Abstract

The cooperation of software-defined networking and flexible grid optical transport technology allows operators to elastically control the network using software running on a network operating system within a centralized way. However, existing approaches dealing with spectrum fragmentation are mostly the reactive strategy, which reconfigures network resources to overcome spectrum fragmentation when the controller detects the fragmentation. In this paper, we focus on how to improve the control plane intelligence of software-defined elastic optical networks (SD-EONs) by using a proactive strategy. More specifically, we design a novel routing, modulation level and spectrum allocation algorithm (RMLSA) based on spectral efficiency and connectivity (SEC) i.e., SEC-RMLSA, in order to improve the utilization efficiency of network resources. Meanwhile, we develop a routing application and an extended OpenFlow protocol to achieve a seamless operation between the controller and the optical data plane. Moreover, all the proposed methodologies are implemented and demonstrated in an SD-EON testbed that has both OpenFlow-based control plane and data plane. Finally, the proposed framework, experimental demonstration, and numerical evaluation are reported for different optical flows. The results show the system’s overall feasibility and efficiency.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2017 (4)

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Costa and A. Drummond, “New Distance-Adaptive Modulation Scheme for Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 21(2), 282–285 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Rottondi, P. Boffi, P. Martelli, and M. Tornatore, “Routing, Modulation Format, Baud Rate and Spectrum Allocation in Optical Metro Rings With Flexible Grid and Few-Mode Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(1), 61–70 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Talebi and G. Rouskas, “On distance-adaptive routing and spectrum assignment in mesh elastic optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9(5), 456–465 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, J. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Dynamic optical resource allocation for mobile core networks with software defined elastic optical networking,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16659–16673 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, N. Ansari, and A. Khreishah, “Anycast Planning in Space Division Multiplexing Elastic Optical Networks With Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 20(10), 1983–1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Chatterjee, N. Sarma, and E. Oki, “Routing and Spectrum Allocation in Elastic Optical Networks: A Tutorial,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 17(3), 1776–1800 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, X. Chen, C. Chen, S. Ma, M. Zhang, L. Liu, and S. Yoo, “OpenFlow-Assisted Online Defragmentation in Single-/Multi-Domain Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A7–A15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, C. Chen, X. Chen, S. Ma, L. Liu, X. Feng, and S. Yoo, “Demonstration of Cooperative Resource Allocation in an OpenFlow-Controlled Multidomain and Multinational SD-EON Testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1508–1514 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Li, W. Lu, X. Liu, and Z. Zhu, “Fragmentation-aware service provisioning for advance reservation multicast in SD-EONs,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25804–25813 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, R. Tian, J. Han, and Y. Lee, “Performance evaluation of multi-stratum resources integration based on network function virtualization in software defined elastic data center optical interconnect,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31192–31205 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

Y. Zhao, R. He, H. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, H. Zheng, Y. Lin, and X. Wang, “Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9538–9547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, X. Chen, M. Zhang, S. Ma, Y. Shao, S. Li, M. Suleiman, and Z. Zhu, “Demonstrations of Efficient Online Spectrum Defragmentation in Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4701–4711 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (7)

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, X. Wang, and W. Gu, “Path connectivity based spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1353–1363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, X. Yu, L. Wang, and X. Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in Flexi-Grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1364–1373 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4194–4204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, H. Choi, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “Demonstration of a Dynamic Transparent Optical Network Employing Flexible Transmitters/Receivers Controlled by an OpenFlow-Stateless PCE Integrated Control Plane,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(10), A66–A75 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Zhang, M. De Leenheer, A. Morea, and B. Mukherjee, “A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26578–26593 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Ansari, N.

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, N. Ansari, and A. Khreishah, “Anycast Planning in Space Division Multiplexing Elastic Optical Networks With Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 20(10), 1983–1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Azodolmolky, S.

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boffi, P.

Careglio, D.

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Casellas, R.

Chatterjee, B.

