Abstract

Synchronized time-lens source is a promising source solution for coherent Raman scattering (CRS) microscopy. Contrary to conventional (single) time-lens source which is driven by electrical signals from a fixed-frequency radio-frequency (RF) source, the synchronized time-lens source is driven by electrical signals from optoelectronic detection of the optical output of the mode-locked laser to which it is synchronized. Consequently, the driving frequency suffers from fluctuation if there is intrinsic timing jitter of the mode-locked laser output. In this paper through numerical simulation, we demonstrate that this timing jitter will be translated into pulse-to-pluse fluctuation of the peak power of the synchronized time-lens source. The larger the intrinsic timing jitter of the mode-locked laser is, the larger this peak power fluctuation of the synchronized time-lens source is. Besides, our results indicate that an effective means of suppressing this peak power fluctuation is to reduce the bandwidth of the RF filter for the phase modulators.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Timing jitter in synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering imaging

Ping Qiu and Ke Wang
Opt. Express 23(14) 18786-18791 (2015)

Synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering microscopy

Ke Wang, Christian W. Freudiger, Jennifer H. Lee, Brian G. Saar, X. Sunney Xie, and Chris Xu
Opt. Express 18(23) 24019-24024 (2010)

Pulse width reduction due to RF filtering in synchronized time-lens source

Ke Wang, Yuxin Wang, Jiaqi Wang, and Ping Qiu
Opt. Express 23(23) 29608-29614 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. H. Kolner and M. Nazarathy, “Temporal imaging with a time lens,” Opt. Lett. 14(12), 630–632 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. van Howe and C. Xu, “Ultrafast optical signal processing based upon space-time dualities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2649–2662 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, “Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 17(8), 1746–1748 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase modulated CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 657–665 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. van Howe, J. H. Lee, and C. Xu, “Generation of 3.5 nJ femtosecond pulses from a continuous-wave laser without mode locking,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1408–1410 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Wang and C. Xu, “Wavelength-tunable high-energy soliton pulse generation from a large-mode-area fiber pumped by a time-lens source,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 942–944 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, H. Sotobayashi, T. Kawanishi, and I. Hosako, “Broadband wavelength-tunable ultrashort pulse source using a Mach-Zehnder modulator and dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2297–2299 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. K. Wang, J. H. Lee, Y. Dai, J. Cheng, and C. Xu, “All-Fiber, Versatile Picosecond Time-Lens Light Source and Its Application to Cerenkov Radiation Generation in Higher Order Mode Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JTuD57.
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Wang, C. W. Freudiger, J. H. Lee, B. G. Saar, X. S. Xie, and C. Xu, “Synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24019–24024 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. K. Wang and C. Xu, “Fiber-delivered picosecond source for coherent Raman scattering imaging,” Opt. Lett. 36(21), 4233–4235 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, “Three-dimensional vibrational imaging by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4142–4145 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
    [PubMed]
  14. P. Qiu and K. Wang, “Optimal compression in synchronised time-lens source for CRS imaging,” Electron. Lett. 50(3), 148–149 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. P. Qiu and K. Wang, “Timing jitter in synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering imaging,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18786–18791 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

P. Qiu and K. Wang, “Optimal compression in synchronised time-lens source for CRS imaging,” Electron. Lett. 50(3), 148–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

J. van Howe and C. Xu, “Ultrafast optical signal processing based upon space-time dualities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(7), 2649–2662 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase modulated CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 657–665 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, “Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 17(8), 1746–1748 (2005).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, “Three-dimensional vibrational imaging by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4142–4145 (1999).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

Charan, K.

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

Cheng, J. X.

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

Freudiger, C. W.

K. Wang, C. W. Freudiger, J. H. Lee, B. G. Saar, X. S. Xie, and C. Xu, “Synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24019–24024 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, C.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holtom, G. R.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, “Three-dimensional vibrational imaging by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4142–4145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hosako, I.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase modulated CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 657–665 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. X.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawanishi, S.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, “Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 17(8), 1746–1748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kawanishi, T.

Kolner, B. H.

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, “Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 17(8), 1746–1748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Leaird, D. E.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase modulated CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 657–665 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

Lu, S.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Min, W.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morohashi, I.

Nazarathy, M.

Qiu, P.

P. Qiu and K. Wang, “Timing jitter in synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering imaging,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18786–18791 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Qiu and K. Wang, “Optimal compression in synchronised time-lens source for CRS imaging,” Electron. Lett. 50(3), 148–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

Saar, B. G.

K. Wang, C. W. Freudiger, J. H. Lee, B. G. Saar, X. S. Xie, and C. Xu, “Synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24019–24024 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakamoto, T.

Slipchenko, M. N.

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

Sotobayashi, H.

Tsai, J. C.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Howe, J.

Wang, K.

Wang, P.

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase modulated CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 657–665 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xie, X. S.

K. Wang, C. W. Freudiger, J. H. Lee, B. G. Saar, X. S. Xie, and C. Xu, “Synchronized time-lens source for coherent Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24019–24024 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, “Three-dimensional vibrational imaging by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4142–4145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, “Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 17(8), 1746–1748 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zumbusch, A.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, “Three-dimensional vibrational imaging by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4142–4145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Qiu and K. Wang, “Optimal compression in synchronised time-lens source for CRS imaging,” Electron. Lett. 50(3), 148–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase modulated CW laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 657–665 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Lett. (1)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, “Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Lett. 17(8), 1746–1748 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Biophotonics (1)

K. Wang, D. Zhang, K. Charan, M. N. Slipchenko, P. Wang, C. Xu, and J. X. Cheng, “Time-lens based hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering imaging and quantitative spectral analysis,” J. Biophotonics 6(10), 815–820 (2013).
[PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, “Three-dimensional vibrational imaging by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4142–4145 (1999).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. Wang, J. H. Lee, Y. Dai, J. Cheng, and C. Xu, “All-Fiber, Versatile Picosecond Time-Lens Light Source and Its Application to Cerenkov Radiation Generation in Higher Order Mode Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JTuD57.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Block diagram of the synchronized time-lens source for CRS imaging. PM: phase modulator, MZ: Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator, DC: dispersion compensator, ML laser: mode-locked laser. The optical and electrical signals are in red and blue, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The intrinsic timing jitter of the mode-locked laser (a) results in the fluctuation of the modulation frequency (b) or the amplitude (c) of the sinusoidal PM driving signal. The figures are for illustrative purpose and not to scale.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Peak power fluctuation of the time-lens source of two typical simulation runs for σML = 0.2 ps (upper panel) and σML = 0.5 ps (lower panel). (b) The compressed temporal intensity profiles corresponding to the 7th and 46th pulse indicated by arrows.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Peak power fluctuation vs different intrinsic timing jitter of the mode-locked laser for ten successive runs. Red circles: mean values of these ten successive runs; error bars: standard deviations.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Pulse peak power of the time-lens source for various pulse numbers with a 50-MHz bandpass filter (red circles) and a 10-MHz bandpass filter (black squares). σML = 0.5 ps. (b) Peak power fluctuation vs different intrinsic timing jitter of the mode locked laser for different filter bandwidths. Error bars: standard deviation.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( t ) = E 0 exp { i π V p p cos [ ω ( t ) t ] / 2 V π } ,

Metrics