Abstract

Phase quadrature squeezed states at 1550 nm generated from degenerate optical parametric amplifiers (DOPAs) using periodically poled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) and periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) are compared. A squeezing of 6.8 dB was produced from the DOPA using PPKTP with the phase matching temperature of 34.5 °C. By contrast, a measured squeezing of 4.9 dB was generated using PPLN with the phase matching temperature of 135.2 °C. The degradation of squeezing using a nonlinear crystal with a high phase matching temperature is explained by a theoretical model of DOPAs including the extra phase noise caused by the guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering within the nonlinear crystal.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (2)

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Feng, Z. Wan, Y. Li, and K. Zhang, “Distribution of continuous variable quantum entanglement at a telecommunication wavelength over 20 km of optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 42(17), 3399–3402 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

U. L. Andersen, T. Gehring, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “30 years of squeezed light generation,” Phys. Scr. 91(5), 053001 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Detection of 15 dB squeezed states of light and their application for the absolute calibration of photoelectric quantum efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(11), 110801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kaiser, B. Fedrici, A. Zavatta, V. D’auria, and S. Tanzilli, “A fully guided-wave squeezing experiment for fiber quantum network,” Optica 3(4), 362–364 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

T. L. S. Collaboration, “Enhanced sensitivity of the LIGO gravitational wave detector by using squeezed states of light,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 613–619 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “gravitational wave observatory operating beyond the quantum shot-noise limit,” Nat. Phys. 7(12), 962–965 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Mehmet, S. Ast, T. Eberle, S. Steinlechner, H. Vahlbruch, and R. Schnabel, “Squeezed light at 1550 nm with a quantum noise reduction of 12.3 dB,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25763–25772 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

N. Lastzka, J. Steinlechner, S. Steinlechner, and R. Schnabel, “Measuring small absorptions by exploiting photothermal self-phase modulation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5391–5398 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Mehmet, S. Steinlechner, T. Eberle, H. Vahlbruch, A. Thüring, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of cw squeezed light at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1060–1062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. X. Feng, X. T. Tian, Y. M. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Generation of a squeezing vacuum at a telecommunication wavelength with periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221102 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. L. Braunstein and P. van Loock, “Quantum information with continuous variables,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 513–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Lawrence, R. L. Byer, M. M. Fejer, W. Bowen, P. K. Lam, and H.-A. Bachor, “Squeezed singly resonant second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(7), 1592–1598 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1992 (2)

M. Shirasaki and H. A. Haus, “Reduction of guided-acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering noise in a squeezer,” Opt. Lett. 17(17), 1225–1227 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, “Spectroscopy with squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(20), 3020–3023 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(20), 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersen, U.

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersen, U. L.

U. L. Andersen, T. Gehring, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “30 years of squeezed light generation,” Phys. Scr. 91(5), 053001 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, P. Buchhave, and U. L. Andersen, “Generation of polarization squeezing with periodically poled KTP at 1064 nm,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5077–5082 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoki, T.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Arao, H.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assad, S.

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ast, S.

Bachor, H.-A.

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Lawrence, R. L. Byer, M. M. Fejer, W. Bowen, P. K. Lam, and H.-A. Bachor, “Squeezed singly resonant second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(7), 1592–1598 (2002).
[Crossref]

Berni, A. A.

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

Berry, D. W.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Bowen, W.

Braunstein, S. L.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. L. Braunstein and P. van Loock, “Quantum information with continuous variables,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 513–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buchhave, P.

Buchler, B.

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

Camy, G.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carri, J.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, “Spectroscopy with squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(20), 3020–3023 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cassemiro, K. N.

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cerf, N. J.

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

César, J. E. S.

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. J.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, T. Y.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. F.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Coelho, A. S.

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Collaboration, T. L. S.

T. L. S. Collaboration, “Enhanced sensitivity of the LIGO gravitational wave detector by using squeezed states of light,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 613–619 (2013).
[Crossref]

D’auria, V.

Danzmann, K.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Detection of 15 dB squeezed states of light and their application for the absolute calibration of photoelectric quantum efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(11), 110801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mehmet, S. Steinlechner, T. Eberle, H. Vahlbruch, A. Thüring, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of cw squeezed light at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1060–1062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberle, T.

