Abstract

We present an experimental study on ultraslow propagation of matched optical pulses in nondegenerate four wave mixing (FWM) in hot potassium vapor. The main figures of merit, i.e. fractional delay and fractional broadening, are determined to be 1.1 and 1.2, respectively. The latter two are approximately constant for the broad range of the two photon detuning. Input probe pulses between 20 ns and 120 ns can be delayed within broad range of the gain. The results are compared with the preceding works for Rb and Na.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Squeezed-twin-beam generation in strongly absorbing media,” Phys. Rev. A 96, 033818 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Causality and information transfer in simultaneously slow- and fast-light media,” Opt. Express 25, 24376 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

N. Lauk, C. O’Brien, and M. Fleischhauer, ”Fidelity of photon propagation in electromagnetically induced transparency in the presence of four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A,  88, 013823 (2013).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

J. Okuma, N. Hayashi, A. Fujisawa, and M. Mitsunaga, “Ultraslow matched-pulse propagation in sodium vapor,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1654–1656 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Ultraslow propagation of matched pulses by four-wavemixing in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

Y. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, “Matched ultraslow propagation of highly efficient four-wave mixing in a closely cycled double-ladder system,”, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053813 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Low distortion slow light using two absorption resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, “Copropagating superluminal and slow light manifested by electromagnetically assisted nonlinear optical processes,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2598–2600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M.G. Payne, “Ultraslow propagation of an optical pulse in a three-state active Raman gain medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 041803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, ”Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Wideband width, tunable, multiple-pulse-width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413, 273–276 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant Nonlinear Optics in Phase-Coherent Media,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 2, 347–386 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracoldatomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Löffler, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant enhancement of parametric processes via radiative interference and induced coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675–2678 (1998).
[Crossref]

Arimondo, E.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Ultraslow propagation of matched pulses by four-wavemixing in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baldit, E.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracoldatomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bencheikh, K.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, W.

W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, Slow and fast light, Progress in Optics 43, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science B.V., 2002), Chap. 6.

Boyer, V.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Ultraslow propagation of matched pulses by four-wavemixing in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brown, A. W.

Y. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, “Matched ultraslow propagation of highly efficient four-wave mixing in a closely cycled double-ladder system,”, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053813 (2006).
[Crossref]

Camacho, R. M.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Low distortion slow light using two absorption resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Wideband width, tunable, multiple-pulse-width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. C.

Chen, Y. F.

Deng, L.

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M.G. Payne, “Ultraslow propagation of an optical pulse in a three-state active Raman gain medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 041803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Du, D. M.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracoldatomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eilam, A.

Fan, Y. F.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Lauk, C. O’Brien, and M. Fleischhauer, ”Fidelity of photon propagation in electromagnetically induced transparency in the presence of four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A,  88, 013823 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, ”Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fraval, E.

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friedmann, H.

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fujisawa, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J. Y.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, Slow and fast light, Progress in Optics 43, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science B.V., 2002), Chap. 6.

Glasser, R. T.

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Squeezed-twin-beam generation in strongly absorbing media,” Phys. Rev. A 96, 033818 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Causality and information transfer in simultaneously slow- and fast-light media,” Opt. Express 25, 24376 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hahn, J.

Ham, B. S.

B. S. Ham and J. Hahn, “Coherent dynamics of self-induced ultraslow light for all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2880–2882 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracoldatomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracoldatomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, N.

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant Nonlinear Optics in Phase-Coherent Media,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 2, 347–386 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Löffler, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant enhancement of parametric processes via radiative interference and induced coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675–2678 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hernandez, G.

Hohensee, M.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Howell, J. C.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Low distortion slow light using two absorption resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Wideband width, tunable, multiple-pulse-width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hsiao, Y. F.

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, ”Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413, 273–276 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ite, A. Y.

Jelenkovic, B. M.

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, K. J.

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M.G. Payne, “Ultraslow propagation of an optical pulse in a three-state active Raman gain medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 041803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Kalra, R.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Kang, Z. H.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Khurgin, J. B.

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow Light Science and Applications, (Chemical Rubber Company, 2009).

Klein, M.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Krmpot, A. J.

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lauk, N.

N. Lauk, C. O’Brien, and M. Fleischhauer, ”Fidelity of photon propagation in electromagnetically induced transparency in the presence of four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A,  88, 013823 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lett, P. D.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Ultraslow propagation of matched pulses by four-wavemixing in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Levenson, J. A.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Lin, C. C.

Löffler, M.

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Löffler, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant enhancement of parametric processes via radiative interference and induced coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675–2678 (1998).
[Crossref]

Longdell, J. J.

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413, 273–276 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant Nonlinear Optics in Phase-Coherent Media,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 2, 347–386 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Löffler, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant enhancement of parametric processes via radiative interference and induced coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675–2678 (1998).
[Crossref]

Manson, N. B.

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, ”Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

McCormick, C. F.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Ultraslow propagation of matched pulses by four-wavemixing in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mitsunaga, M.

Monnier, P.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Musser, J. A.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, C.

N. Lauk, C. O’Brien, and M. Fleischhauer, ”Fidelity of photon propagation in electromagnetically induced transparency in the presence of four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A,  88, 013823 (2013).
[Crossref]

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okuma, J.

Pack, M. V.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Low distortion slow light using two absorption resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Wideband width, tunable, multiple-pulse-width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2002).
[Crossref]

Payne, M.G.

