Abstract

We propose a tailored-waveguide based photonic chip with the functions of trapping, coherently manipulating, detecting and individually addressing an array of single neutral atoms. Such photonic chip consists of an array of independent functional units spaced by a few micrometers, each of which is comprised of one silica-on-silicon optical waveguide and one phase Fresnel microlens etched in the middle of the output interface of the optical waveguide. We fabricated a number of photonic chips with 7 functional units and measured optical characteristics of these chips. We further propose feasible schemes to realize the functions of such photonic chip. The photonic chip is stable, scalable and can be combined with other integrated devices, such as atom chips, and can be used in the future hybrid quantum system and photonic quantum devices.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. Grünzweig, A. Hilliard, M. McGovern, and M. F. Anderson, “Near-deterministic preparation of a single atom in an optical microtrap,” Nat. Phys. 6, 951 (2010).
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  5. D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  7. S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023406 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  20. M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, “An array of integrated atom -photon junctions,” Nat. Photonics 5, 35 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. Lepert, M. Trupke, M. J. Hartmann, M. B. Plenio, and E. A. Hinds, “Arrays of waveguide-coupled optical cavities that interact strongly with atoms,” New J. Phys. 13, 113002 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Lengwenus, J. Kruse, M. Schlosser, S. Tichelmann, and G. Birkl, “Coherent transport of atomic quantum states in a scalable shift register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 170502 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Muther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. R. Schoelkopf and S. Girvin, “Wiring up quantum systems,” Nature 451, 664 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, “Collisional blockade in microscopic optical dipole traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. R. Scarmozzino, A. Gopinath, R. Pregla, and S. Helfert, “Numerical techniques for modeling guided-wave photonic devices,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 150 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  27. R. Scarmozzino and R.M. Osgood, “Comparison of finite-difference and Fourier-transform solutions of the parabolic wave equation with emphasis on integrated-optics applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 8, 724 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  28. G. D. Marshall, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M. J. Withford, and J. L. O’Brien, “Laser written waveguide photonic quantum circuits,“ Opt. Express 17, 12546 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. A. Savard, K. M. O’Hara, and J. E. Thomas, “Laser-noise-induced heating in far-off resonance optical traps,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1095(R) (1997)
    [Crossref]
  31. Yu-ju Lin, I. Teper, Cheng Chin, and V. Vuletić, “Impact of the Casimir-Polder potential and Johnson noise on Bose-Einstein condensate stability near surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 050401 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  32. D. M. Harber, J. M. Obrecht, J. M. McGuirk, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the Casimir-Polder force through center-of-mass oscillations of a Bose-Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 033610 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  33. D. M. Harber, J. M. McGuirk, J. M. Obrecht, and E. A. Cornell, “Thermally induced losses in ultra-cold atoms magnetically trapped near room-temperature,” J. Low Temp. Phys. 133, 229 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  35. E. A. Hinds, K. S. Lai, and M. Schnell, “Atoms in micron-sized metallic and dielectric waveguides,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 355, 2353 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  36. H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometer-sized atomic vapour cells,” Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  37. J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  38. R. P. Abel, C. Carr, U. Krohn, and C. S. Adams, “Electrometry near a dielectric surface using Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023408 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  39. B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 023404 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  40. D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Neutral Atom Quantum Register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 150501 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

T. Xia, M. Lichtman, K. Maller, A.W. Carr, M. J. Piotrowicz, L. Isenhower, and M. Saffman, “Randomized benchmarking of single-qubit gates in a 2D array of neutral-atom qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 100503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021034 (2014).

