Abstract

We present a MHz level high repetition rate gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser at 2.103 μm using a h-shaped mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser as the pump, for the first time. A NPR mode-locked Tm-doped ring cavity was designed as the seed, which could generate h-shaped pulses at 1.985 μm with a fundamental repetition rate of 1.435 MHz. It had a pump-dependent ns scale pulse duration with an almost unchanged peak amplitude. Then its output power and pulse energy were significantly scaled to 3.92W and 2.71 μJ, respectively based on a one-stage Tm-doped fiber based amplifier. After that, the amplified pulses were fed to a linear cavity Ho-doped fiber laser formed by a HR FBG and a perpendicularly cleaved fiber end, resulting in stable gain-switched pulses at 2.103 μm with a repetition rate of 1.435 MHz, which marks the record of gain-switched fiber lasers in this spectral region. At this repetition rate, the maximum output power of 1.13 W and pulse energy of 0.79 μJ were achieved at a high slope efficiency of 75.4% with respect to its absorbed pump power, giving the shortest pulse duration of 10.8 ns. The results indicated that the h-shaped pulses were an alternative choice for high repetition rate gain-switching in an all-fiber configuration.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (4)

2017 (3)

2016 (2)

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Huang, Y. L. Qi, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Versatile patterns of multiple rectangular noise-like pulses in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7356–7363 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (8)

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. H. Geng and S. B. Jiang, “Fiber lasers: The 2 μm market heats up,” Opt. Photonics News 25(7), 34–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hemming, N. Simakov, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A review of recent progress in holmium-doped silica fibre sources,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 621–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Larsen, K. P. Hansen, K. E. Mattsson, and O. Bang, “The all-fiber cladding-pumped Yb-doped gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1490–1499 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Zhang, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, C. Mou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped NOLM-based oscillator operating at 2-μm in both soliton and noisy-pulse regimes,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7875–7882 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. He, Z. Li, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on NPR and 45°-tilted fiber grating,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31020–31028 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

J. N. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Y. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1943–1946 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

2011 (4)

E. Ding, P. Grelu, and J. N. Kutz, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1146–1148 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, and J. Haub, “Efficient, polarised, gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Express 19(16), 14949–14954 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. L. Tang, F. Li, and J. Q. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 33(13), 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Rieger and A. Ullrich, “Resolving range ambiguities in high-repetition rate airborne lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 8186, 81860A (2011).

2010 (2)

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053819 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Xu, “High-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(22), 22964–22972 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

2008 (3)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Creeden, P. A. Ketteridge, P. A. Budni, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, K. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and M. Jiang, “Mid-infrared ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator directly pumped by a pulsed 2 microm Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 315–317 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2005 (3)

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Fried, “Thulium fiber laser lithotripsy: an in vitro analysis of stone fragmentation using a modulated 110-watt Thulium fiber laser at 1.94 μm,” Lasers Surg. Med. 37(1), 53–58 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Gain-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad silica fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1085–1089 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

F. Huang, Y. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Niu, “Study on application of high-repetition-rate solid state lasers in photoelectric countermeasure,” Infrared Laser Eng. 32(5), 465–467 (2003).

2000 (1)

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, “10 mJ total output from a gain-switched Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 182(1–3), 199–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 779–789 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

C. Larat, M. Schwarz, J. Pocholle, G. Feugnet, and M. R. Papuchon, “High-repetition rate, short-pulse, diode-pumped solid state laser for space communications,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 565–571 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Amzajerdian, F.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, B. Case, S. Jiang, F. Amzajerdian, and J. Yu, “Single-frequency gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3795–3797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ankiewicz, A.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bai, J. T.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

Barnes, B. W.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bennetts, S.

Beyon, J. Y.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bruns, D. L.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budni, P. A.

Cai, Z. P.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carter, A.

A. Hemming, N. Simakov, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A review of recent progress in holmium-doped silica fibre sources,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 621–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hollitt, N. Simakov, A. Hemming, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A linearly polarised, pulsed Ho-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16285–16290 (2012).
[Crossref]

Case, B.

Chang, W.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chatterjee, S.

Chen, X. M.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

Chowdhury, S. D.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Creeden, D.