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M.G. Payne, “Ultraslow propagation of an optical pulse in a three-state active Raman gain medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 041803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Phillips, D. F.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Radonjic, M.

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rostovtsev, Y.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rouget, V.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Sautenkov, V. A.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant Nonlinear Optics in Phase-Coherent Media,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 2, 347–386 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Löffler, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant enhancement of parametric processes via radiative interference and induced coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675–2678 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sellars, M. J.

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shahriar, M. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Šibalic, N.

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sudarshanam, V. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

Swaim, J. D.

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Squeezed-twin-beam generation in strongly absorbing media,” Phys. Rev. A 96, 033818 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Causality and information transfer in simultaneously slow- and fast-light media,” Opt. Express 25, 24376 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, P. J.

Tucker, R. S.

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow Light Science and Applications, (Chemical Rubber Company, 2009).

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

Walsworth, R. L.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Wang, H. H.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Wang, L.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Wang, R.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Welch, G.R.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wilson-Gordon, A. D.

Wu, J. H.

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

Y. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, “Matched ultraslow propagation of highly efficient four-wave mixing in a closely cycled double-ladder system,”, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053813 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Yang, X.

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, “Matched ultraslow propagation of highly efficient four-wave mixing in a closely cycled double-ladder system,”, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053813 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zlatkovic, B.

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant Nonlinear Optics in Phase-Coherent Media,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 2, 347–386 (2000).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Zlatković, A. J. Krmpot, N. Šibalić, M. Radonjić, and B. M. Jelenković, “Efficent parametric non-degenerate four-wave mixing in hot potassium vapor,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 015205 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413, 273–276 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracoldatomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt.Lett. (1)

H. H. Wang, Y. F. Fan, R. Wang, L. Wang, D. M. Du, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Slowing and storage of double light pulses in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal,” Opt.Lett. 34, 2596–2598 (2009).

Phys. Rev. A (6)

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Low distortion slow light using two absorption resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, A. W. Brown, and M. Xiao, “Matched ultraslow propagation of highly efficient four-wave mixing in a closely cycled double-ladder system,”, Phys. Rev. A 77, 053813 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M.G. Payne, “Ultraslow propagation of an optical pulse in a three-state active Raman gain medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 041803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

J. D. Swaim and R. T. Glasser, “Squeezed-twin-beam generation in strongly absorbing media,” Phys. Rev. A 96, 033818 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Lauk, C. O’Brien, and M. Fleischhauer, ”Fidelity of photon propagation in electromagnetically induced transparency in the presence of four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A,  88, 013823 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Löffler, and M. O. Scully, “Resonant enhancement of parametric processes via radiative interference and induced coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675–2678 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Ultraslow propagation of matched pulses by four-wavemixing in an atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, “Wideband width, tunable, multiple-pulse-width optical delays using slow light in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153601 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultra slow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G.R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinearoptical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev.Lett. (1)

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, “Ultraslow light propagation in an inhomogeneously broadened rare-earth ion-doped crystal,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).

Phys.Rev. A (1)

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, Y. Xiao, R. Kalra, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow-light dynamics from electromagnetically-induced-transparency spectra,” Phys.Rev. A 79, 053833 (2009).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, ”Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, Slow and fast light, Progress in Optics 43, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science B.V., 2002), Chap. 6.

J. B. Khurgin and R. S. Tucker, Slow Light Science and Applications, (Chemical Rubber Company, 2009).

D. A. Steck, “Potassium properties,” http://tobiastiecke.nl/archive/PotassiumProperties.pdf

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup (BS - beam splitter, PBS - polarizing beam splitter, L - lens, AOM - acousto-optic modulator, EOM - fiber coupled electro optic modulator, P - linear polarizer, M - mirror, PD - photodiode, λ/2 - lambda-half wave plate, λ/4 - lambda-quarter wave plate, AP - aperture). (b) Double-lambda scheme at D1 potassium line. (c) The appearance of typical pulses order and basic definitions.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Slowing the optical pulses by FWM in K vapor. The waveforms are obtained upon 1000 averaged measurements. (a) τ = 120 ns, δ = 0 MHz, Δ = 1 GHz (b) τ = 20 ns, δ = 0 MHz, Δ = 0.7 GHz (c) τ = 120ns, δ = −4 MHz, Δ = 1 GHz (Note: Gaussian shape of the probe is lost). Other parameters were kept constant throughout depicted measurements: T=120°C, Δ=1 GHz, Ipump= 200 mW, Iref = 20μW, θ = 3mrad.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Fractional delay, fractional broadening and gain dependence on δ for (a) amplified probe (b) conjugate. T=120°C, Δ=1 GHz, Ipump = 200mW, Iref = 20μW, θ = 3 mrad.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dependence of fractional broadening and fractional delay on incident pulse duration in slow light process via FWM in K vapor for (a) amplified probe (b) conjugate pulses. δ = 0 MHz. T = 120°C, Δ = 1 GHz, Ipump = 200 mW, Iref = 20μW, θ = 3 mrad. The red line represents the value with no broadening.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Dependence of fractional broadening and fractional delay on pump intensity in slow light process via FWM in K vapor for (a) amplified probe (b) conjugate pulses. τ = 80 ns, δ = 4 MHz. T = 120° C, Δ = 1.3 GHz, Iref = 20μW, θ = 3 mrad.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the results for slowing of short optical pulses via FWM in Rb, Na and K.

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