Abstract

Seamless tiling of displays is one of the key enabling technologies for the next-generation large-area electronics applications. In this paper, we propose a facile method to demonstrate a seamless display using cylindrical lens pair (CLP) fabricated by dispenser printing method. Optical properties of the printed CLP and corresponding capability of concealing seam in the display are analyzed by a set of luminance simulation and measurement in terms of geometric parameters of the lens. The seamless display with an optimized CLP features a viewing angle of the seam concealment of 40°.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (4)

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. A. Elagha, “Generalized formulas for ray-tracing and longitudinal spherical aberration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 34(3), 335–343 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (7)

J. Kim, Y. Jeong, H. Kim, C.-K. Lee, B. Lee, J. Hong, Y. Kim, Y. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “F-number matching method in light field microscopy using an elastic micro lens array,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2751–2754 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xing, W. Rong, D. Sun, L. Wang, and L. Sun, “Extrusion printing for fabrication of spherical and cylindrical microlens arrays,” Appl. Opt. 55(25), 6947–6952 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zhao, Ç. Ataman, and H. Zappe, “Gravity-immune liquid-filled tunable lens with reduced spherical aberration,” Appl. Opt. 55(28), 7816–7823 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lee, C. Jang, S. Moon, J. Cho, and B. Lee, “Additive light field displays: Realization of augmented reality with holographic optical element,” ACM Trans. Graph. 35(4), 60 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Damodara, D. George, and A. K. Sen, “Single step fabrication and characterization of PDMS micro lens and its use in optocapillary flow manipulation,” Sens. Actuator B 227, 383–392 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Kim, J. Kim, B. Lee, and S.-D. Lee, “Liquid crystal-based lenticular lens array with laterally shifting capability of the focusing effect for autostereoscopic displays,” Opt. Commun. 357, 52–57 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Hou, C. Zheng, S. Bai, Q. Ma, D. Bridges, A. Hu, and W. W. Duley, “Fabrication, characterization, and applications of microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 54(24), 7366–7376 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Schumann, S. Wiesendanger, J. C. Goldschmidt, B. Bläsi, K. Bittkau, U. W. Paetzold, A. Sprafke, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. Rockstuhl, and M. Wegener, “Cloaked contact grids on solar cells by coordinate transformations: design and prototypes,” Optica 2(10), 850–853 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

M.-H. Shin, J.-Y. Lee, H.-R. Moon, and Y.-J. Kim, “Proposal and design of hybrid light guide plate based on aspheric concave surface and micropatterns to improve illuminance and color uniformity for LED display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(8S2), 08MF01 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

D. Xie, H. Zhang, X. Shu, and J. Xiao, “Fabrication of polymer micro-lens array with pneumatically diaphragm-driven drop-on-demand inkjet technology,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15186–15195 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Barczyk, B. Kabzinski, D. J. Choromanska, and A. Stienss, “Measuring of the basic parameters of LCD displays, ” J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. 6(1), 46–48 (2012).

E. Fortunato, P. Barquinha, and R. Martins, “Oxide semiconductor thin-film transistors: A review of recent advances,” Adv. Mater. 24(22), 2945–2986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

K. Kimura, S. Hasegawa, and Y. Hayasaki, “Diffractive spatiotemporal lens with wavelength dispersion compensation,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 139–141 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. P. Dupont, R. Luisier, and M. A. M. Gijs, “NOA 63 as a UV-curable material for fabrication of microfluidic channels with native hydrophilicity,” Microelectron. Eng. 87(5–8), 1253–1255 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Rasker, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: Optimizing dual-layer 3D display using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Aston, “Design of large-area OLED displays utilizing seamless tiled components,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15(8), 535–540 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

B.-J. D. Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymer: state of the art and future development,” Adv. Mater. 16(3), 203–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth extraction by use of a rectangular lens array and one-dimensional elemental image modification,” Appl. Opt. 43(25), 4882–4895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

C.-H. Tien, Y.-E. Chien, Y. Chiu, and H.-D. Shieh, “Microlens array fabricated by excimer laser micromachining with gray-tone photolithography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 3), 1280–1283 (2003).

1992 (1)

G. A. Alphonse and J. Lubin, “Psychophysical requirement for tiled large screen displays,” Proc. SPIE 1664, 230–240 (1992).
[Crossref]

Albero, J.

