Abstract

The dissociative ionization of CO in orthogonally polarized femtosecond laser pulses are studied in a pump-probe scheme. The ionization of CO by the pump pulse and the dissociation of the created CO+ by the probe pulse can be fully disentangled by identifying the photoelectron momentum distributions. Different from the dissociative ionization by a single pulse in which the CO molecule mostly breaks along the field polarization, in this pump-probe strategy, the CO+ ion created from ionization by the pump pulse is favored to dissociate when it orients orthogonal to the polarization direction of the probe pulse. It is attributed to the laser-coupling of various electronic states of the molecular ion in the dissociation process, supported by the numerical simulation of a modeled time-dependent Schrödinger equation.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  3. A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Muth-Böhm, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Suppressed molecular ionization for a class of diatomics in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(11), 2280–2283 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, “Theory of molecular tunneling ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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  11. N. Takemoto and A. Becker, “Multiple ionization bursts in laser-driven hydrogen molecular ion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(20), 203004 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. Abu-samha and L. B. Madsen, “Single-active-electron potentials for molecules in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033416 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. S. Kornev and B. A. Zon, “Anti-Stokes-enhanced tunnelling ionization of polar molecules,” Laser Phys. 24(11), 115302 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. S. Kornev, I. M. Semiletov, and B. A. Zon, “The influence of a permanent dipole moment on the tunneling ionization of a CO molecule,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 055302 (2016).
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  15. O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. W. Lai and C. Guo, “Selective charge asymmetric distribution in heteronuclear diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013402 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  21. W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  23. R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2016 (4)

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Kornev, I. M. Semiletov, and B. A. Zon, “The influence of a permanent dipole moment on the tunneling ionization of a CO molecule,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 055302 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

W. Lai and C. Guo, “Selective charge asymmetric distribution in heteronuclear diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013402 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

A. S. Kornev and B. A. Zon, “Anti-Stokes-enhanced tunnelling ionization of polar molecules,” Laser Phys. 24(11), 115302 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

O. I. Tolstikhin, T. Morishita, and L. B. Madsen, “Theory of tunneling ionization of molecules: Weak-field asymptotics including dipole effects,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053423 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

N. Takemoto and A. Becker, “Multiple ionization bursts in laser-driven hydrogen molecular ion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(20), 203004 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Abu-samha and L. B. Madsen, “Single-active-electron potentials for molecules in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033416 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, “Theory of molecular tunneling ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

J. Muth-Böhm, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Suppressed molecular ionization for a class of diatomics in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(11), 2280–2283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. Ellert and P. B. Corkum, “Disentangling molecular alignment and enhanced ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), R3170–R3173 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abu-samha, M.

M. Abu-samha and L. B. Madsen, “Single-active-electron potentials for molecules in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033416 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alnaser, A. S.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anis, F.

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

N. Takemoto and A. Becker, “Multiple ionization bursts in laser-driven hydrogen molecular ion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(20), 203004 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Muth-Böhm, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Suppressed molecular ionization for a class of diatomics in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(11), 2280–2283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bocharova, I. A.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, Z.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cocke, C. L.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

C. Ellert and P. B. Corkum, “Disentangling molecular alignment and enhanced ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), R3170–R3173 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, S.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Czasch, A.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De, S.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Vivie-Riedle, R.

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, Y.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, P.

P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dorn, A.

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dörner, R.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Drescher, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudovich, N.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
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Ellert, C.

C. Ellert and P. B. Corkum, “Disentangling molecular alignment and enhanced ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), R3170–R3173 (1999).
[Crossref]

Esry, B. D.

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faisal, F. H. M.

J. Muth-Böhm, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Suppressed molecular ionization for a class of diatomics in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(11), 2280–2283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farrell, J. P.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Q.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gong, X.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gühr, M.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, C.

W. Lai and C. Guo, “Selective charge asymmetric distribution in heteronuclear diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013402 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, F.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Herrwerth, O.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagutzki, O.

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jahnke, T.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, Q.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Johnson, N. G.

