Abstract

We present an infrared source operating at 1937 nm center wavelength capable of generating 1.35 mJ pulse energies with 1 kHz repetition rate and 2 GW peak power based on a diode-pumped Tm:YAP regenerative amplifier. The obtained pulses after 45 round trips have been compressed down to 360 fs. Using only a small portion (15 μJ) of the output of the system we managed to generate a white light continuum in a 3 mm YAG window that exhibits the viability of the system as a suitable candidate for a pumping source of a mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (2)

2017 (7)

M. Gebhardt, C. Gaida, F. Stutzki, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Nonlinear pulse compression to 43 W GW-class few-cycle pulses at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 42, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Nomura and T. Fuji, “Efficient chirped-pulse amplification based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 012703 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. A. Rezvani, Z. Hong, X. Pang, S. Wu, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultrabroadband tunable OPA design using a spectrally broadened pump source,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3367–3370 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, P. Malevich, S. S. Kangaparambil, K. Ishida, M. Mizui, K. Yamanouchi, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuška, “Parametric amplification of 100 fs mid-infrared pulses in ZnGeP2 driven by a Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 42, 683–686 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Garejev, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Comparative study of multioctave supercontinuum generation in fused silica, YAG, and LiF in the range of anomalous group velocity dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34, 88–94 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (9)

C. Manzoni and G. Cerullo, “Design criteria for ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. 18, 103501 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Sanchez, M. Hemmer, M. Baudisch, S. L. Cousin, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, O. Chalus, C. Simon-Boisson, and J. Biegert, “7 μm, ultrafast, sub-millijoule-level mid-infrared optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier pumped at 2 μm,” Optica 3, 147–150 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Malevich, T. Kanai, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Broadband mid-infrared pulses from potassium titanyl arsenate/zinc germanium phosphate optical parametric amplifier pumped by Tm, Ho-fiber-seeded Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 41, 930–933 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yin, J. Li, X. Ren, K. Zhao, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, and Z. Chang, “High-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in BiB3O6 for generation of 3 mJ, two-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 1.7 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1142–1145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Taming chaos: 16 mJ picosecond Ho:YLF regenerative amplifier with 0.7kHz repetition rate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 123–130 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Gaida, M. Gebhardt, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Thulium-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system with 2 GW of peak power,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4130–4133 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Wienke, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Comparison between Tm:YAP and Ho:YAG ultrashort pulse regenerative amplification,” Opt. Express 24, 8632–8640 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Murari, H. Cankaya, P. Kroetz, G. Cirmi, P. Li, A. Ruehl, I. Hartl, and F. X. Kärtner, “Intracavity gain shaping in millijoule-level, high gain Ho:YLF regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1114–1117 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, D. Ueberschaer, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Ho:YLF chirped pulse amplification at kilohertz repetition rates - 4.3 ps pulses at 2 μm with GW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4668–4671 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (9)

F. Stutzki, C. Gaida, M. Gebhardt, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Tm-based fiber-laser system with more than 200 MW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 40, 9–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Hemmer, D. Sánchez, M. Jelínek, V. Smirnov, H. Jelinkova, V. Kubeček, and J. Biegert, “2-μm wavelength, high-energy Ho:YLF chirped-pulse amplifier for mid-infrared OPCPA,” Opt. Lett. 40, 451–454 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “High-energy multi-kilohertz Ho-doped regenerative amplifiers around 2 μm,” Opt. Express 23, 14744–14752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, D. Ueberschaer, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Picosecond 34 mJ pulses at kHz repetition rates from a Ho:YLF amplifier at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Express 23, 33142–33149 (2015).
[Crossref]

