. McWilliams, P. P. Sullivan, and B. Baschek, “Large eddy simulation of the bubbly ocean: New insights on subsurface bubble distribution and bubble‐mediated gas transfer,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C4), 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, G. Wang, Z. Sun, W. Cao, Z. Xu, S. Hu, and J. Zhao, “Variations in the optical scattering properties of phytoplankton cultures,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11189–11206 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Stavn, “Mass-specific scattering cross sections of suspended sediments and aggregates: theoretical limits and applications,” Opt. Express 20(1), 201–219 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Neukermans, H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, R. Astoreca, and D. McKee, “In situ variability of mass-specific beam attenuation and backscattering of marine particles with respect to particle size, density, and composition,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 57(1), 124–144 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Tan, G. Shi, and H. Wang, “Long-range transport of spring dust storms in inner mongolia and impact on the China seas,” Atmos. Environ. 46, 299–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

D. W. Wang, H. W. Wijesekera, W. J. Teague, W. E. Rogers, and E. Jarosz, “Bubble cloud depth under a hurricane,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38(14), 1 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, D. Yang, W. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Measurements of Asian dust optical properties over the Yellow Sea of China by shipboard and ground-based photometers, along with satellite remote sensing: A case study of the passage of a frontal system during April 2006,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K04 (2010).

Q. S. Wei, M. Z. Fu, R. F. Ge, and J. Y. Zang, “[Chemicohydrographic Characteristics and the Seasonal Variations of Nutrients at 35 ° N Transect in the Cold Water Mass of the Southern Yellow Sea],” Huan Jing Ke Xue 31(9), 2063–2074 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (1)

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

R. H. Stavn and S. J. Richter, “Biogeo-optics: particle optical properties and the partitioning of the spectral scattering coefficient of ocean waters,” Appl. Opt. 47(14), 2660–2679 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, M. Cichocka, A. Cieplak, and S. B. Woz’niak, “Effects of atmospheric particles from Southern California on the optical properties of seawater,” J. Geophys. Res. 113(C8), C08037 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

W. W. Dou, J. L. Ren, S. M. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Wu, “Some Geochemical Compositions of SPM and lts Impacting Factors in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in Spring,” Periodical Ocean University China 37, 213–218 (2007).

Z. Kai and G. Huiwang, “The characteristics of asian-dust storms during 2000–2002: from the source to the sea,” Atmos. Environ. 41(39), 9136–9145 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

D. Nobileau and D. Antoine, “Detection of blue-absorbing aerosols using near infrared and visible (ocean color) remote sensing observations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 95(3), 368–387 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. M. Sullivan, M. S. Twardowski, P. L. Donaghay, and S. A. Freeman, “Use of optical scattering to discriminate particle types in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 44(9), 1667–1680 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

H. Dunxin and W. Qingye, “Interannual variability of the southern Yellow Sea cold water mass,” Chin. J. Oceanology Limnol. 22(3), 231–236 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, S. B. Woz’niak, and P. J. Flatau, “Optical properties of Asian mineral dust suspended in seawater,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 49(3), 749–755 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

Y. Gao, S. M. Fan, and J. L. Sarmiento, “Aeolian iron input to the ocean through precipitation scavenging: A modeling perspective and its implication for natural iron fertilization in the ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D7), 4221 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. L. Gong, X. Y. Zhang, T. L. Zhao, I. G. McKendry, D. A. Jaffe, and N. M. Lu, “Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D9), 4262 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, “Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and open ocean waters as related to the particle mass concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48(2), 843–859 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

D. Risović, “Effect of suspended particulate-size distribution on the backscattering ratio in the remote sensing of seawater,” Appl. Opt. 41(33), 7092–7101 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Qian, L. S. Quan, and S. Y. Shi, “Variations of the dust storm in China and its climatic control,” J. Clim. 15(10), 1216–1229 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. K. B. Bishop, R. E. Davis, and J. T. Sherman, “Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific,” Science 298(5594), 817–821 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Queguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener?” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, R. M. Chomko, V. F. Banzon, and R. H. Evans, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery through thick layers of Saharan dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(1), 5–8 (2001).
[Crossref]

B. Kim and S. Park, “Transport and evolution of a winter-time yellow sand observed in Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 35(18), 3191–3201 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

W. J. Teague, H. T. Perkins, Z. R. Hallock, and G. A. Jacobs, “Current and tide observations in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Geophysical Res. 103(C12), 27783–27793 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

H. Fukushima and M. Toratani, “Asian dust aerosol: Optical effect on satellite ocean color signal and a scheme of its correction,” J. Geophysical Res. 102(D14), 17119–17130 (1997).

