Abstract

A compact self-Q-switched wavelength-tunable Ho3+:ZBLAN fiber laser around 3 μm is experimentally demonstrated for the first time. The mid-IR all-fiber cavity is formed by a pair of fiber end-facet mirrors. A 2 m-long heavily-doped Ho3+:ZBLAN fiber pumped by a homemade 1.15 μm fiber laser not only provides mid-IR optical gain, but also functions as an equivalent saturable absorber. Stable self-Q-switched pulses around 2.9 μm are generated at a low threshold of 36.6 mW, and the maximum average power obtained is 3.17 mW, corresponding to a pulse width of 1.54 μs and repetition rate of 67.8 kHz, respectively. By simply increasing the incident pump power, the mid-IR laser wavelength can be continuously tunable from 2927 nm to 2960 nm. Furthermore, when the pump power is fixed at 207.7 mW, a 42 nm wavelength tuning (2923 ∼ 2965 nm) from the self-Q-switched all-fiber laser is also achieved by applying the novel loss-adjusting technique.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (4)

Y. O. Aydin, V. Fortin, R. Vallée, and M. Bernier, “Towards power scaling of 2.8 μm fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4542–4545 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Paradis, V. Fortin, Y. O. Aydin, R. Vallée, and M. Bernier, “10 W-level gain-switched all-fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3196–3199 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “2.8 μm all-fiber Q-switched and mode-locked lasers with black phosphorus,” Photonics Res. 6, 1074–1078 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, G. Zhu, C. Wei, L. V. Kotov, J. Wang, M. Tong, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Pulsed fluoride fiber lasers at 3 μm [invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34, A15–A28 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, D. D. Hudson, A. Fuerbach, and S. D. Jackson, “Generation of 70-fs pulses at 2.86 μm from a mid-infrared fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42, 4893–4896 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

M. Majewski and S. Jackson, “Highly efficient mid-infrared dysprosium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2173–2176 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Q. Ruan, M. Zhong, Y. Cheng, R. Yang, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Compact self-Q-switched green upconversion Er:ZBLAN all-fiber laser operating at 543.4 nm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2258–2261 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Passively Q-switched 2.8-μm nanosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 1741–1744 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6, 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Dual wavelength Q-switched cascade laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2208–2210 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Actively Q-switched 2.9 μm Ho3+Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2145–2147 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

A. Kir’yanov and Y. Barmenkov, “Self-Q-switched ytterbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 498–502 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switched operation of a 2.7 μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 236, 379–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. Jackson, “Continuous wave 2.9 μm dysprosium-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1316–1318 (2003).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, “Passive Q-switching and mode-locking of erbium-doped fluoride fiber lasers at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358–366 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

C. Frerichs and T. Tauermann, “Q-switched operation of laser diode pumped erbium-doped fluorozirconate fibre laser operating at 2.7 μm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 706–707 (1994).
[Crossref]

Y.-K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and W. Chen, “Ho:YLiF4 saturable absorber Q-switch for the 2-μm Tm, Cr:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3060–3062 (1994).
[Crossref]

Aydin, Y. O.

Balakrishnan, K.

Barmenkov, Y.

A. Kir’yanov and Y. Barmenkov, “Self-Q-switched ytterbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 498–502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bernier, M.

Birnbaum, M.

Y.-K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and W. Chen, “Ho:YLiF4 saturable absorber Q-switch for the 2-μm Tm, Cr:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3060–3062 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bugge, F.

Cai, Z.

Caron, N.

Chen, H.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

Y.-K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and W. Chen, “Ho:YLiF4 saturable absorber Q-switch for the 2-μm Tm, Cr:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3060–3062 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Coleman, D. J.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switched operation of a 2.7 μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 236, 379–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

Faucher, D.

Feng, G.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fortin, V.

Frerichs, C.

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, “Passive Q-switching and mode-locking of erbium-doped fluoride fiber lasers at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358–366 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. Frerichs and T. Tauermann, “Q-switched operation of laser diode pumped erbium-doped fluorozirconate fibre laser operating at 2.7 μm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 706–707 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fuerbach, A.

