Abstract

A proof-of-principle demonstration of a one-way polarization encoding quantum key distribution (QKD) system is demonstrated. This approach can automatically compensate for birefringence and phase drift. This is achieved by constructing intrinsically stable polarization-modulated units (PMUs) to perform the encoding and decoding, which can be used with four-state protocol, six-state protocol, and the measurement-device-independent (MDI) scheme. A polarization extinction ratio of about 30 dB was maintained for several hours over a 50 km optical fiber without any adjustments to our setup, which evidences its potential for use in practical applications.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2015 (3)

H. Takesue, T. Sasaki, K. Tamaki, and M. Koashi, “Experimental quantum key distribution without monitoring signal disturbance,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 827–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, X. T. Song, Z. Q. Yin, S. Wang, W. Chen, C. M. Zhang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Phase-reference-free experiment of measure-device-dependent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(16), 160502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, D. Y. He, Y. H. Li, Z. Zhou, X. T. Song, F. Y. Li, D. Wang, H. Chen, Y. G. Han, J. Z. Huang, J. F. Guo, P. L. Hao, M. Li, C. M. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Y. Liang, C. H. Miao, P. Wu, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field and long-term demonstration of a wide area quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21739–21756 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Tang, Z. Liao, F. Xu, B. Qi, L. Qian, and H.-K. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of polarization encoding measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 190503 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Lucio-Martinez, P. Chan, X. Mo, S. Hosier, and W. Tittel, “Proof-of-concept of real-world quantum key distribution with quantum frames,” New J. Phys. 11(9), 095001 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Scheidl, R. Ursin, A. Fedrizzi, S. Ramelow, X. S. Ma, T. Herbst, R. Prevedel, L. Ratschbacher, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Feasibility of 300 km quantum key distribiton with entangled states,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 085002 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Nauerth, M. Fürst, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, and H. Weinfurter, “Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065001 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

Y. S. Kim, Y. C. Jeong, and Y. H. Kim, “Implementation of polarization-coded free-space BB84 quantum key distribution,” Laser Phys. 18(6), 810–814 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, J. L. Mi, J. D. Wang, and S. H. Liu, “Intrinsically stable phase-modulated polarization encoding system for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Lett. A 54, 373 (2008).

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, and S. H. Liu, “Quantum key distribution system with six polarization states encoded by phase modulation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(11), 3856–3859 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

C. Gobby, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution over 122km of standard telecom fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(19), 3762 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, “Quantum cryptography: a step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419(6906), 450 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,” New J. Phys. 4, 41 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

P. D. Townsend, “Quantum cryptography on optical fiber networks,” Proc. SPIE 3385, 2–13 (1998).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

C. H. Bennett, “Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(21), 3121–3124 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allacher, A.

Asai, T.

Bao, W. S.

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett, “Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(21), 3121–3124 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W. Q.

Chan, P.

I. Lucio-Martinez, P. Chan, X. Mo, S. Hosier, and W. Tittel, “Proof-of-concept of real-world quantum key distribution with quantum frames,” New J. Phys. 11(9), 095001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

Chen, L. K.

Chen, T.-Y.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W. Q. Cai, X. Wan, L. K. Chen, J. H. Wang, S. B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z. B. Chen, and J. W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8587–8594 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, X. T. Song, Z. Q. Yin, S. Wang, W. Chen, C. M. Zhang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Phase-reference-free experiment of measure-device-dependent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(16), 160502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, D. Y. He, Y. H. Li, Z. Zhou, X. T. Song, F. Y. Li, D. Wang, H. Chen, Y. G. Han, J. Z. Huang, J. F. Guo, P. L. Hao, M. Li, C. M. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Y. Liang, C. H. Miao, P. Wu, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field and long-term demonstration of a wide area quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21739–21756 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, J. F. Guo, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “2 GHz clock quantum key distribution over 260 km of standard telecom fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1008–1010 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. W. Li, F. X. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. J. Huang, L. J. Zhang, F. Y. Li, D. Liu, Y. G. Wang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field test of wavelength-saving quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2454–2456 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. B.

Cui, K.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Curty, M.

H.-K. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, “Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 130503 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dixon, A. R.

Domeki, T.

Dynes, J. F.

Fedrizzi, A.