Dickinson, B. C.

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, “10 mJ total output from a gain-switched Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 182(1–3), 199–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ding, E.

Dong, J. X.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z. J.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Feugnet, G.

C. Larat, M. Schwarz, J. Pocholle, G. Feugnet, and M. R. Papuchon, “High-repetition rate, short-pulse, diode-pumped solid state laser for space communications,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 565–571 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fried, N. M.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Fried, “Thulium fiber laser lithotripsy: an in vitro analysis of stone fragmentation using a modulated 110-watt Thulium fiber laser at 1.94 μm,” Lasers Surg. Med. 37(1), 53–58 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

Geng, J. H.

J. H. Geng and S. B. Jiang, “Fiber lasers: The 2 μm market heats up,” Opt. Photonics News 25(7), 34–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grelu, P.

Hai, Y.

Hale, C. P.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Han, L.

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hannon, S. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hansen, K. P.

Haub, J.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Hemming, A.

Henderson, S. W.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hollitt, S.

Hou, J.

Hu, T.

Hu, Y. X.

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, F.

F. Huang, Y. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Niu, “Study on application of high-repetition-rate solid state lasers in photoelectric countermeasure,” Infrared Laser Eng. 32(5), 465–467 (2003).

Huang, Y. Q.

Huang, Y. Z.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Q-switched induced gain switching of a two-transition cascade laser,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13123–13128 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Wu, D. Ottaway, J. Munch, D. G. Lancaster, S. Bennetts, and S. D. Jackson, “Gain-switched holmium-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20872–20877 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, “10 mJ total output from a gain-switched Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 182(1–3), 199–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 779–789 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, S. B.

J. H. Geng and S. B. Jiang, “Fiber lasers: The 2 μm market heats up,” Opt. Photonics News 25(7), 34–41 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ju, Y. L.

Kavaya, M. J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ketteridge, P. A.

King, T. A.

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, “10 mJ total output from a gain-switched Tm-doped fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 182(1–3), 199–203 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(5), 779–789 (1998).
[Crossref]

Koch, G. J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kutz, J. N.

Lai, X.

Lancaster, D. G.

Larat, C.

C. Larat, M. Schwarz, J. Pocholle, G. Feugnet, and M. R. Papuchon, “High-repetition rate, short-pulse, diode-pumped solid state laser for space communications,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 565–571 (1994).
[Crossref]

Larsen, C.

Li, F.

Y. L. Tang, F. Li, and J. Q. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 33(13), 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, J.

H. Luo, J. Li, Y. Hai, X. Lai, and Y. Liu, “State-switchable and wavelength-tunable gain-switched mid-infrared fiber laser in the wavelength region around 2.94 μm,” Opt. Express 26(1), 63–79 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lyu, X. Zou, H. Shi, C. Liu, C. Wei, J. Li, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Multipulse dynamics under dissipative soliton resonance conditions,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13286–13295 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Luo, J. Li, C. Zhu, X. Lai, Y. Hai, and Y. Liu, “Cascaded gain-switching in the mid-infrared region,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 16891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Zhang, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, C. Mou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped NOLM-based oscillator operating at 2-μm in both soliton and noisy-pulse regimes,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7875–7882 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. He, Z. Li, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on NPR and 45°-tilted fiber grating,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31020–31028 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Q-switched induced gain switching of a two-transition cascade laser,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13123–13128 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. F.

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, Y. Y.

Li, Z.

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. He, Z. Li, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on NPR and 45°-tilted fiber grating,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31020–31028 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

Y. Lyu, X. Zou, H. Shi, C. Liu, C. Wei, J. Li, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Multipulse dynamics under dissipative soliton resonance conditions,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13286–13295 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

H. Luo, J. Li, Y. Hai, X. Lai, and Y. Liu, “State-switchable and wavelength-tunable gain-switched mid-infrared fiber laser in the wavelength region around 2.94 μm,” Opt. Express 26(1), 63–79 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lyu, X. Zou, H. Shi, C. Liu, C. Wei, J. Li, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Multipulse dynamics under dissipative soliton resonance conditions,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13286–13295 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Luo, J. Li, C. Zhu, X. Lai, Y. Hai, and Y. Liu, “Cascaded gain-switching in the mid-infrared region,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 16891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. He, Z. Li, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on NPR and 45°-tilted fiber grating,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31020–31028 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Zhang, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, C. Mou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped NOLM-based oscillator operating at 2-μm in both soliton and noisy-pulse regimes,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7875–7882 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Long, J. Y.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lou, Q. H.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, R. G.

