Abstract

We experimentally evaluate the influence of RIN transfer from pump to signal on the transmission performance of a 10 × 30 Gbaud DP-QPSK transmission system using a 2nd-order ultra-long Raman fiber laser amplifier, considering the effect of cavity front-end reflectivity and forward pump power ratio. The evolution of the Q-factors with distance up to maximum reach is monitored for a 10 × 30 Gbaud DP-QPSK transmission system with WDM channels between 1542.94 nm to 1550.12 nm. A maximum transmission distance of 6479 km is found for configurations with low forward pump powers corresponding to the optimal balance between RIN and ASE impairments.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. Nasieva, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification,” Electron. Lett. 39(11), 856–857 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. S. Pelouch, “Raman amplification: an enabling technology for long-haul coherent transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 6–19 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Quasi-lossless transmission using second-order Raman amplification and fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4372–4377 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. P. Rosa, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Maher, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364 km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.
  9. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, “Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(8), 1140–1148 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Alcón-Camas and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23569–23575 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J.D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2006 (2)

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

I. Nasieva, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification,” Electron. Lett. 39(11), 856–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Alcon-Camas, M.

Alcón-Camas, M.

M. Alcón-Camas and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23569–23575 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Maher, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364 km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alcón-Camas and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23569–23575 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Quasi-lossless transmission using second-order Raman amplification and fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4372–4377 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

Barker, L.

L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

Bayvel, P.

Bristiel, B.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corredera, P.

Doran, N. J.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Ellingham, T. J.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellis, A. D.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

El-Taher, A. E.

L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

Fabbri, S.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Fludger, C. R. S.

Forysiak, W.

Galdino, L.

Gallazzi, F.

Gallion, P.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Giacoumidis, E.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Handerek, V.

Harper, P.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Maher, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364 km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Ibbotson, R.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iqbal, M. A.

Jiang, S.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kanesan, T.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Killey, R. I.

Krzczanowicz, L.

Lavery, D.

Le, S. T.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Maher, R.

Makovejs, S.

McCarthy, M. E.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Mears, R. J.

Nasieva, I.

I. Nasieva, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification,” Electron. Lett. 39(11), 856–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nuño, J.

Pelouch, W. S.

Phillips, I.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Phillips, I. D.

Pincemin, E.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rizzelli, G.

Rosa, P.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Maher, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364 km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Stephens, M. F.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Sygletos, S.

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Tan, M.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, M. Tan, D. Lavery, P. Rosa, R. Maher, I. D. Phillips, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, S. Makovejs, and P. Bayvel, “Unrepeatered Nyquist PDM-16QAM transmission over 364 km using Raman amplification and multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3025–3028 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Thomsen, B. C.

Turitsyn, S. K.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Nasieva, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification,” Electron. Lett. 39(11), 856–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

Zhang, L.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

I. Nasieva, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Nonlinearity management in fibre links with distributed amplification,” Electron. Lett. 39(11), 856–857 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (7)

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rosa, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Unrepeatered DPSK transmission over 360 km SMF-28 fibre using URFL based amplification,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9687–9692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Quasi-lossless transmission using second-order Raman amplification and fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4372–4377 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Evaluation of 100G DP-QPSK long-haul transmission performance using second order co-pumped Raman laser based amplification,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22181–22189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Alcón-Camas and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23569–23575 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J.D. Ania-Castañón, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman fiber lasers as virtually lossless optical media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. E. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the nonlinear-Shannon limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3C.1.

L. Barker, A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcón-Camas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and P. Harper, “Extended bandwidth for long haul DWDM transmission using ultra-long Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. of ECOC 2010, Torino, P4.14 (1–3) (2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Set-up of the 2 nd -order ultra-long Raman amplifier (a) and the 10×30 GBaud DP-QPSK transmission system (b).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated signal RIN integrated over 1 MHz as a function of FW pump power ratio and front-FBG reflectivity (a). Launch power versus Q-factors at 2159 km, measured at 1545.32 nm for 20% front-FBG reflectivity (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Transmission distance versus Q-factors measured at 1545.32 nm for 1.5% (a), 10% (b) and 20% (c) front-end reflectivity.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured spectra and Q-factors at maximum reach of the 10 channels for 10% (a), 20% (b) and 40% (c) FW pump ratio.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Comparison fixed (solid) and variable (dashed) pump RIN: transmission distance versus Q-factors measured at 1545.32 nm for 20% front-end reflectivity.

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