Abstract

A coherent optical packet transceiver based on doubly differential star 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (DD-star-16-QAM) is presented for spectrally and energy efficient reconfigurable networks. The coding and decoding processes for this new modulation format are presented, simulations and experiments are then performed to investigate the performance of the DD-star-16-QAM in static and dynamic scenarios. The static results show that the influence of frequency offset (FO) can be cancelled out by doubly differential (DD) coding and the correction range is only limited by the electronic bandwidth of the receivers. In the dynamic scenario with a time-varying FO and linewidth, the DD-star-16-QAM can overcome the time-varying FO, and the switching time of around 70 ns is determined by the time it takes the dynamic linewidth to reach the requisite level. This format can thus achieve a shorter waiting time after switching tunable lasers than the commonly used square-16-QAM, in which the transmission performance is limited by the frequency transients after the wavelength switch.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2016 (1)

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, D. Lavery, M. Paskov, P. Bayvel, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching 6 GBd dual polarization 16QAM digital coherent burst mode receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 297–300 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. N. Huynh, A. T. Nguyen, W. C. Ng, L. Nguyen, L. A. Rusch, and L. P. Barry, “BER performance of coherent optical communications systems employing monolithic tunable lasers with excess phase noise,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(10), 1973–1980 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. Mitchell, “Fast-tuning coherent burst-mode receiver for metropolitan networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (7)

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. C. Thomsen, R. Maher, D. S. Millar, and S. J. Savory, “Burst mode receiver for 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK with parallel DSP,” Opt. Express 19(26), B770–B776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, “Huge capacity optical packet switching and buffering,” Opt. Express 19(26), B406–B414 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. B. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical-label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 406–418 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Maher and B. Thomsen, “Dynamic linewidth measurement technique using digital intradyne coherent receivers,” Opt. Express 19(26), B313–B322 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, A. Al Amin, and W. Shieh, “Characterization and monitoring of laser linewidths in coherent systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(17), 2533–2537 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

C.-H. Huang, H.-F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, F. Toudeh-Fallah, and R. Gyurek, “Dynamically reconfigurable optical packet switch (DROPS),” Opt. Express 14(25), 12008–12014 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Lu, K. B. Letaief, J. C. I. Chuang, and M. L. Liou, “M-PSK and M-QAM BER computation using signal-space concepts,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47(2), 181–184 (1999).
[Crossref]

Agrell, E.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al Amin, A.

Anandarajah, P. M.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

A. J. Walsh, J. Mountjoy, H. Shams, A. Fagan, A. D. Ellis, and L. P. Barry, “Highly robust dual-polarization doubly differential PSK coherent optical packet receiver for energy efficient reconfigurable networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(24), 5218–5226 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. N. Huynh, A. T. Nguyen, W. C. Ng, L. Nguyen, L. A. Rusch, and L. P. Barry, “BER performance of coherent optical communications systems employing monolithic tunable lasers with excess phase noise,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(10), 1973–1980 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. O’Dowd, K. Shi, A. J. Walsh, V. M. Bessler, F. Smyth, T. N. Huynh, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Time resolved bit error rate analysis of a fast switching tunable laser for use in optically switched networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(9), A77–A81 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, J. A. O’Dowd, V. M. Bessler, K. Shi, F. Smyth, J. M. Dailey, B. Kelleher, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Characterization of time-resolved laser differential phase using 3D complementary cumulative distribution functions,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1769–1771 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bayvel, P.

R. Maher, D. Lavery, M. Paskov, P. Bayvel, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching 6 GBd dual polarization 16QAM digital coherent burst mode receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 297–300 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bessler, V. M.

Bo, F. B.

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Huang, H.-F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, F. Toudeh-Fallah, and R. Gyurek, “Dynamically reconfigurable optical packet switch (DROPS),” Opt. Express 14(25), 12008–12014 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brandt-Pearce, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Browning, C.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. Mitchell, “Fast-tuning coherent burst-mode receiver for metropolitan networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chou, H.-F.

Chraplyvy, A.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chuang, J. C. I.

J. Lu, K. B. Letaief, J. C. I. Chuang, and M. L. Liou, “M-PSK and M-QAM BER computation using signal-space concepts,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47(2), 181–184 (1999).
[Crossref]

Connolly, E. M.

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dailey, J. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

Fabrega, J. M.

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fagan, A.

A. J. Walsh, J. Mountjoy, H. Shams, A. Fagan, A. D. Ellis, and L. P. Barry, “Highly robust dual-polarization doubly differential PSK coherent optical packet receiver for energy efficient reconfigurable networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(24), 5218–5226 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fischer, J. K.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Forzati, M.

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Furukawa, H.

Garrett, H. E.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ge, C.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gripp, J.

