Abstract

We present an experimental demonstration of polarization-independent performance in a forward and backward-pumped 2nd-order ultralong cavity Raman laser amplifiers with highly polarized pumps. Our findings show that the depolarization of the Stokes component due to gain saturation leads to polarization-insensitive performance in terms of output gain and relative intensity noise in the signal. These results pave the way for the use of individual highly polarized low-RIN semiconductor laser diodes in Raman-amplified optical communications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber lasers

Mercedes Alcón-Camas and Juan Diego Ania-Castañón
Opt. Express 18(23) 23569-23575 (2010)

Performance optimization in ultra-long Raman laser amplified 10×30 GBaud DP-QPSK transmission: balancing RIN and ASE noise

Francesca Gallazzi, Giuseppe Rizzelli, Md Asif Iqbal, Mingming Tan, Paul Harper, and Juan Diego Ania-Castañón
Opt. Express 25(18) 21454-21459 (2017)

1.3 µm Raman-bismuth fiber amplifier pumped by semiconductor disk laser

A. Chamorovskiy, J. Rautiainen, A. Rantamäki, K. M. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov
Opt. Express 19(7) 6433-6438 (2011)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262(1), 114–119 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durécu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, and S. Borne, “Influence of Polarization on Pump-Signal RIN Transfer and Cross-Phase Modulation in Co-pumped Raman Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3490–3505 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Ania-Castañón, “Quasi-lossless transmission using second-order Raman amplification and fibre Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4372–4377 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. A. Iqbal, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, G. Rizzelli, F. Gallazzi, A. E. El-Taher, W. Forysiak, P. Harper, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Noise Performance Improvement of Broadband Distributed Raman Amplifier Using Dual Order Bidirectional Pumping,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AF4G.2.
  5. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic University, 1995).
  6. M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, “Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(8), 1140–1148 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Emori, S.-I. Matsushita, and S. Namiki, “Cost-effective depolarized diode pump unit designed for C-band flat-gain Raman amplifiers to control EDFA gain profile,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest Postconference Edition. Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.37, Baltimore, MD, USA, 2000, pp. 106–108.
  9. C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimizing the Noise Performance of Broad-Band WDM Systems with Distributed Raman Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1199–1201 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Chiarello, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, R. Gamatham, and A. Galtarossa, “Experimental characterization of the counter-propagating Raman polarization attraction,” Opt. Express 20(23), 26050–26055 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. G. Rizzelli, P. Rosa, P. Corredera, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Transmission Span Optimization in Fiber Systems with Cavity and Random Distributed Feedback Ultralong Raman Laser Amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(22), 4967–4972 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. M. Martinelli, M. Cirigliano, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, and P. Martelli, “Evidence of Raman-induced polarization pulling,” Opt. Express 17(2), 947–955 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. V. V. Kozlov, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. Wabnitz, “Theoretical study of optical fiber Raman polarizers with counterpropagating beams,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29 (3), 341–347 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, and J.-C. Bouteiller, “RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fibre amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 38(9), 403–405 (2002).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Kozlov, J. Nuño, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. Wabnitz, “Theoretical study of optical fiber Raman polarizers with counterpropagating beams,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29 (3), 341–347 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262(1), 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durécu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, and S. Borne, “Influence of Polarization on Pump-Signal RIN Transfer and Cross-Phase Modulation in Co-pumped Raman Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3490–3505 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2002 (3)

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimizing the Noise Performance of Broad-Band WDM Systems with Distributed Raman Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1199–1201 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, and J.-C. Bouteiller, “RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fibre amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 38(9), 403–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Ania-Castañón, J.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

Babin, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bayart, D.

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

Borne, S.

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durécu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, and S. Borne, “Influence of Polarization on Pump-Signal RIN Transfer and Cross-Phase Modulation in Co-pumped Raman Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3490–3505 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bouteiller, J.-C.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, and J.-C. Bouteiller, “RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fibre amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 38(9), 403–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

Brinkmeyer, E.

M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bromage, J.

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiarello, F.

F. Chiarello, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, R. Gamatham, and A. Galtarossa, “Experimental characterization of the counter-propagating Raman polarization attraction,” Opt. Express 20(23), 26050–26055 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cierullies, S.

M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cirigliano, M.

Corredera, P.

Durecu-Legrand, A.

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

Durécu-Legrand, A.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ellingham, T. J.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ferrario, M.

Fludger, C. R. S.

Friberg, A. T.

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262(1), 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Galtarossa, A.

Gamatham, R.

Handerek, V.

Harper, P.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Headley, C.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, and J.-C. Bouteiller, “RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fibre amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 38(9), 403–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ibbotson, R.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iqbal, M. A.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C. H.

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kozlov, V. V.

Krause, M.

M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
[Crossref]

Le, S. T.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorcy, L.

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durécu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, and S. Borne, “Influence of Polarization on Pump-Signal RIN Transfer and Cross-Phase Modulation in Co-pumped Raman Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3490–3505 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

Marazzi, L.

Martelli, P.

Martinelli, C.

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durécu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, and S. Borne, “Influence of Polarization on Pump-Signal RIN Transfer and Cross-Phase Modulation in Co-pumped Raman Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3490–3505 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

Martinelli, M.

