Abstract

A novel fiber optic hydrogen concentration detection platform with significantly enhanced performance is proposed and demonstrated in this paper. The hydrogen sensing probe was prepared by depositing WO3-Pd2Pt-Pt composite film on the fiber tip of two Bragg gratings paired with high-low reflectivity. At a room temperature of 25°C, the hydrogen sensor has a significant response towards 10 ppm hydrogen in nitrogen atmosphere, and may detect tens of ppb hydrogen changes when the hydrogen concentration is between 10~60 ppm. Besides, the proposed system shows quick response when the hydrogen concentration is above 40 ppm. Moreover, the hydrogen sensor shows good repeatability during the hydrogen response. This work proposes a new concept to develop hydrogen sensing technology with ultra-high sensitivity, which can significantly promote its potential application in various fields, especially for ultra-low hydrogen detection in oxygen-free environment.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-sensitivity fiber optic hydrogen sensor in air by optimizing a self-referenced demodulating method

Minghong Yang, Yuhuan Qin, Yaqiang Ma, Gaopeng Wang, Feng Xiang, Min Wang, Jixiang Dai, Zhigao Chen, Jiening Xia, and Li Zhou
Appl. Opt. 57(27) 8011-8015 (2018)

Side-polished fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor with WO3-Pd composite film as sensing materials

Jixiang Dai, Minghong Yang, Yun Chen, Kun Cao, Hansheng Liao, and Pengcheng Zhang
Opt. Express 19(7) 6141-6148 (2011)

Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration

Shuijing Tang, Bo Zhang, Zhi Li, Jixiang Dai, Gaopeng Wang, and Minghong Yang
Opt. Express 23(17) 22826-22835 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Wang, M. Yang, J. Cheng, J. Dai, M. Yang, and D. N. Wang, “Femtosecond laser fabricated micro Mach-Zehnder interferometer with Pd film as sensing materials for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1940–1942 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, F. Yang, Z. Li, and M. Yang, “Sensitive hydrogen sensor based on selectively infiltrated photonic crystal fiber with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 3872–3875 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. B. Xu, C. L. Zhao, F. Yang, H. Gong, D. N. Wang, J. Dai, and M. Yang, “Sagnac interferometer hydrogen sensor based on panda fiber with Pt-loaded WO3/SiO2 coating,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1594–1597 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. K. Lin, Y. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zheng, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor based on metallic grating with high sensitivity,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18599–18604 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. Hosoki, M. Nishiyama, H. Igawa, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “A hydrogen curing effect on surface plasmon resonance fiber optic hydrogen sensors using an annealed Au/Ta2O5/Pd multi-layers film,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18556–18563 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. Ma and A. Wang, “Optical fiber tip acoustic resonator for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 2043–2045 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastoopic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Dai, M. Yang, Y. Chen, K. Cao, H. Liao, and P. Zhang, “Side-polished fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor with WO3-Pd composite film as sensing materials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6141–6148 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. M. Karanja, Y. Dai, X. Zhou, B. Liu, and M. Yang, “Micro-structured femtosecond laser assisted FBG hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31034–31042 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  17. C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. K. S. Park, Y. H. Kim, J. B. Eom, S. J. Park, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Compact and multiplexible hydrogen gas sensor assisted by self-referencing technique,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18190–18198 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  28. A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  30. S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  31. C.-C. Chan, W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, and C.-S. Hsu, “Hydrogen incorporation in gaschromic coloration of sol-gel WO3 thin films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(2), 504–509 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (4)

S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Karanja, Y. Dai, X. Zhou, B. Liu, and M. Yang, “Micro-structured femtosecond laser assisted FBG hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31034–31042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, F. Yang, Z. Li, and M. Yang, “Sensitive hydrogen sensor based on selectively infiltrated photonic crystal fiber with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 3872–3875 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hosoki, M. Nishiyama, H. Igawa, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “A hydrogen curing effect on surface plasmon resonance fiber optic hydrogen sensors using an annealed Au/Ta2O5/Pd multi-layers film,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18556–18563 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, M. Yang, J. Cheng, J. Dai, M. Yang, and D. N. Wang, “Femtosecond laser fabricated micro Mach-Zehnder interferometer with Pd film as sensing materials for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1940–1942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lin, Y. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zheng, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor based on metallic grating with high sensitivity,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18599–18604 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastoopic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

Aguilera-Granja, F.

A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

Aleixandre, M.

M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

Breedon, M.

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buric, M.

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

Butler, M. A.

M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
[Crossref]

Campbell, J. L.

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, K.

Caucheteur, C.

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, C.-C.

C.-C. Chan, W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, and C.-S. Hsu, “Hydrogen incorporation in gaschromic coloration of sol-gel WO3 thin films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(2), 504–509 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, C.-C.

C.-C. Chan, W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, and C.-S. Hsu, “Hydrogen incorporation in gaschromic coloration of sol-gel WO3 thin films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(2), 504–509 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-W.

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Lin, Y. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zheng, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor based on metallic grating with high sensitivity,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18599–18604 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K. P.

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, T.

