Abstract

We developed a HORN-8 system that generates computer-generated holograms at a high speed. The cluster system employed eight HORN-8 boards and achieved a level of performance that was 1,000 times faster than that of a PC. From a point-cloud model comprising 65,536 (216) points, the proposed cluster system can update a 2-million-pixel (1,920 × 1,080) hologram at 60 frames per second. 65,536 (216) is the internal memory size of the HORN-8 hardware. However, the HORN-8 system can calculate a hologram at a high speed even if the number of point-cloud sources exceeds 65,536 (216). Herein, we spatiotemporally divided a point-cloud model comprising ~400,000 points and succeeded in reproducing the video-holography. We demonstrated the performance of the special-purpose computer for electroholography using HORN-8 hardware that does not require a large internal memory when the calculation speed is high.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (7)

P. W. M. Tsang, T.-C. Poon, and Y. M. Wu, “Review of fast methods for point-based computer-generated holography,” Photon. Res. 6, 837–846 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Blinder and P. Schelkens, “Accelerated computer generated holography using sparse bases in the STFT domain,” Opt. Express 26, 1461–1473 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-P. Liu and H.-K. Liao, “Fast occlusion processing for a polygon-based computer-generated hologram using the slice-by-slice silhouette method,” Appl. Opt. 57, A215–A221 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Jackin, S. Watanabe, K. Ootsu, T. Ohkawa, T. Yokota, Y. Hayasaki, T. Yatagai, and T. Baba, “Decomposition method for fast computation of gigapixel-sized fresnel holograms on a graphics processing unit cluster,” Appl. Opt. 57, 3134–3145 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

2016 (1)

2015 (5)

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2001 (2)

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition,” Computer Physics Communications 138, 44–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshikawa, “Fast computation of fresnel holograms employing difference,” Optical Review 8, 331–335 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

M. Lucente, “Interactive three-dimensional holographic displays: seeing the future in depth,” ACM Siggraph Comput. Graph. 31, 63–67 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. E. Lucente, “Interactive computation of holograms using a look-up table,” Journal of Electronic Imaging 2, 28–35 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
[Crossref]

Akamatsu, T.

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arai, D.

Baba, T.

Benton, S. A.

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
[Crossref]

Blinder, D.

Cao, L.

Chen, J.-S.

Chu, D. P.

Endo, Y.

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

Hirayama, R.

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ichihashi, Y.

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ichihashi, H. Nakayama, T. Ito, N. Masuda, T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “HORN-6 special-purpose clustered computing system for electroholography,” Opt. Express 17, 13895–13903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Igarashi, S.

Ito, T.

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “Fast generation of computer-generated holograms using wavelet shrinkage,” Opt. Express 25, 77–87 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Nishitsuji, T. Shimobaba, T. Kakue, D. Arai, and T. Ito, “Simple and fast cosine approximation method for computer-generated hologram calculation,” Opt. Express 23, 32465–32470 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Takada, T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, N. Okada, M. Oikawa, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Fast high-resolution computer-generated hologram computation using multiple graphics processing unit cluster system,” Appl. Opt. 51, 7303–7307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Shimobaba, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Simple and fast calculation algorithm for computer-generated hologram with wavefront recording plane,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3133–3135 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ichihashi, H. Nakayama, T. Ito, N. Masuda, T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “HORN-6 special-purpose clustered computing system for electroholography,” Opt. Express 17, 13895–13903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Masuda, T. Ito, T. Tanaka, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “Computer generated holography using a graphics processing unit,” Opt. Express 14, 603–608 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Ito, N. Masuda, K. Yoshimura, A. Shiraki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Sugie, “Special-purpose computer HORN-5 for a real-time electroholography,” Opt. Express 13, 1923–1932 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition,” Computer Physics Communications 138, 44–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jackin, B. J.

Jepsen, M. L.

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
[Crossref]

Jiao, S.

Jin, G.

Kakue, T.

