Abstract

Terahertz wave imaging offers promising properties for non-destructive testing applications in the areas of homeland security, medicine, and industrial inspection. However, conventional optical lenses are heavy and bulky and difficult to integrate. An all-dielectric metasurface provides an attractive way to realize a planar lens of light weight that is ultrathin and offers ease of integration. Terahertz lenses based on various metasurfaces have been studied, especially for the application of wave focusing, while there are few experimental demonstrations of terahertz wave imaging lenses based on an all-dielectric metasurface. In the present work, we propose a metalens based on an all-dielectric metasurface with a sub-wavelength unit size of 0.39λ for terahertz wave imaging and experimentally demonstrate its performance in focusing and imaging. A large numerical aperture metalens was fabricated with a focal length of 300λ, radius of 300λ, and numerical aperture of 0.707. The experimental results show that the lens can focus THz waves with an incident angle up to 48°. More importantly, clear terahertz wave images of different objects were obtained for both different cases of forward- and inverse-incident directions, which demonstrate the reversibility of the metalens for imaging. Such a metalens provides a way for realization of all-planar-lens THz imaging system, and might find application in terahertz wave imaging, information processing, microscopy, and others.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

H. F. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, C. X. Tian, Q. Wang, Y. H. Xu, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Gu, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, X. X. Zhang, C. Hu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Polarization-Dependent Terahertz Wavefront Manipulation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(1), 1700773 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (7)

Q. Yu, J. Q. Gu, Q. L. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. F. Li, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, J. G. Han, J. F. O’Hara, and W. L. Zhang, “All-dielectric meta-lens designed for photoconductive Terahertz antennas,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 5900609 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, K. Fan, I. V. Shadrivov, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental realization of a terahertz all-dielectric metasurface absorber,” Opt. Express 25(1), 191–201 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zheng, W. Wu, Z. Li, S. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, P. He, and S. Li, “Dual field-of-view step-zoom metalens,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1261–1264 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jia, Y. Tian, W. Ma, X. Gong, J. Yu, G. Zhao, and X. Yu, “Transmissive terahertz metalens with full phase control based on a dielectric metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 42(21), 4494–4497 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, B. Quan, X. K. Wang, C. Z. Gu, J. J. Li, and Y. Zhang, “Demonstration of orbital angular momentum multiplexing and demultiplexing based on a metasurface in the Terahertz band,” ACS Photonics 10, 1021 (2017).

2016 (10)

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang and Q. Zhan, “Reflection type metasurface designed for high efficiency vectorial field generation,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29626 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, S. T. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic waves with metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ishii, K. Iwami, and N. Umeda, “Highly-efficient and angle-independent zero-order half waveplate at broad visible wavelength based on Au nanofin array embedded in dielectric,” Opt. Express 24(8), 7966–7976 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pfeifer, C. Zhang, V. Ray, L. J. Guo, and A. Grbic, “Polarization rotation with ultra-thin bianisotropic metasurfaces,” Optica 3(4), 427–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Kannegulla and L. J. Cheng, “Subwavelength focusing of terahertz waves in silicon hyperbolic metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3539–3542 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

Z. Li, G. Zheng, P. He, S. Li, Q. Deng, J. Zhao, and Y. Ai, “All-silicon nanorod-based Dammann gratings,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4285–4288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

U. Zywietz, M. K. Schmidt, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, J. Aizpurua, and B. N. Chichkov, “Electromagnetic resonances of silicon nanoparticle dimers in the visible,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 913–920 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Tan, L. L. Li, and H. X. Ruan, “An efficient approach to generate microwave vector‐vortex fields based on metasurface,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 57(7), 1708–1713 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Bianisotropic metasurfaces for optimal polarization control: analysis and synthesis,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 2(4), 044011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. He, Z. Q. Wen, L. Chen, Y. Y. Li, Y. Z. Ning, and G. Chen, “Double-layer metallic holes lens based on continuous modulation of phase and amplitude,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1801–1804 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Yang, J. Gu, D. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, C. Ouyang, R. Singh, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Efficient flat metasurface lens for terahertz imaging,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25931–25939 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Neu, B. Krolla, O. Paul, B. Reinhard, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Metamaterial-based gradient index lens with strong focusing in the THz frequency range,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27748–27757 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, “Polarization dependent focusing lens by use of quantized Pancharatnam–Berry phase diffractive optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(3), 328–330 (2003).
[Crossref]

Abbott, D.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ai, Y.

