Abstract

We report a hybrid plasmonic Bragg grating composed of a nanofiber coupled with orthogonally oriented metal strips. Numerical simulations are performed to study the transmission and reflection spectra of the grating. It shows that the TM polarization has much stronger Bragg reflection due to the excitation of hybrid plasmonic modes. The dependence of reflection peaks on several key device parameters is analyzed. Light propagation simulation further reveals that both fundamental and first-order TM modes are excited upon Bragg reflection, leading to two separate peaks in the spectrum. We implement the prototype device by attaching a nanofiber onto the surface of an array of sub-micrometer-wide metal strips. The main reflection peak is measured to have a 3-dB bandwidth of 15 nm and out-of-band rejection of more than 30 dB. The effects of nanofiber radius, alignment angle and coupling length on the device performance are also experimentally investigated.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2015 (2)

2014 (2)

M. Z. Alam, J. S. Aitchison, and M. Mojahedi, “A marriage of convenience: Hybridization of surface plasmon and dielectric waveguide modes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(3), 394–408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

Q. Gan and F. J. Bartoli, “Bidirectional surface wave splitter at visible frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4181–4183 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Goykhman, B. Desiatov, and U. Levy, “Experimental demonstration of locally oxidized hybrid silicon-plasmonic waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Han, A. Y. Elezzabi, and V. Van, “Experimental realization of subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguides on a silicon platform,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 502–504 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. N. Abbas, Y.-C. Chang, and M.-H. Shih, “Plasmon-polariton band structures of asymmetric T-shaped plasmonic gratings,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2509–2514 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2003 (1)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Z. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, “Reflective polarizer based on a stacked double-layer subwavelength metal grating structure fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(7), 927–929 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Othonos, “Fiber Bragg gratings,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(12), 4309–4341 (1997).
[Crossref]

Aassime, A.

Abbas, M. N.

Abushagur, M. A.

Adibi, A.

Aitchison, J. S.

M. Z. Alam, J. S. Aitchison, and M. Mojahedi, “A marriage of convenience: Hybridization of surface plasmon and dielectric waveguide modes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(3), 394–408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alam, M. Z.

M. Z. Alam, J. S. Aitchison, and M. Mojahedi, “A marriage of convenience: Hybridization of surface plasmon and dielectric waveguide modes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(3), 394–408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbillon, G.

Bartenlian, B.

Bartoli, F. J.

Blaize, S.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloemer, M. J.

Brueck, S. R.

Bruyant, A.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buncick, M. C.

Callahan, J. M.

Canva, M.

Chamanzar, M.

Chang, Y.-C.

Chelnokov, A.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

Chen, X.-D.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chi, M.

Chiang, K. S.

Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chou, S. Y.

Z. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, “Reflective polarizer based on a stacked double-layer subwavelength metal grating structure fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(7), 927–929 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cui, J.-M.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

D’Aguanno, G.

Dagens, B.

Delacour, C.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, X.

Y. Yu, C. Sun, J. Li, and X. Deng, “A plasmonic metal grating wavelength splitter,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(1), 015102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Deshpande, P.

Z. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, “Reflective polarizer based on a stacked double-layer subwavelength metal grating structure fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(7), 927–929 (2000).
[Crossref]

Desiatov, B.

I. Goykhman, B. Desiatov, and U. Levy, “Experimental demonstration of locally oxidized hybrid silicon-plasmonic waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dhawan, A.

Djurišic, A. B.

Dong, C.-H.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Elazar, J. M.

Elezzabi, A. Y.

M. P. Nielsen and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Nanoplasmonic distributed Bragg reflector resonators for monolithic integration on a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Han, A. Y. Elezzabi, and V. Van, “Experimental realization of subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguides on a silicon platform,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 502–504 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Everitt, H. O.

Fedeli, J. M.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Février, M.

Foreman, J. V.

Frauenglass, A.

Gan, Q.

Gattass, R. R.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gogol, P.

Gong, Y.

Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Goykhman, I.

I. Goykhman, B. Desiatov, and U. Levy, “Experimental demonstration of locally oxidized hybrid silicon-plasmonic waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grosse, P.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, G.-C.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

L. Tong, F. Zi, X. Guo, and J. Lou, “Optical microfibers and nanofibers: A tutorial,” Opt. Commun. 285(23), 4641–4647 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hains, C.

Han, Z.

Han, Z.-F.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hao, P.

He, S.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hong, Z.

Huang, C. C.

Kim, S.-H.

Lee, H.-S.

Lee, K.-D.

Lee, S. S.

Lerondel, G.

C. Delacour, S. Blaize, P. Grosse, J. M. Fedeli, A. Bruyant, R. Salas-Montiel, G. Lerondel, and A. Chelnokov, “Efficient directional coupling between silicon and copper plasmonic nanoslot waveguides: toward metal-oxide-silicon nanophotonics,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2922–2926 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levy, U.