2011 (3)

M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, “An array of integrated atom -photon junctions,” Nat. Photonics 5, 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Lepert, M. Trupke, M. J. Hartmann, M. B. Plenio, and E. A. Hinds, “Arrays of waveguide-coupled optical cavities that interact strongly with atoms,” New J. Phys. 13, 113002 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. P. Abel, C. Carr, U. Krohn, and C. S. Adams, “Electrometry near a dielectric surface using Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023408 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (7)

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometer-sized atomic vapour cells,” Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Lengwenus, J. Kruse, M. Schlosser, S. Tichelmann, and G. Birkl, “Coherent transport of atomic quantum states in a scalable shift register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 170502 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Knoernschild, X. L. Zhang, L. Isenhower, A. T. Gill, F. P. Lu, M. Saffman, and J. Kim, “Independent individual addressing of multiple neutral atom qubits with a micromirror-based beam steering system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134101 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Grünzweig, A. Hilliard, M. McGovern, and M. F. Anderson, “Near-deterministic preparation of a single atom in an optical microtrap,” Nat. Phys. 6, 951 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. He, P. Xu, J. Wang, and M. Zhan, “Rotating single atoms in a ring lattice generated by a spatial light modulator,” Opt. Express 17, 21007 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Marshall, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, P. Dekker, M. Ams, M. J. Withford, and J. L. O’Brien, “Laser written waveguide photonic quantum circuits,“ Opt. Express 17, 12546 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. OBrien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320, 646 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Schoelkopf and S. Girvin, “Wiring up quantum systems,” Nature 451, 664 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. Fortgh and C. Zimmermann, “Magnetic microtraps for ultracold atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 235 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. P. A. Jones, J. Beugnon, A. Gaëtan, J. Zhang, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Fast quantum state control of a single trapped neutral atom,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 040301 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023406 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. M. Harber, J. M. Obrecht, J. M. McGuirk, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the Casimir-Polder force through center-of-mass oscillations of a Bose-Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 033610 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

Yu-ju Lin, I. Teper, Cheng Chin, and V. Vuletić, “Impact of the Casimir-Polder potential and Johnson noise on Bose-Einstein condensate stability near surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 050401 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Neutral Atom Quantum Register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 150501 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. M. Harber, J. M. McGuirk, J. M. Obrecht, and E. A. Cornell, “Thermally induced losses in ultra-cold atoms magnetically trapped near room-temperature,” J. Low Temp. Phys. 133, 229 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, “Collisional blockade in microscopic optical dipole traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Muther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Cote, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 037901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, “Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap,” Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Scarmozzino, A. Gopinath, R. Pregla, and S. Helfert, “Numerical techniques for modeling guided-wave photonic devices,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 150 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

T. A. Savard, K. M. O’Hara, and J. E. Thomas, “Laser-noise-induced heating in far-off resonance optical traps,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1095(R) (1997)
[Crossref]

E. A. Hinds, K. S. Lai, and M. Schnell, “Atoms in micron-sized metallic and dielectric waveguides,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 355, 2353 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

R. Scarmozzino and R.M. Osgood, “Comparison of finite-difference and Fourier-transform solutions of the parabolic wave equation with emphasis on integrated-optics applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 8, 724 (1991).
[Crossref]

Abel, R. P.

R. P. Abel, C. Carr, U. Krohn, and C. S. Adams, “Electrometry near a dielectric surface using Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023408 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adams, C. S.

R. P. Abel, C. Carr, U. Krohn, and C. S. Adams, “Electrometry near a dielectric surface using Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023408 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alt, W.

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ams, M.

Anderson, B. P.

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

Anderson, M. F.

T. Grünzweig, A. Hilliard, M. McGovern, and M. F. Anderson, “Near-deterministic preparation of a single atom in an optical microtrap,” Nat. Phys. 6, 951 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baluktsian, T.

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometer-sized atomic vapour cells,” Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barredo, D.

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021034 (2014).

Béguin, L.

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021034 (2014).

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
[Crossref]

Beugnon, J.

M. P. A. Jones, J. Beugnon, A. Gaëtan, J. Zhang, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Fast quantum state control of a single trapped neutral atom,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 040301 (2007).
[Crossref]

Birkl, G.

A. Lengwenus, J. Kruse, M. Schlosser, S. Tichelmann, and G. Birkl, “Coherent transport of atomic quantum states in a scalable shift register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 170502 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Muther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Browaeys, A.

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021034 (2014).