Aieta, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aizpurua, J.

U. Zywietz, M. K. Schmidt, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, J. Aizpurua, and B. N. Chichkov, “Electromagnetic resonances of silicon nanoparticle dimers in the visible,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 913–920 (2015).
[Crossref]

Albella, P.

Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ambrosio, A.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anwar, M. S.

Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beigang, R.

Bhaskaran, M.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Biener, G.

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, “Polarization dependent focusing lens by use of quantized Pancharatnam–Berry phase diffractive optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(3), 328–330 (2003).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carrasco, E.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chan, K.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheah, K. W.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. H. He, Z. Q. Wen, L. Chen, Y. Y. Li, Y. Z. Ning, and G. Chen, “Double-layer metallic holes lens based on continuous modulation of phase and amplitude,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1801–1804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. B.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K.

Chen, L.

G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. H. He, Z. Q. Wen, L. Chen, Y. Y. Li, Y. Z. Ning, and G. Chen, “Double-layer metallic holes lens based on continuous modulation of phase and amplitude,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1801–1804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. M.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X. Z.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. J.

Cheng, Q.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chichkov, B. N.

U. Zywietz, M. K. Schmidt, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, J. Aizpurua, and B. N. Chichkov, “Electromagnetic resonances of silicon nanoparticle dimers in the visible,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 913–920 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, L.

Cui, T. J.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dai, L. R.

G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dalvit, D. A. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, Q.

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, D. S.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

U. Zywietz, M. K. Schmidt, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, J. Aizpurua, and B. N. Chichkov, “Electromagnetic resonances of silicon nanoparticle dimers in the visible,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 913–920 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, K.

Fan, P.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Z. Y.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Faraon, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

Fumeaux, C.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, L. H.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, X.

Gong, Y. D.

Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grbic, A.

C. Pfeifer, C. Zhang, V. Ray, L. J. Guo, and A. Grbic, “Polarization rotation with ultra-thin bianisotropic metasurfaces,” Optica 3(4), 427–432 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Bianisotropic metasurfaces for optimal polarization control: analysis and synthesis,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 2(4), 044011 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gu, C. Z.

H. Zhao, B. Quan, X. K. Wang, C. Z. Gu, J. J. Li, and Y. Zhang, “Demonstration of orbital angular momentum multiplexing and demultiplexing based on a metasurface in the Terahertz band,” ACS Photonics 10, 1021 (2017).

Gu, J.

Gu, J. Q.

H. F. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, C. X. Tian, Q. Wang, Y. H. Xu, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Gu, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, X. X. Zhang, C. Hu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Polarization-Dependent Terahertz Wavefront Manipulation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(1), 1700773 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Yu, J. Q. Gu, Q. L. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. F. Li, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, J. G. Han, J. F. O’Hara, and W. L. Zhang, “All-dielectric meta-lens designed for photoconductive Terahertz antennas,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 5900609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

Gutruf, P.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

Han, J. G.

H. F. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, C. X. Tian, Q. Wang, Y. H. Xu, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Gu, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, X. X. Zhang, C. Hu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Polarization-Dependent Terahertz Wavefront Manipulation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(1), 1700773 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Yu, J. Q. Gu, Q. L. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. F. Li, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, J. G. Han, J. F. O’Hara, and W. L. Zhang, “All-dielectric meta-lens designed for photoconductive Terahertz antennas,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 5900609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hanham, S. M.

Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, “Polarization dependent focusing lens by use of quantized Pancharatnam–Berry phase diffractive optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(3), 328–330 (2003).
[Crossref]

He, P.

He, Q.

D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, Y. H.

G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. H. He, Z. Q. Wen, L. Chen, Y. Y. Li, Y. Z. Ning, and G. Chen, “Double-layer metallic holes lens based on continuous modulation of phase and amplitude,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1801–1804 (2014).
[Crossref]

Headland, D.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, M. H.

Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
[Crossref]

Horie, Y.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C.

H. F. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, C. X. Tian, Q. Wang, Y. H. Xu, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Gu, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, X. X. Zhang, C. Hu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Polarization-Dependent Terahertz Wavefront Manipulation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(1), 1700773 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

L. Zhang, S. T. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic waves with metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L. L.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

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L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
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M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
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M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
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Kats, M. A.

