Abstract

We present an in-depth theoretical and numerical discussion on the Fano signatures observed in differential transmission spectra obtained from multiquantum well structures. These signatures stem from ponderomotive and intersubband polarization currents modified by the coupling between the optical responses of different layers. A detailed discussion of this process is provided, evaluating quantitatively the amplitude and shape of the Fano signatures and their dependence on structural parameters, such as carrier concentration and layer width. The theoretical model described here aims to predict quantitatively the weight of the contributions of the ponderomotive currents in relation to the intersubband ones. In order to include the effect of the entire structure in the theoretical spectra, the optical response of each layer is addressed within the density matrix formalism and encompassed in an optical transfer matrix. This method also ensures the correct inclusion of the phase sensitive superposition of optical responses of different layers on which the Fano signatures are based. Numerical simulations obtained from the presented theoretical approach are in excellent agreement with the behavior observed in previous experiments.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  18. O. Olendski and L. Mikhailovska, “Fano resonances of a curved waveguide with an embedded quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. B 67(3), 035310 (2003).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. H. Schmidt, K. L. Campman, A. C. Gossard, and A. Imamoǧlu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(25), 3455–3457 (1997).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  28. S. Ünlü, I. Karabulut, and H. Şafak, “Linear and nonlinear intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a quantum box with finite confining potential,” Physica E 33(2), 319–324 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  29. İ. Karabulut, S. Ünlü, and H. Şafak, “Calculation of the changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in a quantum box,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 242(14), 2902–2909 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  30. L. Zhou, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Anisotropy and oblique total transmission at a planar negative-index interface,” Phys. Rev. B 68(11), 115424 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  31. M. Kira, W. Hoyer, and S. W. Koch, “Microscopic theory of the semiconductor terahertz response,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 238(3), 443–450 (2003).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2012 (1)

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Wagner, M. Helm, M. S. Sherwin, and D. Stehr, “Coherent control of a THz intersubband polarization in a voltage controlled single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(13), 131109 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. C. Troparevsky, A. S. Sabau, A. R. Lupini, and Z. Zhang, “Transfer-matrix formalism for the calculation of optical response in multilayer systems: from coherent to incoherent interference,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24715–24721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Degani and M. Z. Maialle, “Numerical calculations of the quantum states in semiconductor nanostructures,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 7(2), 454–473 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

S. Ünlü, I. Karabulut, and H. Şafak, “Linear and nonlinear intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a quantum box with finite confining potential,” Physica E 33(2), 319–324 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

İ. Karabulut, S. Ünlü, and H. Şafak, “Calculation of the changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in a quantum box,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 242(14), 2902–2909 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. C. Iotti, E. Ciancio, and F. Rossi, “Quantum transport theory for semiconductor nanostructures: A density-matrix formulation,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125347 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

T. Müller, W. Parz, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, “Influence of carrier-carrier interaction on time-dependent intersubband absorption in a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 70(15), 155324 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

O. Olendski and L. Mikhailovska, “Fano resonances of a curved waveguide with an embedded quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. B 67(3), 035310 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Anisotropy and oblique total transmission at a planar negative-index interface,” Phys. Rev. B 68(11), 115424 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, W. Hoyer, and S. W. Koch, “Microscopic theory of the semiconductor terahertz response,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 238(3), 443–450 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

R. B. Liu and B. F. Zhu, “Dynamic Fano resonance of Floquet-state excitons in superlattices,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12(50), L741–L747 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Lelong, S. W. Lee, K. Hirakawa, and H. Sakaki, “Fano profile in intersubband transitions in InAs quantum dots,” Physica E 7(1), 174–178 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

H. Schmidt, K. L. Campman, A. C. Gossard, and A. Imamoǧlu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(25), 3455–3457 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. Faist, C. Sirtori, F. Capasso, S.-N. G. Chu, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, “Tunable Fano interference in intersubband absorption,” Opt. Lett. 21(13), 985–987 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

K. J. Kuhn, G. U. Iyengar, and S. Yee, “Free carrier induced changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in Al x Ga 1− x As/GaAs/Al x Ga 1− x As quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(9), 5010–5017 (1991).
[Crossref]

E. Rosencher and P. Bois, “Model system for optical nonlinearities: Asymmetric quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(20), 11315–11327 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

Y. Prior, “A Complete Expression for the Third-Order Susceptibility (x(3))—Perturbative and Diagrammatic Approaches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 37–42 (1984).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

B. A. Volkov, A. A. Gorbatsevich, Y. V. Kopaev, and V. V. Tugushev, “Macroscopic current states in crystals,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 2, 391–397 (1981).