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. P. A. Jones, J. Beugnon, A. Gaëtan, J. Zhang, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Fast quantum state control of a single trapped neutral atom,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 040301 (2007).
[Crossref]

Buchkremer, F. B. J.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Muther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carr, A.W.

T. Xia, M. Lichtman, K. Maller, A.W. Carr, M. J. Piotrowicz, L. Isenhower, and M. Saffman, “Randomized benchmarking of single-qubit gates in a 2D array of neutral-atom qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 100503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carr, C.

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E. A. Hinds, K. S. Lai, and M. Schnell, “Atoms in micron-sized metallic and dielectric waveguides,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 355, 2353 (1997).
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C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
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A. Lengwenus, J. Kruse, M. Schlosser, S. Tichelmann, and G. Birkl, “Coherent transport of atomic quantum states in a scalable shift register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 170502 (2010).
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M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Cote, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 037901 (2001).
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D. M. Harber, J. M. Obrecht, J. M. McGuirk, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the Casimir-Polder force through center-of-mass oscillations of a Bose-Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 033610 (2005).
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M. P. A. Jones, J. Beugnon, A. Gaëtan, J. Zhang, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Fast quantum state control of a single trapped neutral atom,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 040301 (2007).
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T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
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H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
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R. Scarmozzino and R.M. Osgood, “Comparison of finite-difference and Fourier-transform solutions of the parabolic wave equation with emphasis on integrated-optics applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 8, 724 (1991).
[Crossref]

Petrov, P. G.

M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, “An array of integrated atom -photon junctions,” Nat. Photonics 5, 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pfau, T.

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometer-sized atomic vapour cells,” Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pillet, P.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Piotrowicz, M. J.

T. Xia, M. Lichtman, K. Maller, A.W. Carr, M. J. Piotrowicz, L. Isenhower, and M. Saffman, “Randomized benchmarking of single-qubit gates in a 2D array of neutral-atom qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 100503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plenio, M. B.

G. Lepert, M. Trupke, M. J. Hartmann, M. B. Plenio, and E. A. Hinds, “Arrays of waveguide-coupled optical cavities that interact strongly with atoms,” New J. Phys. 13, 113002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Politi, A.

Pregla, R.

R. Scarmozzino, A. Gopinath, R. Pregla, and S. Helfert, “Numerical techniques for modeling guided-wave photonic devices,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 150 (2000).
[Crossref]

Proite, N.

D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Protsenko, I.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, “Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap,” Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. OBrien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320, 646 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023406 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Neutral Atom Quantum Register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 150501 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ravets, S.

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021034 (2014).

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reichel, J.

J. Reichel and V. Vuletić, Atom Chips (Wiley-VCH, 2011).
[Crossref]

Reymond, G.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, “Collisional blockade in microscopic optical dipole traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, “Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap,” Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rittenhouse, S. T.

J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rolston, S. L.

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadeghpour, H. R.

J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref]

Saffman, M.

T. Xia, M. Lichtman, K. Maller, A.W. Carr, M. J. Piotrowicz, L. Isenhower, and M. Saffman, “Randomized benchmarking of single-qubit gates in a 2D array of neutral-atom qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 100503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Knoernschild, X. L. Zhang, L. Isenhower, A. T. Gill, F. P. Lu, M. Saffman, and J. Kim, “Independent individual addressing of multiple neutral atom qubits with a micromirror-based beam steering system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134101 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savard, T. A.

T. A. Savard, K. M. O’Hara, and J. E. Thomas, “Laser-noise-induced heating in far-off resonance optical traps,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1095(R) (1997)
[Crossref]

Scarmozzino, R.

R. Scarmozzino, A. Gopinath, R. Pregla, and S. Helfert, “Numerical techniques for modeling guided-wave photonic devices,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 150 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Scarmozzino and R.M. Osgood, “Comparison of finite-difference and Fourier-transform solutions of the parabolic wave equation with emphasis on integrated-optics applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 8, 724 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schlosser, M.