Alphonse, G. A.

G. A. Alphonse and J. Lubin, “Psychophysical requirement for tiled large screen displays,” Proc. SPIE 1664, 230–240 (1992).
[Crossref]

Arias, A. C.

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arul, E. P.

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ashraf, M.

M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
[Crossref]

Aston, M.

M. Aston, “Design of large-area OLED displays utilizing seamless tiled components,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15(8), 535–540 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ataman, Ç.

Bai, S.

Barczyk, R.

R. Barczyk, B. Kabzinski, D. J. Choromanska, and A. Stienss, “Measuring of the basic parameters of LCD displays, ” J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. 6(1), 46–48 (2012).

Barquinha, P.

E. Fortunato, P. Barquinha, and R. Martins, “Oxide semiconductor thin-film transistors: A review of recent advances,” Adv. Mater. 24(22), 2945–2986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bittkau, K.

Bläsi, B.

Bridges, D.

Brugger, J.

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

Byun, C.-W.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carreel, B.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cen, Z.

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. C.

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, M. F.

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.-D.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chien, Y.-E.

C.-H. Tien, Y.-E. Chien, Y. Chiu, and H.-D. Shieh, “Microlens array fabricated by excimer laser micromachining with gray-tone photolithography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 3), 1280–1283 (2003).

Chiu, Y.

C.-H. Tien, Y.-E. Chien, Y. Chiu, and H.-D. Shieh, “Microlens array fabricated by excimer laser micromachining with gray-tone photolithography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 3), 1280–1283 (2003).

Cho, J.

S. Lee, C. Jang, S. Moon, J. Cho, and B. Lee, “Additive light field displays: Realization of augmented reality with holographic optical element,” ACM Trans. Graph. 35(4), 60 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cho, K.-I.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cho, S.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.

Choi, H.-J.

Chollet, F.

M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choromanska, D. J.

R. Barczyk, B. Kabzinski, D. J. Choromanska, and A. Stienss, “Measuring of the basic parameters of LCD displays, ” J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. 6(1), 46–48 (2012).

Damodara, S.

S. Damodara, D. George, and A. K. Sen, “Single step fabrication and characterization of PDMS micro lens and its use in optocapillary flow manipulation,” Sens. Actuator B 227, 383–392 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ding, K.

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Duineveld, P. C.

B.-J. D. Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymer: state of the art and future development,” Adv. Mater. 16(3), 203–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

Duley, W. W.

Dupont, E. P.

E. P. Dupont, R. Luisier, and M. A. M. Gijs, “NOA 63 as a UV-curable material for fabrication of microfluidic channels with native hydrophilicity,” Microelectron. Eng. 87(5–8), 1253–1255 (2010).
[Crossref]

Elagha, H. A.

Fang, H.-H.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feng, Q.

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fortunato, E.

E. Fortunato, P. Barquinha, and R. Martins, “Oxide semiconductor thin-film transistors: A review of recent advances,” Adv. Mater. 24(22), 2945–2986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gans, B.-J. D.

B.-J. D. Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymer: state of the art and future development,” Adv. Mater. 16(3), 203–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

George, D.

S. Damodara, D. George, and A. K. Sen, “Single step fabrication and characterization of PDMS micro lens and its use in optocapillary flow manipulation,” Sens. Actuator B 227, 383–392 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ghatak, A.

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gijs, M. A. M.

E. P. Dupont, R. Luisier, and M. A. M. Gijs, “NOA 63 as a UV-curable material for fabrication of microfluidic channels with native hydrophilicity,” Microelectron. Eng. 87(5–8), 1253–1255 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goldschmidt, J. C.

Gomez, V.

Gorecki, C.

Gruetzner, G.

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gupta, C.

M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hahn, J.

Hasegawa, S.

Hayakawa, M.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

Hirakata, Y.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hirsch, M.

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Rasker, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: Optimizing dual-layer 3D display using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

Hong, Y.

Hou, T.

Hu, A.

Huang, J. C.

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hwang, C.-S.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ishitani, T.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jang, C.

S. Lee, C. Jang, S. Moon, J. Cho, and B. Lee, “Additive light field displays: Realization of augmented reality with holographic optical element,” ACM Trans. Graph. 35(4), 60 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeong, Y.

Jung, S.

Kabzinski, B.

