Abstract

Existing metasurfaces for high efficiency optical phase control in transmission mode are all based on dielectric materials. Metallic metasurfaces for optical phase control in transmission mode never achieved efficiency above 40%. In this paper, we theoretically demonstrate that metallic metasurface constructed by thick nanoparticles can realize high efficiency (above 85%) phase control in optical wavelength range. We investigated the resonant properties of thick nanoparticle arrays and found that bulk magnetic resonance can be formed by antiparallel dipole electric resonances on thick nanoparticles’ sidewalls. In addition, lateral Fabry-Perot (FP) resonance can be generated in the cavity constituted by adjacent thick nanoparticles. Both of the two resonances exhibit high transmission with near-zero reflection. What’s more, the lateral FP resonance can be utilized to manipulate transmitted phase with high efficiency by adjusting the length of thick nanoparticles. The method proposed here may induce a series of new metasurfaces based on thick nanoparticles for various applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (2)

C. Yan, X. Wang, T. V. Raziman, and O. J. F. Martin, “Twisting fluorescence through extrinsic chiral antennas,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2265–2272 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Hu and X. Wei, “High efficiency broadband -90° to 90° arbitrary optical rotation realized with meta reflectarray,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5641–5650 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (9)

X. Jiang, H. Yuan, B. Zhang, and X. Sun, “Coupling properties etween plasmonic modes and cavity modes in corrugated metal–dielectric–metal waveguide,” RSC Advances 6(106), 104112 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Guo and C. Argyropoulos, “Broadband polarizers based on graphene metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 41(23), 5592–5595 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cui, C. Huang, W. Pan, M. Pu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Dynamical manipulation of electromagnetic polarization using anisotropic meta-mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, W. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “All-dielectric circular polarizer with nearly unit transmission efficiency based on cascaded tensor Huygens surface,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17738–17745 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, and Y. Jiang, “High-efficiency beam manipulation combining geometric phase with anisotropic Huygens surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 181102 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, X. J. Fu, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Low-reflection beam refractions by ultrathin Huygens metasurface,” AIP Adv. 5(6), 067102 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Yatooshi, A. Ishikawa, and K. Tsuruta, “Terahertz wavefront control by tunable metasurface made of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 053105 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Campione, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, and M. B. Sinclair, “Tailoring dielectric resonator geometries for directional scattering and Huygens’ metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2293–2307 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Realizing broadband and invertible linear-to-circular polarization converter with ultrathin single-layer metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, A. M. H. Wong, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Optical Huygens’ Metasurfaces with Independent Control of the Magnitude and Phase of the Local Reflection Coefficients,” Phys. Rev. X 4(4), 041042 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (6)

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Millimeter-wave transmitarrays for wavefront and polarization control,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 61(12), 4407–4417 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, “Significant performance enhancement in photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics by incorporating plasmonic contact electrodes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband Light Bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kang, T. Feng, H. T. Wang, and J. Li, “Wave front engineering from an array of thin aperture antennas,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15882–15890 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Yang, Z. S. Zhang, L. H. Zhang, Q. Q. Li, Z. H. Hao, and Q. Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, “Cavity-involved plasmonic metamaterial for optical polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261113 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, Y. Sonnefraud, P. V. Dorpe, and S. A. Maier, “Tunability of subradiant dipolar and fano-type plasmon resonances in metallic ring/disk cavities: implications for nanoscale optical sensing,” ACS Nano 3(3), 643–652 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Gao, J. M. McMahon, M. H. Lee, J. Henzie, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, and T. W. Odom, “Rayleigh anomaly-surface plasmon polariton resonances in palladium and gold subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2334–2340 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

C. Tserkezis, N. Papanikolaou, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Understanding artificial optical magnetism of periodic metal-dielectric-metal layered structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(16), 165114 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

1998 (1)

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akselrod, G. M.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyropoulos, C.

T. Guo and C. Argyropoulos, “Broadband polarizers based on graphene metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 41(23), 5592–5595 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Basilio, L. I.

Berry, C. W.

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, “Significant performance enhancement in photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics by incorporating plasmonic contact electrodes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boltasseva, A.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband Light Bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

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K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
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K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
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R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
[Crossref]

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J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
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Chen, S.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
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Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Realizing broadband and invertible linear-to-circular polarization converter with ultrathin single-layer metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18106 (2015).
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R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
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Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Realizing broadband and invertible linear-to-circular polarization converter with ultrathin single-layer metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18106 (2015).
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K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, J.

J. Cui, C. Huang, W. Pan, M. Pu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Dynamical manipulation of electromagnetic polarization using anisotropic meta-mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T. J.

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, X. J. Fu, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Low-reflection beam refractions by ultrathin Huygens metasurface,” AIP Adv. 5(6), 067102 (2015).
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X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
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K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, P.

