Abstract

We propose a novel photonic spectral processor which overcomes current 0.8GHz spectral resolution limitation. The new spectral processor uses a Fabry Perot interferometer array located before the dispersive element of the system, thus significantly improving the spectral separation resolution, which is now limited by the Fabry Perot interferometers’ full width at half maximum rather than the dispersive element’s spectral resolution. A proof of concept experiment was performed utilizing two Fabry-Perot interferometers and a diffractive optical grating with a spectral resolution of 6.45GHz, achieving high spectral resolution of 577MHz. Further improvement of the experimental setup can result in resolution of about 50MHz.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  25. R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-GHz Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor and Its System Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2218–2226 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  29. Z. Zalevsky, A. Shemer, D. Mendlovic, and S. Zach, “Passive and periodically ultra fast RF-photonic spectral scanner,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8367–8381 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2013 (1)

T. Yeminy, D. Sadot, and Z. Zalevsky, “Sampling impairments influence over stealthy fiber-optic signal decryption,” Opt. Commun. 291, 193–201 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid Guided-Wave/Free-Space Optics Photonic Spectral Processor Based on LCoS Phase Only Modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

X. Wang and N. Wada, “Spectral phase encoding of ultra-short optical pulse in time domain for OCDMA application,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7319–7326 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Miyamoto and H. Tsuda, “Spectral Phase Encoder Employing an Arrayed-Waveguide Grating and Phase-Shifting Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1289–1291 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (5)

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Compact colorless tunable dispersion compensator with 1000-ps/nm tuning range for 40-gb/s data rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 237–241 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Zalevsky, A. Shemer, D. Mendlovic, and S. Zach, “Passive and periodically ultra fast RF-photonic spectral scanner,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8367–8381 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Vortex knots in light,” New J. Phys. 7, 55 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

H. P. Sardesai, C. C. Chang, and A. M. Weiner, “A Femtosecond Code-Division Multiple-Access Communication System Test Bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 1953–1964 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. E. Ford and J. A. Walker, “Dynamic spectral power equalization using micro-opto-mechanics,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1440–1442 (1998).
[Crossref]

Aihara, K.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Amano, C.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Basavanhally, N. R.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ben-Ezra, S.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-GHz Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor and Its System Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2218–2226 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded / single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in The European Conference on Optical Communication, (Cannes2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Bernussi, A. A.

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

Blum, R.

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Broeke, R. G.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Buhl, L. L.

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bulthuis, H.

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Busch, P.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cappuzzo, M. A.

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Compact colorless tunable dispersion compensator with 1000-ps/nm tuning range for 40-gb/s data rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 237–241 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chang, C. C.

Chen, E. Y.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Compact colorless tunable dispersion compensator with 1000-ps/nm tuning range for 40-gb/s data rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 237–241 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chubun, N.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chujo, W.

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Courtial, J.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Vortex knots in light,” New J. Phys. 7, 55 (2005).
[Crossref]

de Peralta, L. G.

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dennis, M. R.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Vortex knots in light,” New J. Phys. 7, 55 (2005).
[Crossref]

Doerr, C. R.

Du, Y.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ford, J. E.

J. E. Ford and J. A. Walker, “Dynamic spectral power equalization using micro-opto-mechanics,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1440–1442 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goh, T.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Golani, O.

Goldshtein, N.

Gomez, L. T.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Compact colorless tunable dispersion compensator with 1000-ps/nm tuning range for 40-gb/s data rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 237–241 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Greywall, D. S.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Haueis, M.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hirano, A.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ibsen, M.

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ishii, T.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ji, C.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kitayama, K. I.

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Knapczyk, M.

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ko, L.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Krishnan, A.

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kurokawa, T.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leach, J.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Vortex knots in light,” New J. Phys. 7, 55 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lopez, D. O.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lourdudoss, S.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Low, Y. L.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Marom, D. M.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-GHz Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor and Its System Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2218–2226 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor Using a Waveguide Grating Router with Permanent Phase Trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 379–385 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld, C. R. Doerr, and D. M. Marom, “A photonic spectral processor employing two-dimensional WDM channel separation and a phase LCoS modulator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14532–14541 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid Guided-Wave/Free-Space Optics Photonic Spectral Processor Based on LCoS Phase Only Modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Compact colorless tunable dispersion compensator with 1000-ps/nm tuning range for 40-gb/s data rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 237–241 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Colorless photonic spectral processor using hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics arrangement and LCoS modulator,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication - incudes post deadline papers, (San Diego, CA2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded / single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in The European Conference on Optical Communication, (Cannes2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Masuda, H.