A. Lengwenus, J. Kruse, M. Schlosser, S. Tichelmann, and G. Birkl, “Coherent transport of atomic quantum states in a scalable shift register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 170502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schlosser, N.

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, and P. Grangier, “Collisional blockade in microscopic optical dipole traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023005 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, “Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap,” Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnell, M.

E. A. Hinds, K. S. Lai, and M. Schnell, “Atoms in micron-sized metallic and dielectric waveguides,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 355, 2353 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schoelkopf, R.

R. Schoelkopf and S. Girvin, “Wiring up quantum systems,” Nature 451, 664 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schrader, D.

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023406 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, M. Khudaverdyan, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Neutral Atom Quantum Register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 150501 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sedlacek, J. A.

J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shaffer, J. P.

J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometer-sized atomic vapour cells,” Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sortais, Y. R. P.

C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

Succo, M.

M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, “An array of integrated atom -photon junctions,” Nat. Photonics 5, 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tauschinsky, A.

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

Teper, I.

Yu-ju Lin, I. Teper, Cheng Chin, and V. Vuletić, “Impact of the Casimir-Polder potential and Johnson noise on Bose-Einstein condensate stability near surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 050401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Thijssen, R. M. T.

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thomas, J. E.

T. A. Savard, K. M. O’Hara, and J. E. Thomas, “Laser-noise-induced heating in far-off resonance optical traps,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1095(R) (1997)
[Crossref]

Tichelmann, S.

A. Lengwenus, J. Kruse, M. Schlosser, S. Tichelmann, and G. Birkl, “Coherent transport of atomic quantum states in a scalable shift register,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 170502 (2010).
[Crossref]

Trupke, M.

M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, “An array of integrated atom -photon junctions,” Nat. Photonics 5, 35 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Lepert, M. Trupke, M. J. Hartmann, M. B. Plenio, and E. A. Hinds, “Arrays of waveguide-coupled optical cavities that interact strongly with atoms,” New J. Phys. 13, 113002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tuchendler, C.

C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Urban, E.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B.

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vernier, A.

F. Nogrette, H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, A. Vernier, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom trapping in holographic 2D arrays of microtraps with arbitrary geometries,” Phys. Rev. X 4, 021034 (2014).

Viteau, M.

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Volk, M.

R. Dumke, M. Volk, T. Muther, F. B. J. Buchkremer, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Micro-optical realization of arrays of selectively addressable dipole traps: a scalable configuration for quantum computation with atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 097903 (2002).
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Vuletic, V.

Yu-ju Lin, I. Teper, Cheng Chin, and V. Vuletić, “Impact of the Casimir-Polder potential and Johnson noise on Bose-Einstein condensate stability near surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 050401 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Reichel and V. Vuletić, Atom Chips (Wiley-VCH, 2011).
[Crossref]

Walker, T. G.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Weck, P. F.

J. A. Sedlacek, E. Kim, S. T. Rittenhouse, P. F. Weck, H. R. Sadeghpour, and J. P. Shaffer, “Electric field cancellation on quartz by Rb asorbate-induced negative electron affinity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133201 (2016).
[Crossref]

Whitlock, S.

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wilk, T.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
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A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Withford, M. J.

Wolters, J.

T. Wilk, A. Gaëtan, C. Evellin, J. Wolters, Y. Miroshnychenko, P. Grangier, and A. Browaeys, “Entanglement of two individual neutral atoms using Rydberg blockade,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, T.

T. Xia, M. Lichtman, K. Maller, A.W. Carr, M. J. Piotrowicz, L. Isenhower, and M. Saffman, “Randomized benchmarking of single-qubit gates in a 2D array of neutral-atom qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 100503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, P.

Yavuz, D. D.

E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. D. Yavuz, P. B. Kulatunga, E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, N. Proite, T. Henage, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Fast ground state manipulation of neutral atoms in microscopic optical traps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S.

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. OBrien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320, 646 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhan, M.

Zhang, J.