H. R. Gordon, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery in the Earth Observing System era,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17081–17106 (1997).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

J. T. Merrill, M. Uematsu, and R. Bleck, “Meteorological analysis of long range transport of mineral aerosols over the north pacific,” J. Geophys. Res., D, Atmospheres 94(D6), 8584–8598 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

A. Morel, “Chlorophyll-specific scattering coefficient of phytoplankton. A simplified theoretical approach,” Deep-Sea Res. A, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 34(7), 1093–1105 (1987).
[Crossref]

Antoine, D.

D. Nobileau and D. Antoine, “Detection of blue-absorbing aerosols using near infrared and visible (ocean color) remote sensing observations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 95(3), 368–387 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Queguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener?” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002).
[Crossref]

Arimoto, R.

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

Astoreca, R.

G. Neukermans, H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, R. Astoreca, and D. McKee, “In situ variability of mass-specific beam attenuation and backscattering of marine particles with respect to particle size, density, and composition,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 57(1), 124–144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Babin, M.

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, “Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and open ocean waters as related to the particle mass concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48(2), 843–859 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Queguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener?” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002).
[Crossref]

Banzon, V. F.

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, R. M. Chomko, V. F. Banzon, and R. H. Evans, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery through thick layers of Saharan dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(1), 5–8 (2001).
[Crossref]

Baratange, F.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barnard, A. H.

M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
[Crossref]

Baschek, B.

J. H. Liang, J. C. McWilliams, P. P. Sullivan, and B. Baschek, “Large eddy simulation of the bubbly ocean: New insights on subsurface bubble distribution and bubble‐mediated gas transfer,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C4), 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bian, C. W.

C. W. Bian, W. S. Jiang, Q. Quan, T. Wang, R. J. Greatbatch, and W. Li, “Distributions of suspended sediment concentration in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea based on field surveys during the four seasons of 2011,” J. Mar. Syst. 121, 24–35 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bishop, J. K. B.

J. K. B. Bishop, R. E. Davis, and J. T. Sherman, “Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific,” Science 298(5594), 817–821 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bleck, R.

J. T. Merrill, M. Uematsu, and R. Bleck, “Meteorological analysis of long range transport of mineral aerosols over the north pacific,” J. Geophys. Res., D, Atmospheres 94(D6), 8584–8598 (1989).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

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W. W. Dou, J. L. Ren, S. M. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Wu, “Some Geochemical Compositions of SPM and lts Impacting Factors in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in Spring,” Periodical Ocean University China 37, 213–218 (2007).

Liu, Y.

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
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S. L. Gong, X. Y. Zhang, T. L. Zhao, I. G. McKendry, D. A. Jaffe, and N. M. Lu, “Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D9), 4262 (2003).
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J. H. Liang, J. C. McWilliams, P. P. Sullivan, and B. Baschek, “Large eddy simulation of the bubbly ocean: New insights on subsurface bubble distribution and bubble‐mediated gas transfer,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C4), 1 (2012).
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M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, “Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and open ocean waters as related to the particle mass concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48(2), 843–859 (2003).
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G. Neukermans, H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, R. Astoreca, and D. McKee, “In situ variability of mass-specific beam attenuation and backscattering of marine particles with respect to particle size, density, and composition,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 57(1), 124–144 (2012).
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B. Kim and S. Park, “Transport and evolution of a winter-time yellow sand observed in Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 35(18), 3191–3201 (2001).
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E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
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M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
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Perkins, H. T.

