Abstract

In this paper, broadband microwave absorbers utilizing water-based metamaterial structure elements have been proposed and investigated. We employ water into the metamaterial structure unit-cell of the absorber as primary resonant elements such as the water-droplet, or water-tube structure. By investigating the resonant modes and the coupling between the water elements and the surrounding dielectrics, it is found the inherent multi-resonance of the proposed metamaterial structures could result in a broadband microwave absorption. For water-droplets design, 90% microwave absorption has been achieved from 7.5 GHz to 15 GHz, while for water-tube design, a much broader bandwidth from 5 GHz to 15 GHz is obtained for nearly 90% microwave absorption. The broadband absorption performance has been verified by both full wave simulation and experimental measurement. We believe the proposed broadband water-based absorber may find some applications in microwave stealth and electromagnetic compatibility technology.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Water metamaterial for ultra-broadband and wide-angle absorption

Jianwen Xie, Weiren Zhu, Ivan D. Rukhlenko, Fajun Xiao, Chong He, Junping Geng, Xianling Liang, Ronghong Jin, and Malin Premaratne
Opt. Express 26(4) 5052-5059 (2018)

Cylindrical-water-resonator-based ultra-broadband microwave absorber

Jian Ren and Jia Yuan Yin
Opt. Mater. Express 8(8) 2060-2071 (2018)

Transparent broadband metamaterial absorber enhanced by water-substrate incorporation

Yang Shen, Jieqiu Zhang, Yongqiang Pang, Jiafu Wang, Hua Ma, and Shaobo Qu
Opt. Express 26(12) 15665-15674 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. C. Pitman, M. W. Lindley, D. Simkin, and J. F. Cooper, “Radar absorbers: better by design,” in IEE Proceedings F (Radar and Signal Processing) (IET, 1991), Vol. 138, pp. 223–228.
  2. B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design (Wiley Online Library, 2000), Vol. 29.
  3. S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. L. Wallace, “Broadband magnetic microwave absorbers: Fundamental limitations,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 29(6), 4209–4214 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. B. Amin and J. R. James, “Techniques for utilization of hexagonal ferrites in radar absorbers. Part 1: Broadband planar coatings,” Radio Electron. Eng. 51(5), 209–218 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. S. Kshetrimayum, “A brief intro to metamaterials,” IEEE Potentials 23(5), 44–46 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Zouhdi, A. Sihvola, and A. P. Vinogradov, Metamaterials and Plasmonics: Fundamentals, Modelling, Applications (Springer Science & Business Media, 2008).
  8. G. Oliveri, D. H. Werner, and A. Massa, “Reconfigurable electromagnetics through metamaterials—a review,” Proc. IEEE 103(7), 1034–1056 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, B. Zhu, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Graphene based tunable metamaterial absorber and polarization modulation in terahertz frequency,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22743–22752 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2083 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. H.-T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165–7172 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  22. Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. W. Padilla and X. Liu, “Perfect electromagnetic absorbers from microwave to optical,” SPIE Newsroom 14, 03137 (2010).
  26. J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  27. O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  28. W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  31. F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  32. S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  33. P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. Ahmadi and H. Mosallaei, “Physical configuration and performance modeling of all-dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 77(4), 045104 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  35. S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  39. Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  40. X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Oliveri, D. H. Werner, and A. Massa, “Reconfigurable electromagnetics through metamaterials—a review,” Proc. IEEE 103(7), 1034–1056 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2083 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165–7172 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
[PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Padilla and X. Liu, “Perfect electromagnetic absorbers from microwave to optical,” SPIE Newsroom 14, 03137 (2010).

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ahmadi and H. Mosallaei, “Physical configuration and performance modeling of all-dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 77(4), 045104 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

R. S. Kshetrimayum, “A brief intro to metamaterials,” IEEE Potentials 23(5), 44–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

J. L. Wallace, “Broadband magnetic microwave absorbers: Fundamental limitations,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 29(6), 4209–4214 (1993).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

M. B. Amin and J. R. James, “Techniques for utilization of hexagonal ferrites in radar absorbers. Part 1: Broadband planar coatings,” Radio Electron. Eng. 51(5), 209–218 (1981).
[Crossref]

Abbas, S. M.

S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ahmadi, A.

A. Ahmadi and H. Mosallaei, “Physical configuration and performance modeling of all-dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 77(4), 045104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Amin, M. B.

M. B. Amin and J. R. James, “Techniques for utilization of hexagonal ferrites in radar absorbers. Part 1: Broadband planar coatings,” Radio Electron. Eng. 51(5), 209–218 (1981).
[Crossref]

Anderson, Z.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andryieuski, A.