Mears, R. J.

Mermelstein, M. D.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, and J.-C. Bouteiller, “RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fibre amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 38(9), 403–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mongardien, D.

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durécu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, and S. Borne, “Influence of Polarization on Pump-Signal RIN Transfer and Cross-Phase Modulation in Co-pumped Raman Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(9), 3490–3505 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nuño, J.

Palmieri, L.

F. Chiarello, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, R. Gamatham, and A. Galtarossa, “Experimental characterization of the counter-propagating Raman polarization attraction,” Opt. Express 20(23), 26050–26055 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
[Crossref]

Perlin, V. E.

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimizing the Noise Performance of Broad-Band WDM Systems with Distributed Raman Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1199–1201 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phillips, I. D.

Podivilov, E. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popov, S.

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262(1), 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Renner, H.

M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rizzelli, G.

Rosa, P.

Santagiustina, M.

F. Chiarello, L. Palmieri, M. Santagiustina, R. Gamatham, and A. Galtarossa, “Experimental characterization of the counter-propagating Raman polarization attraction,” Opt. Express 20(23), 26050–26055 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sergeyev, S.

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262(1), 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sugavanam, S.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, M. A. Iqbal, I. D. Phillips, and P. Harper, “Transmission performance improvement using random DFB laser based Raman amplification and bidirectional second-order pumping,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2215–2221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Impact of nonlinear spectral broadening in ultra-long Raman fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16690–16695 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ursini, L.

F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wabnitz, S.

Winful, H. G.

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimizing the Noise Performance of Broad-Band WDM Systems with Distributed Raman Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1199–1201 (2002).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, and J.-C. Bouteiller, “RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fibre amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 38(9), 403–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

M. Tan, P. Rosa, S. T. Le, V. V. Dvoyrin, M. A. Iqbal, S. Sugavanam, S. K. Turitsyn, and P. Harper, “RIN Mitigation and Transmission Performance Enhancement with Forward Broadband Pump,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 254–257 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Chiarello, L. Ursini, L. Palmieri, and M. Santagiustina, “Polarization attraction in counterpropagating fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(20), 1457–1459 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, and D. Bayart, “RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1836–1838 (2005).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, “Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh Backscattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(7), 914–916 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimizing the Noise Performance of Broad-Band WDM Systems with Distributed Raman Amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1199–1201 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Modeling polarization-dependent gain in fiber Raman amplifiers with randomly varying birefringence,” Opt. Commun. 262(1), 114–119 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Krause, S. Cierullies, H. Renner, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Pump-to-Stokes RIN transfer in Raman fiber lasers and its impact on the performance of co-pumped Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 656–661 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. D. Ania-Castañón, T. J. Ellingham, R. Ibbotson, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Ultralong Raman Fiber Lasers as Virtually Lossless Optical Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(2), 023902 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Y. Emori, S.-I. Matsushita, and S. Namiki, “Cost-effective depolarized diode pump unit designed for C-band flat-gain Raman amplifiers to control EDFA gain profile,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest Postconference Edition. Trends in Optics and Photonics Vol.37, Baltimore, MD, USA, 2000, pp. 106–108.

M. A. Iqbal, M. Tan, L. Krzczanowicz, G. Rizzelli, F. Gallazzi, A. E. El-Taher, W. Forysiak, P. Harper, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Noise Performance Improvement of Broadband Distributed Raman Amplifier Using Dual Order Bidirectional Pumping,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AF4G.2.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic University, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the second-order URFL with polarized pump.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Secondary pump DOP vs. primary pump power for 50 km DCF (black - FW lasing, red - BW lasing) and SMF (green - FW lasing, blue - BW lasing) URFL cavities. (b) Secondary pump power spectra for different primary pump powers (solid - FW lasing, dashed - BW lasing).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output signal DOP vs. signal On-Off gain, for a depolarized (a) and polarized (b) signal, using forward (solid) and backward (dashed) fully polarized 2nd order pumping in SMF (blue, stars) and DCF (green, diamonds) fiber cavities.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Required pump power vs. signal On-Off gain, for a depolarized signal, using forward (a) and backward (b) 2nd order pumping in SMF (black, squares) and DCF (red, circles) fiber cavities. Continuous lines correspond to highly polarized pumps, whereas dashed lines correspond to fully depolarized ones.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Signal RIN vs. signal On-Off gain, for a depolarized signal, using forward (a) and backward (b) second-order pumping in SMF (black, squares) and DCF (red, circles) fiber cavities. Continuous lines correspond to highly polarized pumps, whereas dashed lines correspond to fully depolarized ones.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Required pump power vs. signal On-Off gain, for a polarized signal, using forward (a) and backward (b) second-order pumping in SMF (black, squares) and DCF (red, circles) fiber cavities. Continuous lines correspond to highly polarized pumps, whereas dashed lines correspond to fully depolarized ones.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Signal RIN vs. signal On-Off gain, for a polarized signal, using forward (a) and backward (b) second-order pumping in SMF (black, squares) and DCF (red, circles) fiber cavities. Continuous lines correspond to highly polarized pumps, whereas dashed lines correspond to fully depolarized ones.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main fiber parameters.

Metrics