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Y. Chen, K. Cao, H. Liao, and P. Zhang, “Side-polished fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor with WO3-Pd composite film as sensing materials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6141–6148 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, C.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

Cheonsik, H.

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

Corredera, P.

M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

B. Xu, C. L. Zhao, F. Yang, H. Gong, D. N. Wang, J. Dai, and M. Yang, “Sagnac interferometer hydrogen sensor based on panda fiber with Pt-loaded WO3/SiO2 coating,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1594–1597 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, M. Yang, J. Cheng, J. Dai, M. Yang, and D. N. Wang, “Femtosecond laser fabricated micro Mach-Zehnder interferometer with Pd film as sensing materials for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1940–1942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Y. Chen, K. Cao, H. Liao, and P. Zhang, “Side-polished fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor with WO3-Pd composite film as sensing materials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6141–6148 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, Y.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

J. M. Karanja, Y. Dai, X. Zhou, B. Liu, and M. Yang, “Micro-structured femtosecond laser assisted FBG hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31034–31042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dam, B.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Debliquy, M.

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

Deng, S.

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eom, J. B.

Garcia-Fuente, A.

A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gheorghe, D. G.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gong, H.

Guo, H.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Gutierrez-Monreal, J.

M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hernanz, M. L.

M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hosoki, A.

Hsu, C.-S.

C.-C. Chan, W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, and C.-S. Hsu, “Hydrogen incorporation in gaschromic coloration of sol-gel WO3 thin films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(2), 504–509 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hsu, W.-C.

C.-C. Chan, W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, and C.-S. Hsu, “Hydrogen incorporation in gaschromic coloration of sol-gel WO3 thin films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(2), 504–509 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, P.

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Igawa, H.

Jang, J. H.

Jin, J. M.

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jyu, S.-S.

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kalantar-zadeh, K.

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karanja, J. M.

Kazemi, A.

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastoopic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. H.

Lahem, D.

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lebon, A.

A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leclercq, L.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. H.

Lee, J. D.

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-H.

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, F. Yang, Z. Li, and M. Yang, “Sensitive hydrogen sensor based on selectively infiltrated photonic crystal fiber with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 3872–3875 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liao, H.

Lin, K.

Lin, S.-W.

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-S.

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

Liu, W.-F.

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Luo, H.

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, C.

Mak, T.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maklad, M.

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mégret, P.

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

Mooij, L.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nishiyama, M.

Ou, J. Z.

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Park, K. S.

Park, M. S.

Park, S. J.

Petrick, R.

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
[Crossref]

Polak, L.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qi, C.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Radeva, T.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rasing, Th.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rooijmans, J. S. A.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Seki, A.

Shim, J. Y.

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

Slaman, M.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, H.

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sutapun, B.

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastoopic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[Crossref]

Swinehart, P. R.

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tabib-Azar, M.

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastoopic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tan, H.

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

Tien, C.-L.

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vega, A.

A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

Wang, D. N.

Wang, G.

S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wang, P.

Wang, Y.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, F. Yang, Z. Li, and M. Yang, “Sensitive hydrogen sensor based on selectively infiltrated photonic crystal fiber with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 3872–3875 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, K.

Wen, X.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Westerwaal, R. J.

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wlodarski, W.

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, N.

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yaacob, M. H.

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, F.

Yang, M.

B. Xu, C. L. Zhao, F. Yang, H. Gong, D. N. Wang, J. Dai, and M. Yang, “Sagnac interferometer hydrogen sensor based on panda fiber with Pt-loaded WO3/SiO2 coating,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1594–1597 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Karanja, Y. Dai, X. Zhou, B. Liu, and M. Yang, “Micro-structured femtosecond laser assisted FBG hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31034–31042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, F. Yang, Z. Li, and M. Yang, “Sensitive hydrogen sensor based on selectively infiltrated photonic crystal fiber with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 3872–3875 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wang, M. Yang, J. Cheng, J. Dai, M. Yang, and D. N. Wang, “Femtosecond laser fabricated micro Mach-Zehnder interferometer with Pd film as sensing materials for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1940–1942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, M. Yang, J. Cheng, J. Dai, M. Yang, and D. N. Wang, “Femtosecond laser fabricated micro Mach-Zehnder interferometer with Pd film as sensing materials for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1940–1942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Y. Chen, K. Cao, H. Liao, and P. Zhang, “Side-polished fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor with WO3-Pd composite film as sensing materials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6141–6148 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, D.

M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

Zhang, Y.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. L.

Zheng, R.

Zhou, X.

Zhuang, Z.