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrett, J. P.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bong, J.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourouina, T.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, H.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chatterjee, R.

S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

Chen, J.

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chong, P. H. J.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Costa, F.

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cummer, S. A.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, F.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dixit, A. K.

S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Enoch, S.

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, M.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, B. Zhu, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Graphene based tunable metamaterial absorber and polarization modulation in terahertz frequency,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22743–22752 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goel, T. C.

S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gu, S.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, Y.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guan, J.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guérin, N.

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hand, T. H.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hao, Y. L.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, S.

S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2083 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, J.-S.

H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jacob, Z.

S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jahani, S.

S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

James, J. R.

M. B. Amin and J. R. James, “Techniques for utilization of hexagonal ferrites in radar absorbers. Part 1: Broadband planar coatings,” Radio Electron. Eng. 51(5), 209–218 (1981).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, B. Zhu, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Graphene based tunable metamaterial absorber and polarization modulation in terahertz frequency,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22743–22752 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jin, S. Xiao, N. A. Mortensen, and S. He, “Arbitrarily thin metamaterial structure for perfect absorption and giant magnification,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11114–11119 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ju, S.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ju Kim, Y.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun Cui, T.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. W.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravchenko, I. I.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kshetrimayum, R. S.

R. S. Kshetrimayum, “A brief intro to metamaterials,” IEEE Potentials 23(5), 44–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsova, S. M.

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lavrinenko, A. V.

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leprince-Wang, Y.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, Q. X.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lim, T.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H.

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Padilla and X. Liu, “Perfect electromagnetic absorbers from microwave to optical,” SPIE Newsroom 14, 03137 (2010).

Lo, G. Q.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Long, C.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, C.-M.

H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luukkonen, O.

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Massa, A.

G. Oliveri, D. H. Werner, and A. Massa, “Reconfigurable electromagnetics through metamaterials—a review,” Proc. IEEE 103(7), 1034–1056 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moitra, P.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Monorchio, A.

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mortensen, N. A.

Mosallaei, H.

A. Ahmadi and H. Mosallaei, “Physical configuration and performance modeling of all-dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 77(4), 045104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Oliveri, G.

G. Oliveri, D. H. Werner, and A. Massa, “Reconfigurable electromagnetics through metamaterials—a review,” Proc. IEEE 103(7), 1034–1056 (2015).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W.

W. Padilla and X. Liu, “Perfect electromagnetic absorbers from microwave to optical,” SPIE Newsroom 14, 03137 (2010).

Padilla, W. J.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, Y.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S. Y.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popa, B.-I.

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rhee, J. Y.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sabouroux, P.

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z.

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Simovski, C. R.

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tayeb, G.

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tretyakov, S. A.

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J.

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vincent, P.

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wallace, J. L.

J. L. Wallace, “Broadband magnetic microwave absorbers: Fundamental limitations,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 29(6), 4209–4214 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
[PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Werner, D. H.

G. Oliveri, D. H. Werner, and A. Massa, “Reconfigurable electromagnetics through metamaterials—a review,” Proc. IEEE 103(7), 1034–1056 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xia, S.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Xiong, H.

H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. C.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, Y. J.

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zang, Y.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, J.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, B. Zhu, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Graphene based tunable metamaterial absorber and polarization modulation in terahertz frequency,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22743–22752 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhong, L.-L.

H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhong, S.

S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2083 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, H. F.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X. Y.

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, B. Zhu, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Graphene based tunable metamaterial absorber and polarization modulation in terahertz frequency,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22743–22752 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, W.

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhukovsky, S. V.

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
[PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Q. Song, W. Zhang, P. C. Wu, W. Zhu, Z. X. Shen, P. H. J. Chong, Q. X. Liang, Z. C. Yang, Y. L. Hao, H. Cai, H. F. Zhou, Y. Gu, G. Q. Lo, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, Y. Leprince-Wang, and A. Q. Liu, “Water-resonator-based metasurface: an ultrabroadband and near-unity absorption,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(8), 1601103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Pang, J. Wang, Q. Cheng, S. Xia, X. Y. Zhou, Z. Xu, T. J. Cui, and S. Qu, “Thermally tunable water-substrate broadband metamaterial absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(10), 104103 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. Jun Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Potentials (1)

R. S. Kshetrimayum, “A brief intro to metamaterials,” IEEE Potentials 23(5), 44–46 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

O. Luukkonen, F. Costa, C. R. Simovski, A. Monorchio, and S. A. Tretyakov, “A thin electromagnetic absorber for wide incidence angles and both polarizations,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 57(10), 3119–3125 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