I. Goykhman, B. Desiatov, and U. Levy, “Experimental demonstration of locally oxidized hybrid silicon-plasmonic waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, J.

Y. Yu, C. Sun, J. Li, and X. Deng, “A plasmonic metal grating wavelength splitter,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(1), 015102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

Li, S.

Li, X.

Lou, J.

L. Tong, F. Zi, X. Guo, and J. Lou, “Optical microfibers and nanofibers: A tutorial,” Opt. Commun. 285(23), 4641–4647 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lourtioz, J. M.

Lu, Z.

Luo, H.

Luo, Y.

Lv, L.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Majewski, M. L.

Mattiucci, N.

Maxwell, I.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mégy, R.

Meltz, G.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mojahedi, M.

M. Z. Alam, J. S. Aitchison, and M. Mojahedi, “A marriage of convenience: Hybridization of surface plasmon and dielectric waveguide modes,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(3), 394–408 (2014).
[Crossref]

Neumann, A.

Nielsen, M. P.

M. P. Nielsen and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Nanoplasmonic distributed Bragg reflector resonators for monolithic integration on a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, “Fiber Bragg gratings,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(12), 4309–4341 (1997).
[Crossref]

Oulton, R. F.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pile, D. F. P.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rakic, A. D.

Rao, Y.

Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.-F.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Salas-Montiel, R.

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Shen, J.

Shen, M.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shih, M.-H.

Song, C.

Sorger, V. J.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

Y. Yu, C. Sun, J. Li, and X. Deng, “A plasmonic metal grating wavelength splitter,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(1), 015102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, F.-W.

C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
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L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
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Vo-Dinh, T.

Wahsheh, R. A.

Wang, J.

Z. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, “Reflective polarizer based on a stacked double-layer subwavelength metal grating structure fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(7), 927–929 (2000).
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Wu, B.

Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, W.

Z. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, “Reflective polarizer based on a stacked double-layer subwavelength metal grating structure fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(7), 927–929 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

W. Zhou, K. Li, C. Song, P. Hao, M. Chi, M. Yu, and Y. Wu, “Polarization-independent and omnidirectional nearly perfect absorber with ultra-thin 2D subwavelength metal grating in the visible region,” Opt. Express 23(11), A413–A418 (2015).
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[Crossref]

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C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
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Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
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Yoon, Y.-T.

Yu, M.

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Y. Yu, C. Sun, J. Li, and X. Deng, “A plasmonic metal grating wavelength splitter,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(1), 015102 (2015).
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Zhang, J.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

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Zhou, W.

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Y. Wu, B. Yao, Y. Cheng, Y. Rao, Y. Gong, X. Zhou, B. Wu, and K. S. Chiang, “Four-wave mixing in a microfiber attached onto a graphene film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 249–252 (2014).
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Zi, F.

L. Tong, F. Zi, X. Guo, and J. Lou, “Optical microfibers and nanofibers: A tutorial,” Opt. Commun. 285(23), 4641–4647 (2012).
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C.-L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Ren, L. Lv, X.-D. Chen, J.-M. Cui, Z.-F. Han, and G.-C. Guo, “Movable fiber-integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide on metal film,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(6), 434–436 (2012).
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Appl. Opt. (4)

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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

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[Crossref]

Nature (1)

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagrams of the hybrid plasmonic Bragg grating. (a) Top view; (b) Side view; (c) Perspective view.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated transmission and reflection spectra of the nanofiber-attached hybrid plasmonic grating for (a) TM and (b) TE polarizations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated reflection spectra in response to various design parameters: (a) grating period, (b) filling factor, (c) nanofiber radius, and (d) number of grating periods.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Light electric-field intensity pattern (|E|2) in the x-y plane at the 1650 nm wavelength. Nanofiber fundamental mode is launched from the intersection plane at x = −17 μm. The Inset shows the cross-sectional distribution of the reflected light intensity. (b) Magnified view showing the standing wave light field pattern at 1650 nm. The cross-sectional field patterns along the dashed lines (i) and (ii) are also illustrated. (c) Light electric-field intensity pattern in the x-y plane at the 1525 nm wavelength. (d) Magnified view of the light field pattern at 1525 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Fabrication process flow of the metal grating. (b) SEM image of the metal grating.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup to characterize the device. PC: polarization controller; PBS: polarization beam splitter; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured input-normalized TM reflection spectra for various device parameters: (a) nanofiber radius, (b) nanofiber alignment angle and (c) coupling length.

Equations (4)

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λ B = 2 n e f f Λ = 2 ( d n e f f 1 + a n e f f 2 ) / cos ( θ )
Δ λ = λ 2 π n e f f L c ( κ a c L c ) 2 + π 2
Δ λ λ 2 n e f f L c
R ( L c ) = tan h 2 ( κ a c L c )

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