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “Bragg gratings using fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(10), 1035–1037 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Catalytic fiber Bragg grating sensor for hydrogen leak detection in air,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 96–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Buric, T. Chen, M. Maklad, P. R. Swinehart, and K. P. Chen, “Multiplexable low-temperature fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1594–1596 (2009).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Hydrogen Energy (1)

R. J. Westerwaal, J. S. A. Rooijmans, L. Leclercq, D. G. Gheorghe, T. Radeva, L. Mooij, T. Mak, L. Polak, M. Slaman, B. Dam, and Th. Rasing, “Nanostructured Pd-Au based fiber optic sensors for probing hydrogen concentrations in gas mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38(10), 4201–4212 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

A. Lebon, A. Garcia-Fuente, A. Vega, and F. Aguilera-Granja, “Hydrogen Interaction in Pd-Pt alloy nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(1), 126–133 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

K. S. Park, Y. H. Kim, J. B. Eom, S. J. Park, M. S. Park, J. H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Compact and multiplexible hydrogen gas sensor assisted by self-referencing technique,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18190–18198 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tang, B. Zhang, Z. Li, J. Dai, G. Wang, and M. Yang, “Self-compensated microstructure fiber optic sensor to detect high hydrogen concentration,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22826–22835 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lin, Y. Lu, J. Chen, R. Zheng, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor based on metallic grating with high sensitivity,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18599–18604 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hosoki, M. Nishiyama, H. Igawa, A. Seki, and K. Watanabe, “A hydrogen curing effect on surface plasmon resonance fiber optic hydrogen sensors using an annealed Au/Ta2O5/Pd multi-layers film,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18556–18563 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Karanja, Y. Dai, X. Zhou, B. Liu, and M. Yang, “Micro-structured femtosecond laser assisted FBG hydrogen sensor,” Opt. Express 23(24), 31034–31042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Caucheteur, M. Debliquy, D. Lahem, and P. Mégret, “Hybrid fiber gratings coated with a catalytic sensitive layer for hydrogen sensing in air,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16854–16859 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Y. Chen, K. Cao, H. Liao, and P. Zhang, “Side-polished fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor with WO3-Pd composite film as sensing materials,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6141–6148 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, M. Chen, J. Li, and H. Luo, “Numerical modeling and design of mid-infrared FBG with high reflectivity,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(16), 2565–2568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Li, G. Wang, C. Huang, C. Qi, Y. Dai, X. Wen, C. Cheng, and H. Guo, “Optic fiber hydrogen sensor based on high-low reflectivity Bragg gratings and WO3-Pd-Pt multilayer films,” Proc. SPIE 9634, 96346J (2015).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (11)

Z. Li, M. Yang, J. Dai, G. Wang, C. Huang, J. Tang, W. Hu, H. Song, and P. Huang, “Optical fiber hydrogen sensor based on evaporated Pt/WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 206, 564–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, J. Luo, H. Tan, J. Chen, S. Deng, and N. Xu, “Study of self-heating phenomenon and its resultant effect on ultrafast gasochromic coloration of Pt-WO3 nanowire films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 173, 824–832 (2012).
[Crossref]

C.-C. Chan, W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, and C.-S. Hsu, “Hydrogen incorporation in gaschromic coloration of sol-gel WO3 thin films,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(2), 504–509 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and D. Zhang, “Fiber optic hydrogen sensors with sol-gel WO3 coatings,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166, 632–636 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Performance of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor coated with Pt-loaded WO3 coating,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 190, 657–663 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Aleixandre, P. Corredera, M. L. Hernanz, and J. Gutierrez-Monreal, “Development of fiber optic hydrogen sensors for testing nuclear waste repositories,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107(1), 113–120 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Dai, M. Yang, Z. Yang, Z. Li, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Zhuang, “Enhanced sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating hydrogen sensor using filexible substrate,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 196, 604–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Sutapun, M. Tabib-Azar, and A. Kazemi, “Pd-coated elastoopic fiber optic Bragg grating sensors for multiplexed hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 60(1), 27–34 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Z. Ou, M. H. Yaacob, J. L. Campbell, M. Breedon, K. Kalantar-zadeh, and W. Wlodarski, “H2 sensing performance of optical fiber coated with nano-platelet WO3 film,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 166–167, 1–6 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, R. Petrick, and A. Kazemi, “Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 56(1-2), 158–163 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. A. Butler, “Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 22(2), 155–163 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

J. Y. Shim, J. D. Lee, J. M. Jin, H. Cheonsik, and S.-H. Lee, “Pd–Pt alloy as a catalyst in gasochromic thin films for hydrogen sensors,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(12), 2133–2137 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

C.-L. Tien, H.-W. Chen, W.-F. Liu, S.-S. Jyu, S.-W. Lin, and Y.-S. Lin, “Hydrogen sensor based on side-polished fiber Bragg gratings coated with thin palladium film,” Thin Solid Films 516(16), 5360–5363 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Configuration of optical fiber hydrogen sensor characterization.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical spectrum of ASE light source. (b) Reflective spectrums of single mode fiber inscribed with two FBGs before deposited with hydrogen sensitive film.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Reflective spectrum of the sensing probe measured by Bayspec FBG demodulator. (b) Central wavelength and (c) peak intensity of FBG1 and FBG2 for 15000 s at room temperature of 25°C. (d) I1/I2 for 15000 s at room temperature of 25°C.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Response of the hydrogen sensor under different hydrogen concentrations (H2/N2). (b)Response curve under different hydrogen concentrations (H2/N2). (c) Increase of I1/I2 udder different hydrogen concentrations.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Repeatbility of the sensor under different hydrogen concentrations (H2/N2). (b) SEM of the sensing probe after hydrogen response.

Metrics