Abstract

An optical comb based stable frequency dissemination system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated over a multi-access optical fiber loop link. In the system, a new technique based on optical-microwave phase locking loop is designed for phase compensation. In the experiment, a mode-locked fiber laser at a repetition rate of 100 MHz is used to provide an optical source at local site, then it transmits along a 150 km fiber loop link. To testify the proposed system, two accessing nodes are measured in the loop link. The dissemination frequency instability is measured at 3.65 × 10−15/1 s and 7.8 × 10−18/1000 s at the intermediate node. The similar performance is shown at the other node. Hence, the system has the potential application in high-precision frequency transmission system via a long-haul multi-access loop link.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. K. Jung, J. Shin, J. Kang, S. Hunziker, C. Min, and J. Kim, “Frequency comb-based microwave transfer over fiber with 7×10−19 instability using fiber-loop optical-microwave phase detectors,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1577–1580 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. F. Yin, A. Zhang, Y. Dai, T. Ren, K. Xu, J. Li, J. Lin, and G. Tang, “Phase-conjugation-based fast RF phase stabilization for fiber delivery,” Opt. Express 22, 878–884 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, “High-resolution microwave frequency transfer over an 86-km-long optical fiber network using a mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 511–513 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. W. Li, W. T. Wang, W. H. Sun, W. Y. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Stable radio-frequency phase distribution over optical fiber by phase-drift auto-cancellation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 4294–4296 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).
  20. B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

2017 (1)

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

2015 (3)

J. Zhao, D. Li, B. Ning, S. Zhang, and W. Duan, “Highly-stable frequency transfer via fiber link with improved electrical error signal extraction and compensation scheme,” Opt. Express 23, 8829–8836 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (7)

2013 (2)

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wu, Y. Dai, F. Yin, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Stable radio frequency phase delivery by rapid and endless post error cancellation,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1098–1100 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2000 (1)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, Y.

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, “Fiber-based multiple-access ultrastable frequency dissemination,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4690–4692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ben, D.

Cai, H.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Calonico, D.

Chen, J.

Chen, M.

Chen, W.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. L.

Cheng, N.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Clivati, C.

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, Y.

Deng, N.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, J. W.

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

Droste, S.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duan, J.

Duan, W.

Fu, T.

Galea, P.

Gao, C.

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, “Fiber-based multiple-access ultrastable frequency dissemination,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4690–4692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gill, P.

Grosche, G.

S. M. F. Raupach, A. Koczwara, and G. Grosche, “Optical frequency transfer via a 660 km underground fiber link using a remote Brillouin amplifier,” Opt. Express 22, 26537–26547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gu, W.

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, T. Jiang, M. Chen, S. Yu, R. Wu, J. Shang, J. Duan, and W. Gu, “GVD-insensitive stable radio frequency phase dissemination for arbitrary-access loop link,” Opt. Express 24, 23376–23382 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gui, Y.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hansch, T. W.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hunziker, S.

Jiang, T.

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, T. Jiang, M. Chen, S. Yu, R. Wu, J. Shang, J. Duan, and W. Gu, “GVD-insensitive stable radio frequency phase dissemination for arbitrary-access loop link,” Opt. Express 24, 23376–23382 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, K.

Kang, J.

Kim, J.

Koczwara, A.

Lea, S. N.

Levi, F.

Li, D.

Li, H.

Li, J.

Li, T. C.

Li, W.

Lin, J.

Liu, C.

Liu, Q.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Lu, L.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Miao, J.

Min, C.

Mura, A.

Ning, B.

Ozimek, F.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pan, S.

Petropoulos, P.

Predehl, K.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Raupach, S. M. F.

Ren, T.

Richardson, D. J.

Schnatz, H.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shang, J.

Shen, J.

Shin, J.

Slavík, R.

Sun, W. H.

Tampellini, A.

Tang, G.

Udem, T.

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, “Fiber-based multiple-access ultrastable frequency dissemination,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4690–4692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. J.

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, “Fiber-based multiple-access ultrastable frequency dissemination,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4690–4692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. T.

Wang, W. Y.

Wang, X.

Wei, J.

Wu, C.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, G.

Wu, R.

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, T. Jiang, M. Chen, S. Yu, R. Wu, J. Shang, J. Duan, and W. Gu, “GVD-insensitive stable radio frequency phase dissemination for arbitrary-access loop link,” Opt. Express 24, 23376–23382 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

Xie, W.

Xu, D.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

Xuereb, A.

Yang, F.

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, F.

Yu, L.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, T. Jiang, M. Chen, S. Yu, R. Wu, J. Shang, J. Duan, and W. Gu, “GVD-insensitive stable radio frequency phase dissemination for arbitrary-access loop link,” Opt. Express 24, 23376–23382 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, A.

Zhang, B.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, S.

Zhao, J.

Zheng, J.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, N. H.

Zhu, X.

