Abstract

While a broadband metamaterial perfect absorber (MPA) has been implemented and proposed intensively in recent years, an ultra-broadband perfect absorber with polarization selectivity has not been realized in literature. In this work, we propose a configuration of polarization-selective (PS) MPA with ultra-wide absorption bandwidth. The aluminum wire grid is integrated on top of the ultrathin-metal-dielectric stacking. The transverse electric (TE) wave is blocked due to the requirement of zero tangential electric field at the metal surface. The transverse magnetic field can pass the aluminum wire-grids because the normal electric field can be supported by the surface charge density at the metal surface, and full absorption of the TM wave is accomplished by the metal-dielectric stacking beneath. Theoretical calculation using rigorously coupled wave analysis demonstrates the wavelength selectivity from λ = 1.98μm to λ = 11.74μm where the TE absorption is <0.04 while TM absorption is >0.95, using 300 nm thick aluminum (Al) wire grid with 16-pair SiO2/Ti stacking. Additionally, the design is wavelength scalable by adjusting the dielectric thickness (tSiO2) and the wire grid period (P) and height (t). The experimental result is demonstrated using Al grids and Ti/SiO2, and the measured result fully supports the calculated prediction.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (3)

Y.-L. Liao and Y. Zhao, “A wide-angle broadband polarization-dependent absorber with stacked metal-dielectric grating,” Opt. Commun. 370, 245–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Zhong, S. M. Fu, N. P. Ju, M. Tu, B. Chen, and A. Lin, “Fully planarized perfect metamaterial absorbers with no photonic nanostructures,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 2200109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Zhong, Y.-C. Lai, M.-H. Tu, B.-R. Chen, S. M. Fu, P. Yu, and A. Lin, “Omnidirectional, polarization-independent, ultra-broadband metamaterial perfect absorber using field-penetration and reflected-wave-cancellation,” Opt. Express 24(10), A832–A845 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Chu, Z. Wang, Z. L. Le Guan, Y. Wang, and R. Zhang, “Integrated polarization dependent photodetector and its application for polarization navigation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 469–472 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Hänni, G. Bugnon, G. Parascandolo, M. Boccard, J. Escarré, M. Despeisse, F. Meillaud, and C. Ballif, “High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon single-junction solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 821–826 (2013).

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Deparis and O. El Daif, “Optimization of slow light one-dimensional Bragg structures for photocurrent enhancement in solar cells,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4230–4232 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 98–120 (2012).
[PubMed]

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun. 2, 267 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Lanz, B. Ruhstaller, C. Battaglia, and C. Ballif, “Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(3), 033111 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Beck, S. Mokkapati, and K. R. Catchpole, “Light trapping with plasmonic particles: beyond the dipole model,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25230–25241 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Naqavi, K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, V. Paeder, T. Scharf, H. P. Herzig, and C. Ballif, “Understanding of photocurrent enhancement in real thin film solar cells: towards optimal one-dimensional gratings,” Opt. Express 19(1), 128–140 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Q. Hao, B. Kiraly, I.-C. Khoo, S. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, J. Escarré, O. Cubero, and C. Ballif, “Photocurrent increase in n-i-p thin film silicon solar cells by guided mode excitation via grating coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 213508 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. N. Saeta, V. E. Ferry, D. Pacifici, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “How much can guided modes enhance absorption in thin solar cells?” Opt. Express 17(23), 20975–20990 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

X. Zhang and Z. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1973 (1)

W. H. Emerson, “Electromagnetic wave absorbers and anechoic chambers through the years,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 21(4), 484–490 (1973).
[Crossref]

Alexander, D. T.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alu, A.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. N. Saeta, V. E. Ferry, D. Pacifici, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “How much can guided modes enhance absorption in thin solar cells?” Opt. Express 17(23), 20975–20990 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ballif, C.

S. Hänni, G. Bugnon, G. Parascandolo, M. Boccard, J. Escarré, M. Despeisse, F. Meillaud, and C. Ballif, “High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon single-junction solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 821–826 (2013).

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Lanz, B. Ruhstaller, C. Battaglia, and C. Ballif, “Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(3), 033111 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Naqavi, K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, V. Paeder, T. Scharf, H. P. Herzig, and C. Ballif, “Understanding of photocurrent enhancement in real thin film solar cells: towards optimal one-dimensional gratings,” Opt. Express 19(1), 128–140 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, J. Escarré, O. Cubero, and C. Ballif, “Photocurrent increase in n-i-p thin film silicon solar cells by guided mode excitation via grating coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 213508 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Battaglia, C.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Lanz, B. Ruhstaller, C. Battaglia, and C. Ballif, “Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(3), 033111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Beck, F. J.