Eckardt, R. C.

Elser, D.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fabre, C.

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedrici, B.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, J.

Feng, J. X.

J. X. Feng, X. T. Tian, Y. M. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Generation of a squeezing vacuum at a telecommunication wavelength with periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fuchs, C. A.

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Furusawa, A.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4321–4327 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gehring, T.

U. L. Andersen, T. Gehring, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “30 years of squeezed light generation,” Phys. Scr. 91(5), 053001 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

Giacobino, E.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glöckl, O.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grosse, N. B.

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, M.

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(20), 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Händchen, V.

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

Heidmann, A.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horowicz, R. J.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. D.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huck, A.

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huntington, E. H.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iwasawa, K.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. F.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, F.

Kajiya, T.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kannari, F.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kimble, H. J.

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, “Spectroscopy with squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(20), 3020–3023 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(20), 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, A.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, P. K.

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Lawrence, R. L. Byer, M. M. Fejer, W. Bowen, P. K. Lam, and H.-A. Bachor, “Squeezed singly resonant second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(7), 1592–1598 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lassen, M.

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, P. Buchhave, and U. L. Andersen, “Generation of polarization squeezing with periodically poled KTP at 1064 nm,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5077–5082 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lastzka, N.

Lawrence, M. J.

Leuchs, G.

U. L. Andersen, T. Gehring, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “30 years of squeezed light generation,” Phys. Scr. 91(5), 053001 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Li, Y. M.

J. X. Feng, X. T. Tian, Y. M. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Generation of a squeezing vacuum at a telecommunication wavelength with periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorenz, S.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Maître, A.

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, Y. L.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, C.

U. L. Andersen, T. Gehring, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “30 years of squeezed light generation,” Phys. Scr. 91(5), 053001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, Ch.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinelli, M.

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mehmet, M.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Detection of 15 dB squeezed states of light and their application for the absolute calibration of photoelectric quantum efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(11), 110801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mehmet, S. Ast, T. Eberle, S. Steinlechner, H. Vahlbruch, and R. Schnabel, “Squeezed light at 1550 nm with a quantum noise reduction of 12.3 dB,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25763–25772 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mehmet, S. Steinlechner, T. Eberle, H. Vahlbruch, A. Thüring, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of cw squeezed light at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1060–1062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Menicucci, N. C.

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myers, L. E.

Nakane, D.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, B. M.

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, M. A.

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niset, J.

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nussenzveig, P.

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ohki, K.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, J. W.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Paris, M. G. A.

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pierce, J. W.

Polzik, E. S.

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, “Spectroscopy with squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(20), 3020–3023 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ralph, T. C.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reynaud, S.

A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sabuncu, M.

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, P. Buchhave, and U. L. Andersen, “Generation of polarization squeezing with periodically poled KTP at 1064 nm,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5077–5082 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasaki, M.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schnabel, R.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Detection of 15 dB squeezed states of light and their application for the absolute calibration of photoelectric quantum efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(11), 110801 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mehmet, S. Ast, T. Eberle, S. Steinlechner, H. Vahlbruch, and R. Schnabel, “Squeezed light at 1550 nm with a quantum noise reduction of 12.3 dB,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25763–25772 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Lastzka, J. Steinlechner, S. Steinlechner, and R. Schnabel, “Measuring small absorptions by exploiting photothermal self-phase modulation,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5391–5398 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mehmet, S. Steinlechner, T. Eberle, H. Vahlbruch, A. Thüring, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Observation of cw squeezed light at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1060–1062 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shirasaki, M.

Sorensen, J. L.

A. Furusawa, J. L. Sorensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282(5389), 706–709 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinlechner, J.

Steinlechner, S.

Sun, Q. C.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, S.

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Symul, T.

N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, G.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takeda, S.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeno, Y.

Tanzilli, S.

Thüring, A.

Tian, X. T.

J. X. Feng, X. T. Tian, Y. M. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Generation of a squeezing vacuum at a telecommunication wavelength with periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Treps, N.