B. Chatterjee, N. Sarma, and E. Oki, “Routing and Spectrum Allocation in Elastic Optical Networks: A Tutorial,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 17(3), 1776–1800 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

Chen, H.

Chen, X.

Chen, Z.

Choi, H.

Comellas, J.

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Costa, L.

L. Costa and A. Drummond, “New Distance-Adaptive Modulation Scheme for Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 21(2), 282–285 (2017).
[Crossref]

De Leenheer, M.

G. Zhang, M. De Leenheer, A. Morea, and B. Mukherjee, “A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

Drummond, A.

L. Costa and A. Drummond, “New Distance-Adaptive Modulation Scheme for Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 21(2), 282–285 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fabrega, J.

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

Fu, X.

Gong, L.

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gu, W.

Guo, H.

Guo, L.

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

He, R.

Hirano, A.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hou, W.

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ishida, O.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ji, Y.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

Khreishah, A.

L. Zhang, N. Ansari, and A. Khreishah, “Anycast Planning in Space Division Multiplexing Elastic Optical Networks With Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 20(10), 1983–1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

Klinkowski, M.

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kreutz, D.

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

Li, S.

S. Li, W. Lu, X. Liu, and Z. Zhu, “Fragmentation-aware service provisioning for advance reservation multicast in SD-EONs,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25804–25813 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Chen, X. Chen, M. Zhang, S. Ma, Y. Shao, S. Li, M. Suleiman, and Z. Zhu, “Demonstrations of Efficient Online Spectrum Defragmentation in Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4701–4711 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

Liu, L.

Z. Zhu, X. Chen, C. Chen, S. Ma, M. Zhang, L. Liu, and S. Yoo, “OpenFlow-Assisted Online Defragmentation in Single-/Multi-Domain Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A7–A15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, C. Chen, X. Chen, S. Ma, L. Liu, X. Feng, and S. Yoo, “Demonstration of Cooperative Resource Allocation in an OpenFlow-Controlled Multidomain and Multinational SD-EON Testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1508–1514 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4194–4204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, H. Choi, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “Demonstration of a Dynamic Transparent Optical Network Employing Flexible Transmitters/Receivers Controlled by an OpenFlow-Stateless PCE Integrated Control Plane,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(10), A66–A75 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Experimental evaluation of efficient routing and distributed spectrum allocation algorithms for GMPLS elastic networks,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28532–28537 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26578–26593 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Li, W. Lu, X. Liu, and Z. Zhu, “Fragmentation-aware service provisioning for advance reservation multicast in SD-EONs,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25804–25813 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez, V.

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, K.

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Li, W. Lu, X. Liu, and Z. Zhu, “Fragmentation-aware service provisioning for advance reservation multicast in SD-EONs,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25804–25813 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, S.

Martelli, P.

Martinez, R.

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

Martínez, R.

Mendonca, M.

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

Morea, A.

G. Zhang, M. De Leenheer, A. Morea, and B. Mukherjee, “A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moreolo, M.

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morita, I.

Mukherjee, B.

G. Zhang, M. De Leenheer, A. Morea, and B. Mukherjee, “A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

Munoz, R.

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

Muñoz, R.

Nguyen, X.

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nunes, B.

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

Obraczka, K.

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ohara, T.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oki, E.

B. Chatterjee, N. Sarma, and E. Oki, “Routing and Spectrum Allocation in Elastic Optical Networks: A Tutorial,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 17(3), 1776–1800 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qi, W.

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ramos, F.

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rothenberg, C.

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rottondi, C.

Rouskas, G.

Ruiz, M.

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sarma, N.

B. Chatterjee, N. Sarma, and E. Oki, “Routing and Spectrum Allocation in Elastic Optical Networks: A Tutorial,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 17(3), 1776–1800 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

C. Chen, X. Chen, M. Zhang, S. Ma, Y. Shao, S. Li, M. Suleiman, and Z. Zhu, “Demonstrations of Efficient Online Spectrum Defragmentation in Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4701–4711 (2014).
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Shen, G.

