Abstract

We have developed an InAs/InP quantum dot (QD) C-band coherent comb laser (CCL) module with actively stabilized absolute wavelength and power, and channel spacing of 34.462 GHz with ± 100 ppm accuracy. The total output power is up to 46 mW. The integrated average relative intensity noise (RIN) values of the lasing spectrum and a filtered single channel at 1540.19 nm were −165.6 dB/Hz and −130.3 dB/Hz respectively in the frequency range from 10 MHz to 10 GHz. The optical linewidth of the 45 filtered individual channels between 1531.77 nm to 1543.77 nm ranged from 850 kHz to 2.16 MHz. We have also analyzed the noise behaviors of each individual channel.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (1)

2014 (2)

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

P. J. Poole, K. Kaminska, P. Barrios, Z. G. Lu, and J. R. Liu, “Growth of InAs/InP-based quantum dots for 1.55 µm laser applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(6), 1482–1486 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, P. Grant, and D. Roy-Guay, “An L-band monolithic InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked laser with femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13609–13614 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, S. Raymond, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, “312-fs pulse generation from a passive C-band InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10835–10840 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Z. Lu, S. Raymond, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, “Dual-wavelength 92.5 GHz self-mode-locked InP-based quantum dot laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1702–1704 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

R. Hui and A. Mecozzi, “Phase noise of four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(20), 2454–2456 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alloatti, L.

Alloing, B.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bardella, P.

Barrios, P.

P. J. Poole, K. Kaminska, P. Barrios, Z. G. Lu, and J. R. Liu, “Growth of InAs/InP-based quantum dots for 1.55 µm laser applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(6), 1482–1486 (2009).
[Crossref]

Barrios, P. J.

Bekele, D.

Belyanin, A.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

Bour, D.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brasch, V.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caballero, J.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cataluna, M. A.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. X.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Columbo, L. L.

Corzine, S.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dalton, L. R.

Diehl, L.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Elder, D.

Faist, J.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fiore, A.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geelhaar, L.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gioannini, M.

Gordon, A.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grant, P.

Hartinger, K.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herr, T.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hillerkuss, D.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Höfler, G.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hui, R.

R. Hui and A. Mecozzi, “Phase noise of four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(20), 2454–2456 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jiao, Z. J.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kaminska, K.

P. J. Poole, K. Kaminska, P. Barrios, Z. G. Lu, and J. R. Liu, “Growth of InAs/InP-based quantum dots for 1.55 µm laser applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(6), 1482–1486 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kippenberg, T. J.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koeber, S.

Koos, C.

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, D.

Lauermann, M.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuthold, J.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, P.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, J. R.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, P. Grant, and D. Roy-Guay, “An L-band monolithic InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked laser with femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13609–13614 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Poole, K. Kaminska, P. Barrios, Z. G. Lu, and J. R. Liu, “Growth of InAs/InP-based quantum dots for 1.55 µm laser applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(6), 1482–1486 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, S. Raymond, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, “312-fs pulse generation from a passive C-band InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10835–10840 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Z.

Lu, Z. G.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, S. Raymond, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, G. Pakulski, P. Grant, and D. Roy-Guay, “An L-band monolithic InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked laser with femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13609–13614 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Poole, K. Kaminska, P. Barrios, Z. G. Lu, and J. R. Liu, “Growth of InAs/InP-based quantum dots for 1.55 µm laser applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(6), 1482–1486 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, S. Raymond, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, “312-fs pulse generation from a passive C-band InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10835–10840 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

Maier, T.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mecozzi, A.

R. Hui and A. Mecozzi, “Phase noise of four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(20), 2454–2456 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pakulski, G.

Palmer, R.

Paranthoen, C.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pfeifle, J.

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poitras, D.

Poole, P. J.

Rafailov, E. U.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[Crossref]

Raymond, S.

Riechert, H.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rossetti, M.

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Roy-Guay, D.

Schindler, P.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schindler, P. C.

Schmogrow, R.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneider, H.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, F. G.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

Troccoli, M.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wegner, D.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weimann, C.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Weimann, P. C. Schindler, R. Palmer, S. Wolf, D. Bekele, D. Korn, J. Pfeifle, S. Koeber, R. Schmogrow, L. Alloatti, D. Elder, H. Yu, W. Bogaerts, L. R. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) frequency comb sources for terabit/s data transmission,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3629–3637 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, S.

Xiao, G. Z.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Yu, Y.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. P.

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, P.