1961 (1)

U. Fano, “Effects of configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Anappara, A. A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrews, A. M.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atkinson, P.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baudisch, M.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beck, M.

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ben-Shalom, O.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Berman, P. R.

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biasiol, G.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birkedal, V.

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bois, P.

E. Rosencher and P. Bois, “Model system for optical nonlinearities: Asymmetric quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(20), 11315–11327 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bracker, A. S.

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buchanan, M.

H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Calderon, S.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Campman, K. L.

H. Schmidt, K. L. Campman, A. C. Gossard, and A. Imamoǧlu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(25), 3455–3457 (1997).
[Crossref]

Caneau, C.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

J. Faist, C. Sirtori, F. Capasso, S.-N. G. Chu, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, “Tunable Fano interference in intersubband absorption,” Opt. Lett. 21(13), 985–987 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carter, S. G.

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, C. T.

L. Zhou, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Anisotropy and oblique total transmission at a planar negative-index interface,” Phys. Rev. B 68(11), 115424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cho, A. Y.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S.-N. G.

Ciancio, E.

R. C. Iotti, E. Ciancio, and F. Rossi, “Quantum transport theory for semiconductor nanostructures: A density-matrix formulation,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125347 (2005).
[Crossref]

Citrin, D. S.

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciuti, C.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coldren, L. A.

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Liberato, S.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Natale, P.

Degani, M. H.

M. H. Degani and M. Z. Maialle, “Numerical calculations of the quantum states in semiconductor nanostructures,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 7(2), 454–473 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dynes, J. F.

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Faist, C. Sirtori, F. Capasso, S.-N. G. Chu, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, “Tunable Fano interference in intersubband absorption,” Opt. Lett. 21(13), 985–987 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fano, U.

U. Fano, “Effects of configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Flach, S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frogley, M. D.

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gammon, D.

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giovannini, M.

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

Givant, A.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Golde, D.

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, S.

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gorbatsevich, A. A.

B. A. Volkov, A. A. Gorbatsevich, Y. V. Kopaev, and V. V. Tugushev, “Macroscopic current states in crystals,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 2, 391–397 (1981).

Gossard, A. C.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Schmidt, K. L. Campman, A. C. Gossard, and A. Imamoǧlu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(25), 3455–3457 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gresch, T.

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

Günter, G.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gupta, J. A.

H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gustafsson, A.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hanson, M. P.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hees, J.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Helm, M.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Wagner, M. Helm, M. S. Sherwin, and D. Stehr, “Coherent control of a THz intersubband polarization in a voltage controlled single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(13), 131109 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hey, R.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirakawa, K.

P. Lelong, S. W. Lee, K. Hirakawa, and H. Sakaki, “Fano profile in intersubband transitions in InAs quantum dots,” Physica E 7(1), 174–178 (2000).
[Crossref]

Holfeld, C. P.

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hoyer, W.

M. Kira, W. Hoyer, and S. W. Koch, “Microscopic theory of the semiconductor terahertz response,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 238(3), 443–450 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hoyler, N.

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huber, R.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huo, Y.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hutchinson, A. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

H. Schmidt, K. L. Campman, A. C. Gossard, and A. Imamoǧlu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(25), 3455–3457 (1997).
[Crossref]

Iotti, R. C.

R. C. Iotti, E. Ciancio, and F. Rossi, “Quantum transport theory for semiconductor nanostructures: A density-matrix formulation,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125347 (2005).
[Crossref]

Iyengar, G. U.

K. J. Kuhn, G. U. Iyengar, and S. Yee, “Free carrier induced changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in Al x Ga 1− x As/GaAs/Al x Ga 1− x As quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(9), 5010–5017 (1991).
[Crossref]

Johnson, A. C.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kapon, E.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Karabulut, I.

S. Ünlü, I. Karabulut, and H. Şafak, “Linear and nonlinear intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a quantum box with finite confining potential,” Physica E 33(2), 319–324 (2006).
[Crossref]

İ. Karabulut, S. Ünlü, and H. Şafak, “Calculation of the changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in a quantum box,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 242(14), 2902–2909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kira, M.

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kira, W. Hoyer, and S. W. Koch, “Microscopic theory of the semiconductor terahertz response,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 238(3), 443–450 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koch, S. W.