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mendlovic, D.

Mino, S.

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, D.

D. Miyamoto and H. Tsuda, “Spectral Phase Encoder Employing an Arrayed-Waveguide Grating and Phase-Shifting Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1289–1291 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mokhtar, M. R.

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mori, K.

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mughal, M. J.

Nazarathy, M.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-GHz Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor and Its System Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2218–2226 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded / single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in The European Conference on Optical Communication, (Cannes2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Neilson, D. T.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, K.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Olsson, F.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ooba, N.

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Vortex knots in light,” New J. Phys. 7, 55 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pai, C. S.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pardo, F.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pascar, L.

Petropoulos, P.

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pham, A.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Prybyla, J.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ramsey, D. A.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Riza, N.

Rudnick, R.

Ryf, R.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sadot, D.

E. Wohlgemuth, Y. Yoffe, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Demonstration of Coherent Stealthy and Encrypted Transmission for Data Center Interconnection,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7638–7645 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yeminy, D. Sadot, and Z. Zalevsky, “Sampling impairments influence over stealthy fiber-optic signal decryption,” Opt. Commun. 291, 193–201 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Yeminy, D. Sadot, and Z. Zalevsky, “Spectral and temporal stealthy fiber-optic communication using sampling and phase encoding,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20182–20198 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wohlgemuth, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Experimental Demonstration of Encryption and Steganography in Optical Fiber Communications,” in 43th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2017), pp. 17–21.

Sardesai, H. P.

Sato, K.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Scotti, R.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Seno, K.

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shemer, A.

Sinefeld, D.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-GHz Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor and Its System Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2218–2226 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor Using a Waveguide Grating Router with Permanent Phase Trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 379–385 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld, C. R. Doerr, and D. M. Marom, “A photonic spectral processor employing two-dimensional WDM channel separation and a phase LCoS modulator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14532–14541 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid Guided-Wave/Free-Space Optics Photonic Spectral Processor Based on LCoS Phase Only Modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Colorless photonic spectral processor using hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics arrangement and LCoS modulator,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication - incudes post deadline papers, (San Diego, CA2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded / single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in The European Conference on Optical Communication, (Cannes2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Sohma, S.

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, K.

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takada, A.

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takenouchi, H.

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tang, H.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Teh, P. C.

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Temkin, H.

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tian, C.

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tolmachev, A.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-GHz Resolution Photonic Spectral Processor and Its System Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(11), 2218–2226 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded / single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in The European Conference on Optical Communication, (Cannes2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

D. Miyamoto and H. Tsuda, “Spectral Phase Encoder Employing an Arrayed-Waveguide Grating and Phase-Shifting Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1289–1291 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wada, N.

X. Wang and N. Wada, “Spectral phase encoding of ultra-short optical pulse in time domain for OCDMA application,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7319–7326 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

Walker, J. A.

J. E. Ford and J. A. Walker, “Dynamic spectral power equalization using micro-opto-mechanics,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1440–1442 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Watanabe, K.

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

Weld, J. D.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wohlgemuth, E.

E. Wohlgemuth, Y. Yoffe, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Demonstration of Coherent Stealthy and Encrypted Transmission for Data Center Interconnection,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7638–7645 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wohlgemuth, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Experimental Demonstration of Encryption and Steganography in Optical Fiber Communications,” in 43th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2017), pp. 17–21.

Wong-Foy, A.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Compact colorless tunable dispersion compensator with 1000-ps/nm tuning range for 40-gb/s data rates,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 237–241 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yeminy, T.

E. Wohlgemuth, Y. Yoffe, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Demonstration of Coherent Stealthy and Encrypted Transmission for Data Center Interconnection,” Opt. Express 26(6), 7638–7645 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yeminy, D. Sadot, and Z. Zalevsky, “Sampling impairments influence over stealthy fiber-optic signal decryption,” Opt. Commun. 291, 193–201 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Yeminy, D. Sadot, and Z. Zalevsky, “Spectral and temporal stealthy fiber-optic communication using sampling and phase encoding,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20182–20198 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wohlgemuth, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Experimental Demonstration of Encryption and Steganography in Optical Fiber Communications,” in 43th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2017), pp. 17–21.