T. Scheidl, R. Ursin, A. Fedrizzi, S. Ramelow, X. S. Ma, T. Herbst, R. Prevedel, L. Ratschbacher, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Feasibility of 300 km quantum key distribiton with entangled states,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 085002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujiwara, M.

Fürst, M.

S. Nauerth, M. Fürst, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, and H. Weinfurter, “Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,” New J. Phys. 4, 41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gobby, C.

C. Gobby, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution over 122km of standard telecom fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(19), 3762 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gorman, P. M.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, “Quantum cryptography: a step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419(6906), 450 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gui, Y. Z.

Guinnard, O.

D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,” New J. Phys. 4, 41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Guo, G. C.

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, X. T. Song, Z. Q. Yin, S. Wang, W. Chen, C. M. Zhang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Phase-reference-free experiment of measure-device-dependent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(16), 160502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, D. Y. He, Y. H. Li, Z. Zhou, X. T. Song, F. Y. Li, D. Wang, H. Chen, Y. G. Han, J. Z. Huang, J. F. Guo, P. L. Hao, M. Li, C. M. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Y. Liang, C. H. Miao, P. Wu, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field and long-term demonstration of a wide area quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21739–21756 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, J. F. Guo, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “2 GHz clock quantum key distribution over 260 km of standard telecom fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1008–1010 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. W. Li, F. X. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. J. Huang, L. J. Zhang, F. Y. Li, D. Liu, Y. G. Wang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field test of wavelength-saving quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2454–2456 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. F. Mo, B. Zhu, Z. F. Han, Y. Z. Gui, and G. C. Guo, “Faraday-Michelson system for quantum cryptography,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2632–2634 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, G.-C.

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

Guo, J. F.

Halder, M.

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X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, Z. J. Wei, and S. H. Liu, “Polarization coding and decoding by phase modulation in polarizing sagnac interferometers,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 68270I (2007).
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Z. Tang, Z. Liao, F. Xu, B. Qi, L. Qian, and H.-K. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of polarization encoding measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 190503 (2014).
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Wang, J. D.

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, J. L. Mi, J. D. Wang, and S. H. Liu, “Intrinsically stable phase-modulated polarization encoding system for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Lett. A 54, 373 (2008).

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, and S. H. Liu, “Quantum key distribution system with six polarization states encoded by phase modulation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(11), 3856–3859 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, Z. J. Wei, and S. H. Liu, “Polarization coding and decoding by phase modulation in polarizing sagnac interferometers,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 68270I (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. H.

Wang, L.-J.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

C. Wang, X. T. Song, Z. Q. Yin, S. Wang, W. Chen, C. M. Zhang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Phase-reference-free experiment of measure-device-dependent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(16), 160502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, D. Y. He, Y. H. Li, Z. Zhou, X. T. Song, F. Y. Li, D. Wang, H. Chen, Y. G. Han, J. Z. Huang, J. F. Guo, P. L. Hao, M. Li, C. M. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Y. Liang, C. H. Miao, P. Wu, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field and long-term demonstration of a wide area quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21739–21756 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, J. F. Guo, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “2 GHz clock quantum key distribution over 260 km of standard telecom fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1008–1010 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. W. Li, F. X. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. J. Huang, L. J. Zhang, F. Y. Li, D. Liu, Y. G. Wang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field test of wavelength-saving quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2454–2456 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. G.

Wang, Z.

Wei, Z. J.

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, Z. J. Wei, and S. H. Liu, “Polarization coding and decoding by phase modulation in polarizing sagnac interferometers,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 68270I (2007).
[Crossref]

Weier, H.

S. Nauerth, M. Fürst, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, and H. Weinfurter, “Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weinfurter, H.

S. Nauerth, M. Fürst, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, and H. Weinfurter, “Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065001 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, “Quantum cryptography: a step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419(6906), 450 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, E.

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, G.

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, L. A.

Wu, P.

Xu, F.

Z. Tang, Z. Liao, F. Xu, B. Qi, L. Qian, and H.-K. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of polarization encoding measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 190503 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, F. X.

Xu, L.

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, T.

Yang, L.

Yang, Y.

Yao, Y.

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yin, H.-L.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, Z. Q.