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kira, W. Hoyer, and S. W. Koch, “Microscopic theory of the semiconductor terahertz response,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 238(3), 443–450 (2003).
[Crossref]

Köhler, K.

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kopaev, Y. V.

B. A. Volkov, A. A. Gorbatsevich, Y. V. Kopaev, and V. V. Tugushev, “Macroscopic current states in crystals,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 2, 391–397 (1981).

Kuhn, K. J.

K. J. Kuhn, G. U. Iyengar, and S. Yee, “Free carrier induced changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in Al x Ga 1− x As/GaAs/Al x Ga 1− x As quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(9), 5010–5017 (1991).
[Crossref]

Laird, E. A.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. W.

P. Lelong, S. W. Lee, K. Hirakawa, and H. Sakaki, “Fano profile in intersubband transitions in InAs quantum dots,” Physica E 7(1), 174–178 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lelong, P.

P. Lelong, S. W. Lee, K. Hirakawa, and H. Sakaki, “Fano profile in intersubband transitions in InAs quantum dots,” Physica E 7(1), 174–178 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leo, K.

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, R. B.

R. B. Liu and B. F. Zhu, “Dynamic Fano resonance of Floquet-state excitons in superlattices,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12(50), L741–L747 (2000).
[Crossref]

Löser, F.

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, C. W.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lupini, A. R.

Maialle, M. Z.

M. H. Degani and M. Z. Maialle, “Numerical calculations of the quantum states in semiconductor nanostructures,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 7(2), 454–473 (2010).
[Crossref]

Marcus, C. M.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maslov, A. V.

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikhailovska, L.

O. Olendski and L. Mikhailovska, “Fano resonances of a curved waveguide with an embedded quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. B 67(3), 035310 (2003).
[Crossref]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Müller, T.

T. Müller, W. Parz, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, “Influence of carrier-carrier interaction on time-dependent intersubband absorption in a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 70(15), 155324 (2004).
[Crossref]

Niu, Y.

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oberli, D.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Olendski, O.

O. Olendski and L. Mikhailovska, “Fano resonances of a curved waveguide with an embedded quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. B 67(3), 035310 (2003).
[Crossref]

Parz, W.

T. Müller, W. Parz, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, “Influence of carrier-carrier interaction on time-dependent intersubband absorption in a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 70(15), 155324 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petta, J. R.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, L. N.

Phillips, C. C.

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ploog, K. H.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prior, Y.

Y. Prior, “A Complete Expression for the Third-Order Susceptibility (x(3))—Perturbative and Diagrammatic Approaches,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 37–42 (1984).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y.

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

Reimann, K.

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roch, T.

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosencher, E.

E. Rosencher and P. Bois, “Model system for optical nonlinearities: Asymmetric quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(20), 11315–11327 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rossi, F.

R. C. Iotti, E. Ciancio, and F. Rossi, “Quantum transport theory for semiconductor nanostructures: A density-matrix formulation,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125347 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sa’ar, A.

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sabau, A. S.

Safak, H.

S. Ünlü, I. Karabulut, and H. Şafak, “Linear and nonlinear intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a quantum box with finite confining potential,” Physica E 33(2), 319–324 (2006).
[Crossref]

İ. Karabulut, S. Ünlü, and H. Şafak, “Calculation of the changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in a quantum box,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 242(14), 2902–2909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sakaki, H.

P. Lelong, S. W. Lee, K. Hirakawa, and H. Sakaki, “Fano profile in intersubband transitions in InAs quantum dots,” Physica E 7(1), 174–178 (2000).
[Crossref]

Scalari, G.

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt, K. L. Campman, A. C. Gossard, and A. Imamoǧlu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(25), 3455–3457 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, O. G.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schneider, H.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sekine, N.

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sell, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sham, L. J.

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, P.

L. Zhou, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Anisotropy and oblique total transmission at a planar negative-index interface,” Phys. Rev. B 68(11), 115424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sherwin, M. S.

M. Wagner, M. Helm, M. S. Sherwin, and D. Stehr, “Coherent control of a THz intersubband polarization in a voltage controlled single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(13), 131109 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sirtori, C.

J. Faist, C. Sirtori, F. Capasso, S.-N. G. Chu, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, “Tunable Fano interference in intersubband absorption,” Opt. Lett. 21(13), 985–987 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sivco, D. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, C. Y.

H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sorba, L.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steel, D. G.

