Abstract

Stokes vector receivers (SVR) bridge the 4-D (i.e. dual-polarization complex signals) coherent detection and the conventional intensity-only 1-D direct detection (DD). By multi-dimensional polarization modulation in Stokes space, SVR maximizes the electrical spectral efficiency (ESE) of DD receivers by recovering at most 3-D signals. However, most 3-D schemes lack the capability of optical field recovery, an essential requirement for digital post-compensation of fiber dispersion that elongates the achievable distance. We propose a 3-D Stokes-space field modulation to enable 3-D signal field recovery, verified by a 3-D 32-Gbaud per dimension probabilistic-constellation-shaped 64-QAM transmission over 260-km fiber at C-band. This sets an ESE record of 16.5 (net ESE of 13.9) bit/s/Hz for DD receivers.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

24 January 2019: A typographical correction was made to the title.


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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  4. M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.
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    [Crossref]
  10. T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers–Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. F. Buchali, F. Steiner, G. Böcherer, L. Schmalen, P. Schulte, and W. Idler, “Rate adaptation and reach increase by probabilistically shaped 64-QAM: an experimental demonstration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1599–1609 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Analog polarization identification for asymmetric polarization modulations in Stokes space,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2018), We2.38.
  18. C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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2018 (2)

2017 (2)

2016 (3)

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

Alvarado, A.

Antonelli, C.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers–Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Arbab, V. R.

Armstrong, J.

Bai, Y.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

Bayvel, P.

Böcherer, G.

Buchali, F.

Chagnon, M.

M. Chagnon and D. V. Plant, “504 and 462 Gb/s direct detect transceiver for single carrier short-reach data center applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.2.
[Crossref]

M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Che, D.

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Direct detection of the optical field beyond single polarization mode,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3368–3380 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Analog polarization identification for asymmetric polarization modulations in Stokes space,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2018), We2.38.

Chen, X.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Chi, S.

Cho, J.

J. Cho, L. Schmalen, and P. J. Winzer, “Normalized generalized mutual information as a forward error correction threshold for probabilistically shaped QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2017), M2D.2.

Christen, L. C.

Cui, Y.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

Du, L. B.

B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, and A. J. Lowery, “100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), PDPC3.

Erkilinç, M. S.

Fehenberger, T.

Feng, K. M.

Galdino, L.

Hanik, N.

Hoang, T.

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

Idler, W.

Jiang, M.

Killey, R. I.

Lessard, S.

M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.

Li, A.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

Li, Z.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “SSBI mitigation and the Kramers–Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

Lowery, A.

Lowery, A. J.

B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, and A. J. Lowery, “100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), PDPC3.

Mecozzi, A.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers–Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Morsy-Osman, M.

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

Osman, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

Paquet, C.

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

Paquet, S.

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

Patel, D.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

Peng, W.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

Peng, W.-R.

Plant, D.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

Plant, D. V.

M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.

M. Chagnon and D. V. Plant, “504 and 462 Gb/s direct detect transceiver for single carrier short-reach data center applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.2.
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

Poulin, M.

M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.

Raybon, G.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Samani, A.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

Schmalen, L.

F. Buchali, F. Steiner, G. Böcherer, L. Schmalen, P. Schulte, and W. Idler, “Rate adaptation and reach increase by probabilistically shaped 64-QAM: an experimental demonstration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1599–1609 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Cho, L. Schmalen, and P. J. Winzer, “Normalized generalized mutual information as a forward error correction threshold for probabilistically shaped QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2017), M2D.2.

Schmidt, B. J.

B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, and A. J. Lowery, “100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), PDPC3.

Schulte, P.

Shamee, B.

Shi, K.

Shieh, W.

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Direct detection of the optical field beyond single polarization mode,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3368–3380 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Analog polarization identification for asymmetric polarization modulations in Stokes space,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2018), We2.38.

Shtaif, M.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers–Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica 3(11), 1220–1227 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Sillekens, E.

Sinsky, J.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Sowailem, M.