J. L. Wallace, “Broadband magnetic microwave absorbers: Fundamental limitations,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 29(6), 4209–4214 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Gu, J. P. Barrett, T. H. Hand, B.-I. Popa, and S. A. Cummer, “A broadband low-reflection metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(6), 064913 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Xiong, J.-S. Hong, C.-M. Luo, and L.-L. Zhong, “An ultrathin and broadband metamaterial absorber using multi-layer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(6), 064109 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (1)

S. M. Abbas, A. K. Dixit, R. Chatterjee, and T. C. Goel, “Complex permittivity, complex permeability and microwave absorption properties of ferrite–polymer composites,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 309(1), 20–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

X. Huang, H. Yang, Z. Shen, J. Chen, H. Lin, and Z. Yu, “Water-injected all-dielectric ultra-wideband and prominent oblique incidence metamaterial absorber in microwave regime,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(38), 385304 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Jahani and Z. Jacob, “All-dielectric metamaterials,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 23–36 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

A. Ahmadi and H. Mosallaei, “Physical configuration and performance modeling of all-dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 77(4), 045104 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Enoch, G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guérin, and P. Vincent, “A metamaterial for directive emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(21), 213902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. Oliveri, D. H. Werner, and A. Massa, “Reconfigurable electromagnetics through metamaterials—a review,” Proc. IEEE 103(7), 1034–1056 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prog. Electromagnetics Res. (1)

B. Zhu, Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 101, 231–239 (2010).
[Crossref]

Radio Electron. Eng. (1)

M. B. Amin and J. R. James, “Techniques for utilization of hexagonal ferrites in radar absorbers. Part 1: Broadband planar coatings,” Radio Electron. Eng. 51(5), 209–218 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (5)

Y. Pang, J. Wang, H. Ma, M. Feng, Y. Li, Z. Xu, S. Xia, and S. Qu, “Spatial k-dispersion engineering of spoof surface plasmon polaritons for customized absorption,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29429 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Andryieuski, S. M. Kuznetsova, S. V. Zhukovsky, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Water: promising opportunities for tunable all-dielectric electromagnetic metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13535 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Yoo, S. Ju, S. Y. Park, Y. Ju Kim, J. Bong, T. Lim, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, and Y. Lee, “Metamaterial absorber for electromagnetic waves in periodic water droplets,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14018 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhong and S. He, “Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2083 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

SPIE Newsroom (1)

W. Padilla and X. Liu, “Perfect electromagnetic absorbers from microwave to optical,” SPIE Newsroom 14, 03137 (2010).

Other (3)

K. C. Pitman, M. W. Lindley, D. Simkin, and J. F. Cooper, “Radar absorbers: better by design,” in IEE Proceedings F (Radar and Signal Processing) (IET, 1991), Vol. 138, pp. 223–228.

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design (Wiley Online Library, 2000), Vol. 29.

S. Zouhdi, A. Sihvola, and A. P. Vinogradov, Metamaterials and Plasmonics: Fundamentals, Modelling, Applications (Springer Science & Business Media, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the unit-cell with (a) and without (b) water-droplet loaded. (c) Images of the fabricated sample with water-injected side view.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Comparison of the permittivity of water at 6-18 GHz from Debye model and experimental measurement.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Simulated absorption spectrum of the proposed absorber with or without loading water droplets. (b) Simulated distributions of current density at the frequency of 7.1 GHz, 8.7 GHz and13.8 GHz, respectively. The dashed lines indicate the vortex-like current loops.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Simulated (hs = 3.20 mm) and measured (90μl) absorption spectra of the proposed absorber. (b) Simulated absorption spectra of the proposed absorber when the height of water level changes from 2.95 mm to 3.20 mm. The parameter hs represents the height of water level from the metallic back. (b) Experimental measured absorption spectra when the amount of water droplets takes a three-step change from 50 μl, 66 μl to 90 μl.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption spectra of the water-droplet structure for (a) TE oblique incidences, and (b) TM oblique incidences.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Schematic of the simple water-tube unit-cell, d = 6mm W = 8mm t = 0.5mm. (b) Absorption spectra of the simple water-tube structure for different incident polarizations. (c) Simulated distributions of current density at the frequency of the two resonant peaks.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Absorption spectra of the simple water-tube structure for (a) TE oblique incidences, and (b) TM oblique incidences. (All the incident polarizations are orthogonal to the water tube axis)
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Schematic of the polarization dependent water-tube absorber and the fabricated sample. (b) Simulated absorption spectrum of the simple water-tube structures with different tube radius. (c) Simulated and measured absorption spectra of two random-radius-applied water-tube structures.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Schematic of the polarization independent water-tube absorber. (b) Simulated and measured absorption spectra of the proposed polarization independent water-tube absorber. The inset shows the photograph of the fabricated sample.

Metrics