Abstract

We reported a high average power and energy microsecond pulse erbium-doped fluoride fiber MOPA system centered at 2786.8 nm. The master oscillator was a passively Q-switched erbium-doped fluoride fiber laser based on SESAM in a linear cavity. Then a one-stage erbium-doped fluoride fiber amplifier was used to boost its average output power to 4.2 W and pulse energy to 58.87 μJ. The pulse duration and repetition rate were 2.29 µs and 71.73 kHz, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the achieved average output power and pulse energy are the recorded levels for the passively Q-switched fiber lasers at 3 μm wavelength region.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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2016 (9)

J. F. Li, L. L. Wang, H. Y. Luo, J. T. Xie, and Y. Liu, “High power cascaded erbium doped fluoride fiber laser at room temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(6), 673–676 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Fortin, F. Maes, M. Bernier, S. T. Bah, M. D’Auteuil, and R. Vallée, “Watt-level erbium-doped all-fiber laser at 3.44 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 559–562 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Henderson-Sapir, S. D. Jackson, and D. J. Ottaway, “Versatile and widely tunable mid-infrared erbium doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1676–1679 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Majewski and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient mid-infrared dysprosium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(10), 2173–2176 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, M. Tao, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, S. Ning, B. Lan, and S. Zhou, “Compact watt-level passively Q-switchedZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaFfiber laser at 2.8 μm using Fe2+:ZnSesaturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 086106 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8 μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topologicalinsulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(14), 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B Zhai, R Lu, Z Guo, H Zhang, and Y Liu,“Black phosphorus: a two-dimensionsaturable absorption material formid-infrared Q-switched and modelockedfiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30316 (2016).
[PubMed]

J. Liu, C. Liu, H. Shi, and P. Wang, “High-power linearly-polarized picosecond thulium-doped all-fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 24(13), 15005–15011 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (11)

A. Oladeji, A. Phillips, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, A. B. Seddon, T. M. Benson, and S. Sujecki, “Design of erbium doped double clad ZBLAN fibre laser,” J. Phys. 619(1), 012044 (2015).

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “All-fiber-integrated narrowband nanosecond pulsed Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1473–1476 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z Liand and H. Y Luo, “Recent progress on passively switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 µm,” J. Electron. Sci. Technol. 13(4), 305–314 (2015).

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm Mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho(3+)-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, B. Zhai, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Tunable Fe(2+):ZnSe passively Q-switched Ho3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 3 μm,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22362–22370 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

S. Crawford, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “High-power broadly tunable 3-μm fiber laser for the measurement of optical fiber loss,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 150239 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, S. T. Bah, and R. Vallée, “30 W fluoride glass all-fiber laser at 2.94 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2882–2885 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

O. Henderson-Sapir, J. Munch, and D. J. Ottaway, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers at and beyond 3.5 μm using dual-wavelength pumping,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 493–496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 m fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Michalska and J. Swiderski, “Highly efficient, kW peak power, 1.55 µm all-fiber MOPA system with a diffraction-limited laser output beam,” Appl. Phys. B 117(3), 841–846 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Zhu, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Experimental and numerical investigationson Q-switched laser-seeded fiberMOPA at 2.8 μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 3951–3955 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (5)

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Passively Q-switched 2.8-μm nanosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(19), 1741–1744 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Y. Y. Yang, Z. H. Han, Y. Qu, W. Hou, J. M. Li, X. C. Lin, and Y. Tsang, “20 W high-power picosecond single-walled carbon nanotube based MOPA laser system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(16), 2713–2717 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Pile and N. Horiuchi, “RPCh.Won, andO Graydon, “Extending opportunities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 407 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Pile and N. Horiuchi, “RPCh.Won, andO Graydon, “Extending opportunities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 407 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. L. Lim, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “High-energy, in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18803–18818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Continuous wave 2.9μm dysprosium-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1316–1318 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Carbonnier, H. Tobben, and U. B. Unrau, “Room temperature CW fibre laser at 3.22 μm,” IEEE Electron. Lett. 34(9), 893–894 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7-μm Er-doped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3–6), 315–321 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Gabler, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. R. Müller, “High-average-power picosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 26(23), 1849–1851 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

H. Toebben, “Room temperature cw fibre laser at 3.5µm in Er3+-doped ZBLAN glass,” IEEE Electron. Lett. 28(14), 1361–1362 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alam, S.

Alam, S. U.

Androz, G.

Bah, S. T.

Balakrishnan, K.

Benson, T. M.

A. Oladeji, A. Phillips, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, A. B. Seddon, T. M. Benson, and S. Sujecki, “Design of erbium doped double clad ZBLAN fibre laser,” J. Phys. 619(1), 012044 (2015).

Bernier, M.

Carbonnier, C.

Caron, N.

Chen, H.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, M. Tao, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K. K.

Copic, M.

Crawford, S.

S. Crawford, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “High-power broadly tunable 3-μm fiber laser for the measurement of optical fiber loss,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(3), 150239 (2015).
[Crossref]

D’Auteuil, M.