W. J. Teague, H. T. Perkins, Z. R. Hallock, and G. A. Jacobs, “Current and tide observations in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Geophysical Res. 103(C12), 27783–27793 (1998).
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E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
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H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Queguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener?” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002).
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J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
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W. W. Dou, J. L. Ren, S. M. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Wu, “Some Geochemical Compositions of SPM and lts Impacting Factors in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in Spring,” Periodical Ocean University China 37, 213–218 (2007).

Reynolds, R. A.

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
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Risovic, D.

Robertson, C.

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rogers, W. E.

D. W. Wang, H. W. Wijesekera, W. J. Teague, W. E. Rogers, and E. Jarosz, “Bubble cloud depth under a hurricane,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38(14), 1 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sarmiento, J. L.

Y. Gao, S. M. Fan, and J. L. Sarmiento, “Aeolian iron input to the ocean through precipitation scavenging: A modeling perspective and its implication for natural iron fertilization in the ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D7), 4221 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schar, D. W. H.

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sherman, J. T.

J. K. B. Bishop, R. E. Davis, and J. T. Sherman, “Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific,” Science 298(5594), 817–821 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, G.

S. Tan, G. Shi, and H. Wang, “Long-range transport of spring dust storms in inner mongolia and impact on the China seas,” Atmos. Environ. 46, 299–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, J. H.

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, S. Y.

W. H. Qian, L. S. Quan, and S. Y. Shi, “Variations of the dust storm in China and its climatic control,” J. Clim. 15(10), 1216–1229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shybanov, E.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
[Crossref]

Smith, G. J.

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, S.

J. Sun, Y. Feng, D. Wang, S. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Ding, and Y. Wu, “Bottom-up control of phytoplankton growth in spring blooms in Central Yellow Sea, China,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 97, 61–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stavn, R. H.

Stramska, M.

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, M. Cichocka, A. Cieplak, and S. B. Woz’niak, “Effects of atmospheric particles from Southern California on the optical properties of seawater,” J. Geophys. Res. 113(C8), C08037 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stramski, D.

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, M. Cichocka, A. Cieplak, and S. B. Woz’niak, “Effects of atmospheric particles from Southern California on the optical properties of seawater,” J. Geophys. Res. 113(C8), C08037 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, S. B. Woz’niak, and P. J. Flatau, “Optical properties of Asian mineral dust suspended in seawater,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 49(3), 749–755 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, “Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and open ocean waters as related to the particle mass concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48(2), 843–859 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sullivan, J. M.

Sullivan, P. P.

J. H. Liang, J. C. McWilliams, P. P. Sullivan, and B. Baschek, “Large eddy simulation of the bubbly ocean: New insights on subsurface bubble distribution and bubble‐mediated gas transfer,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C4), 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

J. Sun, Y. Feng, D. Wang, S. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Ding, and Y. Wu, “Bottom-up control of phytoplankton growth in spring blooms in Central Yellow Sea, China,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 97, 61–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Tamburri, M. N.

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, S.

S. Tan, G. Shi, and H. Wang, “Long-range transport of spring dust storms in inner mongolia and impact on the China seas,” Atmos. Environ. 46, 299–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tan, S. C.

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Taylor, L.

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

Teague, W. J.

D. W. Wang, H. W. Wijesekera, W. J. Teague, W. E. Rogers, and E. Jarosz, “Bubble cloud depth under a hurricane,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38(14), 1 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. J. Teague, H. T. Perkins, Z. R. Hallock, and G. A. Jacobs, “Current and tide observations in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Geophysical Res. 103(C12), 27783–27793 (1998).
[Crossref]

Toratani, M.

H. Fukushima and M. Toratani, “Asian dust aerosol: Optical effect on satellite ocean color signal and a scheme of its correction,” J. Geophysical Res. 102(D14), 17119–17130 (1997).

Twardowski, M.

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
[Crossref]

Twardowski, M. S.

Uematsu, M.

J. T. Merrill, M. Uematsu, and R. Bleck, “Meteorological analysis of long range transport of mineral aerosols over the north pacific,” J. Geophys. Res., D, Atmospheres 94(D6), 8584–8598 (1989).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

J. Sun, Y. Feng, D. Wang, S. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Ding, and Y. Wu, “Bottom-up control of phytoplankton growth in spring blooms in Central Yellow Sea, China,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 97, 61–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, D. W.