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khan, J. I.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kling, M. F.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornev, A. S.

A. S. Kornev, I. M. Semiletov, and B. A. Zon, “The influence of a permanent dipole moment on the tunneling ionization of a CO molecule,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 055302 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Kornev and B. A. Zon, “Anti-Stokes-enhanced tunnelling ionization of polar molecules,” Laser Phys. 24(11), 115302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kunitski, M.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laberge, M.

P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, W.

W. Lai and C. Guo, “Selective charge asymmetric distribution in heteronuclear diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laurent, G.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. D.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, “Theory of molecular tunneling ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lin, K.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Litvinyuk, I. V.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, M. M.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madsen, L. B.

O. I. Tolstikhin, T. Morishita, and L. B. Madsen, “Theory of tunneling ionization of molecules: Weak-field asymptotics including dipole effects,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053423 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Abu-samha and L. B. Madsen, “Single-active-electron potentials for molecules in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033416 (2010).
[Crossref]

Magrakvelidze, M.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maharjan, C. M.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mairesse, Y.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McFarland, B. K.

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meckel, M.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mergel, V.

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Morishita, T.

O. I. Tolstikhin, T. Morishita, and L. B. Madsen, “Theory of tunneling ionization of molecules: Weak-field asymptotics including dipole effects,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053423 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moshammer, R.

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Muth-Böhm, J.

J. Muth-Böhm, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Suppressed molecular ionization for a class of diatomics in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(11), 2280–2283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, Y.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Osipov, T.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, H.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Patchkovskii, S.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ranitovic, P.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ray, D.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sann, H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, L. Ph. H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schmidt-Böcking, H.

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semiletov, I. M.

A. S. Kornev, I. M. Semiletov, and B. A. Zon, “The influence of a permanent dipole moment on the tunneling ionization of a CO molecule,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 055302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shan, B.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, Y.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Siedschlag, Ch.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smirnova, O.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Spielberger, L.

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Strickland, D. T.

P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, X.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Takemoto, N.

N. Takemoto and A. Becker, “Multiple ionization bursts in laser-driven hydrogen molecular ion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(20), 203004 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thumm, U.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tolstikhin, O. I.

O. I. Tolstikhin, T. Morishita, and L. B. Madsen, “Theory of tunneling ionization of molecules: Weak-field asymptotics including dipole effects,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053423 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, X. M.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, “Theory of molecular tunneling ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tong, X.-M.

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ulrich, B.

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulrich, J.

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

Uphues, T.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verhoef, A. J.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von den Hoff, P.

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voss, S.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wirth, A.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z. X.

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, “Theory of molecular tunneling ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zherebtsov, S.

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Znakovskaya, I.

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zon, B. A.

A. S. Kornev, I. M. Semiletov, and B. A. Zon, “The influence of a permanent dipole moment on the tunneling ionization of a CO molecule,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 055302 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Kornev and B. A. Zon, “Anti-Stokes-enhanced tunnelling ionization of polar molecules,” Laser Phys. 24(11), 115302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. von den Hoff, I. Znakovskaya, S. Zherebtsov, M. F. Kling, and R. de Vivie-Riedle, “Effects of multi orbital contributions in the angular-dependent ionization of molecules in intense few-cycle laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(8), 659–666 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

A. S. Kornev and B. A. Zon, “Anti-Stokes-enhanced tunnelling ionization of polar molecules,” Laser Phys. 24(11), 115302 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. S. Kornev, I. M. Semiletov, and B. A. Zon, “The influence of a permanent dipole moment on the tunneling ionization of a CO molecule,” Laser Phys. 26(5), 055302 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rep. (1)

R. Dörner, V. Mergel, O. Jagutzki, L. Spielberger, J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy: a ‘momentum microscope’ to view atomic collision dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 330(98), 95–192 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (10)