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stehr, D.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Wagner, M. Helm, M. S. Sherwin, and D. Stehr, “Coherent control of a THz intersubband polarization in a voltage controlled single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(13), 131109 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strasser, G.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Müller, W. Parz, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, “Influence of carrier-carrier interaction on time-dependent intersubband absorption in a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 70(15), 155324 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sudzius, M.

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. M.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Terazzi, R.

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tredicucci, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Troparevsky, M. C.

Tugushev, V. V.

B. A. Volkov, A. A. Gorbatsevich, Y. V. Kopaev, and V. V. Tugushev, “Macroscopic current states in crystals,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 2, 391–397 (1981).

Ünlü, S.

S. Ünlü, I. Karabulut, and H. Şafak, “Linear and nonlinear intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a quantum box with finite confining potential,” Physica E 33(2), 319–324 (2006).
[Crossref]

İ. Karabulut, S. Ünlü, and H. Şafak, “Calculation of the changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in a quantum box,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 242(14), 2902–2909 (2005).
[Crossref]

Unterrainer, K.

T. Müller, W. Parz, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, “Influence of carrier-carrier interaction on time-dependent intersubband absorption in a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 70(15), 155324 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vitiello, M. S.

Volkov, B. A.

B. A. Volkov, A. A. Gorbatsevich, Y. V. Kopaev, and V. V. Tugushev, “Macroscopic current states in crystals,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 2, 391–397 (1981).

Wagner, M.

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Wagner, M. Helm, M. S. Sherwin, and D. Stehr, “Coherent control of a THz intersubband polarization in a voltage controlled single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(13), 131109 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C. S.

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

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H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
[Crossref]

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Whittaker, D. M.

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

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C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiang, Y.

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

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X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yacoby, A.

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. B. Liu and B. F. Zhu, “Dynamic Fano resonance of Floquet-state excitons in superlattices,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12(50), L741–L747 (2000).
[Crossref]

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M. Wagner, M. Helm, M. S. Sherwin, and D. Stehr, “Coherent control of a THz intersubband polarization in a voltage controlled single quantum well,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(13), 131109 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. C. Liu, C. Y. Song, Z. R. Wasilewski, J. A. Gupta, and M. Buchanan, “Fano resonance mediated by intersubband-phonon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131121 (2007).
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K. J. Kuhn, G. U. Iyengar, and S. Yee, “Free carrier induced changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in Al x Ga 1− x As/GaAs/Al x Ga 1− x As quantum wells,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(9), 5010–5017 (1991).
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M. H. Degani and M. Z. Maialle, “Numerical calculations of the quantum states in semiconductor nanostructures,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 7(2), 454–473 (2010).
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B. A. Volkov, A. A. Gorbatsevich, Y. V. Kopaev, and V. V. Tugushev, “Macroscopic current states in crystals,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 2, 391–397 (1981).

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

R. B. Liu and B. F. Zhu, “Dynamic Fano resonance of Floquet-state excitons in superlattices,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 12(50), L741–L747 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. D. Frogley, J. F. Dynes, M. Beck, J. Faist, and C. C. Phillips, “Gain without inversion in semiconductor nanostructures,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 175–178 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

R. Terazzi, T. Gresch, M. Giovannini, N. Hoyler, N. Sekine, and J. Faist, “Bloch gain in quantum cascade lasers,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 329–333 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Qi, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, H. Wang, and S. Gong, “Phase dependence of cross-phase modulation in asymmetric quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 276–281 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (5)

M. Baudisch, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, D. Stehr, M. Helm, P. Atkinson, Y. Huo, O. G. Schmidt, A. M. Andrews, and G. Strasser, “Fano effect due to ponderomotive coupling in intersubband response of semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 86(7), 075305 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Müller, W. Parz, G. Strasser, and K. Unterrainer, “Influence of carrier-carrier interaction on time-dependent intersubband absorption in a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 70(15), 155324 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. C. Iotti, E. Ciancio, and F. Rossi, “Quantum transport theory for semiconductor nanostructures: A density-matrix formulation,” Phys. Rev. B 72(12), 125347 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Anisotropy and oblique total transmission at a planar negative-index interface,” Phys. Rev. B 68(11), 115424 (2003).
[Crossref]

O. Olendski and L. Mikhailovska, “Fano resonances of a curved waveguide with an embedded quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. B 67(3), 035310 (2003).
[Crossref]