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsumura, K.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vahlbruch, H.

van Loock, P.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Braunstein and P. van Loock, “Quantum information with continuous variables,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 513–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

Villar, A. S.

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wan, Z.

Wang, Z.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weedbrook, C.

N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wheatley, T. A.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiseman, H. M.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(20), 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, L. A.

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(20), 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, W.

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yonezawa, H.

H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4321–4327 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, J.

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

You, L. X.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yukawa, M.

Zavatta, A.

Zhang, K.

Zhang, K. S.

J. X. Feng, X. T. Tian, Y. M. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Generation of a squeezing vacuum at a telecommunication wavelength with periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. J.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. X. Feng, X. T. Tian, Y. M. Li, and K. S. Zhang, “Generation of a squeezing vacuum at a telecommunication wavelength with periodically poled LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 221102 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, H. Yonezawa, F. Kannari, M. Sasaki, and A. Furusawa, “7dB quadrature squeezing at 860nm with periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(6), 061116 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (3)

M. Lassen, M. Sabuncu, A. Huck, J. Niset, G. Leuchs, N. J. Cerf, and U. L. Andersen, “Quantum optical coherence can survive photon losses: a continuous-variable quantum erasure correcting code,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 700–705 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. A. Berni, T. Gehring, B. M. Nielsen, V. Händchen, M. G. A. Paris, and U. L. Andersen, “Ab initio quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation using real-time feedback control,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 577–581 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. L. S. Collaboration, “Enhanced sensitivity of the LIGO gravitational wave detector by using squeezed states of light,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 613–619 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “gravitational wave observatory operating beyond the quantum shot-noise limit,” Nat. Phys. 7(12), 962–965 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, T. Kajiya, J. Yoshikawa, S. L. Braunstein, P. van Loock, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum error correction beyond qubits,” Nat. Phys. 5(8), 541–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

J. E. S. César, A. S. Coelho, K. N. Cassemiro, A. S. Villar, M. Lassen, P. Nussenzveig, and M. Martinelli, “Excess phase noise from thermal fluctuations in nonlinear optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063816 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. C. Sun, Y. L. Mao, Y. F. Jiang, Q. Zhao, S. J. Chen, W. Zhang, W. J. Zhang, X. Jiang, T. Y. Chen, L. X. You, L. Li, Y. D. Huang, X. F. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Ma, Q. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, “Entanglement swapping with independent sources over an optical-fiber network,” Phys. Rev. A 95(3), 032306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

N. Treps, U. Andersen, B. Buchler, P. K. Lam, A. Maître, H.-A. Bachor, and C. Fabre, “Surpassing the standard quantum limit for optical imaging using nonclassical multimode light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(20), 203601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(20), 2520–2523 (1986).
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A. Heidmann, R. J. Horowicz, S. Reynaud, E. Giacobino, C. Fabre, and G. Camy, “Observation of quantum noise reduction on twin laser beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(22), 2555–2557 (1987).
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E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, “Spectroscopy with squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(20), 3020–3023 (1992).
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N. C. Menicucci, P. van Loock, M. Gu, C. Weedbrook, T. C. Ralph, and M. A. Nielsen, “Universal quantum computation with continuous-variable cluster states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 110501 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 133901 (2006).
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N. B. Grosse, S. Assad, M. Mehmet, R. Schnabel, T. Symul, and P. K. Lam, “Observation of entanglement between two light beams spanning an octave in optical frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 243601 (2008).
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H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Detection of 15 dB squeezed states of light and their application for the absolute calibration of photoelectric quantum efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(11), 110801 (2016).
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Phys. Scr. (1)

U. L. Andersen, T. Gehring, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “30 years of squeezed light generation,” Phys. Scr. 91(5), 053001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. L. Braunstein and P. van Loock, “Quantum information with continuous variables,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 513–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Zhou, W. Yang, Z. Li, X. Li, and Y. Zheng, “A bootstrapped, low-noise, and high-gain photodetector for shot noise measurement,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