C. Wang, X. T. Song, Z. Q. Yin, S. Wang, W. Chen, C. M. Zhang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Phase-reference-free experiment of measure-device-dependent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(16), 160502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, D. Y. He, Y. H. Li, Z. Zhou, X. T. Song, F. Y. Li, D. Wang, H. Chen, Y. G. Han, J. Z. Huang, J. F. Guo, P. L. Hao, M. Li, C. M. Zhang, D. Liu, W. Y. Liang, C. H. Miao, P. Wu, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field and long-term demonstration of a wide area quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21739–21756 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, W. Chen, J. F. Guo, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “2 GHz clock quantum key distribution over 260 km of standard telecom fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1008–1010 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. W. Li, F. X. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. J. Huang, L. J. Zhang, F. Y. Li, D. Liu, Y. G. Wang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field test of wavelength-saving quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2454–2456 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, Z.-Q.

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yoshida, E.

Yoshino, K.

Yuan, Z. L.

Zarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, “Quantum cryptography: a step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419(6906), 450 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,” New J. Phys. 4, 41 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

Zeng, H.

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C. M.

Zhang, L. J.

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. W. Li, F. X. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. J. Huang, L. J. Zhang, F. Y. Li, D. Liu, Y. G. Wang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field test of wavelength-saving quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2454–2456 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

Zhang, Y.

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. W. Li, F. X. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. J. Huang, L. J. Zhang, F. Y. Li, D. Liu, Y. G. Wang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Field test of wavelength-saving quantum key distribution network,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2454–2456 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J. L.

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Gobby, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution over 122km of standard telecom fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(19), 3762 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, and S. H. Liu, “Quantum key distribution system with six polarization states encoded by phase modulation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(11), 3856–3859 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. S. Kim, Y. C. Jeong, and Y. H. Kim, “Implementation of polarization-coded free-space BB84 quantum key distribution,” Laser Phys. 18(6), 810–814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H. Takesue, T. Sasaki, K. Tamaki, and M. Koashi, “Experimental quantum key distribution without monitoring signal disturbance,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 827–831 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Q. Yin, W. Chen, D. Y. He, X. T. Song, H. W. Li, L. J. Zhang, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Experimental demonstration of a quantum key distribution without signal disturbance monitoring,” Nat. Photonics 9(12), 832–836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Zarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, P. R. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, “Quantum cryptography: a step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419(6906), 450 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (5)

D. Stucki, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, G. Ribordy, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution over 67km with a plug&play system,” New J. Phys. 4, 41 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Scheidl, R. Ursin, A. Fedrizzi, S. Ramelow, X. S. Ma, T. Herbst, R. Prevedel, L. Ratschbacher, J. Kofler, T. Jennewein, and A. Zeilinger, “Feasibility of 300 km quantum key distribiton with entangled states,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 085002 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, G. Wu, L. Xu, X. Gu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Stable quantum key distribution with active polarization control based on time-division multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065004 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Lucio-Martinez, P. Chan, X. Mo, S. Hosier, and W. Tittel, “Proof-of-concept of real-world quantum key distribution with quantum frames,” New J. Phys. 11(9), 095001 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Nauerth, M. Fürst, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, and H. Weinfurter, “Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 11(6), 065001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, J. L. Mi, J. D. Wang, and S. H. Liu, “Intrinsically stable phase-modulated polarization encoding system for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Lett. A 54, 373 (2008).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. Laing, V. Scarani, J. G. Rarity, and J. L. O’Brien, “Reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 012304 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. W. Li, S. Wang, J. Z. Huang, W. Chen, Z. Q. Yin, F. Y. Li, Z. Zhou, D. Liu, Y. Zhang, G. C. Guo, W. S. Bao, and Z. F. Han, “Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources,” Phys. Rev. A 84(6), 062308 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

H.-K. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, “Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(13), 130503 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, L.-J. Wang, H. Liang, G.-L. Shentu, J. Wang, K. Cui, H.-L. Yin, N.-L. Liu, L. Li, X. Ma, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, C.-Z. Peng, Q. Zhang, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 130502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Tang, Z. Liao, F. Xu, B. Qi, L. Qian, and H.-K. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of polarization encoding measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 190503 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wang, X. T. Song, Z. Q. Yin, S. Wang, W. Chen, C. M. Zhang, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “Phase-reference-free experiment of measure-device-dependent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(16), 160502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, “Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(21), 3121–3124 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