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

Steiner, F.

Sun, C.

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Direct detection of the optical field beyond single polarization mode,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3368–3380 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Analog polarization identification for asymmetric polarization modulations in Stokes space,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2018), We2.38.

Thomsen, B. C.

Veerasubramanian, V.

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

Wang, Y.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

Wen, Y.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

Willner, A. E.

Winzer, P.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

Winzer, P. J.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. J. Winzer, “Polarization multiplexing with the Kramers-Kronig receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(24), 5418–5424 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Cho, L. Schmalen, and P. J. Winzer, “Normalized generalized mutual information as a forward error correction threshold for probabilistically shaped QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2017), M2D.2.

Woods, I.

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Xing, Z.

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

Yang, J. Y.

Zan, Z.

B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, and A. J. Lowery, “100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), PDPC3.

Zhang, F.

Zhu, Y.

Zhuge, Q.

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (4)

Optica (1)

Other (11)

B. J. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, and A. J. Lowery, “100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2009), PDPC3.

D. Che, A. Li, X. Chen, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, and W. Shieh, “160-Gb/s Stokes vector direct detection for short reach optical communication,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), Th5C.7.

M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “1λ × 224 Gb/s 10 km transmission of polarization division multiplexed PAM-4 signals using 1.3 μm SiP intensity modulator and a direct-detection MIMO-based receiver,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), PD.4.4.

T. Hoang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Sowailem, M. Morsy-Osman, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector receiver and reduced-complexity SSBI cancellation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), W4E.7.
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “1 λ, 6 bits/symbol, 280 and 350 Gb/s direct detection transceiver using intensity modulation, polarization multiplexing, and inter-polarization phase modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), Th5C.2.

A. Li, Z. Li, Y. Wen, W. Peng, Y. Cui, and Y. Bai, “192-Gb/s 160-km transmission of carrier-assisted dual polarization signal with Stokes vector direct detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2016), W1A.2.

M. Chagnon and D. V. Plant, “504 and 462 Gb/s direct detect transceiver for single carrier short-reach data center applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.2.
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, M. Osman, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, Q. Zhuge, and D. V. Plant, “280-Gb/s 320-km transmission of polarization-division multiplexed QAM-PAM with stokes vector receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), W3B.4.
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, J. Sinsky, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard singlemode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), Th5B.6.

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Analog polarization identification for asymmetric polarization modulations in Stokes space,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2018), We2.38.

J. Cho, L. Schmalen, and P. J. Winzer, “Normalized generalized mutual information as a forward error correction threshold for probabilistically shaped QAM,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2017), M2D.2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Spectra allocations of various polarization modulation formats: (a) 4-D POL-MUX DSB; (b) 2-D self-coherent polarization modulation [3]; (c) 2-D POL-MUX SSB [5]; (d) 3-D SS-FM. (e) Stokes vector receiver (SVR) with 3-D Stokes-space field recovery inside the dashed box. The table below (a-d) provides the optical/electrical spectral efficiency (OSE/ESE), assuming m as the bits per symbol. B: receiver bandwidth; IQ: complex signal; PR: polarization recovery; FR: field recovery; FC: frequency converter; subscript T/R: transmitter/receiver; superscript *: conjugate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experiment setup. ECL: external cavity laser; ∆f: optical frequency shifter; fc: carrier frequency; PC: polarization controller; PBC/PBS: polarization beam combiner/splitter; PD: single-ended photodiode; Tx/Rx: transmitter/receiver; PCS: probabilistic constellation shaping.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Received signal distributions in Stokes space: (a) before PR; (b) after PR. H/V: horizontal/vertical polarizations (the H-V line indicates the orientation of S1 axis); subscript T/R: transmitter/receiver.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 3-D SSFR performance: (a) B2B OSNR sensitivity per SSB signal; (b) overall system OSNR sensitivity (the GMI is averaged over the 3 SSB bands) with various distances. Insets: PCS 64-QAM constellations after 260-km transmission. GMI: generalized mutual information.

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