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, “Fiber-based multiple-access ultrastable frequency dissemination,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4690–4692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

N. Cheng, W. Chen, Q. Liu, D. Xu, F. Yang, Y. Gui, and H. Cai, “Joint transfer of time and frequency signals and multi-point synchronization via fiber network,” Chin. Phys. B 25, 014206 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Y. Cui, T. Jiang, S. Yu, R. Wu, and W. Gu, “Passive-compensation-based stable RF phase dissemination for multiaccess trunk fiber link with anti-gvd and anti-backscattering function,” IEEE Photon. J. 9, 7203608 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (10)

H. Li, G. Wu, J. Zhang, J. Shen, and J. Chen,“ Multi-access fiber-optic radio frequency transfer with passive phase noise compensation,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5672–5675 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Jung, J. Shin, J. Kang, S. Hunziker, C. Min, and J. Kim, “Frequency comb-based microwave transfer over fiber with 7×10−19 instability using fiber-loop optical-microwave phase detectors,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1577–1580 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yin, Z. Wu, Y. Dai, T. Ren, K. Xu, J. Lin, and G. Tang, “Stable fiber-optic time transfer by active radio frequency phase locking,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3054–3057 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wei, F. Zhang, Y. Zhou, D. Ben, and S. Pan, “Stable fiber delivery of radio-frequency signal based on passive phase correction,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3360–3362 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li, W. T. Wang, W. H. Sun, W. Y. Wang, and N. H. Zhu, “Stable radio-frequency phase distribution over optical fiber by phase-drift auto-cancellation,” Opt. Lett. 39, 4294–4296 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Stable radio frequency dissemination by simple hybrid frequency modulation scheme,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5255–5258 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Marra, R. Slavík, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, and P. Gill, “High-resolution microwave frequency transfer over an 86-km-long optical fiber network using a mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 511–513 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Gao, B. Wang, W. L. Chen, Y. Bai, J. Miao, X. Zhu, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, “Fiber-based multiple-access ultrastable frequency dissemination,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4690–4692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Wu, Y. Dai, F. Yin, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Stable radio frequency phase delivery by rapid and endless post error cancellation,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1098–1100 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Yu, R. Wang, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, J. Zheng, C. Wu, B. Zhang, and P. Wang, “WDM-based radio frequency dissemination in a tree-topology fiber optic network,” Opt. Lett. 23, 19783–19792 (2015).

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Droste, F. Ozimek, T. Udem, K. Predehl, T. W. Hansch, H. Schnatz, G. Grosche, and R. Holzwarth, “Optical-Frequency Transfer over a Single-Span 1840 km Fiber Link,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110801 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and J. L. Hall, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5150 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

B. Wang, X. Zhu, C. Gao, Y. Bai, J. W. Dong, and L. J. Wang, “Square kilometre array telescope-precision reference frequency synchronisation via 1f–2f dissemination,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13851 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Diagram of frequency dissemination over multi-access loop link.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of frequency dissemination. MLL: mode locked laser; FM: frequency multiplier; FLOM-PD: fiber loop optic microwave phase detector; PD: photo detector; FD: frequency divider; OBPF: optical band-pass filter; EBFP: electrical band-pass filter; SMF: single-mode fiber; WDM: wavelength division multiplexing; LS: local site; RS: remote site; PIC: proportional-integral controller; OMPLL: optical-microwave phase locking loop.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of frequency dissemination at intermediate node. MLL: mode locked laser; FLOM-PD: fiber loop optic microwave phase detector; PZT: piezoelectric transducer; PD: photo detector; FD: frequency divider; OBPF: optical band-pass filter; SMF: single-mode fiber; PD: photo detector; EBFP: electrical band-pass filter; EA: electrical amplifier; LS: local site; RS: remote site; PIC: proportional-integral controller; DAQ: data acquisition card.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Fractional frequency instability of the 150 km free running fiber link and the proposed compensated link with (a) a clockwise distance of 75 km (anticlockwise distance of 75 km) and (b) a clockwise distance of 50 km (anticlockwise distance of 100 km) node.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 EDFA powers, gains and output powers of the EDFA1 to EDFA5.

Equations (11)

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E 0 = cos ( ω 0 t + ϕ 0 )
E 1 = cos ( ω 1 t + ϕ 1 )
E 2 = cos ( ω 1 t + ϕ 1 + Δ ϕ )
E 3 = cos ( ω 0 t + ϕ 0 ω 1 t ϕ 1 Δ ϕ )
E 4 = cos ( ω 1 t + ϕ 1 + ϕ b )
E 5 = cos ( ω 1 t + ϕ 1 + ϕ a )
E 6 = cos ( 2 ω 1 t + 2 ϕ 1 + Δ ϕ )
ω 1 = 1 2 ω 0
ϕ 1 = 1 2 ϕ 0 1 2 Δ ϕ
E 2 = cos ( 1 2 ω 0 t + 1 2 ϕ 0 1 2 Δ ϕ )
E 6 = cos ( ω 0 t + ϕ 0 )

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