D. W. Wang, H. W. Wijesekera, W. J. Teague, W. E. Rogers, and E. Jarosz, “Bubble cloud depth under a hurricane,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38(14), 1 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

Wang, H.

S. Tan, G. Shi, and H. Wang, “Long-range transport of spring dust storms in inner mongolia and impact on the China seas,” Atmos. Environ. 46, 299–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

C. W. Bian, W. S. Jiang, Q. Quan, T. Wang, R. J. Greatbatch, and W. Li, “Distributions of suspended sediment concentration in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea based on field surveys during the four seasons of 2011,” J. Mar. Syst. 121, 24–35 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Q.

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wei, Q. S.

Q. S. Wei, M. Z. Fu, R. F. Ge, and J. Y. Zang, “[Chemicohydrographic Characteristics and the Seasonal Variations of Nutrients at 35 ° N Transect in the Cold Water Mass of the Southern Yellow Sea],” Huan Jing Ke Xue 31(9), 2063–2074 (2010).
[PubMed]

Wijesekera, H. W.

D. W. Wang, H. W. Wijesekera, W. J. Teague, W. E. Rogers, and E. Jarosz, “Bubble cloud depth under a hurricane,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38(14), 1 (2011).
[Crossref]

Woz’niak, S. B.

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, M. Cichocka, A. Cieplak, and S. B. Woz’niak, “Effects of atmospheric particles from Southern California on the optical properties of seawater,” J. Geophys. Res. 113(C8), C08037 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, S. B. Woz’niak, and P. J. Flatau, “Optical properties of Asian mineral dust suspended in seawater,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 49(3), 749–755 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wozniak, S. B.

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wright, V. M.

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

J. Sun, Y. Feng, D. Wang, S. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Ding, and Y. Wu, “Bottom-up control of phytoplankton growth in spring blooms in Central Yellow Sea, China,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 97, 61–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Dou, J. L. Ren, S. M. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Wu, “Some Geochemical Compositions of SPM and lts Impacting Factors in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in Spring,” Periodical Ocean University China 37, 213–218 (2007).

Xu, Z.

Yang, D.

Y. Liu, D. Yang, W. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Measurements of Asian dust optical properties over the Yellow Sea of China by shipboard and ground-based photometers, along with satellite remote sensing: A case study of the passage of a frontal system during April 2006,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K04 (2010).

Yao, X.

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zang, J. Y.

Q. S. Wei, M. Z. Fu, R. F. Ge, and J. Y. Zang, “[Chemicohydrographic Characteristics and the Seasonal Variations of Nutrients at 35 ° N Transect in the Cold Water Mass of the Southern Yellow Sea],” Huan Jing Ke Xue 31(9), 2063–2074 (2010).
[PubMed]

Zeng, J.

Y. Gao, Z. Jiang, J. Liu, Q. Chen, J. Zeng, and W. Huang, “Seasonal variations of net-phytoplankton community structure in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Ocean Univ. China 12(4), 557–567 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Liu, D. Yang, W. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Measurements of Asian dust optical properties over the Yellow Sea of China by shipboard and ground-based photometers, along with satellite remote sensing: A case study of the passage of a frontal system during April 2006,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K04 (2010).

Zhang, J.

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Dou, J. L. Ren, S. M. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Wu, “Some Geochemical Compositions of SPM and lts Impacting Factors in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in Spring,” Periodical Ocean University China 37, 213–218 (2007).

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, R. H. Stavn, A. U. Falster, D. Gray, and R. W. Gould., “New insight into particulate mineral and organic matter in coastal ocean waters through optical inversion,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 149, 1–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Y.

S. L. Gong, X. Y. Zhang, T. L. Zhao, I. G. McKendry, D. A. Jaffe, and N. M. Lu, “Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D9), 4262 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, T. L.

S. L. Gong, X. Y. Zhang, T. L. Zhao, I. G. McKendry, D. A. Jaffe, and N. M. Lu, “Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D9), 4262 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

Zhou, Z. J.