X. Sun, M. Li, Y. Shao, M. M. Liu, X. Xie, Y. Deng, C. Wu, Q. Gong, and Y. Liu, “Vibrationally resolved electron-nuclear energy sharing in above-threshold multiphoton dissociation of CO,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 013425 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. De, M. Magrakvelidze, I. A. Bocharova, D. Ray, W. Cao, I. Znakovskaya, H. Li, Z. Wang, G. Laurent, U. Thumm, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, I. Ben-Itzhak, and C. L. Cocke, “Following dynamic nuclear wave packets in N2, O2, and CO with few-cycle infrared pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043410 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Abu-samha and L. B. Madsen, “Single-active-electron potentials for molecules in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033416 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Lai and C. Guo, “Selective charge asymmetric distribution in heteronuclear diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Song, Z. Li, S. Cui, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Ji, K. Lin, W. Zhang, J. Ma, H. Pan, J. Ding, M. F. Kling, H. Zeng, F. He, and J. Wu, “Disentangling the role of laser coupling in directional breaking of molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(5), 053419 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, and C. D. Lin, “Theory of molecular tunneling ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. I. Tolstikhin, T. Morishita, and L. B. Madsen, “Theory of tunneling ionization of molecules: Weak-field asymptotics including dipole effects,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053423 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dietrich, D. T. Strickland, M. Laberge, and P. B. Corkum, “Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 47(3), 2305–2311 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ellert and P. B. Corkum, “Disentangling molecular alignment and enhanced ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), R3170–R3173 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. S. Alnaser, C. M. Maharjan, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C. D. Lin, C. L. Cocke, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 71(3), 031403 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

N. Takemoto and A. Becker, “Multiple ionization bursts in laser-driven hydrogen molecular ion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(20), 203004 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Muth-Böhm, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, “Suppressed molecular ionization for a class of diatomics in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(11), 2280–2283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, Z. Li, P. Lu, X. Gong, Q. Song, Q. Ji, K. Lin, J. Ma, F. He, H. Zeng, and J. Wu, “Photon energy deposition in strong-field single ionization of multielectron molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(10), 103002 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, X.-M. Tong, C. M. Maharjan, P. Ranitovic, B. Ulrich, T. Osipov, B. Shan, Z. Chang, and C. L. Cocke, “Effects of molecular structure on ion disintegration patterns in ionization of O2 and N2 by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(11), 113003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. De, I. Znakovskaya, D. Ray, F. Anis, N. G. Johnson, I. A. Bocharova, M. Magrakvelidze, B. D. Esry, C. L. Cocke, I. V. Litvinyuk, and M. F. Kling, “Field-free orientation of CO molecules by femtosecond two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(15), 153002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond Control of Electron Dynamics in Carbon Monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. Ulrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(9), 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312(5771), 246–248 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2.,” Science 322(5905), 1232–1235 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Momentum distributions of C+ of CO(1, 0) channel dissociative ionized by the unique (a) 800 nm pump pulse (red arrow denotes the polarization of the driving field) and (b) 400 nm probe pulse (blue arrow denotes the polarization direction). (c) The KER spectra of CO(1, 0) channel for the pump (red solid curve) and probe (black solid curve) pulses, respectively. (d) The potential energy curves of the involved electronic states of CO+ (calculation method is described in [7,21]), where the gray bar indicates the Franck-Condon ionization region of the ground state CO. The violet and orange arrows illustrate the transition pathways for the dissociation of CO+ with molecular axis perpendicular and parallel to the UV field, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The momentum distribution of electrons for CO(1, 0) channel in the pump-probe experiment. Electrons distributed in white dashed ellipse (epump) and red dashed sectors (eprobe) are released by the pump pulse and the probe pulse, respectively. The momentum distribution of C+ ions for CO(1, 0) channel measured in coincidence with electrons in (b) eprobe and (c) epump. (d) KER spectra of CO(1, 0) channel correlated to the momentum distributions in (b) and (c) and KER spectrum of CO(1, 0) channel contributed by a single pump beam.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The calculated (a) momentum distribution and (b) KER spectrum of C+ for the CO(1, 0) channel. The blue arrow in (a) denotes the polarization of the driving field.

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