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E. Rosencher and P. Bois, “Model system for optical nonlinearities: Asymmetric quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(20), 11315–11327 (1991).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. Golde, M. Wagner, D. Stehr, H. Schneider, M. Helm, A. M. Andrews, T. Roch, G. Strasser, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “Fano Signatures in the Intersubband Terahertz Response of Optically Excited Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(12), 127403 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Holfeld, F. Löser, M. Sudzius, K. Leo, D. M. Whittaker, and K. Köhler, “Fano Resonances in Semiconductor Superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(4), 874–877 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. W. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Phase-Resolved Nonlinear Response of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Under Femtosecond Intersubband Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 047402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. (2)

İ. Karabulut, S. Ünlü, and H. Şafak, “Calculation of the changes in the absorption and refractive index for intersubband optical transitions in a quantum box,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 242(14), 2902–2909 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, W. Hoyer, and S. W. Koch, “Microscopic theory of the semiconductor terahertz response,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 238(3), 443–450 (2003).
[Crossref]

Physica E (2)

S. Ünlü, I. Karabulut, and H. Şafak, “Linear and nonlinear intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a quantum box with finite confining potential,” Physica E 33(2), 319–324 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Lelong, S. W. Lee, K. Hirakawa, and H. Sakaki, “Fano profile in intersubband transitions in InAs quantum dots,” Physica E 7(1), 174–178 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(3), 2257–2298 (2010).
[Crossref]

Science (4)

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, and A. Y. Cho, “Quantum Cascade Laser,” Science 264(5158), 553–556 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Carter, V. Birkedal, C. S. Wang, L. A. Coldren, A. V. Maslov, D. S. Citrin, and M. S. Sherwin, “Quantum Coherence in an Optical Modulator,” Science 310(5748), 651–653 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Strongly Driven Quantum Dot,” Science 317(5840), 929–932 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Science 309(5744), 2180–2184 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Superlattices Microstruct. (1)

A. Sa’ar, A. Givant, S. Calderon, O. Ben-Shalom, E. Kapon, A. Gustafsson, D. Oberli, and C. Caneau, “Intersubband optical transitions in one dimensional quantum wire structures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 19(3), 217–228 (1996).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

H. Schneider and H. C. Liu, Quantum Well Infrared Photodetectors (Springer, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Generic conduction band edge profile for a QW-based structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic representation of the modulation of carrier concentration in the sample with doped cap layer reported by Baudisch et al. [24]. Different colours indicate different values of complex refractive index.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Theoretical results of differential transmission for samples with and without an additional doped cap layer. (b) Change of refractive index in the QW layer as a function of frequency considering different mechanisms of contribution.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Theory-experiment comparison of differential transmission spectra as well as the fit using the Fano formula for the sample with the additional doped cap layer.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Fano factor as function of the ratio of lengths between the doped cap layer and MQW layers, considering dephasing time 400 fs. The experimental point refers to Ref [24]. (b) Linewidth parameter Δω as a function of the dephasing time, assuming rL = 2.6.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) rP as a function of rL for different values of rN and dephasing times. The experimental point refers to Ref [24]. (b) The hatched area denotes the region in which rP ranges between 0.1 and 0.8 considering rN = 1.

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I i1,i = 1 t i1,i ( 1 r i1,i r i1,i 1 ) and P i =( e i ϕ i 0 0 e i ϕ i ),
M= I 01 P 1 I 12 P 2 I 23 P 3 ....
ΔE E ref = E T E ref E ref = T carriers T ref T ref ,
χ( ω )= χ B + iJ( ω ) ω ε 0 E( ω ) ,
J = k',k j k'k ρ k'k ,
ρ ^ t = i [ H ^ , ρ ^ ]+ ρ ^ t | sc ,
H A = q m A p + q 2 A 2 2m ,
r| ξ ν,k|| = 1 S e i k || r || φ ν ( z ),
r| ξ ν,k|| = 1 S e i k r ,
J z = iq 2m ν'ν ρ νν' dz[ φ ν' * φ ν z φ ν φ ν' * z ] q 2 A( t )N m ,
J z = q 2 A( t )N m ,
χ QW ( ω ) χ B q 2 m 2 ω 2 ε 0 ν'ν | p ν'ν | 2 ( ρ ν'ν' 0 ρ νν 0 ) ε ν ε ν' +( ω γ ν'ν ) ω PL 2 ω( ω+iδ ) ,
χ cap ( ω ) χ B ω PL 2 ω( ω+iδ ) .
| ΔE E ref |= ( η+ ω ω 0 Δω ) 2 1+ ( ω ω 0 Δω ) 2 ,

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