A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, G. Cirmi, and F. X. Kärtner, “White-light generation with sub-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 23, 13866–13879 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Nomura, M. Nishio, S. Kawato, and T. Fuji, “Development of ultrafast laser oscillators based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900107 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Wienke, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “700 MW peak power of a 380 fs regenerative amplifier with Tm:YAP,” Opt. Express 23, 16884–16889 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Gražulevičiūtė, M. Skeivytė, E. Keblytė, J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Supercontinuum generation in YAG and sapphire with picosecond laser pulses,” Lith J. Phys. 55, 110–116 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Kroetz, A. Ruehl, G. Chatterjee, A.-L. Calendron, K. Murari, H. Cankaya, P. Li, F. X. Kärtner, I. Hartl, and R. J. D. Miller, “Overcoming bifurcation instability in high-repetition-rate Ho:YLF regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5427–5430 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Malevich, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, A. J. Verhoef, A. Fernández, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, L. H. Tan, C. F. Chua, and P. B. Phua, “High energy and average power femtosecond laser for driving mid-infrared optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 38, 2746–2749 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun. 3, 807 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6–6.1 μm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 7046–7053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, S. Adachi, Y. Nomura, A. Kosuge, Y. Kobayashi, T. Kanai, J. Itatani, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of soft x-ray and water window harmonics using a few-cycle, phase-locked, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 97–99 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4182–4184 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Darginavičius, N. Garejev, and A. Dubietis, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable two optical-cycle pulses at 2 μm from a noncollinear beta-barium borate optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4805–4807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Deng, A. Schwarz, H. Fattahi, M. Ueffing, X. Gu, M. Ossiander, T. Metzger, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, G. Marcus, F. Krausz, R. Kienberger, and N. Karpowicz, “Carrier-envelope-phase-stable, 1.2 mJ, 1.5 cycle laser pulses at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4973–4975 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: Timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033818 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Xiong, H. Xu, Y. Fu, J. Yao, B. Zeng, W. Chu, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, E. J. Takahashi, K. Midorikawa, X. Liu, and J. Chen, “Generation of a coherent x ray in the water window region at 1 kHz repetition rate using a mid-infrared pump source,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1747–1749 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793–2795 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

H. Q. Le, W. D. Goodhue, P. A. Maki, and S. D. Cecca, “Diode-laser-pumped InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure lasers with low internal loss and 4-W average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1465–1467 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

Ališauskas, S.

Andriukaitis, G.

Austin, D. R.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun. 3, 807 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

Baudisch, M.

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H. Q. Le, W. D. Goodhue, P. A. Maki, and S. D. Cecca, “Diode-laser-pumped InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure lasers with low internal loss and 4-W average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1465–1467 (1993).
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C. Manzoni and G. Cerullo, “Design criteria for ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. 18, 103501 (2016).
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C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: Timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033818 (2009).
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M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
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F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun. 3, 807 (2012).
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C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: Timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033818 (2009).
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Deng, Y.

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H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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N. Garejev, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Comparative study of multioctave supercontinuum generation in fused silica, YAG, and LiF in the range of anomalous group velocity dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34, 88–94 (2017).
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A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
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I. Gražulevičiūtė, M. Skeivytė, E. Keblytė, J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Supercontinuum generation in YAG and sapphire with picosecond laser pulses,” Lith J. Phys. 55, 110–116 (2015).
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Faccio, D.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun. 3, 807 (2012).
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Y. Nomura and T. Fuji, “Efficient chirped-pulse amplification based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 012703 (2017).
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Y. Nomura, M. Nishio, S. Kawato, and T. Fuji, “Development of ultrafast laser oscillators based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900107 (2015).
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I. Gražulevičiūtė, M. Skeivytė, E. Keblytė, J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Supercontinuum generation in YAG and sapphire with picosecond laser pulses,” Lith J. Phys. 55, 110–116 (2015).
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M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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H. Q. Le, W. D. Goodhue, P. A. Maki, and S. D. Cecca, “Diode-laser-pumped InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure lasers with low internal loss and 4-W average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1465–1467 (1993).
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I. Gražulevičiūtė, M. Skeivytė, E. Keblytė, J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Supercontinuum generation in YAG and sapphire with picosecond laser pulses,” Lith J. Phys. 55, 110–116 (2015).
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A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
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H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
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Kung, A. H.

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
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Lamrini, S.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” in “Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics,”, B. Pal, ed. (IntechOpen, Rijeka, 2010), chap. 21.

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H. Q. Le, W. D. Goodhue, P. A. Maki, and S. D. Cecca, “Diode-laser-pumped InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure lasers with low internal loss and 4-W average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1465–1467 (1993).
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M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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Liu, X.

Lotti, A.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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H. Q. Le, W. D. Goodhue, P. A. Maki, and S. D. Cecca, “Diode-laser-pumped InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure lasers with low internal loss and 4-W average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1465–1467 (1993).
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Manzoni, C.

C. Manzoni and G. Cerullo, “Design criteria for ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. 18, 103501 (2016).
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C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: Timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033818 (2009).
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Marcus, G.

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M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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Moses, J.

H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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K. H. Hong, C. J. Lai, J. P. Siqueira, P. Krogen, J. Moses, C.-L. Chang, G. J. Stein, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Multi-mJ, kHz, 2.1 μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and high-flux soft x-ray high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3145–3148 (2014).
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Murari, K.

Neumann, J.

Nishio, M.