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Atmos. Environ. (3)

S. Tan, G. Shi, and H. Wang, “Long-range transport of spring dust storms in inner mongolia and impact on the China seas,” Atmos. Environ. 46, 299–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Kim and S. Park, “Transport and evolution of a winter-time yellow sand observed in Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 35(18), 3191–3201 (2001).
[Crossref]

Z. Kai and G. Huiwang, “The characteristics of asian-dust storms during 2000–2002: from the source to the sea,” Atmos. Environ. 41(39), 9136–9145 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Oceanology Limnol. (1)

H. Dunxin and W. Qingye, “Interannual variability of the southern Yellow Sea cold water mass,” Chin. J. Oceanology Limnol. 22(3), 231–236 (2004).
[Crossref]

Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. (1)

J. Sun, Y. Feng, D. Wang, S. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Ding, and Y. Wu, “Bottom-up control of phytoplankton growth in spring blooms in Central Yellow Sea, China,” Deep Sea Res. Part II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 97, 61–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Deep-Sea Res. A, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. (1)

A. Morel, “Chlorophyll-specific scattering coefficient of phytoplankton. A simplified theoretical approach,” Deep-Sea Res. A, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 34(7), 1093–1105 (1987).
[Crossref]

Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. (1)

X. Zhang, R. H. Stavn, A. U. Falster, D. Gray, and R. W. Gould., “New insight into particulate mineral and organic matter in coastal ocean waters through optical inversion,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 149, 1–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (4)

X. Y. Zhang, S. L. Gong, T. L. Zhao, R. Arimoto, Y. Q. Wang, and Z. J. Zhou, “Sources of Asian dust androle of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Claustre, A. Morel, S. B. Hooker, M. Babin, D. Antoine, K. Oubelkheir, A. Bricaud, K. Leblanc, B. Queguiner, and S. Maritorena, “Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener?” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1469 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, R. M. Chomko, V. F. Banzon, and R. H. Evans, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery through thick layers of Saharan dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 28(1), 5–8 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. W. Wang, H. W. Wijesekera, W. J. Teague, W. E. Rogers, and E. Jarosz, “Bubble cloud depth under a hurricane,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 38(14), 1 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huan Jing Ke Xue (1)

Q. S. Wei, M. Z. Fu, R. F. Ge, and J. Y. Zang, “[Chemicohydrographic Characteristics and the Seasonal Variations of Nutrients at 35 ° N Transect in the Cold Water Mass of the Southern Yellow Sea],” Huan Jing Ke Xue 31(9), 2063–2074 (2010).
[PubMed]

J. Clim. (1)

W. H. Qian, L. S. Quan, and S. Y. Shi, “Variations of the dust storm in China and its climatic control,” J. Clim. 15(10), 1216–1229 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (10)

S. L. Gong, X. Y. Zhang, T. L. Zhao, I. G. McKendry, D. A. Jaffe, and N. M. Lu, “Characterization of soil dust aerosol in China and its transport and distribution during 2001 ACE-Asia: 2. Model simulation and validation,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D9), 4262 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, S. M. Fan, and J. L. Sarmiento, “Aeolian iron input to the ocean through precipitation scavenging: A modeling perspective and its implication for natural iron fertilization in the ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D7), 4221 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shi, H. W. Gao, J. Zhang, S. C. Tan, J. L. Ren, C. G. Liu, Y. Liu, and X. Yao, “Examination of causative link between a spring bloom and dry/wet deposition of Asian dust in the Yellow Sea, China,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(D17), D17304 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery in the Earth Observing System era,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17081–17106 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Stramska, D. Stramski, M. Cichocka, A. Cieplak, and S. B. Woz’niak, “Effects of atmospheric particles from Southern California on the optical properties of seawater,” J. Geophys. Res. 113(C8), C08037 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. B. Woźniak, D. Stramski, M. Stramska, R. A. Reynolds, V. M. Wright, E. Y. Miksic, M. Cichocka, and A. M. Cieplak, “Optical variability of seawater in relation to particle concentration, composition, and size distribution in the nearshore marine environment at Imperial Beach, California,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C8), C08027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, D. Yang, W. Chen, and H. Zhang, “Measurements of Asian dust optical properties over the Yellow Sea of China by shipboard and ground-based photometers, along with satellite remote sensing: A case study of the passage of a frontal system during April 2006,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K04 (2010).