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. Mitchell, “Fast-tuning coherent burst-mode receiver for metropolitan networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gyurek, R.

Huang, C.-H.

Huynh, T. N.

Ji, Y.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kelleher, B.

Krummrich, P. M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kschischang, F. R.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lambkin, P.

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Larson, M. C.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lavery, D.

R. Maher, D. Lavery, M. Paskov, P. Bayvel, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching 6 GBd dual polarization 16QAM digital coherent burst mode receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 297–300 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lázaro, J. A.

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Letaief, K. B.

J. Lu, K. B. Letaief, J. C. I. Chuang, and M. L. Liou, “M-PSK and M-QAM BER computation using signal-space concepts,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47(2), 181–184 (1999).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liou, M. L.

J. Lu, K. B. Letaief, J. C. I. Chuang, and M. L. Liou, “M-PSK and M-QAM BER computation using signal-space concepts,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47(2), 181–184 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

J. Zhao, H. Zhou, F. Liu, and Y. Yu, “Numerical analysis of phase noise characteristics of SGDBR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1502009 (2015).

Lord, A.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, K. B. Letaief, J. C. I. Chuang, and M. L. Liou, “M-PSK and M-QAM BER computation using signal-space concepts,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47(2), 181–184 (1999).
[Crossref]

Maher, R.

Millar, D. S.

Mitchell, P.

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. Mitchell, “Fast-tuning coherent burst-mode receiver for metropolitan networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mountjoy, J.

A. J. Walsh, J. Mountjoy, H. Shams, A. Fagan, A. D. Ellis, and L. P. Barry, “Highly robust dual-polarization doubly differential PSK coherent optical packet receiver for energy efficient reconfigurable networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(24), 5218–5226 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ng, W. C.

Nguyen, A. T.

Nguyen, L.

O’Dowd, J. A.

Paskov, M.

R. Maher, D. Lavery, M. Paskov, P. Bayvel, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching 6 GBd dual polarization 16QAM digital coherent burst mode receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 297–300 (2014).
[Crossref]

Prat, J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, S.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reid, D.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rigole, P.-J.

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Roberts, K.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roycroft, B.

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rusch, L. A.

Savory, S. J.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching transceiver for a virtualized coherent optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(5), 1007–1013 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, D. Lavery, M. Paskov, P. Bayvel, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching 6 GBd dual polarization 16QAM digital coherent burst mode receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 297–300 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. C. Thomsen, R. Maher, D. S. Millar, and S. J. Savory, “Burst mode receiver for 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK with parallel DSP,” Opt. Express 19(26), B770–B776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schrenk, B.

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

Secondini, M.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shams, H.

A. J. Walsh, J. Mountjoy, H. Shams, A. Fagan, A. D. Ellis, and L. P. Barry, “Highly robust dual-polarization doubly differential PSK coherent optical packet receiver for energy efficient reconfigurable networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(24), 5218–5226 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, K.

Shieh, W.

Shinada, S.

Simsarian, J. E.

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. Mitchell, “Fast-tuning coherent burst-mode receiver for metropolitan networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

Smyth, F.

J. A. O’Dowd, K. Shi, A. J. Walsh, V. M. Bessler, F. Smyth, T. N. Huynh, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Time resolved bit error rate analysis of a fast switching tunable laser for use in optically switched networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(9), A77–A81 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, J. A. O’Dowd, V. M. Bessler, K. Shi, F. Smyth, J. M. Dailey, B. Kelleher, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Characterization of time-resolved laser differential phase using 3D complementary cumulative distribution functions,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1769–1771 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, S.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Strand, T. A.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, B.

Thomsen, B. C.

Tomkos, I.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Toudeh-Fallah, F.

Wada, N.

Walsh, A. J.

Watts, R.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

Xiong, Q.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xue, D.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. B.

S. B. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical-label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 406–418 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

J. Zhao, H. Zhou, F. Liu, and Y. Yu, “Numerical analysis of phase noise characteristics of SGDBR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1502009 (2015).

Zhang, J.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, H. Zhou, F. Liu, and Y. Yu, “Numerical analysis of phase noise characteristics of SGDBR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1502009 (2015).