X. B. Liu, C. H. Liao, Z. L. Tang, J. D. Wang, Z. J. Wei, and S. H. Liu, “Polarization coding and decoding by phase modulation in polarizing sagnac interferometers,” Proc. SPIE 6827, 68270I (2007).
[Crossref]

P. D. Townsend, “Quantum cryptography on optical fiber networks,” Proc. SPIE 3385, 2–13 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

W.-Y. Liang, S. Wang, H.-W. Li, Z.-Q. Yin, W. Chen, Y. Yao, J.-Z. Huang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding,” Sci. Rep. 4(3617), 3617 (2014).
[PubMed]

Other (1)

C. H. Bennet and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Bangalore, India, 1984), pp. 175–179.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of our quantum key distribution (QKD) system. LD, laser diode; IM, an intensity modulator; CIR1, CIR2, optical circulator; PBS1, PBS2, four-port polarization beam splitter; PM1, PM2, phase modulator; FM1–FM6, Faraday mirror; QC, quantum channel; PC, polarization controller; PBS3, three-port polarization beam splitter; λ/2, half-wave plate; D1, D2, single-photon detector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of the proposed polarization-modulated unit (PMU). (See text for notation.)
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental results of our setup. (a) Single-photon counts versus drive voltage on Bob’s PM2 while Alice’s PM1 remains unmodulated. (b) Variation of polarization extinction ratio over time.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The prepared polarization states and the detection probabilities for different phases according to BB84 protocol.

Equations (19)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

| P out = P ^ PMU | P in .
P ^ PBS10in =| e x ,2 e x ,0 |+| e y ,1 e y ,0 |,
P ^ PBS11in =| e x ,3 e x ,1 |+| e y ,0 e y ,1 |,
P ^ PBS12in =| e x ,0 e x ,2 |+| e y ,3 e y ,2 |,
P ^ PBS13in =| e x ,1 e x ,3 |+| e y ,2 e y ,3 |.
P ^ PBS11x2yin =| e x ,3 e x ,1 |+| e y ,3 e y ,2 |,
P ^ PBS11y2xin =| e y ,0 e y ,1 |+| e x ,0 e x ,2 |,
P ^ FMii = e i φ i (| e x ,i e y ,i |+| e y ,i e x ,i |),
P ^ FM11(t) = e i( φ 1 + φ m1 (t)) (| e x ,1 e y ,1 |+| e y ,1 e x ,1 |),
P ^ PMU = P ^ PBS11y2xin ( P ^ FM22 + P ^ FM11(t2) ) P ^ PBS13in P ^ FM33 P ^ PBS11x2yin ( P ^ FM22 + P ^ FM11(t1) ) P ^ PBS10in .
P ^ PMU = e i( φ 1 + φ 3 + φ 2 + φ m1(t1) ) | e x ,0 e y ,0 |+ e i( φ 1 + φ 3 + φ 2 + φ m1(t2) ) | e y ,0 e x ,0 |.
| P out = P ^ PMU | P in = 2 2 e i( φ 1 + φ 3 + φ 2 + φ m1(t1) ) | e x ,0 + 2 2 e i( φ 1 + φ 3 + φ 2 + φ m1(t2) ) | e y ,0 .
P ^ PMU =| e x ,0 e y ,0 |+ e i φ m1 | e y ,0 e x ,0 |,
| P out = P ^ PMU | P in = 2 2 | e x ,0 + 2 2 e i φ m1 | e y ,0 .
P ^ decoder = P ^ PBS3 W ^ θ P ^ PMU ,
W ^ θ =cos2θ| e x ,0 e x ,0 |+sin2θ| e x ,0 e y ,0 |+sin2θ| e y ,0 e x ,0 |cos2θ| e y ,0 e y ,0 |.
P ^ PBS3 =| e x ,d1 e x ,0 |+| e y ,d2 e y ,0 |,
P ^ decoder =cos2θ| e x ,d1 e y ,0 |+ e i φ m2 sin2θ| e x ,d1 e x ,0 |+sin2θ| e y ,d2 e y ,0 | e i φ m2 cos2θ| e y ,d2 e x ,0 |.
P ^ decoder = 2 2 (| e x ,d1 e y ,0 |+ e i φ m2 | e x ,d1 e x ,0 |+| e y ,d2 e y ,0 | e i φ m2 | e y ,d2 e x ,0 |).

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