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Nishitsuji, T. Shimobaba, T. Kakue, D. Arai, and T. Ito, “Simple and fast cosine approximation method for computer-generated hologram calculation,” Opt. Express 23, 32465–32470 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E.-S.

Kim, S.-C.

Kollin, J.

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
[Crossref]

Liao, H.-K.

Liu, J.-P.

Lucente, M.

M. Lucente, “Interactive three-dimensional holographic displays: seeing the future in depth,” ACM Siggraph Comput. Graph. 31, 63–67 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lucente, M. E.

M. E. Lucente, “Interactive computation of holograms using a look-up table,” Journal of Electronic Imaging 2, 28–35 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
[Crossref]

Maeda, Y.

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

Masuda, N.

Matsushima, K.

Munteanu, A.

Nakahara, S.

Nakamura, M.

Nakamura, T.

Nakayama, H.

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Takada, T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, N. Okada, M. Oikawa, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Fast high-resolution computer-generated hologram computation using multiple graphics processing unit cluster system,” Appl. Opt. 51, 7303–7307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ichihashi, H. Nakayama, T. Ito, N. Masuda, T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “HORN-6 special-purpose clustered computing system for electroholography,” Opt. Express 17, 13895–13903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishitsuji, T.

Ogihara, Y.

Ohkawa, T.

Oi, R.

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oikawa, M.

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Takada, T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, N. Okada, M. Oikawa, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Fast high-resolution computer-generated hologram computation using multiple graphics processing unit cluster system,” Appl. Opt. 51, 7303–7307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, N.

Ooi, C.

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ootsu, K.

Poon, T.-C.

Sakamoto, Y.

Sato, H.

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schelkens, P.

Shimobaba, T.

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
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N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “Fast generation of computer-generated holograms using wavelet shrinkage,” Opt. Express 25, 77–87 (2017).
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T. Nishitsuji, T. Shimobaba, T. Kakue, D. Arai, and T. Ito, “Simple and fast cosine approximation method for computer-generated hologram calculation,” Opt. Express 23, 32465–32470 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Takada, T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, N. Okada, M. Oikawa, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Fast high-resolution computer-generated hologram computation using multiple graphics processing unit cluster system,” Appl. Opt. 51, 7303–7307 (2012).
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T. Shimobaba, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Simple and fast calculation algorithm for computer-generated hologram with wavefront recording plane,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3133–3135 (2009).
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Y. Ichihashi, H. Nakayama, T. Ito, N. Masuda, T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “HORN-6 special-purpose clustered computing system for electroholography,” Opt. Express 17, 13895–13903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ito, N. Masuda, K. Yoshimura, A. Shiraki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Sugie, “Special-purpose computer HORN-5 for a real-time electroholography,” Opt. Express 13, 1923–1932 (2005).
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T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition,” Computer Physics Communications 138, 44–52 (2001).
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Shiraki, A.

St-Hilaire, P.

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[Crossref]

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
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N. Takada, T. Shimobaba, H. Nakayama, A. Shiraki, N. Okada, M. Oikawa, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Fast high-resolution computer-generated hologram computation using multiple graphics processing unit cluster system,” Appl. Opt. 51, 7303–7307 (2012).
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P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
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H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
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H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
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Yamamoto, Y.

Yatagai, T.

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H. Yoshikawa, “Fast computation of fresnel holograms employing difference,” Optical Review 8, 331–335 (2001).
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P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
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Appl. Opt. (7)

Computer Physics Communications (1)

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “An efficient computational method suitable for hardware of computer-generated hologram with phase computation by addition,” Computer Physics Communications 138, 44–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. (1)

N. Takada, M. Fujiwara, C. Ooi, Y. Maeda, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-speed 3-d electroholographic movie playback using a digital micromirror device,” IEICE Trans. Electron. Dev. 100, 978–983 (2017).
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M. E. Lucente, “Interactive computation of holograms using a look-up table,” Journal of Electronic Imaging 2, 28–35 (1993).
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Nature Electronics (1)