Guo, Z.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hashida, M.

Hu, T.

Huang, B.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hudson, D. D.

Jackson, S.

Jackson, S. D.

Ju, Y.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

King, T. A.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switched operation of a 2.7 μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 236, 379–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kir’yanov, A.

A. Kir’yanov and Y. Barmenkov, “Self-Q-switched ytterbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 498–502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ko, D.-K.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switched operation of a 2.7 μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 236, 379–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Konynenbelt, K.

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kotov, L. V.

Kuo, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and W. Chen, “Ho:YLiF4 saturable absorber Q-switch for the 2-μm Tm, Cr:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3060–3062 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switched operation of a 2.7 μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 236, 379–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, J.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Dual wavelength Q-switched cascade laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2208–2210 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, Z. Qin, J. Liu, C. Zhao, G. Xie, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Watt-level passively mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4855–4858 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, R.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luan, K.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Z.

Ma, J.

Z. Qin, G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “2.8 μm all-fiber Q-switched and mode-locked lasers with black phosphorus,” Photonics Res. 6, 1074–1078 (2018).
[Crossref]

Majewski, M.

Miao, L.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

Murakami, M.

Ning, S.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

Paradis, P.

Peyghambarian, N.

Qian, L.

Qin, Z.

Ruan, Q.

Sakabe, S.

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, S.

Si, J.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Song, F.

Tang, P.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, Z. Qin, J. Liu, C. Zhao, G. Xie, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Watt-level passively mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4855–4858 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, M.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tauermann, T.

C. Frerichs and T. Tauermann, “Q-switched operation of laser diode pumped erbium-doped fluorozirconate fibre laser operating at 2.7 μm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 706–707 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tokita, S.

Tong, M.

Turistsyn, S. K.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

Unrau, U. B.

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, “Passive Q-switching and mode-locking of erbium-doped fluoride fiber lasers at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358–366 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vallée, R.

Wang, F.

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, C.

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, G. Zhu, C. Wei, L. V. Kotov, J. Wang, M. Tong, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Pulsed fluoride fiber lasers at 3 μm [invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 34, A15–A28 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, F. Wang, Y. Xu, K. Balakrishnan, F. Song, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Graphene Q-switched 2.78 μm Er3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3233–3236 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Passively Q-switched 2.8-μm nanosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 1741–1744 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Woodward, R. I.

Wu, M.

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

Xie, J.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Xu, Y.

Yan, Z.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, R.

Yang, X.

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, A.

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yuan, P.

Z. Qin, G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “2.8 μm all-fiber Q-switched and mode-locked lasers with black phosphorus,” Photonics Res. 6, 1074–1078 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er: ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23, 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, B.

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er: ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23, 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhong, M.

Zhou, K.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, S.

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, H. Chen, M. Tao, and J. Si, “High peak power actively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber lasers at 3 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Jackson, “Continuous wave 2.9 μm dysprosium-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1316–1318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y.-K. Kuo, M. Birnbaum, and W. Chen, “Ho:YLiF4 saturable absorber Q-switch for the 2-μm Tm, Cr:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3060–3062 (1994).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Frerichs and T. Tauermann, “Q-switched operation of laser diode pumped erbium-doped fluorozirconate fibre laser operating at 2.7 μm,” Electron. Lett. 30, 706–707 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

C. Wei, H. Zhang, H. Shi, K. Konynenbelt, H. Luo, and Y. Liu, “Over 5-W passively Q-switched mid-infrared fiber laser with a wide continuous wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29, 881–884 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Passively Q-switched 2.8-μm nanosecond fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 1741–1744 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, M. Wu, Q. Wang, L. Miao, B. Huang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “2.8-μm pulsed Er3+: ZBLAN fiber laser modulated by topological insulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28, 1573–1576 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

