Abstract

Relative intensity noise transfer from the pump to the signal in 2nd-order ultra-long Raman laser amplifiers for telecommunications is characterized numerically and experimentally. Our results showcase the need for careful adjustment of the front FBG reflectivity and the relative contribution of forward pump power, and their impact on performance. Finally, our analysis is verified through a 10 × 30 GBaud DP-QPSK transmission experiment, showing a large Q factor penalty associated with the combination of high forward pumping and high reflectivities.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Quasi-lossless transmission using second-order Raman amplification and FBG,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4372–4377 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. Rosa, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Tan, P. Rosa, I. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Extended Reach of 116 Gb/s DP-QPSK Transmission using Random DFB Fiber Laser Based Raman Amplification and Bidirectional Second-order Pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W4E.1.
  5. L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Mahler, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.
  7. P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, “Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(8), 1140–1148 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.
  11. M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, Md. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov, and W. R. L. Clements, “Third-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FB4.
  13. V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. Alcón-Camas and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23569–23575 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J.D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

2016 (1)

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

Alcon-Camas, M.

Alcón-Camas, M.

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

Babin, S. A.

Bayvel, P.

Bristiel, B.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Castañón, J. D. Ania

Clements, W. R. L.

S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov, and W. R. L. Clements, “Third-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FB4.

Doran, N. J.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Ellis, A. D.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Fabbri, S.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Fludger, C. R. S.

Forysiak, W.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

Galdino, L.

Gallion, P.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Giacoumidis, E.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Handerek, V.

Harper, P.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, Md. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Mahler, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, I. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Extended Reach of 116 Gb/s DP-QPSK Transmission using Random DFB Fiber Laser Based Raman Amplification and Bidirectional Second-order Pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W4E.1.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

Iqbal, M. A.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

Iqbal, Md. A.

Jiang, S.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kanesan, T.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Karalekas, V.

Karpov, V. I.

S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov, and W. R. L. Clements, “Third-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FB4.

Killey, R. I.

Krzczanowicz, L.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

Lavery, D.

Le, S. T.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, Md. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Mahler,

Makovejs, S.

McCarthy, M.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Mears, R. J.

Nuño, J.

J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J.D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

Papernyi, S. B.

S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov, and W. R. L. Clements, “Third-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FB4.

Phillips, I.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, I. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Extended Reach of 116 Gb/s DP-QPSK Transmission using Random DFB Fiber Laser Based Raman Amplification and Bidirectional Second-order Pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W4E.1.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

Phillips, I. D.

Pincemin, E.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E. V.

Rizzelli, G.

P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

Rosa, P.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, Md. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Mahler, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, I. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Extended Reach of 116 Gb/s DP-QPSK Transmission using Random DFB Fiber Laser Based Raman Amplification and Bidirectional Second-order Pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W4E.1.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Stephens, M. F.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Sygletos, S.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Tan, M.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, Md. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Mahler, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, I. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Extended Reach of 116 Gb/s DP-QPSK Transmission using Random DFB Fiber Laser Based Raman Amplification and Bidirectional Second-order Pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W4E.1.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

ThaiLe, S.

Thomsen, B. C.

Turitsyn, S. K.

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (8)

P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Quasi-lossless transmission using second-order Raman amplification and FBG,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4372–4377 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. ThaiLe, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, Md. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alcón-Camas and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23569–23575 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J.D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, I. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Extended Reach of 116 Gb/s DP-QPSK Transmission using Random DFB Fiber Laser Based Raman Amplification and Bidirectional Second-order Pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper W4E.1.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, P. Rosa, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Impact of Front-FBG Reflectivity in Raman Fiber Laser Based Amplification,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SF1F.6.

S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov, and W. R. L. Clements, “Third-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper FB4.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, M. A. Iqbal, I. Phillips, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castanon, and P. harper, “RIN mitigation in second-order pumped Raman fibre laser based amplification,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper AM2E.6.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of a 2nd-order Raman laser amplifier with variable input-side reflectivity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Input-side reflectivity vs. FW pump ratio and (b) signal RIN integrated over 1MHz for a 20% variable (solid) and fixed (dashed) input FBG reflectivity.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Signal RIN integrated over 1MHz for variable (solid) and fixed (dashed) pump RIN in the 1.5% and 40% reflectivity cases.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 FW (upper row) and BW (lower row) propagating Stokes mode structure for rDFB, 1.5% reflectivity and 40% reflectivity configurations.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Experimental and (b) simulated signal RIN integrated over 1MHz as a function of the pump power split and front-end reflectivity for a 100 km 2nd-order ultra-long Raman laser amplifier.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Q factor vs launch power for a 20% front reflectivity cavity and (b) Q penalty as a function of the FPR for four different cavities in a 2159 km long 10 × 30 GBaud DP-QPSK coherent transmission system.

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