Y. Nomura, M. Nishio, S. Kawato, and T. Fuji, “Development of ultrafast laser oscillators based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900107 (2015).
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M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793–2795 (1996).
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Y. Nomura and T. Fuji, “Efficient chirped-pulse amplification based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 012703 (2017).
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Y. Nomura, M. Nishio, S. Kawato, and T. Fuji, “Development of ultrafast laser oscillators based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900107 (2015).
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N. Ishii, S. Adachi, Y. Nomura, A. Kosuge, Y. Kobayashi, T. Kanai, J. Itatani, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of soft x-ray and water window harmonics using a few-cycle, phase-locked, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 97–99 (2012).
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Ozaki, T.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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Park, H.

H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
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M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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Peter Krogen, Z. W.

H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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Schmidt, B. E.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
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K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” in “Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics,”, B. Pal, ed. (IntechOpen, Rijeka, 2010), chap. 21.

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H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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Schwarz, A.

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Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
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A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
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M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793–2795 (1996).
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Takahashi, E. J.

Tamošauskas, G.

N. Garejev, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Comparative study of multioctave supercontinuum generation in fused silica, YAG, and LiF in the range of anomalous group velocity dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34, 88–94 (2017).
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A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
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I. Gražulevičiūtė, M. Skeivytė, E. Keblytė, J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Supercontinuum generation in YAG and sapphire with picosecond laser pulses,” Lith J. Phys. 55, 110–116 (2015).
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Thai, A.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun. 3, 807 (2012).
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H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
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Zhao, K.

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Nomura and T. Fuji, “Efficient chirped-pulse amplification based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” Appl. Phys. Express 10, 012703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Q. Le, W. D. Goodhue, P. A. Maki, and S. D. Cecca, “Diode-laser-pumped InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure lasers with low internal loss and 4-W average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1465–1467 (1993).
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M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793–2795 (1996).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Nomura, M. Nishio, S. Kawato, and T. Fuji, “Development of ultrafast laser oscillators based on thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 0900107 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Manzoni and G. Cerullo, “Design criteria for ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt. 18, 103501 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, G. Steinmeyer, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Taming chaos: 16 mJ picosecond Ho:YLF regenerative amplifier with 0.7kHz repetition rate,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 123–130 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lith J. Phys. (2)

A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, R. Šuminas, V. Jukna, and A. Couairon, “Ultrafast supercontinuum generation in bulk condensed media,” Lith J. Phys. 57, 113–157 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Gražulevičiūtė, M. Skeivytė, E. Keblytė, J. Galinis, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “Supercontinuum generation in YAG and sapphire with picosecond laser pulses,” Lith J. Phys. 55, 110–116 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Commun. 3, 807 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liang, Z. W. Peter Krogen, H. Park, T. Kroh, K. Zawilski, P. Schunemann, J. Moses, L. F. DiMauro, F. X. Kärtner, and K. H. Hong, “High-energy mid-infrared sub-cycle pulse synthesis from a parametric amplifier,” Nat. Commun. 8, 141 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6–6.1 μm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 7046–7053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, D. Ueberschaer, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Picosecond 34 mJ pulses at kHz repetition rates from a Ho:YLF amplifier at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Express 23, 33142–33149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, E. J. Takahashi, O. D. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 7190–7212 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A.-L. Calendron, H. Çankaya, G. Cirmi, and F. X. Kärtner, “White-light generation with sub-ps pulses,” Opt. Express 23, 13866–13879 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “High-energy multi-kilohertz Ho-doped regenerative amplifiers around 2 μm,” Opt. Express 23, 14744–14752 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Wienke, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “700 MW peak power of a 380 fs regenerative amplifier with Tm:YAP,” Opt. Express 23, 16884–16889 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Wienke, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Comparison between Tm:YAP and Ho:YAG ultrashort pulse regenerative amplification,” Opt. Express 24, 8632–8640 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (20)