M. Twardowski, E. Boss, J. B. Macdonald, W. S. Pegau, A. H. Barnard, and J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C7), 14129–14142 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. Lee, M. Twardowski, E. Shybanov, G. Korotaev, and F. Baratange, “Particulate backscattering ratio at LEO 15 and its use to study particle composition and distribution,” J. Geophys. Res. 109(C1), C01014 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. H. Liang, J. C. McWilliams, P. P. Sullivan, and B. Baschek, “Large eddy simulation of the bubbly ocean: New insights on subsurface bubble distribution and bubble‐mediated gas transfer,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C4), 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res., D, Atmospheres (1)

J. T. Merrill, M. Uematsu, and R. Bleck, “Meteorological analysis of long range transport of mineral aerosols over the north pacific,” J. Geophys. Res., D, Atmospheres 94(D6), 8584–8598 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Geophysical Res. (2)

H. Fukushima and M. Toratani, “Asian dust aerosol: Optical effect on satellite ocean color signal and a scheme of its correction,” J. Geophysical Res. 102(D14), 17119–17130 (1997).

W. J. Teague, H. T. Perkins, Z. R. Hallock, and G. A. Jacobs, “Current and tide observations in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Geophysical Res. 103(C12), 27783–27793 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Mar. Syst. (1)

C. W. Bian, W. S. Jiang, Q. Quan, T. Wang, R. J. Greatbatch, and W. Li, “Distributions of suspended sediment concentration in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea based on field surveys during the four seasons of 2011,” J. Mar. Syst. 121, 24–35 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ocean Univ. China (1)

Y. Gao, Z. Jiang, J. Liu, Q. Chen, J. Zeng, and W. Huang, “Seasonal variations of net-phytoplankton community structure in the southern Yellow Sea,” J. Ocean Univ. China 12(4), 557–567 (2013).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (3)

G. Neukermans, H. Loisel, X. Mériaux, R. Astoreca, and D. McKee, “In situ variability of mass-specific beam attenuation and backscattering of marine particles with respect to particle size, density, and composition,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 57(1), 124–144 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Babin, A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell, and D. Stramski, “Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and open ocean waters as related to the particle mass concentration,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48(2), 843–859 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, S. B. Woz’niak, and P. J. Flatau, “Optical properties of Asian mineral dust suspended in seawater,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 49(3), 749–755 (2004).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods (1)

E. Boss, L. Taylor, S. Gilbert, K. Gundersen, N. Hawley, C. Janzen, T. Johengen, H. Purcell, C. Robertson, D. W. H. Schar, G. J. Smith, and M. N. Tamburri, “Comparison of inherent optical properties as a surrogate for particulate matter concentration in coastal waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 7(11), 803–810 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Periodical Ocean University China (1)

W. W. Dou, J. L. Ren, S. M. Liu, J. Zhang, and Y. Wu, “Some Geochemical Compositions of SPM and lts Impacting Factors in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea in Spring,” Periodical Ocean University China 37, 213–218 (2007).

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

D. Nobileau and D. Antoine, “Detection of blue-absorbing aerosols using near infrared and visible (ocean color) remote sensing observations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 95(3), 368–387 (2005).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. K. B. Bishop, R. E. Davis, and J. T. Sherman, “Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific,” Science 298(5594), 817–821 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. G. Chen, “Variations and influencing mechanisms in the optical properties of the waters in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea”, PhD dissertation (in Chinese with English abstract), Ocean University of China (2015).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Sites distribution from different years in spring and summer in the CSYS, (b) the relationship between CHL and bp532 for the central South Yellow Sea.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 A dust storm process observed by MODIS during 23 and 24 April in 2006.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Diel variability of wind speed and aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm at site St on 23 April, 2006.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Diel variability of the residual scattering coefficient at 532nm and the linkage between the scattering induced by dust particles and the dust storm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Diel variability of the temperature, salinity, CHL, and turbidity profile at site St.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Diel variability of the ratio of the absorption coefficient of non-pigment particles at 400 nm to that of pigment particles at 675nm.

Equations (2)

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b p 532 = 0.51 × C H L 0.5 .
Δ = b p 532 0.51 × C H L 0.5 .

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