R. Barczyk, B. Kabzinski, D. J. Choromanska, and A. Stienss, “Measuring of the basic parameters of LCD displays, ” J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. 6(1), 46–48 (2012).

Kamal, T.

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khanna, A.

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, G.-H.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

J. Kim, Y. Jeong, H. Kim, C.-K. Lee, B. Lee, J. Hong, Y. Kim, Y. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “F-number matching method in light field microscopy using an elastic micro lens array,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2751–2754 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Kim, J. Kim, B. Lee, and S.-D. Lee, “Liquid crystal-based lenticular lens array with laterally shifting capability of the focusing effect for autostereoscopic displays,” Opt. Commun. 357, 52–57 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, J. Kim, J. Kim, B. Lee, and S.-D. Lee, “Liquid crystal-based lenticular lens array with laterally shifting capability of the focusing effect for autostereoscopic displays,” Opt. Commun. 357, 52–57 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. Y.

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y.-H.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-J.

M.-H. Shin, J.-Y. Lee, H.-R. Moon, and Y.-J. Kim, “Proposal and design of hybrid light guide plate based on aspheric concave surface and micropatterns to improve illuminance and color uniformity for LED display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(8S2), 08MF01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kimura, K.

Kong, G.

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kubota, D.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kubota, Y.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kusunoki, K.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kwon, B.-H.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Langenhorst, M.

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lanman, D.

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Rasker, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: Optimizing dual-layer 3D display using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lee, C. J.

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.-K.

Lee, H.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-I.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-Y.

M.-H. Shin, J.-Y. Lee, H.-R. Moon, and Y.-J. Kim, “Proposal and design of hybrid light guide plate based on aspheric concave surface and micropatterns to improve illuminance and color uniformity for LED display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(8S2), 08MF01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, C. Jang, S. Moon, J. Cho, and B. Lee, “Additive light field displays: Realization of augmented reality with holographic optical element,” ACM Trans. Graph. 35(4), 60 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-D.

J. Kim, Y. Jeong, H. Kim, C.-K. Lee, B. Lee, J. Hong, Y. Kim, Y. Hong, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “F-number matching method in light field microscopy using an elastic micro lens array,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2751–2754 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Kim, J. Kim, B. Lee, and S.-D. Lee, “Liquid crystal-based lenticular lens array with laterally shifting capability of the focusing effect for autostereoscopic displays,” Opt. Commun. 357, 52–57 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-W.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, W. M.

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. C.

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lubin, J.

G. A. Alphonse and J. Lubin, “Psychophysical requirement for tiled large screen displays,” Proc. SPIE 1664, 230–240 (1992).
[Crossref]

Luisier, R.

E. P. Dupont, R. Luisier, and M. A. M. Gijs, “NOA 63 as a UV-curable material for fabrication of microfluidic channels with native hydrophilicity,” Microelectron. Eng. 87(5–8), 1253–1255 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lv, G.

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, Q.

MacKenzie, J. D.

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manukyan, G.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martins, R.

E. Fortunato, P. Barquinha, and R. Martins, “Oxide semiconductor thin-film transistors: A review of recent advances,” Adv. Mater. 24(22), 2945–2986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCulloch, I.

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mishra, K.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohaime, M.

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moon, H.-R.

M.-H. Shin, J.-Y. Lee, H.-R. Moon, and Y.-J. Kim, “Proposal and design of hybrid light guide plate based on aspheric concave surface and micropatterns to improve illuminance and color uniformity for LED display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(8S2), 08MF01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Moon, S.

S. Lee, C. Jang, S. Moon, J. Cho, and B. Lee, “Additive light field displays: Realization of augmented reality with holographic optical element,” ACM Trans. Graph. 35(4), 60 (2016).
[Crossref]

Moriya, K.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mugele, F.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murade, C.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakano, M.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nieradko, L.

Niu, L.-G.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. M.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ottevaere, H.

Paetzold, U. W.

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Schumann, S. Wiesendanger, J. C. Goldschmidt, B. Bläsi, K. Bittkau, U. W. Paetzold, A. Sprafke, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. Rockstuhl, and M. Wegener, “Cloaked contact grids on solar cells by coordinate transformations: design and prototypes,” Optica 2(10), 850–853 (2015).
[Crossref]

Päivänranta, B.

Pan, C. T.

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-H.

Passilly, N.

Pfeiffer, K.