M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
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F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
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M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
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M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
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Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, “Polarization dependent focusing lens by use of quantized Pancharatnam–Berry phase diffractive optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(3), 328–330 (2003).
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Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
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H. Zhao, B. Quan, X. K. Wang, C. Z. Gu, J. J. Li, and Y. Zhang, “Demonstration of orbital angular momentum multiplexing and demultiplexing based on a metasurface in the Terahertz band,” ACS Photonics 10, 1021 (2017).

Li, K. F.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Y. H. Tan, L. L. Li, and H. X. Ruan, “An efficient approach to generate microwave vector‐vortex fields based on metasurface,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 57(7), 1708–1713 (2015).
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H. F. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, C. X. Tian, Q. Wang, Y. H. Xu, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Gu, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, X. X. Zhang, C. Hu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Polarization-Dependent Terahertz Wavefront Manipulation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(1), 1700773 (2018).
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G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
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Y. H. He, Z. Q. Wen, L. Chen, Y. Y. Li, Y. Z. Ning, and G. Chen, “Double-layer metallic holes lens based on continuous modulation of phase and amplitude,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1801–1804 (2014).
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Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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G. Zheng, W. Wu, Z. Li, S. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, P. He, and S. Li, “Dual field-of-view step-zoom metalens,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1261–1264 (2017).
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G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
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G. Chen, Y. Y. Li, X. Y. Wang, Z. Q. Wen, F. Lin, L. R. Dai, L. Chen, Y. H. He, and S. Liu, “Super-oscillation far-field focusing lens based on ultra-thin width-varied metallic slit array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(3), 335–338 (2016).
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X. Liu, K. Fan, I. V. Shadrivov, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental realization of a terahertz all-dielectric metasurface absorber,” Opt. Express 25(1), 191–201 (2017).
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X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
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Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
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Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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D. S. Dong, J. Yang, Q. Cheng, J. Zhao, L. H. Gao, S. J. Ma, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. W. Liu, Z. Y. Fang, L. Zhou, and T. J. Cui, “Terahertz broadband low-reflection metasurface by controlling phase distributions,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(10), 1405–1410 (2015).
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Ma, Z. J.

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G. Zheng, W. Wu, Z. Li, S. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, P. He, and S. Li, “Dual field-of-view step-zoom metalens,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1261–1264 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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L. Zhang, S. T. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic waves with metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
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L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
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Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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Ng, B. H.

Z. J. Ma, S. M. Hanham, P. Albella, B. H. Ng, H. T. Lu, Y. D. Gong, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Terahertz all-dielectric magnetic mirror metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1010–1018 (2016).
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Y. H. He, Z. Q. Wen, L. Chen, Y. Y. Li, Y. Z. Ning, and G. Chen, “Double-layer metallic holes lens based on continuous modulation of phase and amplitude,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1801–1804 (2014).
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D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
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E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, “Polarization dependent focusing lens by use of quantized Pancharatnam–Berry phase diffractive optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(3), 328–330 (2003).
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Q. Yu, J. Q. Gu, Q. L. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. F. Li, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, J. G. Han, J. F. O’Hara, and W. L. Zhang, “All-dielectric meta-lens designed for photoconductive Terahertz antennas,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 5900609 (2017).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
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Ouyang, C. M.

H. F. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, Q. Xu, C. X. Tian, Q. Wang, Y. H. Xu, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Gu, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, X. X. Zhang, C. Hu, J. G. Han, and W. L. Zhang, “High-Efficiency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Polarization-Dependent Terahertz Wavefront Manipulation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(1), 1700773 (2018).
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Q. Yu, J. Q. Gu, Q. L. Yang, Y. Zhang, Y. F. Li, Z. Tian, C. M. Ouyang, J. G. Han, J. F. O’Hara, and W. L. Zhang, “All-dielectric meta-lens designed for photoconductive Terahertz antennas,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 5900609 (2017).
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X. Liu, K. Fan, I. V. Shadrivov, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental realization of a terahertz all-dielectric metasurface absorber,” Opt. Express 25(1), 191–201 (2017).
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X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Perruisseau-Carrier, J.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
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D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Qiu, C. W.

Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, S. T. Mei, K. Huang, and C. W. Qiu, “Advances in full control of electromagnetic waves with metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(6), 818–833 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quan, B.

H. Zhao, B. Quan, X. K. Wang, C. Z. Gu, J. J. Li, and Y. Zhang, “Demonstration of orbital angular momentum multiplexing and demultiplexing based on a metasurface in the Terahertz band,” ACS Photonics 10, 1021 (2017).

Rahm, M.

Ray, V.

Reinhard, B.

Reinhardt, C.