M. P. A. Jones, J. Beugnon, A. Gaëtan, J. Zhang, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Fast quantum state control of a single trapped neutral atom,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 040301 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. L.

L. Isenhower, E. Urban, X. L. Zhang, A. T. Gill, T. Henage, T. A. Johnson, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Demonstration of a neutral atom controlled-NOT quantum gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 010503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Knoernschild, X. L. Zhang, L. Isenhower, A. T. Gill, F. P. Lu, M. Saffman, and J. Kim, “Independent individual addressing of multiple neutral atom qubits with a micromirror-based beam steering system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134101 (2010).
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Zimmermann, C.

J. Fortgh and C. Zimmermann, “Magnetic microtraps for ultracold atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 235 (2007).
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Zoller, P.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Cote, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 037901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Knoernschild, X. L. Zhang, L. Isenhower, A. T. Gill, F. P. Lu, M. Saffman, and J. Kim, “Independent individual addressing of multiple neutral atom qubits with a micromirror-based beam steering system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134101 (2010).
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J. Low Temp. Phys. (1)

D. M. Harber, J. M. McGuirk, J. M. Obrecht, and E. A. Cornell, “Thermally induced losses in ultra-cold atoms magnetically trapped near room-temperature,” J. Low Temp. Phys. 133, 229 (2003).
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J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

R. Scarmozzino and R.M. Osgood, “Comparison of finite-difference and Fourier-transform solutions of the parabolic wave equation with emphasis on integrated-optics applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 8, 724 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Scarmozzino, A. Gopinath, R. Pregla, and S. Helfert, “Numerical techniques for modeling guided-wave photonic devices,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 150 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, “Coherent excitation of Rydberg atoms in micrometer-sized atomic vapour cells,” Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, “An array of integrated atom -photon junctions,” Nat. Photonics 5, 35 (2011).
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Nat. Phys. (3)

T. Grünzweig, A. Hilliard, M. McGovern, and M. F. Anderson, “Near-deterministic preparation of a single atom in an optical microtrap,” Nat. Phys. 6, 951 (2010).
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E. Urban, T. A. Johnson, T. Henage, L. Isenhower, D. D. Yavuz, T. G. Walker, and M. Saffman, “Observation of Rydberg blockade between two atoms,” Nat. Phys. 5, 110 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Gaëtan, Y. Miroshnychenko, T. Wilk, A. Chotia, M. Viteau, D. Comparat, P. Pillet, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Observation of collective excitation of two individual atoms in the Rydberg blockade regime,” Nat. Phys. 5, 115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

N. Schlosser, G. Reymond, I. Protsenko, and P. Grangier, “Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap,” Nature 411, 1024 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Schoelkopf and S. Girvin, “Wiring up quantum systems,” Nature 451, 664 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

G. Lepert, M. Trupke, M. J. Hartmann, M. B. Plenio, and E. A. Hinds, “Arrays of waveguide-coupled optical cavities that interact strongly with atoms,” New J. Phys. 13, 113002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A (1)

E. A. Hinds, K. S. Lai, and M. Schnell, “Atoms in micron-sized metallic and dielectric waveguides,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 355, 2353 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (9)

R. P. Abel, C. Carr, U. Krohn, and C. S. Adams, “Electrometry near a dielectric surface using Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 023408 (2011).
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B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Tuchendler, A. M. Lance, A. Browaeys, Y. R. P. Sortais, and P. Grangier, “Energy distribution and cooling of a single atom in an optical tweezers,“ Phys. Rev. A 78, 033425 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. A. Savard, K. M. O’Hara, and J. E. Thomas, “Laser-noise-induced heating in far-off resonance optical traps,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1095(R) (1997)
[Crossref]