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pi, J.-E.

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pietarinen, J.

Rasker, R.

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Rasker, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: Optimizing dual-layer 3D display using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rawat, R. S.

M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rivnay, J.

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

Roghair, I.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rong, W.

Roy, A. C.

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubinstein, J.

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakurada, Y.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Salam, B.

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

Salleo, A.

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schubert, U. S.

B.-J. D. Gans, P. C. Duineveld, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing of polymer: state of the art and future development,” Adv. Mater. 16(3), 203–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schumann, M. F.

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Schumann, S. Wiesendanger, J. C. Goldschmidt, B. Bläsi, K. Bittkau, U. W. Paetzold, A. Sprafke, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. Rockstuhl, and M. Wegener, “Cloaked contact grids on solar cells by coordinate transformations: design and prototypes,” Optica 2(10), 850–853 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sen, A. K.

S. Damodara, D. George, and A. K. Sen, “Single step fabrication and characterization of PDMS micro lens and its use in optocapillary flow manipulation,” Sens. Actuator B 227, 383–392 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shan, X. C.

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shieh, H.-D.

C.-H. Tien, Y.-E. Chien, Y. Chiu, and H.-D. Shieh, “Microlens array fabricated by excimer laser micromachining with gray-tone photolithography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 3), 1280–1283 (2003).

Shin, M.-H.

M.-H. Shin, J.-Y. Lee, H.-R. Moon, and Y.-J. Kim, “Proposal and design of hybrid light guide plate based on aspheric concave surface and micropatterns to improve illuminance and color uniformity for LED display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(8S2), 08MF01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shishido, H.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shu, X.

Smeets, M.

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
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D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sprafke, A.

Springham, S. V.

M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stienss, A.

R. Barczyk, B. Kabzinski, D. J. Choromanska, and A. Stienss, “Measuring of the basic parameters of LCD displays, ” J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. 6(1), 46–48 (2012).

Sugimoto, K.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, D.

Sun, H.-B.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

Thienpont, H.

Tien, C.-H.

C.-H. Tien, Y.-E. Chien, Y. Chiu, and H.-D. Shieh, “Microlens array fabricated by excimer laser micromachining with gray-tone photolithography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 3), 1280–1283 (2003).

van den Ende, D.

K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voigt, A.

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, R.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

Watkins, R.

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
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M. F. Schumann, S. Wiesendanger, J. C. Goldschmidt, B. Bläsi, K. Bittkau, U. W. Paetzold, A. Sprafke, R. B. Wehrspohn, C. Rockstuhl, and M. Wegener, “Cloaked contact grids on solar cells by coordinate transformations: design and prototypes,” Optica 2(10), 850–853 (2015).
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Wiesendanger, S.

Wu, C.

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-Z.

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, T. T.

C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

Xie, D.

Xing, J.

Yadav, M.

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamashita, A.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, S.

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

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C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
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M. F. Schumann, M. Langenhorst, M. Smeets, K. Ding, U. W. Paetzold, and M. Wegener, “All-angle invisibility cloaking of contact fingers on solar cells by refractive free-form surfaces,” Adv. Optical Mater. 5(17), 1700164 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Wu, S.-Z. Wu, L.-G. Niu, Q.-D. Chen, R. Wang, J.-F. Song, H.-H. Fang, and H.-B. Sun, “High numerical aperture microlens arrays of close packing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

A. C. Arias, J. D. MacKenzie, I. McCulloch, J. Rivnay, and A. Salleo, “Materials and applications for large area electronics: Solution-based approaches,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 3–24 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. (1)

R. Barczyk, B. Kabzinski, D. J. Choromanska, and A. Stienss, “Measuring of the basic parameters of LCD displays, ” J. Autom, Mobile Robt. Intell. Syst. 6(1), 46–48 (2012).

