Abstract

An optical vector network analysis (OVNA) based on double sidebands (DSB) modulation and the Pound Drever Hall (PDH) technique is proposed and demonstrated. The frequency responses measurement of the high Q optical device with high stability are achieved by transmitting the DSB modulation signals through the device. The high stability can be realized by using the PDH feedback loop. Compared with the conventional DSB-based OVNA, the proposed scheme with only one step measurement avoids the complex post-processing. Moreover, the long-term measurement with high stability can also be realized. A proof-of-concept experiment is carried out, which achieves the magnitude and phase responses of the Fabry-Perot interferometer, and there is no frequency response shift even though the test time is up to 90 minutes. The proposed method is simple and stable, which can be potentially applied in characterization and fabrication of high Q optical devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Short fiber resonant optic gyroscope using the high-frequency Pound–Drever–Hall technique

Xiaojun Jin, Yi Lin, Ying Lu, Huilian Ma, and Zhonghe Jin
Appl. Opt. 57(20) 5789-5793 (2018)

Stabilization of heterogeneous silicon lasers using Pound-Drever-Hall locking to Si3N4 ring resonators

Daryl T. Spencer, Michael L. Davenport, Tin Komljenovic, Sudharsanan Srinivasan, and John E. Bowers
Opt. Express 24(12) 13511-13517 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F. Xia, M. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact high order ring resonator filters using submicron silicon photonic wires for on-chip optical interconnects,” Opt. Express 15(19), 11934–11941 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. Uehara and K. Ueda, “Accurate measurement of ultralow loss in a high-finesse Fabry-Perot interferometer using the frequency response functions,” Appl. Phys. B 61(1), 9–15 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  6. Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Sagues, M. Pérez, and A. Loayssa, “Measurement of polarization dependent loss, polarization mode dispersion and group delay of optical components using swept optical single sideband modulated signals,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16181–16188 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Barley, “Single-scan interferometric component analyzer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(2), 263–265 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. K. Gifford, B. J. Soller, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, “Optical vector network analyzer for single-scan measurements of loss, group delay, and polarization mode dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 44(34), 7282–7286 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, “Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1334–1336 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. M. Baney and B. Szafraniec, “Elementary matrix method for dispersion analysis in optical systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 294–307 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. Z. Tang, S. Pan, and J. Yao, “A high resolution optical vector network analyzer based on a wideband and wavelength-tunable optical single-sideband modulator,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6555–6560 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Xue and S. Pan, “Influence of unwanted first-order sideband on optical vector analysis based on optical single-sideband modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(13), 2580–2586 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Pan and M. Xue, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical vector analysis based on optical single-sideband modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(4), 836–845 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accuracy improvement of optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3595–3598 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accurate optical vector network analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and balanced photodetection,” Opt. Lett. 40(4), 569–572 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Large dynamic range optical vector analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and Hilbert transform,” Appl. Phys. B 122(7), 197 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Sagues and A. Loayssa, “Swept optical single sideband modulation for spectral measurement applications using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17555–17568 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. A. Loayssa, R. Hernández, D. Benito, and S. Galech, “Characterization of stimulated Brillouin scattering spectra by use of optical single-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 29(6), 638–640 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. Wang and J. Yao, “Optical vector network analyzer based on unbalanced double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 753–756 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, W. Li, N. Zhu, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on asymmetrical optical double-sideband modulation using a dual-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4665–4671 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on double-sideband modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3671–3674 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. T. Qing, M. Xue, M. Huang, and S. Pan, “Measurement of optical magnitude response based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6174–6176 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. W. Jun, L. Wang, C. Yang, M. Li, N. H. Zhu, J. Guo, L. Xiong, and W. Li, “Optical vector network analyzer based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 42(21), 4426–4429 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. M. Xue, S. Liu, and S. Pan, “High-resolution optical vector analysis based on symmetric double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(5), 491–494 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  30. S. Liu, M. Xue, J. Fu, L. Wu, and S. Pan, “Ultrahigh-resolution and wideband optical vector analysis for arbitrary responses,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 727–730 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. E. D. Black, “An introduction to Pound-Drever-Hall laser frequency stabilization,” Am. J. Phys. 69(1), 79–87 (2001).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

M. Xue, S. Liu, and S. Pan, “High-resolution optical vector analysis based on symmetric double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(5), 491–494 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, M. Xue, J. Fu, L. Wu, and S. Pan, “Ultrahigh-resolution and wideband optical vector analysis for arbitrary responses,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 727–730 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

2016 (4)

T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on double-sideband modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3671–3674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Large dynamic range optical vector analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and Hilbert transform,” Appl. Phys. B 122(7), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (5)

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accuracy improvement of optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3595–3598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Qing, M. Xue, M. Huang, and S. Pan, “Measurement of optical magnitude response based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6174–6176 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

M. Wang and J. Yao, “Optical vector network analyzer based on unbalanced double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 753–756 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Barley, “Single-scan interferometric component analyzer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(2), 263–265 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, “Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1334–1336 (2001).
[Crossref]

E. D. Black, “An introduction to Pound-Drever-Hall laser frequency stabilization,” Am. J. Phys. 69(1), 79–87 (2001).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

N. Uehara and K. Ueda, “Accurate measurement of ultralow loss in a high-finesse Fabry-Perot interferometer using the frequency response functions,” Appl. Phys. B 61(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

Abdallah, Z.