T. Zhang, G. Feng, H. Zhang, X. Yang, S. Dai, and S. Zhou, “2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on pld-Fe2+: ZnSe film,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 075102 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13, 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, G. Feng, S. Dai, H. Zhang, Y. Ju, S. Ning, C. Yang, Y. Xiao, and S. Zhou, “Q-switched mid-infrared Er3+:ZBLAN fiber laser based on gold nanocrystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 28, 095104 (2018).
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A. Kir’yanov and Y. Barmenkov, “Self-Q-switched ytterbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 498–502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6, 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. J. Coleman, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Q-switched operation of a 2.7 μm cladding-pumped Er3+/Pr3+ codoped ZBLAN fibre laser,” Opt. Commun. 236, 379–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

C. Frerichs and U. B. Unrau, “Passive Q-switching and mode-locking of erbium-doped fluoride fiber lasers at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 358–366 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (13)

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Dual wavelength Q-switched cascade laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2208–2210 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, “Actively Q-switched 2.9 μm Ho3+Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2145–2147 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Majewski and S. Jackson, “Highly efficient mid-infrared dysprosium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2173–2176 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Faucher, M. Bernier, N. Caron, and R. Vallée, “Erbium-doped all-fiber laser at 2.94 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3313–3315 (2009).
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S. Tokita, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, M. Hashida, and S. Sakabe, “12 W Q-switched Er: ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2812–2814 (2011).
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P. Tang, Z. Qin, J. Liu, C. Zhao, G. Xie, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Watt-level passively mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4855–4858 (2015).
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S. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “Directly diode-pumped holmium fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2496–2498 (2007).
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J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40, 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, D. D. Hudson, A. Fuerbach, and S. D. Jackson, “Generation of 70-fs pulses at 2.86 μm from a mid-infrared fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42, 4893–4896 (2017).
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P. Paradis, V. Fortin, Y. O. Aydin, R. Vallée, and M. Bernier, “10 W-level gain-switched all-fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 43, 3196–3199 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Q. Ruan, M. Zhong, Y. Cheng, R. Yang, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Compact self-Q-switched green upconversion Er:ZBLAN all-fiber laser operating at 543.4 nm,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2258–2261 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wei, X. Zhu, F. Wang, Y. Xu, K. Balakrishnan, F. Song, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Graphene Q-switched 2.78 μm Er3+-doped fluoride fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3233–3236 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

Z. Qin, G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “2.8 μm all-fiber Q-switched and mode-locked lasers with black phosphorus,” Photonics Res. 6, 1074–1078 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Reports (3)

J. Li, H. Luo, B. Zhai, R. Lu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Reports 6, 30361 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and S. K. Turistsyn, “Mid-infrared passively switched pulsed dual wavelength Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser at 3 μm and 2 μm,” Sci. Reports 5, 10770 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, Y. Wang, K. Luan, K. Huang, H. Chen, A. Yi, G. Feng, and J. Si, “Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Sci. Reports 6, 26659 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the 3 μm Ho3+:ZBLAN all-fiber laser; insets: the absorption spectrum of the Ho3+:ZBLAN fiber (left); core-shifted fiber ferrules coupling (right). (b) Simplified energy-level diagram of Ho3+ in ZBLAN fiber. (c) Transmission spectrum of the M1 and M2; insets: Photograph of the M1 and microscopic image of the M2.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Mid-infrared laser wavelength evolution with varying pump power. (b) Typical oscilloscope traces of 3 μm self-Q-switched pulses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Characteristics of the 3 μm self-Q-switching operation at the fixed pump power of 207.7 mW. (a) Output optical spectrum; inset: a zoom-in view of 3 μm laser spectrum. (b) Typical oscilloscope trace; inset: single pulse envelope. (c) RF output spectrum; inset: broadband RF output spectrum.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Pulse width and repetition rate as a function of the incident pump power. (b) Average output power and peak power versus pump power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Wavelength-tunable lasing spectra of the self-Q-switching operation at the fixed pump power of 207.7 mW. (b) The pulse width, repetition rate and average output power of the self-Q-switching pulses versus the tunable lasing wavelength at the fixed pump power of 207.7 mW; inset: self-Q-switching pulse train at 2943 nm.

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