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

C.-W. Byun, J.-H. Yang, J.-E. Pi, H. Lee, G.-H. Kim, B.-H. Kwon, S. Cho, J.-I. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, K.-I. Cho, S. Cho, S.-W. Lee, and C.-S. Hwang, “Light-adaptable display for the future advertising service,” J. Inf. Disp. 17(4), 159–167 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. Y. Kim, K. Pfeiffer, A. Voigt, G. Gruetzner, and J. Brugger, “Directly fabricated multi-scale microlens array on a hydrophobic flat surface by a simple ink-jet printing technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3053–3058 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

X. C. Shan, T. Liu, M. Mohaime, B. Salam, and Y. C. Liu, “Large format cylindrical lens films formed by roll-to-roll ultraviolet embossing and applications as diffusion films,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 25(3), 035029 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (3)

Q. Feng, Q. Li, Y. Wang, C. Wu, and G. Lv, “The design and optimization of lens array for LED backlight in LCD imaging engine of helmet-mounted display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25(5), 312–319 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Aston, “Design of large-area OLED displays utilizing seamless tiled components,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15(8), 535–540 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Ishitani, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, Y. Kubota, K. Moriya, A. Yamashita, Y. Sakurada, K. Kusunoki, H. Shishido, K. Sugimoto, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and M. Hayakawa, “Highly reliable mobile liquid crystal display using AlOx deposited by atomic layer deposition for side sealing structure,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 503–509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

C.-H. Tien, Y.-E. Chien, Y. Chiu, and H.-D. Shieh, “Microlens array fabricated by excimer laser micromachining with gray-tone photolithography,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 3), 1280–1283 (2003).

M.-H. Shin, J.-Y. Lee, H.-R. Moon, and Y.-J. Kim, “Proposal and design of hybrid light guide plate based on aspheric concave surface and micropatterns to improve illuminance and color uniformity for LED display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(8S2), 08MF01 (2014).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (1)

A. C. Roy, M. Yadav, E. P. Arul, A. Khanna, and A. Ghatak, “Generation of aspherical optical lenses via arrested spreading and pinching of a cross-linkable liquid,” Langmuir 32(21), 5356–5364 (2016).
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M. Ashraf, C. Gupta, F. Chollet, S. V. Springham, and R. S. Rawat, “Geometrical characterization techniques for microlens made by thermal reflow of photoresist cylinder,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 46(10), 711–720 (2008).
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K. Mishra, C. Murade, B. Carreel, I. Roghair, J. M. Oh, G. Manukyan, D. van den Ende, and F. Mugele, “Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6378 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kamal, R. Watkins, Z. Cen, J. Rubinstein, G. Kong, and W. M. Lee, “Design and fabrication of a passive droplet dispenser for portable high resolution imaging system,” Sci. Rep. 7, 41482 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. T. Pan, T. T. Wu, M. F. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. J. Lee, and J. C. Huang, “Hot embossing of micro-lens array on bulk metallic glass,” Sens. Actuator A 141(2), 422–431 (2008).
[Crossref]

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S. Damodara, D. George, and A. K. Sen, “Single step fabrication and characterization of PDMS micro lens and its use in optocapillary flow manipulation,” Sens. Actuator B 227, 383–392 (2016).
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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Visualization 1 shows seamless display using cylindrical lens pair for white light emitting diode backlight with different viewing direction.
» Visualization 2       Visualization 2 shows seamless display using cylindrical lens pair for actual image with different viewing direction.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of (a) conventional tiled display, (b) seamless tiled display with lens pair. The insets show cross-section view of each displays.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fabrication process of a CLP with the dispenser printing method. The inset shows the continuous dispensing of NOA 63.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Cross-sectional profiles of the cylindrical lens with different (a) jetting pressure, (b) moving speed of stage, and (c) number of stacked layer. Optical image of CLP from (d) top and (e) cross-section view.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The image-forming behavior of a plano-convex lens. (b) Principle of seamlessness appearance due to the magnified virtual image of object generated by plano-convex lens pair.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculation results of (a) viewing angle ( θ ) and (b) magnification ( | M | ) with f-number ( F ) of the cylindrical lens and the thickness of glass ( t ). The insets are magnified graphs showing detailed data.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Coordinate systems of the optical system (a) without CLP and (b) with CLP. (c) The 3-D simulation view of the optical system. (d) Simulation and measurement results of normalized luminance of the optical system with CLP and those without CLP.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Seamless LED backlight and actual image on monitor observed from different viewing angle. The positive sign ( + ) of angles denotes clockwise rotation and the opposite direction is represented as the negative sign (-) of angles when viewed from the front of the image.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

M = f t f ( t < f ) ,
θ = 2 arc tan [ | M | ( D 2 s ) D 2 | M | t ] ,
F = f D ,
θ = 2 arc tan [ t 2 F s 2 F t ] .

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