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, A. P.

Luo, H.

Luo, T.

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lyu, Y.

Ma, H. F.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Magee, J. R.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mattsson, K. E.

McCarthy, J. C.

Mou, C.

Munch, J.

Murray, K. E.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Niu, Y.

F. Huang, Y. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Niu, “Study on application of high-repetition-rate solid state lasers in photoelectric countermeasure,” Infrared Laser Eng. 32(5), 465–467 (2003).

Ottaway, D.

Pal, A.

Pal, D.

Pal, M.

Papuchon, M. R.

C. Larat, M. Schwarz, J. Pocholle, G. Feugnet, and M. R. Papuchon, “High-repetition rate, short-pulse, diode-pumped solid state laser for space communications,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 565–571 (1994).
[Crossref]

Paul, A.

Paul, M. C.

Peng, J.

Petro, M.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pocholle, J.

C. Larat, M. Schwarz, J. Pocholle, G. Feugnet, and M. R. Papuchon, “High-repetition rate, short-pulse, diode-pumped solid state laser for space communications,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 565–571 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pollak, T. M.

Qi, M.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y. L.

Ren, Z. Y.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rieger, P.

P. Rieger and A. Ullrich, “Resolving range ambiguities in high-repetition rate airborne light detection and ranging applications,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 6(1), 063552 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Rieger and A. Ullrich, “Resolving range ambiguities in high-repetition rate airborne lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 8186, 81860A (2011).

Schunemann, P. G.

Schwarz, M.

C. Larat, M. Schwarz, J. Pocholle, G. Feugnet, and M. R. Papuchon, “High-repetition rate, short-pulse, diode-pumped solid state laser for space communications,” Proc. SPIE 2210, 565–571 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sen, R.

Setzler, S. D.

Shen, D.

Shen, D. Y.

J. N. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Y. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1943–1946 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Simakov, N.

Singh, U. N.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. P.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Suni, P. J. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, Y.

Tang, Y. L.

Y. L. Tang and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped gain-switched narrow-band thulium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(7), 072702 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Tang, F. Li, and J. Q. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 33(13), 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tayebati, P.

Turistsyn, S. K.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Ullrich, A.

P. Rieger and A. Ullrich, “Resolving range ambiguities in high-repetition rate airborne light detection and ranging applications,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 6(1), 063552 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Rieger and A. Ullrich, “Resolving range ambiguities in high-repetition rate airborne lidar applications,” Proc. SPIE 8186, 81860A (2011).

Wang, J.

F. Huang, Y. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Niu, “Study on application of high-repetition-rate solid state lasers in photoelectric countermeasure,” Infrared Laser Eng. 32(5), 465–467 (2003).

Wang, L.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

J. N. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Y. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1943–1946 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, Y. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Niu, “Study on application of high-repetition-rate solid state lasers in photoelectric countermeasure,” Infrared Laser Eng. 32(5), 465–467 (2003).

Wang, Y. S.

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Gain-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad silica fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1085–1089 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. J.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wei, C.

Wei, Y. R.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, D. D.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, G. H.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, K. S.

Wu, X.

Xu, B.

Xu, H. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, J. Q.

Y. L. Tang and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped gain-switched narrow-band thulium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(7), 072702 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Tang, F. Li, and J. Q. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 33(13), 893–895 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xu, W. C.

Yan, Z.

Yang, L. Y.

Yang, Y.

Yao, B. Q.

Yin, K.

Young, Y. E.

Yu, J.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, B. Case, S. Jiang, F. Amzajerdian, and J. Yu, “Single-frequency gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3795–3797 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Z. J.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yuen, E. H.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Zawilski, K.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, F. P.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J. N.

J. N. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Y. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1943–1946 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, H. M.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhong, M.

Zhou, J.

H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, C.