J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Djurisic, A. B.

Dominguez, J.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dorpe, P. V.

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, Y. Sonnefraud, P. V. Dorpe, and S. A. Maier, “Tunability of subradiant dipolar and fano-type plasmon resonances in metallic ring/disk cavities: implications for nanoscale optical sensing,” ACS Nano 3(3), 643–652 (2009).
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Elazar, J. M.

Eleftheriades, G. V.

M. Kim, A. M. H. Wong, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Optical Huygens’ Metasurfaces with Independent Control of the Magnitude and Phase of the Local Reflection Coefficients,” Phys. Rev. X 4(4), 041042 (2014).
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Emani, N. K.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband Light Bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
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F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
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Falkner, M.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, C.

J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
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Frenner, K.

L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
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L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
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N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 19(21), 3628–3632 (2007).
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Fu, X. J.

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, X. J. Fu, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Low-reflection beam refractions by ultrathin Huygens metasurface,” AIP Adv. 5(6), 067102 (2015).
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F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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C. Tserkezis, N. Papanikolaou, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Understanding artificial optical magnetism of periodic metal-dielectric-metal layered structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(16), 165114 (2008).
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N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
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L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 19(21), 3628–3632 (2007).
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L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
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Grbic, A.

C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
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C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Millimeter-wave transmitarrays for wavefront and polarization control,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 61(12), 4407–4417 (2013).
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C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
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Gu, C.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 19(21), 3628–3632 (2007).
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Guo, T.

Guo, Y.

J. Cui, C. Huang, W. Pan, M. Pu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Dynamical manipulation of electromagnetic polarization using anisotropic meta-mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, F.

F. Hao, P. Nordlander, Y. Sonnefraud, P. V. Dorpe, and S. A. Maier, “Tunability of subradiant dipolar and fano-type plasmon resonances in metallic ring/disk cavities: implications for nanoscale optical sensing,” ACS Nano 3(3), 643–652 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, Z. H.

Hashemi, M. R.

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, “Significant performance enhancement in photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics by incorporating plasmonic contact electrodes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.

J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Henzie, J.

Hoang, T. B.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
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Hu, X.

Huang, C.

J. Cui, C. Huang, W. Pan, M. Pu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Dynamical manipulation of electromagnetic polarization using anisotropic meta-mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

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X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
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T. Yatooshi, A. Ishikawa, and K. Tsuruta, “Terahertz wavefront control by tunable metasurface made of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 053105 (2015).
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K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

James, A. R.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jarrahi, M.

C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, “Significant performance enhancement in photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics by incorporating plasmonic contact electrodes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, S. L.

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, X. J. Fu, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Low-reflection beam refractions by ultrathin Huygens metasurface,” AIP Adv. 5(6), 067102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, and Y. Jiang, “High-efficiency beam manipulation combining geometric phase with anisotropic Huygens surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 181102 (2016).
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H. Jiang, W. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “All-dielectric circular polarizer with nearly unit transmission efficiency based on cascaded tensor Huygens surface,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17738–17745 (2016).
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Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, H. Yuan, B. Zhang, and X. Sun, “Coupling properties etween plasmonic modes and cavity modes in corrugated metal–dielectric–metal waveguide,” RSC Advances 6(106), 104112 (2016).
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Jiang, Y.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, and Y. Jiang, “High-efficiency beam manipulation combining geometric phase with anisotropic Huygens surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 181102 (2016).
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H. Jiang, W. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “All-dielectric circular polarizer with nearly unit transmission efficiency based on cascaded tensor Huygens surface,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17738–17745 (2016).
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Kaiser, S.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 19(21), 3628–3632 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kang, M.

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband Light Bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M.

M. Kim, A. M. H. Wong, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Optical Huygens’ Metasurfaces with Independent Control of the Magnitude and Phase of the Local Reflection Coefficients,” Phys. Rev. X 4(4), 041042 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kivshar, Y. S.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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Li, J.

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J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
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Li, T.

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, “Cavity-involved plasmonic metamaterial for optical polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261113 (2010).
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Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Realizing broadband and invertible linear-to-circular polarization converter with ultrathin single-layer metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18106 (2015).
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J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
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L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Realizing broadband and invertible linear-to-circular polarization converter with ultrathin single-layer metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
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K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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J. Cui, C. Huang, W. Pan, M. Pu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Dynamical manipulation of electromagnetic polarization using anisotropic meta-mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30771 (2016).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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C. Tserkezis, N. Papanikolaou, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Understanding artificial optical magnetism of periodic metal-dielectric-metal layered structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(16), 165114 (2008).
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M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
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C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
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J. Cui, C. Huang, W. Pan, M. Pu, Y. Guo, and X. Luo, “Dynamical manipulation of electromagnetic polarization using anisotropic meta-mirror,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30771 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Raziman, T. V.