Desmoulins, S.

Di Teodoro, F.

Dickinson, B. C.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7-μm Er-doped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3–6), 315–321 (2001).
[Crossref]

El-Taher, A. E.

Faucher, D.

Feng, G.

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, S. Ning, B. Lan, and S. Zhou, “Compact watt-level passively Q-switchedZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaFfiber laser at 2.8 μm using Fe2+:ZnSesaturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 086106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, M. Tao, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, G. B.

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

Fortin, V.

Fuhrberg, P.

A. Oladeji, A. Phillips, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, A. B. Seddon, T. M. Benson, and S. Sujecki, “Design of erbium doped double clad ZBLAN fibre laser,” J. Phys. 619(1), 012044 (2015).

Gabler, T.

Golding, P. S.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollnau, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791-nm pulsed-pumped 2.7-μm Er-doped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 191(3–6), 315–321 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gorjan, M.

Graydon, O

D. Pile and N. Horiuchi, “RPCh.Won, andO Graydon, “Extending opportunities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 407 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z

J. Li, H. Luo, B Zhai, R Lu, Z Guo, H Zhang, and Y Liu,“Black phosphorus: a two-dimensionsaturable absorption material formid-infrared Q-switched and modelockedfiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6, 30316 (2016).
[PubMed]

Han, Z. H.

Hashida, M.

Hayes, J. R.

He, Y. L.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 m fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Henderson-Sapir, O.

Horiuchi, N.

D. Pile and N. Horiuchi, “RPCh.Won, andO Graydon, “Extending opportunities,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 407 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hou, W.

Huang, B.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8 μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topologicalinsulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(14), 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, M. Tao, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, W. Sun, Y. Y. Yang, Z. H. Han, Y. Qu, W. Hou, J. M. Li, X. C. Lin, and Y. Tsang, “20 W high-power picosecond single-walled carbon nanotube based MOPA laser system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(16), 2713–2717 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, S. Ning, B. Lan, and S. Zhou, “Compact watt-level passively Q-switchedZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaFfiber laser at 2.8 μm using Fe2+:ZnSesaturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 086106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhou, K.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho(3+)-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, K. M.

J. F. Li, H. Y. Luo, Y. L. He, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, K. M. Zhou, A. G. Rozhin, and S. K. Turistyn, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 m fluoride fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “All-fiber-integrated narrowband nanosecond pulsed Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(14), 1473–1476 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, S.

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, S. Ning, B. Lan, and S. Zhou, “Compact watt-level passively Q-switchedZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaFfiber laser at 2.8 μm using Fe2+:ZnSesaturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 086106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S. Q.

Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

Zhu, G.

Zhu, X.

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T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, S. Ning, B. Lan, and S. Zhou, “Compact watt-level passively Q-switchedZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaFfiber laser at 2.8 μm using Fe2+:ZnSesaturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 086106 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
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Y. L. Shen, K. Huang, S. Q. Zhou, K. P. Luan, L. Yu, A. Q. Yi, G. B. Feng, and X. S. Ye, “Gain-switched 2.8 μm Er3+-doped double-clad ZBLAN fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 9543, 95431E (2015).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of high average output power and energy microsecond erbium-doped fluoride fiber MOPA system at 2.8 µm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Temporal pulse train at a scanning range of 600 μs at the launched pump power of 1.27 W. Insets: Temporal pulses at a scanning range of 130 μs and 14 μs, respectively at the launched pump power of 1.27 W. (b) Measured optical spectrum at the launched pump power of 1.27 W. Inset: RF spectrum at the launched pump power of 1.27 W. (c) Pulse duration and repetition rate as a function of the launched pump power. (d) Average output power and pulse energy as a function of the launched pump power.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Amplified Q-switched pulse trains at the launched pump power of (a) 0.29 W, (b) 4.46 W, (c) 10.69 W and (d) their single pulse waveforms when the launched MO power was fixed at 25.5 mW. (Case 1).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured spectra at the launched pump power of 0.29 W, 4.46 W, 10.69 W, and 10.8 W, respectively when the launched MO power was fixed at 25.5 mW. (Case 1).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Repetition rate and pulse duration, and (b) average output power and pulse energy as a function of the launched pump power when the launched MO powers were 5.2 mW, 12.6 mW, and 25.5 mW, respectively.(Case 1).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Amplified Q-switched pulse trains at the launched pump power of (a) 0.78 W, (b) 5.87 W, (c) 14.03 W and (d) their single pulse waveforms when the launched MO power was fixed at 25.5 mW. (Case 2).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured spectra at the launched pump power of 0.78 W, 5.87 W, 14.03 W, and 14.2 W, respectively when the launched MO power was fixed at 25.5 mW. (Case 2).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Repetition rate and pulse duration, and (b) average power and pulse energy as a function of the launched pump power when the launched MO powers were 5.2 mW, 12.6 mW, and 25.5 mW, respectively.(Case 2).

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