T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, T. Nishitsuji, R. Hirayama, N. Masuda, H. Nakayama, Y. Ichihashi, A. Shiraki, M. Oikawa, N. Takada, Y. Endo, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “High-performance parallel computing for next-generation holographic imaging,” Nature Electronics 1, 254–259 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (13)

T. Nishitsuji, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, T. Akamatsu, R. Hirayama, H. Nakayama, T. Kakue, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Special-purpose computer HORN-8 for phase-type electro-holography,” Opt. Express 26, 26722–26733 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Masuda, T. Ito, T. Tanaka, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “Computer generated holography using a graphics processing unit,” Opt. Express 14, 603–608 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Nishitsuji, T. Shimobaba, T. Kakue, D. Arai, and T. Ito, “Simple and fast cosine approximation method for computer-generated hologram calculation,” Opt. Express 23, 32465–32470 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ito, N. Masuda, K. Yoshimura, A. Shiraki, T. Shimobaba, and T. Sugie, “Special-purpose computer HORN-5 for a real-time electroholography,” Opt. Express 13, 1923–1932 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ichihashi, H. Nakayama, T. Ito, N. Masuda, T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, and T. Sugie, “HORN-6 special-purpose clustered computing system for electroholography,” Opt. Express 17, 13895–13903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Matsushima, M. Nakamura, and S. Nakahara, “Silhouette method for hidden surface removal in computer holography and its acceleration using the switch-back technique,” Opt. Express 22, 24450–24465 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-S. Chen and D. P. Chu, “Improved layer-based method for rapid hologram generation and real-time interactive holographic display applications,” Opt. Express 23, 18143–18155 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Jiao, Z. Zhuang, and W. Zou, “Fast computer generated hologram calculation with a mini look-up table incorporated with radial symmetric interpolation,” Opt. Express 25, 112–123 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wakunami and M. Yamaguchi, “Calculation for computer generated hologram using ray-sampling plane,” Opt. Express 19, 9086–9101 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tsang and T.-C. Poon, “Fast generation of digital holograms based on warping of the wavefront recording plane,” Opt. Express 23, 7667–7673 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Symeonidou, D. Blinder, A. Munteanu, and P. Schelkens, “Computer-generated holograms by multiple wavefront recording plane method with occlusion culling,” Opt. Express 23, 22149–22161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Shimobaba and T. Ito, “Fast generation of computer-generated holograms using wavelet shrinkage,” Opt. Express 25, 77–87 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Blinder and P. Schelkens, “Accelerated computer generated holography using sparse bases in the STFT domain,” Opt. Express 26, 1461–1473 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optical Review (1)

H. Yoshikawa, “Fast computation of fresnel holograms employing difference,” Optical Review 8, 331–335 (2001).
[Crossref]

Photon. Res. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. St-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. E. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. S. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–183 (1990).
[Crossref]

Scientific reports (1)

H. Sato, T. Kakue, Y. Ichihashi, Y. Endo, K. Wakunami, R. Oi, K. Yamamoto, H. Nakayama, T. Shimobaba, and T. Ito, “Real-time colour hologram generation based on ray-sampling plane with multi-GPU acceleration,” Scientific reports 8, 1500 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Difference in reproduced images of CPU, GPU, HORN-8 cluster system due to processing speed.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Illustration of the HORN-8 system: (a) two HORN-8 boards on the PC and (b) HORN-8 cluster (eight HORN-8 boards on four PCs).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spatiotemporal division method. All the frames are displayed in the same time interval after erasing the previous image.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Relation between the number of point-cloud sources and the calculation time in the HORN-8 cluster system.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The optical system. The reconstructed image was observed through the output lens. Similarly, a digital camera was set in front of the output lens to capture a picture.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Difference in reproduced images due to processing speed (Visualization 1). (a) HORN-8, (b) GPU, (c) CPU.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance comparison of CPU, GPU, single HORN-8 board, and the HORN-8 cluster system.

Metrics