C. Yan, X. Wang, T. V. Raziman, and O. J. F. Martin, “Twisting fluorescence through extrinsic chiral antennas,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2265–2272 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
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Schau, P.

L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
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L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 19(21), 3628–3632 (2007).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband Light Bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
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C. Pfeiffer, N. K. Emani, A. M. Shaltout, A. Boltasseva, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Grbic, “Efficient light bending with isotropic metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2491–2497 (2014).
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Smith, D. R.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, and Y. Jiang, “High-efficiency beam manipulation combining geometric phase with anisotropic Huygens surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 181102 (2016).
[Crossref]

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F. Hao, P. Nordlander, Y. Sonnefraud, P. V. Dorpe, and S. A. Maier, “Tunability of subradiant dipolar and fano-type plasmon resonances in metallic ring/disk cavities: implications for nanoscale optical sensing,” ACS Nano 3(3), 643–652 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Huygens’ Surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
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C. Tserkezis, N. Papanikolaou, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Understanding artificial optical magnetism of periodic metal-dielectric-metal layered structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(16), 165114 (2008).
[Crossref]

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K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. S. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-Independent Silicon Metadevices for Efficient Optical Wavefront Control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Realizing broadband and invertible linear-to-circular polarization converter with ultrathin single-layer metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H. T. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
[Crossref]

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C. Tserkezis, N. Papanikolaou, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Understanding artificial optical magnetism of periodic metal-dielectric-metal layered structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(16), 165114 (2008).
[Crossref]

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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-Efficiency All-Dielectric Metasurfaces for Ultracompact Beam Manipulation in Transmission Mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
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K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. R. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient Polarization-Insensitive Complex Wavefront Control Using Huygens’ Metasurfaces Based on Dielectric Resonant Meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

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C. W. Berry, N. Wang, M. R. Hashemi, M. Unlu, and M. Jarrahi, “Significant performance enhancement in photoconductive terahertz optoelectronics by incorporating plasmonic contact electrodes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1622 (2013).
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Wang, S. M.

T. Li, S. M. Wang, J. X. Cao, H. Liu, and S. N. Zhu, “Cavity-involved plasmonic metamaterial for optical polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261113 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

C. Yan, X. Wang, T. V. Raziman, and O. J. F. Martin, “Twisting fluorescence through extrinsic chiral antennas,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2265–2272 (2017).
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S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
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Wei, X.

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L. Fu, P. Schau, K. Frenner, W. Osten, T. Weiss, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, “Mode coupling and interaction in a plasmonic mocrocavity with resonant mirrors,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235402 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wen, W.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
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X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
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J. Wang, X. Liu, L. Li, J. He, C. Fan, Y. Tian, P. Ding, D. Chen, Q. Xue, and E. Liang, “Huge electric field enhancement and highly sensitive sensing based on the Fano resonance effect in an asymmetric nanorod pair,” J. Opt. 15(10), 105003 (2013).
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C. Yan, X. Wang, T. V. Raziman, and O. J. F. Martin, “Twisting fluorescence through extrinsic chiral antennas,” Nano Lett. 17(4), 2265–2272 (2017).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the metasurface composed of thick silver nanoparticle arrays embedded in silica. The inset shows the dimension of the thick nanoparticle. The structure parameters are l = 600 nm, w = 200 nm, t = 360 nm, Px = Py = 600 nm, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Transmission spectrum versus Py, other structure parameters are l = 400 nm, w = 200 nm, t = 360 nm, Px = 600 nm, respectively. (b)-(e) present the transmission dependence on l, w, t, and Px, initial structure parameters are l = 400 nm, w = 200 nm, t = 360 nm, Px = 600 nm, Py = 620 nm, and each parameter is tuned to find its effect on metasurfaces’ transmission property.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectral response, field and current distributions of the metasurface with l = 400 nm, w = 200 nm, t = 360 nm, and Px = Py = 600 nm. (a) Transmittance (T), reflectance (R), and absorption (A) of the metasurface. (b)-(c) Normalized electric field distribution at 1070 nm (mode B). (d)-(f) Localized Current elements, normalized magnetic field, and normalized electric field distributions at 1460 nm (mode A), respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical response at 1150 nm (the lateral FP resonance peak) in dependence on nanoparticle length l, other structure parameters are w = 200 nm, t = 360 nm, Px = 600 nm, and Py = 650 nm. (a) Transmittance, reflectance, and absorption of the metasurfaces. (b) Phase delay. (c) Normalized electric field intensity Ex/|Ein|’s distribution for arrays composed of different nanoparticles, clearly revealing the discrete phase shifts.

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