Yoffe, Y.

Yoo, S. B.

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zach, S.

Zalevsky, Z.

Zektzer, R.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa, and C. Amano, “Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating,” Electron. Lett. 35(14), 1186–1188 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking f.ilter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(3), 563–569 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (10)

J. Cao, R. G. Broeke, N. K. Fontaine, C. Ji, Y. Du, N. Chubun, K. Aihara, A. Pham, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, and S. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of Spectral Phase O-CDMA Encoding and Decoding in Monolithically Integrated Arrayed-Waveguide-Grating-Based Encoder,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2602–2604 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Krishnan, M. Knapczyk, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, “Reconfigurable direct space-to-time pulse-shaper based on arrayed waveguide grating multiplexers and digital micromirrors,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1959–1961 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Sohma, K. Mori, H. Masuda, A. Takada, K. Seno, K. Suzuki, and N. Ooba, “Flexible Chromatic Dispersion Compensation Over Entire L-Band for Over 40-Gb/s WDM Transparent Networks Using Multichannel Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1271–1273 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Seno, N. Ooba, K. Suzuki, T. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, and S. Mino, “Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Consisting of Simple Optics With Arrayed Waveguide Grating and Flat Mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(22), 1701–1703 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, R. Blum, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. T. Gomez, and H. Bulthuis, “Colorless tunable optical dispersion compensator based on a silica arrayed-waveguide grating and a polymer thermooptic lens,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1222–1224 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. E. Ford and J. A. Walker, “Dynamic spectral power equalization using micro-opto-mechanics,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(10), 1440–1442 (1998).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, C. Tian, M. R. Mokhtar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Rapidly reconfigurable optical phase encoder-decoders based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(11), 1216–1218 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K. I. Kitayama, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1239–1241 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. Miyamoto and H. Tsuda, “Spectral Phase Encoder Employing an Arrayed-Waveguide Grating and Phase-Shifting Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(17), 1289–1291 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Hybrid Guided-Wave/Free-Space Optics Photonic Spectral Processor Based on LCoS Phase Only Modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 510–512 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

New J. Phys. (1)

J. Leach, M. R. Dennis, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “Vortex knots in light,” New J. Phys. 7, 55 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Yeminy, D. Sadot, and Z. Zalevsky, “Sampling impairments influence over stealthy fiber-optic signal decryption,” Opt. Commun. 291, 193–201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Other (4)

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Colorless photonic spectral processor using hybrid guided-wave/free-space optics arrangement and LCoS modulator,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication - incudes post deadline papers, (San Diego, CA2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

R. Appelman, Z. Zalevsky, D. Mendlovic, and G. Shabtay, “Hybrid optical-RF system for generating an improved linear frequency modulated pulses for radar applications,” in Record of the IEEE 2000 International Radar Conference [Cat. No. 00CH37037], 2000, pp. 775–780.
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded / single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in The European Conference on Optical Communication, (Cannes2014), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

E. Wohlgemuth, T. Yeminy, Z. Zalevsky, and D. Sadot, “Experimental Demonstration of Encryption and Steganography in Optical Fiber Communications,” in 43th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2017), pp. 17–21.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Proposed system for high resolution spectral phase encoder. (b) Detailed structure of Fabry-Perot encoding block with different output wavelengths per each of its rows.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectral division of a 20GHz bandwidth by FPIs array. Different colors correspond to different FPIs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) A scheme of the experimental setup. (b) Image of the experimental setup. EDFA - Erbium doped fiber amplifier, P.C - polarization controller, F.P - Fabry-Perot, B.S-beam splitter, SLM - spatial light modulator.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Light intensity as function of optical frequency for two different Fabry-Perot resonators with wavelength sweep in their inputs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Light intensity vs. optical frequency for two FPIs' outputs that are 577MHz apart where the input laser's frequency is swept: (a) modulation of only one wavelength. (b) modulation of only the second wavelength.

Equations (2)

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δω= dc λB 6.45GHz
Δν= ΔT 0.65 125MHz

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