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

J. Zhao, H. Zhou, F. Liu, and Y. Yu, “Numerical analysis of phase noise characteristics of SGDBR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1502009 (2015).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

Y. Ji, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Li, Q. Yang, C. Ge, Q. Xiong, D. Xue, J. Yu, and S. Qiu, “All optical switching networks with energy-efficient technologies from components level to network level,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 32(8), 1600–1614 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. M. Fabrega, B. Schrenk, F. B. Bo, J. A. Lázaro, M. Forzati, P.-J. Rigole, and J. Prat, “Modulated grating Y-structure tunable laser for-routed networks and optical access,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1542–1551 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. B. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical-label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 406–418 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, H. Zhou, F. Liu, and Y. Yu, “Numerical analysis of phase noise characteristics of SGDBR lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1502009 (2015).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

R. Maher, D. Lavery, M. Paskov, P. Bayvel, S. J. Savory, and B. C. Thomsen, “Fast wavelength switching 6 GBd dual polarization 16QAM digital coherent burst mode receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(3), 297–300 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, S. Chandrasekhar, and P. Mitchell, “Fast-tuning coherent burst-mode receiver for metropolitan networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 813–816 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. E. Simsarian, M. C. Larson, H. E. Garrett, H. Xu, and T. A. Strand, “Less than 5-ns wavelength switching with an SG-DBR laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(4), 565–567 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Smyth, E. M. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, and L. P. Barry, “Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry-Perot structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2105–2107 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. J. Walsh, H. Shams, J. Mountjoy, A. Fagan, J. Zhao, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstrating doubly-differential quadrature phase shift keying in the optical domain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1054–1057 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. Lu, K. B. Letaief, J. C. I. Chuang, and M. L. Liou, “M-PSK and M-QAM BER computation using signal-space concepts,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47(2), 181–184 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. (1)

E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, A. Chraplyvy, D. J. Richardson, P. M. Krummrich, P. Winzer, K. Roberts, J. K. Fischer, S. J. Savory, B. J. Eggleton, M. Secondini, F. R. Kschischang, A. Lord, J. Prat, I. Tomkos, J. E. Bowers, S. Srinivasan, M. Brandt-Pearce, and N. Gisin, “Roadmap of optical communications,” J. Opt. 18(6), 063002 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

Cisco Visual Networking Index, “The Zettabyte era: trends and analysis,” White Paper, Cisco (2017), https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/vni-hyperconnectivity-wp.pdf .

F. Liu, Y. Lin, A. J. Walsh, Y. Yu, and L. P. Barry, “Doubly differential two-level 8PSK for enabling optical packet switching in coherent systems,” in Proceeding of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2018), paper W2A.35.
[Crossref]

M. Larson, Y. Feng, P.-C. Koh, X.-d. Huang, M. Moewe, A. Semakov, A. Patwardhan, E. Chiu, A. Bhardwaj, and K. Chan, “Narrow linewidth high power thermally tuned sampled-grating distributed Bragg reflector laser,” in Proceeding of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2013), paper OTh3I. 4.
[Crossref]

Y. Cao, S. Yu, Y. Chen, Y. Gao, W. Gu, and Y. Ji, “Modified frequency and phase estimation for M-QAM optical coherent detection,” inProceeding of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC)(2010), paper We.7.A.1.
[Crossref]

L. N. Binh, Noises in Optical Communications and Photonic Systems (CRC, 2016).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Coding process and constellation diagram of the DD-star-16-QAM.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 DSP flow and decoding process of the DD-star-16-QAM.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 BER versus R with (a) various OSNR and (b) various linewidths.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER performance for the 12.5 Gbaud DD-star-16-QAM and square-16-QAM with different FO’s.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Actual and estimated FO’s (a) without unwrap function and (b) with unwrap function.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Time-resolved BER with (a) a constant linewidth and (b) time-varying linewidth.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Static and switching experiments setup. EDFA: optical amplifier, BPF: band pass filter, VOA: variable optical attenuator, IQM: IQ modulator, AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, ECL: external cavity laser, PC: polarization control, OSA: optical spectrum analyzer.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Static performance of DD-star-16-QAM including (a) R optimization results, (b) BER performance and (c) FO limitation.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Results for switching the front grating section including (a) optical spectra before modulation and after modulation, (b) dynamic phase noise properties and (c) time-resolved BER performance.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Results for switching the phase section including (a) optical spectra before modulation and after modulation, (b) dynamic phase noise properties and (c) time-resolved BER performance.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ D D E ( k ) = [ θ d a t a ( k ) + 2 θ D D E ( k 1 ) θ D D E ( k 2 ) ] mod 2 π , k 3
θ d a t a ( i ) = [ θ r e c ( i ) 2 θ r e c ( i 1 ) + θ r e c ( i 2 ) ] mod 2 π , i 3
θ r e c ( k ) = θ e n c o d e d ( k ) + Δ ω k T + θ 0
θ d a t a ( i ) = [ θ e n c o d e d ( i ) 2 θ e n c o d e d ( i 1 ) + θ e n c o d e d ( i 2 ) ] mod 2 π , i 3
r ( k ) = c ( k ) exp ( j ( 2 π Δ ω ( k ) k T + θ ( k ) ) ) + n ( k )
OSNR = 10 lg ( P S / P N ) + 10 lg ( B m / B r )
θ ( k ) θ ( k 1 ) = 2 π Δ f ( k ) T · g ( k )

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