H. Luo, J. Li, C. Zhu, X. Lai, Y. Hai, and Y. Liu, “Cascaded gain-switching in the mid-infrared region,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 16891 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, X.

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Appl. Phys. B (1)

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Y. L. Tang and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped gain-switched narrow-band thulium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(7), 072702 (2012).
[Crossref]

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J. N. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Y. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(19), 1943–1946 (2013).
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H. M. Zhao, Q. H. Lou, J. Zhou, F. P. Zhang, J. X. Dong, Y. R. Wei, G. H. Wu, Z. J. Yuan, Z. J. Fang, and Z. J. Wang, “High-repetition-rate MHz acousto-optic Q-switched fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1009–1011 (2008).
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Y. L. Tang, F. Li, and J. Q. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 33(13), 893–895 (2011).
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IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
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Infrared Laser Eng. (1)

F. Huang, Y. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Niu, “Study on application of high-repetition-rate solid state lasers in photoelectric countermeasure,” Infrared Laser Eng. 32(5), 465–467 (2003).

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P. Rieger and A. Ullrich, “Resolving range ambiguities in high-repetition rate airborne light detection and ranging applications,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 6(1), 063552 (2012).
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N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Z. Wang, J. F. Li, L. Han, R. G. Lu, Y. X. Hu, Z. Li, and Y. Liu, “Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser with a micro-fiber based black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065104 (2016).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Z. Y. Ren, X. M. Chen, J. Y. Long, M. Qi, D. Y. Shen, Y. S. Wang, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene Q-switched nanosecond Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055103 (2013).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

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G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petro, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
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Opt. Express (15)

Y. Zhang, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Gain-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad silica fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1085–1089 (2005).
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Y. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Xu, “High-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(22), 22964–22972 (2010).
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J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
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H. Luo, J. Li, Y. Hai, X. Lai, and Y. Liu, “State-switchable and wavelength-tunable gain-switched mid-infrared fiber laser in the wavelength region around 2.94 μm,” Opt. Express 26(1), 63–79 (2018).
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J. Li, Z. Zhang, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, C. Mou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “All-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped NOLM-based oscillator operating at 2-μm in both soliton and noisy-pulse regimes,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7875–7882 (2014).
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Y. Lyu, X. Zou, H. Shi, C. Liu, C. Wei, J. Li, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “Multipulse dynamics under dissipative soliton resonance conditions,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13286–13295 (2017).
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Y. Q. Huang, Y. L. Qi, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Versatile patterns of multiple rectangular noise-like pulses in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7356–7363 (2016).
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Opt. Lett. (7)

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, B. Case, S. Jiang, F. Amzajerdian, and J. Yu, “Single-frequency gain-switched Ho-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3795–3797 (2012).
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M. Jiang and P. Tayebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1797–1799 (2007).
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D. Creeden, P. A. Ketteridge, P. A. Budni, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, K. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and M. Jiang, “Mid-infrared ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator directly pumped by a pulsed 2 microm Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 315–317 (2008).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10770 (2015).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the gain-switched HDF laser pumped by a TDF based amplifier seeded by a h-shaped mode-locked TDF laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output characteristics of the h-shaped mode-locked TDF laser seed: (a) temporal single pulse waveforms and (b) optical spectra with the varied launched pump power, (c) temporal pulse trains, and (d) broadband and (e) narrowband scanned RF spectra at the launched pump power of 5.64 W, (f) output power and pulse energy as a function of the launched pump power.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output characteristics of the TDF based one-stage amplifier seeded by the h-shaped mode-locked TDF laser: (a) output optical spectra and temporal single pulse waveforms (inset) without and with amplifying, (b) amplified output power and pulse energy as a function of the launched pump power of the amplifier. Note: the seed power was fixed at the maximum value when amplifying.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output characteristics of the gain-switched HDF laser: (a) pulse trains (top) and single pulse waveform (bottom) at the absorbed pump power of 1.99 W, (b) output power, pulse energy, pulse duration as a function of the absorbed pump power, (c) broadband and (d) narrowband scanned optical spectra at the absorbed pump power of 1.99 W. Note: the pump here referred to the amplified h-shaped pulses.

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