C. Gaida, M. Gebhardt, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Thulium-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system with 2 GW of peak power,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4130–4133 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. von Grafenstein, M. Bock, D. Ueberschaer, U. Griebner, and T. Elsaesser, “Ho:YLF chirped pulse amplification at kilohertz repetition rates - 4.3 ps pulses at 2 μm with GW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4668–4671 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kroetz, A. Ruehl, G. Chatterjee, A.-L. Calendron, K. Murari, H. Cankaya, P. Li, F. X. Kärtner, I. Hartl, and R. J. D. Miller, “Overcoming bifurcation instability in high-repetition-rate Ho:YLF regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5427–5430 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, S. Adachi, Y. Nomura, A. Kosuge, Y. Kobayashi, T. Kanai, J. Itatani, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of soft x-ray and water window harmonics using a few-cycle, phase-locked, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 97–99 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Stutzki, C. Gaida, M. Gebhardt, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Tm-based fiber-laser system with more than 200 MW peak power,” Opt. Lett. 40, 9–12 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Hemmer, D. Sánchez, M. Jelínek, V. Smirnov, H. Jelinkova, V. Kubeček, and J. Biegert, “2-μm wavelength, high-energy Ho:YLF chirped-pulse amplifier for mid-infrared OPCPA,” Opt. Lett. 40, 451–454 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Malevich, T. Kanai, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Broadband mid-infrared pulses from potassium titanyl arsenate/zinc germanium phosphate optical parametric amplifier pumped by Tm, Ho-fiber-seeded Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 41, 930–933 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Murari, H. Cankaya, P. Kroetz, G. Cirmi, P. Li, A. Ruehl, I. Hartl, and F. X. Kärtner, “Intracavity gain shaping in millijoule-level, high gain Ho:YLF regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1114–1117 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yin, J. Li, X. Ren, K. Zhao, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, and Z. Chang, “High-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in BiB3O6 for generation of 3 mJ, two-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-stable pulses at 1.7 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1142–1145 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, P. Malevich, S. S. Kangaparambil, K. Ishida, M. Mizui, K. Yamanouchi, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuška, “Parametric amplification of 100 fs mid-infrared pulses in ZnGeP2 driven by a Ho:YAG chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 42, 683–686 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gebhardt, C. Gaida, F. Stutzki, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Nonlinear pulse compression to 43 W GW-class few-cycle pulses at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 42, 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Rezvani, Z. Hong, X. Pang, S. Wu, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultrabroadband tunable OPA design using a spectrally broadened pump source,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3367–3370 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ren, L. H. Mach, Y. Yin, Y. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Generation of 1 kHz, 2.3 mJ, 88 fs, 2.5 μm pulses from a Cr2+:ZnSe chirped pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3381–3384 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Hong, S. A. Rezvani, Q. Zhang, W. Cao, and P. Lu, “Ultrabroadband microjoule 1.8 μm laser pulse from a single-stage broadband pumped OPA,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3706–3709 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phase-stable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4182–4184 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Darginavičius, N. Garejev, and A. Dubietis, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase-stable two optical-cycle pulses at 2 μm from a noncollinear beta-barium borate optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4805–4807 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Deng, A. Schwarz, H. Fattahi, M. Ueffing, X. Gu, M. Ossiander, T. Metzger, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, G. Marcus, F. Krausz, R. Kienberger, and N. Karpowicz, “Carrier-envelope-phase-stable, 1.2 mJ, 1.5 cycle laser pulses at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4973–4975 (2012).
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P. Malevich, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, A. J. Verhoef, A. Fernández, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, L. H. Tan, C. F. Chua, and P. B. Phua, “High energy and average power femtosecond laser for driving mid-infrared optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 38, 2746–2749 (2013).
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K. H. Hong, C. J. Lai, J. P. Siqueira, P. Krogen, J. Moses, C.-L. Chang, G. J. Stein, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Multi-mJ, kHz, 2.1 μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier and high-flux soft x-ray high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3145–3148 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xiong, H. Xu, Y. Fu, J. Yao, B. Zeng, W. Chu, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, E. J. Takahashi, K. Midorikawa, X. Liu, and J. Chen, “Generation of a coherent x ray in the water window region at 1 kHz repetition rate using a mid-infrared pump source,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1747–1749 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: Timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033818 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” in “Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics,”, B. Pal, ed. (IntechOpen, Rijeka, 2010), chap. 21.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic design of the system. CCM represents concave mirrors, CCM1 (r =1500 mm), CCM2 and CCM3 (r =500 mm), and CCM4 (r =3000 mm). TFP, thin film polarizer. PC, Pockels cell.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Corresponding output power of the system to the absorbed power for 19°C and air (red circles), −20°C and purged with nitrogen (green circles).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectrum of the amplified signal with 1.35 mJ energy with 23.5 W absorbed power at −20°C and 1 kHz repetition rate, recorded by using an optical spectrum analyzer (Yokogawa AQ6375) with the resolution of 0.02 nm. The blue line represents the spectrum of the seed after the fiber amplifier.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Spectrum of the amplified beam with the resolution of 0.02 nm at −20° after (a) 36, (b) 45 and (c) 64 round trips. (d) The evolution of the system output power with the increase in the round trip.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured FROG trace,(b) retrieved FROG trace with 0.002 best error value in a 2048 × 2048 grid, (c) retrieved temporal profile, inset: zoomed view of the main pulse peak, (d) retrieved power spectrum and spectral phase.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Obtained output power corresponding to the absorbed power, (b) recorded spectrum with the resolution of 0.02 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) M2 measurement results. Inset: beam profile recorded after compression and before entering the lens. (b) Long-term power stability of the system over the period of 6 hours.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Variation of the generated white light with the changes of the pump intensity. Inset: a photograph of the white light.

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