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H. Yonezawa, D. Nakane, T. A. Wheatley, K. Iwasawa, S. Takeda, H. Arao, K. Ohki, K. Tsumura, D. W. Berry, T. C. Ralph, H. M. Wiseman, E. H. Huntington, and A. Furusawa, “Quantum-enhanced optical-phase tracking,” Science 337(6101), 1514–1517 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

N. B. Grosse, “Harmonic entanglement & photon anti-bunching,” (PhD thesis, the Australian national university, Australian, 2009). http://photonics.anu.edu.au/theses/Thesis%20ANU%20PhD%202009%20Grosse.pdf

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the degenerate optical parametric amplifier.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated Brillouin scattering efficiency and relative extra phase noise induced by the effect of GAWBS as functions of temperature of PPXX crystal (a) and normalized pump power (b). Solid curves (i) and (ii) correspond to the Brillouin scattering efficiency of PPKTP and PPLN, respectively. Dashed curves (iii) and (iv) correspond to the relative extra phase noise induced by the effect of GAWBS inside PPKTP and PPLN, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of the experimental setup used to generate squeezed states from the DOPA using PPXX crystal. OI: optical isolator; EOM: electro-optic modulator; SHG: second harmonic generator; MC1: mode cleaner of 1550 nm; HWP: half-wave plate; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; MC2: mode cleaner of 775 nm; DBS: dichroic beam splitter; PZT1-2: piezo-electric transducer; DOPA: degenerate optical parametric amplifier; BS: 50/50 beam splitter; PD: photo detector; : negative power combiner; SA: spectrum analyser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SHG conversion efficiency as a function of the crystal temperature when a 1550 nm laser single-passes the PPLN crystal (a) and the PPKTP crystal (b). Dots are experimental data, solid curves are the theoretical predictions.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Noise powers of output from DOPAs v.s. normalized pump power at analysis frequency of 5 MHz. (a) Squeezed noise. (b) Anti-squeezed noise. Blue circles and red diamonds are experimental data using PPKTP and PPLN, respectively. Dashed curves are theoretical predictions without considering GAWBS effect inside PPKTP (ii) and PPLN (i). Solid curves are theoretical predictions with considering GAWBS effect inside PPKTP (iii) and PPLN (iv).

Equations (10)

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{ α ˙ 0 =- γ 0 α 0 - κ 2 α 2 + 2 γ 01 α p,in + 2 γ 0c C 0,in α ˙ =-γα+κ α 0 α + + 2 γ 1 α s,in + 2 γ c C 1,in ,
α s,out = 2 γ 2 α.
μ α 3 +[ 2 μ α p,in γ ]α+ 2 γ 1 α s,in =0,
μ= ω 2 τ 2 ( 2 πm ) 2 8 π 2 d eff 2 n 1 2 n 2 λ 2 ε 0 c sin c 2 ( ΔkL 2 ),
δ X ˙ ± =-(γ+2μ α ¯ 2 )δ X ± ±( 2μ α ¯ p,in μ α ¯ 2 )δ X ± +2 μ α ¯ δ X p,in ± + 2 γ 1 δ X s,in ± + 2 γ 1c δ X C,in ± ,
δ X ˙ =-(γ+2μ α ¯ 2 )δ X ( 2μ α ¯ p,in μ α ¯ 2 )δ X +2 μ α ¯ δ X p,in + 2 γ 1 δ X s,in + 2 γ 1c δ X C,in +δ Q G ,
δ X (Ω)= 2 μ α ¯ δ X p,in (Ω)+ 2 γ 1 δ X s,in (Ω)+ 2 γ 1c δ X C,in (Ω)+δ Q G (Ω) γ+μ α ¯ 2 + 2μ α ¯ p,in -i2πΩ ,
δ X out (Ω)= 2 γ 2 2 μ α ¯ δ X p,in (Ω)+ 2 γ 1 δ X s,in (Ω)+ 2 γ 1c δ X C,in (Ω)+δ Q G (Ω) γ+μ α ¯ 2 + 2μ α ¯ p,in -i2πΩ .
Var(δ X out )=14ξηζ σ μ α ¯ 2 /γ V Q G (1+ μ α ¯ 2 /γ +σ) 2 + Ω c 2 ,
V Q G = 2 η G α ¯ ,

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