Bingham, C. M.

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C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
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D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
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C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
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H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
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C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
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Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
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K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
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Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
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Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
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Giessen, H.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun. 2, 267 (2011).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
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J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
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S. Hänni, G. Bugnon, G. Parascandolo, M. Boccard, J. Escarré, M. Despeisse, F. Meillaud, and C. Ballif, “High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon single-junction solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 821–826 (2013).

Hao, Q.

Haug, F. J.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
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A. Naqavi, K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, V. Paeder, T. Scharf, H. P. Herzig, and C. Ballif, “Understanding of photocurrent enhancement in real thin film solar cells: towards optimal one-dimensional gratings,” Opt. Express 19(1), 128–140 (2011).
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[Crossref]

He, S.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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Hsu, C.-M.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
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D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
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X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
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Ji, D.

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
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X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
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Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
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C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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Y. K. Zhong, S. M. Fu, N. P. Ju, M. Tu, B. Chen, and A. Lin, “Fully planarized perfect metamaterial absorbers with no photonic nanostructures,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 2200109 (2016).
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D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
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J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
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D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun. 2, 267 (2011).
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C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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Le Guan, Z. L.

J. Chu, Z. Wang, Z. L. Le Guan, Y. Wang, and R. Zhang, “Integrated polarization dependent photodetector and its application for polarization navigation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 469–472 (2014).
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Lee, J.-Y.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
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Li, J.

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
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Liu, K.

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
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Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 98–120 (2012).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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S. Hänni, G. Bugnon, G. Parascandolo, M. Boccard, J. Escarré, M. Despeisse, F. Meillaud, and C. Ballif, “High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon single-junction solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 821–826 (2013).

Meng, C.

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
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C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
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D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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Naqavi, A.

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C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
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C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 98–120 (2012).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
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Paeder, V.

Parascandolo, G.

S. Hänni, G. Bugnon, G. Parascandolo, M. Boccard, J. Escarré, M. Despeisse, F. Meillaud, and C. Ballif, “High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon single-junction solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 821–826 (2013).

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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Peng, R.-W.

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peumans, P.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quan, B.

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

Raskar, R.

A. Kadambi, V. Taamazyan, B. Shi, and R. Raskar, “Polarized 3D: High-Quality Depth Sensing with Polarization Cues,” in IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) (2015).
[Crossref]

Ruhstaller, B.

T. Lanz, B. Ruhstaller, C. Battaglia, and C. Ballif, “Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(3), 033111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saeta, P. N.

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scharf, T.

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, B.

A. Kadambi, V. Taamazyan, B. Shi, and R. Raskar, “Polarized 3D: High-Quality Depth Sensing with Polarization Cues,” in IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) (2015).
[Crossref]

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Söderström, K.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Naqavi, K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, V. Paeder, T. Scharf, H. P. Herzig, and C. Ballif, “Understanding of photocurrent enhancement in real thin film solar cells: towards optimal one-dimensional gratings,” Opt. Express 19(1), 128–140 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, J. Escarré, O. Cubero, and C. Ballif, “Photocurrent increase in n-i-p thin film silicon solar cells by guided mode excitation via grating coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 213508 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, H.

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Taamazyan, V.

A. Kadambi, V. Taamazyan, B. Shi, and R. Raskar, “Polarized 3D: High-Quality Depth Sensing with Polarization Cues,” in IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) (2015).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Taubert, R.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun. 2, 267 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tu, M.

Y. K. Zhong, S. M. Fu, N. P. Ju, M. Tu, B. Chen, and A. Lin, “Fully planarized perfect metamaterial absorbers with no photonic nanostructures,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 2200109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tu, M.-H.

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veronis, G.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vogelgesang, R.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun. 2, 267 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Chu, Z. Wang, Z. L. Le Guan, Y. Wang, and R. Zhang, “Integrated polarization dependent photodetector and its application for polarization navigation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 469–472 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

J. Chu, Z. Wang, Z. L. Le Guan, Y. Wang, and R. Zhang, “Integrated polarization dependent photodetector and its application for polarization navigation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 469–472 (2014).
[Crossref]

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 98–120 (2012).
[PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, Q.-Y.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.-S.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiong, X.

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xue, Z.-H.

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.-H.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

Yu, X. J.

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.-W.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, R.

J. Chu, Z. Wang, Z. L. Le Guan, Y. Wang, and R. Zhang, “Integrated polarization dependent photodetector and its application for polarization navigation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 469–472 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang and Z. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Zhong, Y. K.