Sone, Y.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

Suleiman, M.

C. Chen, X. Chen, M. Zhang, S. Ma, Y. Shao, S. Li, M. Suleiman, and Z. Zhu, “Demonstrations of Efficient Online Spectrum Defragmentation in Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4701–4711 (2014).
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Szczesniak, I.

I. Szczesniak and B. Wozna-Szczesniak, “Adapted and Constrained Dijkstra for Elastic Optical Networks,” in Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, Cartagena, Spain, pp. 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Talebi, S.

Tian, R.

Tomizawa, M.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
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Tornatore, M.

Tsuritani, T.

Tucker, R.

Turletti, T.

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uhlig, S.

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Velasco, L.

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Verissimo, P.

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
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Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, X. Wang, and W. Gu, “Path connectivity based spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1353–1363 (2013).
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Wozna-Szczesniak, B.

I. Szczesniak and B. Wozna-Szczesniak, “Adapted and Constrained Dijkstra for Elastic Optical Networks,” in Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, Cartagena, Spain, pp. 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Yang, H.

Yoo, S.

Yu, S.

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Zhang, G.

G. Zhang, M. De Leenheer, A. Morea, and B. Mukherjee, “A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
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Zhang, J.

Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, J. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Dynamic optical resource allocation for mobile core networks with software defined elastic optical networking,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16659–16673 (2016).
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H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, R. Tian, J. Han, and Y. Lee, “Performance evaluation of multi-stratum resources integration based on network function virtualization in software defined elastic data center optical interconnect,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31192–31205 (2015).
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Y. Zhao, R. He, H. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, H. Zheng, Y. Lin, and X. Wang, “Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9538–9547 (2014).
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Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, X. Wang, and W. Gu, “Path connectivity based spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1353–1363 (2013).
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Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, X. Wang, and W. Gu, “Path connectivity based spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1353–1363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, X. Yu, L. Wang, and X. Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in Flexi-Grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1364–1373 (2013).
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J. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, X. Yu, L. Wang, and X. Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in Flexi-Grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1364–1373 (2013).
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Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, N. Ansari, and A. Khreishah, “Anycast Planning in Space Division Multiplexing Elastic Optical Networks With Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 20(10), 1983–1986 (2016).
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Zhang, M.

Z. Zhu, X. Chen, C. Chen, S. Ma, M. Zhang, L. Liu, and S. Yoo, “OpenFlow-Assisted Online Defragmentation in Single-/Multi-Domain Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A7–A15 (2015).
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C. Chen, X. Chen, M. Zhang, S. Ma, Y. Shao, S. Li, M. Suleiman, and Z. Zhu, “Demonstrations of Efficient Online Spectrum Defragmentation in Software-Defined Elastic Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4701–4711 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, Y.

Zheng, H.

Zhu, Z.

IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. (3)

G. Zhang, M. De Leenheer, A. Morea, and B. Mukherjee, “A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Nunes, M. Mendonca, X. Nguyen, K. Obraczka, and T. Turletti, “A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 16(3), 1617–1634 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Chatterjee, N. Sarma, and E. Oki, “Routing and Spectrum Allocation in Elastic Optical Networks: A Tutorial,” IEEE Comm. Surv. and Tutor. 17(3), 1776–1800 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

L. Zhang, N. Ansari, and A. Khreishah, “Anycast Planning in Space Division Multiplexing Elastic Optical Networks With Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 20(10), 1983–1986 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Costa and A. Drummond, “New Distance-Adaptive Modulation Scheme for Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 21(2), 282–285 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(10), 164–172 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (2)

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. Fabrega, M. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Design and Experimental Validation of a GMPLS/PCE Control Plane for Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 49–61 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Klinkowski, M. Ruiz, L. Velasco, D. Careglio, V. Lopez, and J. Comellas, “Elastic Spectrum Allocation for Time-Varying Traffic in FlexGrid Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 31(1), 26–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. (1)