D. M. Harber, J. M. Obrecht, J. M. McGuirk, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the Casimir-Polder force through center-of-mass oscillations of a Bose-Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 033610 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Tauschinsky, R. M. T. Thijssen, S. Whitlock, H. B. van Linden van den Heuvell, and R. J. C. Spreeuw, “Spatially resolved excitation of Rydberg atoms and surface effects on an atom chip,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063411 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Labuhn, S. Ravets, D. Barredo, L. Béguin, F. Nogrette, T. Lahaye, and A. Browaeys, “Single-atom addressing in microtraps for quantum-state engineering using Rydberg atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023415 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. P. A. Jones, J. Beugnon, A. Gaëtan, J. Zhang, G. Messin, A. Browaeys, and P. Grangier, “Fast quantum state control of a single trapped neutral atom,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 040301 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Kuhr, W. Alt, D. Schrader, I. Dotsenko, Y. Miroshnychenko, A. Rauschenbeutel, and D. Meschede, “Analysis of dephasing mechanisms in a standing-wave dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (12)

D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, “Fast quantum gates for neutral atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, R. Cote, L. M. Duan, D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Dipole blockade and quantum information processing in mesoscopic atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 037901 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Phys. Rev. X (1)

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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

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[Crossref]

Science (1)

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. OBrien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320, 646 (2008).
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Other (1)

J. Reichel and V. Vuletić, Atom Chips (Wiley-VCH, 2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the photonic chip. An array of parallel optical waveguides (a)(for clarity, only three are shown) with a 4-μm-square core are spaced at the center of the chip by 10 μm. A phase Fresnel microlens with 16 steps and focal length of 13 μm is etched in the middle of the output interface of each waveguide, as shown in (b). The center of microlens coincides with the center of optical waveguide. The dipole trap light is transported into the chip through optical fiber connected at the input interface of the chip, and focused by the microlens to form optical dipole microtrap with a waist size of about 1.5 μm, which can trap only one atom. Due to the array arrangement of waveguides and microlenses, the chip can be used to trap single-atom array.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulations of the propagation characteristics of the lights at 780 nm and 830 nm in single waveguide with optimal refractive index contrast of 0.7 % and a 4-μm-square core. (a) and (c) show the transverse intensity profiles of the fundamental modes of lights at 780 nm and 830 nm, respectively. (b) and (d) show the intensity profiles of the lights at 780 nm and 830 nm in the direction of propagation, respectively. These results imply that the lights at 780 nm and 830 nm propagate in the waveguide with chosen parameters in single mode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulations of the propagation characteristics of light at 780 nm in 3 parallel waveguides with different separations. The dashed black squares and rectangles represent the waveguide core. The intensity profiles in transverse (a) and in the propagation (b) directions in 3 parallel waveguides with the separation of 8 μm are shown, in which there is obvious crosstalk between neighbouring waveguides. (c) and (d) show the intensity profiles in transverse and propagation directions in 3 parallel waveguides with the separation of 10 μm, respectively. With this separation, the crosstalk is negligible and Rydberg blockade also works well.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulations of the intensity profiles of the lights at 830 nm (a) and 780 nm (b) focused by the microlens with 16 steps and the focal length of 13 μm. The waveguide core (dashed black square) and microlens (dashed black arc) are superimposed on the intensity profiles. The light at 830 nm is strongly focused by the microlens to a spot with a waist size of about 1.5 μm at the distance of about 11 μm. The propagation characteristics of the focused light at 780 nm is nearly same as that at 830 nm. (c) and (d) are the axial and radial dipole potential, respectively, when the power of the dipole microtrap is about 12 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Images of lights from the waveguides. (a) Magnified image of the waist spot of the light at 830 nm focused by microlens, where the magnification is 39. (b) Array of optical microtaps where two independent light beams at 830 nm are transported into two neighbouring channels respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measurements of the propagation characteristics of the light at 780 nm emitting from channel 1 and 2 where the magnification is 8.5. Inset: the SEM image of channel 1 and 2. The measured data are nearly linear. The waist size of the light focused by the microlens is fitted to be about 1.5 μm, which is in collisional blockade region. The size of the light emitting from channel 1 is about 2.3 μm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Two-photon Rydberg excitation scheme to be used in the chip. (a) The relevant levels and laser excitation frequencies. (b) The arrangement of the excitation lasers for two-photon processes.

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