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zollars, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zou, T.

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F. J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, and C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 98–120 (2012).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, J. Escarré, O. Cubero, and C. Ballif, “Photocurrent increase in n-i-p thin film silicon solar cells by guided mode excitation via grating coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 213508 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Y. K. Zhong, S. M. Fu, N. P. Ju, M. Tu, B. Chen, and A. Lin, “Fully planarized perfect metamaterial absorbers with no photonic nanostructures,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 2200109 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Chu, Z. Wang, Z. L. Le Guan, Y. Wang, and R. Zhang, “Integrated polarization dependent photodetector and its application for polarization navigation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(5), 469–472 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

W. H. Emerson, “Electromagnetic wave absorbers and anechoic chambers through the years,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 21(4), 484–490 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Lanz, B. Ruhstaller, C. Battaglia, and C. Ballif, “Extended light scattering model incorporating coherence for thin-film silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(3), 033111 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat. Commun. 2, 267 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

A. Polman and H. A. Atwater, “Photonic design principles for ultrahigh-efficiency photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 11(3), 174–177 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang and Z. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. Hu, T. Zou, B. Quan, X. Xu, S. Bo, T. Chen, L. Wang, C. Gu, and J. Li, “Polarization-dependent terahertz metamaterial absorber with high absorption in two orthogonal directions,” Opt. Commun. 332, 321–326 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-L. Liao and Y. Zhao, “A wide-angle broadband polarization-dependent absorber with stacked metal-dielectric grating,” Opt. Commun. 370, 245–249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alu, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

S. Hänni, G. Bugnon, G. Parascandolo, M. Boccard, J. Escarré, M. Despeisse, F. Meillaud, and C. Ballif, “High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon single-junction solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 821–826 (2013).

Sci. Rep. (1)

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4498 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design (John Wiley & Sons, 2000).

A. Kadambi, V. Taamazyan, B. Shi, and R. Raskar, “Polarized 3D: High-Quality Depth Sensing with Polarization Cues,” in IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) (2015).
[Crossref]

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Y. K. Zhong, “The broadband and selective perfect absorbers for thermophotovoltaics and sensing,” Ph.D. Thesis (National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan, 2017).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) cross-section plots of the proposed polarization-selective (PS) metamaterial absorber (MPA). Structure parameters are indicated.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The physics and design concept of the proposed polarization-selective (PS) MPA. Polarization selection is achieved by integrating metal grids with planar thin metal MPA. (a) The selection of the TE and TM wave by high extinction metal grids. (b) Broadband absorption by thin-metal-dielectric stacking. (c) The PS-MPA implementation. The key to the seamless integration lies in the planar nature of the MPA underneath and its broadband omnidirectional absorption. The near-field distribution after the wave passes the metal grids can have multiple diffraction orders, and thus omnidirectionality of the MPA is critical.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The spectral response for the polarization-selective (PS) broadband MPA using Ti/SiO2 stacking and a Al wire-grid. The period (P), fill factor (FF), aluminum grid thickness (t), oxide and titanium thicknesses (tSiO2, tTi) are labeled in the figure inset. The spectral absorption at normal incidence and at oblique incidence (60°) are shown. 15.5-pair SiO2/Ti is used.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The variation of the polarization-selective absorption with different geometrical parameters. The baseline parameters are tSiO2 = 80nm, tTi = 2nm, P = 400nm, FF = 0.25, t = 300nm. 15.5-pair SiO2/Ti is used. The variation of the geometrical parameters is labeled in the legends. (a) Sweep on the dielectric spacer thickness in bottom MPA (tSiO2). (c) Sweep on the aluminum wire grid fill factor (FF). (c) Sweep on the aluminum wire grid period (P). (d) Sweep on the aluminum wire grid thickness (t).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The TE/TM field profiles for the polarization-selective broadband MPA at λ = 5μm. The field amplitude at harmonic steady state for various field components (Ex, Ey, Hy, Hz) are plotted. The geometry is the same as Fig. 3(a).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The normal incidence spectral absorption of the polarization-selective broadband MPA in the UV-VIS-NIR regime. (b) The normal incidence spectral absorption from λ = 1.24μm to λ = 10μm spectrum using FTIR. The geometry is P = 1μm, FF = 0.3, tTi = 2nm, tSiO2 = 80nm. The aluminum grid thickness (t) is 300nm. 15.5 pairs of Ti/SiO2 are used. (c) The schematic diagram of UV-VIS-NIR and (d) the schematic diagram of FTIR measurement

Equations (2)

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E tm = E ta
ε 0 E na = ρ sm

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