W. Hou, R. Zhang, W. Qi, K. Lu, J. Wang, and L. Guo, “A Provident Resource Defragmentation Framework for Mobile Cloud Computing,” IEEE Trans. Emerg. Topics Comput. PP(99), 1–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

Z. Zhu, X. Liu, Y. Wang, W. Lu, L. Gong, S. Yu, and N. Ansari, “Impairment- and Splitting-Aware Cloud-Ready Multicast Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 25(2), 1220–1234 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (4)

Opt. Express (9)

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, X. Wang, and W. Gu, “Path connectivity based spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1353–1363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Li, W. Lu, X. Liu, and Z. Zhu, “Fragmentation-aware service provisioning for advance reservation multicast in SD-EONs,” Opt. Express 23(20), 25804–25813 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4194–4204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Experimental evaluation of efficient routing and distributed spectrum allocation algorithms for GMPLS elastic networks,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28532–28537 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, R. Tian, J. Han, and Y. Lee, “Performance evaluation of multi-stratum resources integration based on network function virtualization in software defined elastic data center optical interconnect,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31192–31205 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, R. He, H. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, H. Zheng, Y. Lin, and X. Wang, “Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9538–9547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26578–26593 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, X. Yu, L. Wang, and X. Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in Flexi-Grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1364–1373 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, J. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Dynamic optical resource allocation for mobile core networks with software defined elastic optical networking,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16659–16673 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. Kreutz, F. Ramos, P. Verissimo, C. Rothenberg, S. Azodolmolky, and S. Uhlig, “Software-Defined Networking: A Comprehensive Survey,” Proc. IEEE 103(1), 14–76 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

“OpenFlow switch specification,” http://archive.openflow.org/ .

“RYU: an OpenFlow controller,” http://osrg.github.io/ryu/ .

I. Szczesniak and B. Wozna-Szczesniak, “Adapted and Constrained Dijkstra for Elastic Optical Networks,” in Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, Cartagena, Spain, pp. 1–6 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Reactive strategy and proactive strategy in SD-EONs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Network architecture of SD-EONs. Detailed structures of (b) Bandwidth-variable wavelength selective switch, (c) OpenFlow-Agent, (d) Edge router, and (e) Optical flow entry.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The details of the SEC-RMLSA algorithm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Printed information from the RYU controller for the establishment of optical path.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Wireshark capture of the OpenFlow protocol during lightpath setup.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The detailed flow entries of an optical path.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Wireshark capture of an extended Flow-Mod message.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) NSFNET topology for the SD-EONs testbed. (b) The GUI of RYU controller.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Experimental results. (a) Spectrum efficiency. (b) Network throughput. (c) Blocking probability. (d) End-to-end delay.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Available spectrum consecutiveness. (b) Blocking probability.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of modulation format and path distance.

Tables Icon

Algorithm 1 Algorithm 1. SEC-RMLSA algorithm

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

M a x i m i z e r R e E [ b s w r × F × ( n = 1 N 1 u e n u e n + 1 n = 1 N u e n n = 1 N 1 u e n u e n + 1 × i = 1 N u e n N ) ]
p P r α p r = 1 , r R
s w r = b r m f r × 2 F , r R
n = 1 N ( 1 u e , n r ) = s w r α p r , r R , e P
φ r , r ' + φ r ' , r = 1 , r , r ' R
S r S r ' > s w r ' φ r ' , r , i f φ r ' , r = 1
S r ' S r > s w r φ r , r ' , i f φ r , r ' = 1
E r = S r + s w r 1 , r R
E r ' S r ( s w r + s w r ' ) ( φ r , r ' + 2 α p r α p ' r ' ) 1 , i f φ r , r ' = 1
E r S r ' ( s w r ' + s w r ) ( φ r ' , r + 2 α p ' r ' α p r ) 1 , i f φ r ' , r = 1
u e n = r R u e , n r , e E , n = { 1 , 2 , , N }

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