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Hui and A. Mecozzi, “Phase noise of four-wave mixing in semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(20), 2454–2456 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. G. Lu, F. G. Sun, G. Z. Xiao, P. Lin, and P. Zhao, “High-power multiwavelength Er3+-Yb3+ codoped double-cladding fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1821–1823 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

P. J. Poole, K. Kaminska, P. Barrios, Z. G. Lu, and J. R. Liu, “Growth of InAs/InP-based quantum dots for 1.55 µm laser applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 311(6), 1482–1486 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, and W. Sibbett, “Mode-locked quantum-dot lasers,” Nat. Photonics 1(7), 395–401 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 8(5), 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, Z. J. Jiao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, J. Caballero, and X. P. Zhang, “Ultra-high repetition rate InAs/InP quantum dot mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun. 284(9), 2323–2326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Gordon, C. Y. Wang, L. Diehl, F. X. Kärtner, A. Belyanin, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, H. C. Liu, H. Schneider, T. Maier, M. Troccoli, J. Faist, and F. Capasso, “Multimode regimes in quantum cascade lasers: from coherent instabilities to spatial hole burning,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Fiore, M. Rossetti, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, J. X. Chen, L. Geelhaar, and H. Riechert, “Carrier diffusion in low-dimensional semiconductors: A comparison of quantum wells, disordered quantum wells, and quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205311 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (13)

J. R. Liu, Z. G. Lu, P. J. Poole, C. Y. Song, J. Weber, L. Mao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, and S. Janz, “Phase noise analysis of InAs/InP quantum-dot mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference and Exhibition on Lasers, Optics & Photonics, Las Vegas, USA (15–17 November 2017).

Huawei Technologies Co, Ltd. “White Paper on Technological Developments and Trends of Optical Networks,” 1, 1–26 (2016).

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, E. Myslivets, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultrawide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” in Proceedings of the 2014 Optical Fiber Communication Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA, Postdeadline Paper Th5B.7 (3–13 March, 2014).

P. Marin, J. Pfeifle, J. N. Kemal, S. Wolf, K. Vijayan, N. Chimot, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and F. Lelarge, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “8.32 Tbit/s Coherent Transmission Using a Quantum-Dash Mode-Locked Laser Diode,” in Proceedings of the 2016 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2016), San Jose, CA, USA, Paper: STh1F.1 (5–10 June 2016).

J. N. Kemal, P. Marin-Palomo, K. Merghem, G. Aubin, C. Calo, R. Brenot, F. Lelarge, A. Ramdane, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “32 QAM WDM transmission using a quantum-dash passively mode-locked laser with resonant feedback,” in Proceedings of the 2017 Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Paper Th5C.3 (19–23 March 2017).

Agilent Technologies, “Light signal analyzers: measure relative intensity noise,” Product Note N4371A, 1–24 (2009).

P. J. Poole, Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, C. Y. Song, J. Weber, L. Mao, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, and S. Janz, “Mode-locked InAs/InP QD lasers for optical communications,” in Invited Presentation for Workshop: Self-generation of Optical Frequency Comb in Semiconductor Llasers, Torino, Italy (26–27 October 2017).

N. Eiselt, H. Griesser, M. Eiselt, W. Kaiser, S. Aramideh, J. J. V. Olmos, I. T. Monroy, and J. P. Elbers, “Real-time 200 Gb/s (4x56.25 Gb/s) PAM-4 transmission over 80 km SSMF using quantum-dot laser and silicon ring-modulator,” in Proceedings of the 2017 Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Paper W4D (19–23 March 2017).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, C. Y. Song, S. D. Chang, J. Weber, L. Mao, H. P. Ding, and S. Janz, “Coherence comb laser sources: quantum dots, packaging and active control,” in 18th European Conference on Integrated Optics 2016, Warsaw, Poland, Invited paper (17–21 May 2016).

Z. G. Lu, J. R. Liu, P. J. Poole, C. Y. Song, J. Weber, L. Mao, S. D. Chang, H. P. Ding, P. J. Barrios, D. Poitras, and S. Janz, “Integrated InAs/InP quantum dot coherent comb lasers,” in SPIE Photonics West 2017, San Francisco, CA, USA, Invited Paper 10107–18 (28 January – 2 February, 2017).

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s Transmission Using a 22 Core Homogeneous Single-Mode Multi-Core Fiber and Wideband Optical Comb,” in Proceedings of the 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication, Valencia, Spain, Postdeadline Paper 3.1 (September 27-October 1, 2015).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, A. Kordts, P. Marin, M. Karpov, M. Pfeiffer, V. Brasch, R. Rosenberger, J. Kemal, S. Wolf, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Full C and L-Band Transmission at 20 Tbit/s Using Cavity-Soliton Kerr Frequency Combs,” in Proceedings of the 2015 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, CA, USA, Postdeadline Paper jTh5C.8 (10–15 May 2015).
[Crossref]

L. A. Jiang, E. P. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, “Semiconductor mode-locked lasers as pulse sources for high bit rate data transmission,” in Book Series of ‘Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology’ (Springer, 2007), vol. 3, pp. 21–51.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) A cross sectional SEM image of the five-layer InAs/InP QDlaser core region and (b) a detailed structure for a single InAs/InP dot layer.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the QD CCL module design and its electrical control system.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) An optical design schematic and (b) an actual optical fiber pigtailed subassembly of the QD CCL block.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Optical output spectrum of an InAs/InP QD C-band CCL module and (b) its RF beating frequency of 34.462 GHz between any two adjacent channels.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The RIN spectrum of the whole C-band CCL; (b) The RIN spectrum of one of the filtered 45 individual channels from the 34.462 GHz C-band QD CCL at an injection current of 390 mA and at 20°C.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical linewidth of each filtered channel versus channel wavelength from an InAs/InP QD C-band CLL at 390 mA and 20°C. The inset figure is its parabolic fitting curve and equation.

Equations (1)

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Δ ω N =Δ ω min + ω RF (N n min ) 2

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