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ansell, D.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balac, S.

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baney, D. M.

Barley, D. M.

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Barley, “Single-scan interferometric component analyzer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(2), 263–265 (2003).
[Crossref]

Benito, D.

Black, E. D.

E. D. Black, “An introduction to Pound-Drever-Hall laser frequency stabilization,” Am. J. Phys. 69(1), 79–87 (2001).
[Crossref]

Boucher, Y. G.

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Britnell, L.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, T.

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chi, H.

Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernandez, A.

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froggatt, M. E.

Fu, J.

Galech, S.

Geim, A. K.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gifford, D. K.

Gorbachev, R. V.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorenko, A. N.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

Hernández, R.

Huang, M.

Jalil, R.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Javerzac-Galy, C.

C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun, W.

Kabashin, A. V.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kippenberg, T. J.

C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravets, V. G.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

Li, S.

Li, W.

T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, W. Li, N. Zhu, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on asymmetrical optical double-sideband modulation using a dual-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4665–4671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Jun, L. Wang, C. Yang, M. Li, N. H. Zhu, J. Guo, L. Xiong, and W. Li, “Optical vector network analyzer based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 42(21), 4426–4429 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. G.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

M. Xue, S. Liu, and S. Pan, “High-resolution optical vector analysis based on symmetric double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(5), 491–494 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, M. Xue, J. Fu, L. Wu, and S. Pan, “Ultrahigh-resolution and wideband optical vector analysis for arbitrary responses,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 727–730 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Llopis, O.

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loayssa, A.

Ludvigsen, H.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, “Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1334–1336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Motamedi, A. R.

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Barley, “Single-scan interferometric component analyzer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(2), 263–265 (2003).
[Crossref]

Niemi, T.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, “Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1334–1336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Novoselov, K. S.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, S.

M. Xue, S. Liu, and S. Pan, “High-resolution optical vector analysis based on symmetric double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(5), 491–494 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, M. Xue, J. Fu, L. Wu, and S. Pan, “Ultrahigh-resolution and wideband optical vector analysis for arbitrary responses,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 727–730 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue and S. Pan, “Influence of unwanted first-order sideband on optical vector analysis based on optical single-sideband modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(13), 2580–2586 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, W. Li, N. Zhu, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on asymmetrical optical double-sideband modulation using a dual-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4665–4671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pan and M. Xue, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical vector analysis based on optical single-sideband modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(4), 836–845 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on double-sideband modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3671–3674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Large dynamic range optical vector analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and Hilbert transform,” Appl. Phys. B 122(7), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accurate optical vector network analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and balanced photodetection,” Opt. Lett. 40(4), 569–572 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Qing, M. Xue, M. Huang, and S. Pan, “Measurement of optical magnitude response based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6174–6176 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accuracy improvement of optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3595–3598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Tang, S. Pan, and J. Yao, “A high resolution optical vector network analyzer based on a wideband and wavelength-tunable optical single-sideband modulator,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6555–6560 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pérez, M.

Qing, T.

Rooks, M.

Sagues, M.

Schedin, F.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sekaric, L.

Soller, B. J.

Suh, M. G.

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, W. H.

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

Szafraniec, B.

Tang, Z.

Thackray, B.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ueda, K.

N. Uehara and K. Ueda, “Accurate measurement of ultralow loss in a high-finesse Fabry-Perot interferometer using the frequency response functions,” Appl. Phys. B 61(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

Uehara, N.

N. Uehara and K. Ueda, “Accurate measurement of ultralow loss in a high-finesse Fabry-Perot interferometer using the frequency response functions,” Appl. Phys. B 61(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

Uusimaa, M.

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, “Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1334–1336 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

VanWiggeren, G. D.

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Barley, “Single-scan interferometric component analyzer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(2), 263–265 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y.

Wang, L.

Wang, L. X.

W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang and J. Yao, “Optical vector network analyzer based on unbalanced double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 753–756 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. T.

W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wolfe, M. S.

Wu, L.

Xia, F.

Xiong, L.

Xue, M.

S. Liu, M. Xue, J. Fu, L. Wu, and S. Pan, “Ultrahigh-resolution and wideband optical vector analysis for arbitrary responses,” Opt. Lett. 43(4), 727–730 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue, S. Liu, and S. Pan, “High-resolution optical vector analysis based on symmetric double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(5), 491–494 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Pan and M. Xue, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical vector analysis based on optical single-sideband modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(4), 836–845 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Xue and S. Pan, “Influence of unwanted first-order sideband on optical vector analysis based on optical single-sideband modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(13), 2580–2586 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, W. Li, N. Zhu, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on asymmetrical optical double-sideband modulation using a dual-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4665–4671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Qing, S. Li, M. Xue, and S. Pan, “Optical vector analysis based on double-sideband modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3671–3674 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Large dynamic range optical vector analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and Hilbert transform,” Appl. Phys. B 122(7), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accurate optical vector network analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and balanced photodetection,” Opt. Lett. 40(4), 569–572 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Qing, M. Xue, M. Huang, and S. Pan, “Measurement of optical magnitude response based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(21), 6174–6176 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Accuracy improvement of optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 39(12), 3595–3598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, C.