U. Zywietz, M. K. Schmidt, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, J. Aizpurua, and B. N. Chichkov, “Electromagnetic resonances of silicon nanoparticle dimers in the visible,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 913–920 (2015).
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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
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Rho, J.

Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rousso, D.

M. Khorasaninejad, F. Aieta, P. Kanhaiya, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, D. Rousso, and F. Capasso, “Achromatic metasurface lens at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5358–5362 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruan, H. X.

Y. H. Tan, L. L. Li, and H. X. Ruan, “An efficient approach to generate microwave vector‐vortex fields based on metasurface,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 57(7), 1708–1713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Saleem, M.

Z. Li, I. Kim, L. Zhang, M. Q. Mehmood, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, D. Lee, K. T. Nam, S. Zhang, B. Luk’yanchuk, Y. Wang, G. Zheng, J. Rho, and C. W. Qiu, “Dielectric meta-holograms enabled with dual magnetic resonances in visible light,” ACS Nano 11(9), 9382–9389 (2017).
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U. Zywietz, M. K. Schmidt, A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, J. Aizpurua, and B. N. Chichkov, “Electromagnetic resonances of silicon nanoparticle dimers in the visible,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 913–920 (2015).
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Schwarz, J.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shadrivov, I. V.

Singh, R.

Sriram, S.

D. Headland, E. Carrasco, S. Nirantar, W. Withayachumnankul, P. Gutruf, J. Schwarz, D. Abbott, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, J. Perruisseau-Carrier, and C. Fumeaux, “Dielectric resonator reflectarray as high-efficiency nonuniform Terahertz metasurface,” ACS Photonics 3(6), 1019–1026 (2016).
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X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, Q. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
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Sci. Adv. (1)

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Sci. Rep. (1)

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Science (4)

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 T × T unit cell of the all-dielectric metasurface: a Si cube on top of a Si substrate, and a thin layer of SiO2 with a thickness of tSiO2 lies between the cube and the substrate. The length of the cube is L, its width is W, and its thickness is t.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Proposed metalens for THz imaging consisting of all-dielectric metasurface; (b) magnified plot of layout of metasurface, where θ denotes rotation angle of Si cube with respect to the x axis.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Amplitude transmittance (red) and relative phase (blue) of transmitted cross-polarization wave for different thickness of Si cube; (b) amplitude transmittance (red) and phase (blue) of transmitted cross-polarization wave with respect to rotation angle θ for LCP (open markers) and RCP (solid markers) incident waves, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Discrete phase profile (blue dots) of the designed metalens, where the red-solid curve is the ideal continuous phase distribution in the areas along the radial direction: (a) r<100λ, (b) 100λ< r<200λ, and (c) 200λ< r<300λ.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Amplitude transmittance and phase of transmitted cross-polarization wave with respect to THz wave wavelength for different rotation angles θ, i.e., 0°, 22.5°, 45°, 67.5°, 90°, 112.5°, 135°, and 157.5°; (b) amplitude transmittance of transmitted cross-polarization wave with respect to rotation angle θ at different incident angles, i.e., 0°, 22.5°, 45°, and 67.5°.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Photograph of the metalens based on all-dielectric metasurface; (b) optical microscope image of central area of metalens.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Results of focusing experiments under normal incident waves: (a) in-plane intensity distribution on focal plane; (b) normalized intensity distributions along x and y axes, where the FWHM is 1.28λ and 1.145λ in the x and y direction, respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Result of focusing experiments with 48° oblique incident angle: (a) in-plane THz field intensity distribution on the focal plane; (b) normalized intensity distributions along the x axis and y axis, where the FWHM is 2.9λ and 3.05λ in the x direction and y direction, respectively.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Objects used in imaging experiments, including letters “H” and “N,” and a grating of linewidth 0.5 mm.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Results of imaging experiments under illumination of a linearly polarized THz wave at wavelength λ = 118.8 μm: real images of letters (a) “H” and (b) “N” when the lens metasurface structure side faces the objects, and those of letters (c) “H” and (d) “N” when the lens substrate side faces the objects.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 THz wave images of the grating under illumination of linearly polarized THz waves at wavelength λ = 118.8 μm for (a) when the lens metasurface structure side faces the grating, and (b) when the lens substrate side faces the grating.

Equations (2)

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ϕ ( r ) = 2 π n 2 π λ ( r 2 + f 2 f )
θ ( r ) = π n π λ ( r 2 + f 2 f )

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