Yao, J.

M. Wang and J. Yao, “Optical vector network analyzer based on unbalanced double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 753–756 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Tang, S. Pan, and J. Yao, “A high resolution optical vector network analyzer based on a wideband and wavelength-tunable optical single-sideband modulator,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6555–6560 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Zhu, N.

Zhu, N. H.

W. Jun, L. Wang, C. Yang, M. Li, N. H. Zhu, J. Guo, L. Xiong, and W. Li, “Optical vector network analyzer based on double-sideband modulation,” Opt. Lett. 42(21), 4426–4429 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

E. D. Black, “An introduction to Pound-Drever-Hall laser frequency stabilization,” Am. J. Phys. 69(1), 79–87 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

N. Uehara and K. Ueda, “Accurate measurement of ultralow loss in a high-finesse Fabry-Perot interferometer using the frequency response functions,” Appl. Phys. B 61(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Xue, S. Pan, and Y. Zhao, “Large dynamic range optical vector analyzer based on optical single-sideband modulation and Hilbert transform,” Appl. Phys. B 122(7), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

W. Li, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Optical vector network analyzer based on single-sideband modulation and segmental measurement,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7901108 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (7)

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. H. Sun, W. T. Wang, L. X. Wang, J. G. Liu, and N. H. Zhu, “Reduction of measurement error of optical vector network analyzer based on DPMZM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(9), 866–869 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Niemi, M. Uusimaa, and H. Ludvigsen, “Limitations of phase-shift method in measuring dense group delay ripple of fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1334–1336 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. D. VanWiggeren, A. R. Motamedi, and D. M. Barley, “Single-scan interferometric component analyzer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(2), 263–265 (2003).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, H. Chi, X. Zhang, and J. Yao, “Optical single-sideband modulation using a fiber-Bragg-grating-based optical Hilbert transformer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(9), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Wang and J. Yao, “Optical vector network analyzer based on unbalanced double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 753–756 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Xue, S. Liu, and S. Pan, “High-resolution optical vector analysis based on symmetric double-sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(5), 491–494 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Commun. (2)

C. Lecaplain, C. Javerzac-Galy, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mid-infrared ultra-high-Q resonators based on fluoride crystalline materials,” Nat. Commun. 7, 13383 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lee, M. G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, R. Jalil, L. Britnell, R. V. Gorbachev, D. Ansell, B. Thackray, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, A. V. Kabashin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Singular phase nano-optics in plasmonic metamaterials for label-free single-molecule detection,” Nat. Mater. 12(4), 304–309 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Sci. Rep. (1)

Z. Abdallah, Y. G. Boucher, A. Fernandez, S. Balac, and O. Llopis, “Radio frequency spectral characterization and model parameters extraction of high Q optical resonators,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27208 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the proposed OVNA based on DSB modulation and the PDH technique. (b) Optical spectra of the signals at different points. LD: laser diode; PC: polarization controller; PM: phase modulator; DUT: device under test; PD: photo detector; EA: electrical amplifier; LPF: low pass filter; RF: radio frequency; PID: proportional-integral-derivative amplifier; EVNA: electrical vector network analyzer.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical spectra of DSB modulation with various modulation frequencies before the DUT.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Magnitude and (b) phase responses of the DUT measured by the proposed DSB-based OVNA in the wideband range.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Magnitude and (b) phase responses of the DUT measured by the proposed OVNA with PDH feedback loop at various test time point.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Magnitude and (b) phase responses of the DUT measured by the proposed OVNA without PDH feedback loop at various test time point.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E D S B i n ( t ) = exp ( i ω 0 t ) exp [ i β × cos ( ω e t ) ] ,
E D S B i n ( ω ) = n = { 2 π i n J n ( β ) δ [ ω ( ω 0 + n ω e ) ] } ,
E D S B o u t ( ω ) = n = { 2 π i n H ( ω 0 + n ω e ) J n ( β ) δ [ ω ( ω 0 + n ω e ) ] } ,
i P D ( t ) = - 2 η n = Re { H [ ω 0 + ( n + 1 ) ω e ] H * [ ω 0 + ( n 1 ) ω e ] J n + 1 ( β ) J n 1 ( β ) exp ( i 2 ω e t ) } ,
i ( 2 ω e ) = 4 π η H ( ω 0 + ω e ) H * ( ω 0 ω e ) J 1 2 ( β ) .
i s y s ( 2 ω e ) = 4 π η H s y s ( ω 0 + ω e ) H s y s * ( ω 0 ω e ) J 1 2 ( β ) .
H D U T ( ω 0 + ω e ) H D U T * ( ω 0 ω e ) = i ( 2 ω e ) i s y s ( 2 ω e ) .

Metrics