Abstract

We report on the direct intensity modulation characteristics of a high-speed resonant tunneling diode-photodetector (RTD-PD) with an oscillation frequency of 79 GHz. This work demonstrates both electrical and optical modulation and shows that RTD-PD oscillators can be utilized as versatile optoelectronic/radio interfaces. This is the first demonstration of optical modulation of an RF carrier using integrated RTD-PD oscillators at microwave frequencies.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and Future of Terahertz Communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1769–1774 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. R. Izumi, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “1.98 THz resonant-tunneling-diode oscillator with reduced conduction loss by thick antenna electrode,” in 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2017).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Figueiredo, B. Romeira, T. Slight, and C. Ironside, “Resonant tunnelling optoelectronic circuits,” Advances in Optical and Photonic Devices (IntechOpen, 2010).
  11. B. Romeira, “Dynamics of resonant tunneling diode optoelectronic oscillators,” Thesis, Universidade do Algarve, 2012.
  12. W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Tavares, L. Pessoa, J. Figueiredo, and H. Salgado, “Analysis of resonant tunnelling diode oscillators under optical modulation,” in 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–4.
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Wang, “Monolithic microwave/millimetrewave integrated circuit resonant tunnelling diode sources with around a milliwatt output power,” PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2014.
  16. S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz communications technologies based on photonic and electronic approaches,” 18th European Wireless Conference (IEEE, 2012).

2017 (2)

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, G. Carpintero, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1769–1774 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and Future of Terahertz Communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
[Crossref]

Accard, A.

Al-Khalidi, A.

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Antes, J.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arai, S.

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

Asada, M.

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Izumi, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “1.98 THz resonant-tunneling-diode oscillator with reduced conduction loss by thick antenna electrode,” in 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Benjebbour, A.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Carpintero, G.

Coêlho, I.

I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dan, I.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

De Silva, P.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fice, M. J.

Figueiredo, J.

I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

J. Tavares, L. Pessoa, J. Figueiredo, and H. Salgado, “Analysis of resonant tunnelling diode oscillators under optical modulation,” in 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Figueiredo, J. M.

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harati, P.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, F.

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hashimoto, K.

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
[Crossref]

Haustein, T.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Höfling, S.

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ironside, C.

I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ironside, C. N.

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishigaki, K.

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

Izumi, R.

R. Izumi, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “1.98 THz resonant-tunneling-diode oscillator with reduced conduction loss by thick antenna electrode,” in 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Kallfass, I.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kamp, M.

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelly, A. E.

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

Kuri, M.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kurner, T.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Langer, F.

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lelarge, F.

Leuther, A.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Martins-Filho, J.

I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
[Crossref]

Massler, H.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Merkle, T.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Molisch, A. F.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nagatsuma, T.

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and Future of Terahertz Communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz communications technologies based on photonic and electronic approaches,” 18th European Wireless Conference (IEEE, 2012).

Nishiyama, N.

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ofiare, A.

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Oshima, N.

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pessoa, L.

J. Tavares, L. Pessoa, J. Figueiredo, and H. Salgado, “Analysis of resonant tunnelling diode oscillators under optical modulation,” in 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Pessoa, L. M.

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfenning, A.

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renaud, C. C.

Rey, S.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Romeira, B.

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rouvalis, E.

Salgado, H.

J. Tavares, L. Pessoa, J. Figueiredo, and H. Salgado, “Analysis of resonant tunnelling diode oscillators under optical modulation,” in 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Salgado, H. M.

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seeds, A. J.

Shafi, M.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shibayama, H.

S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shiraishi, M.

S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

Smith, P. J.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and Future of Terahertz Communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, S.

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Izumi, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “1.98 THz resonant-tunneling-diode oscillator with reduced conduction loss by thick antenna electrode,” in 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Tavares, J.

J. Tavares, L. Pessoa, J. Figueiredo, and H. Salgado, “Analysis of resonant tunnelling diode oscillators under optical modulation,” in 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Tessmann, A.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tufvesson, F.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

van Dijk, F.

Wagner, S.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Wasige, E.

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Watson, S.

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

Weber, R.

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Worschech, L.

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wunder, G.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

Zhu, P.

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Wireless data transmission of 34 Gbit/s at a 500-GHz range using resonant-tunnelling-diode terahertz oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 52(22), 1897–1898 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 582–583 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, L. Wang, C. Li, B. Romeira, and E. Wasige, “28 GHz MMIC resonant tunnelling diode oscillator of around 1mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 49(13), 816–818 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith, T. Haustein, P. Zhu, P. De Silva, F. Tufvesson, A. Benjebbour, and G. Wunder, “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 35(6), 1201–1221 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Suzuki, M. Shiraishi, H. Shibayama, and M. Asada, “High-power operation of terahertz oscillators with resonant tunneling diodes using impedance-matched antennas and array configuration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8500108 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (2)

N. Oshima, K. Hashimoto, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “Terahertz wireless data transmission with frequency and polarization division multiplexing using resonant-tunneling-diode oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 7(5), 593–598 (2017).
[Crossref]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and Future of Terahertz Communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

I. Kallfass, I. Dan, S. Rey, P. Harati, J. Antes, A. Tessmann, S. Wagner, M. Kuri, R. Weber, H. Massler, A. Leuther, T. Merkle, and T. Kurner, “Towards MMIC-based 300 GHz indoor wireless communication systems,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E98, 1081–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Coêlho, J. Martins-Filho, J. Figueiredo, and C. Ironside, “Modeling of light-sensitive resonant-tunneling-diode devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 8258–8263 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

A. Pfenning, F. Hartmann, F. Langer, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and L. Worschech, “Sensitivity of resonant tunneling diode photodetectors,” Nanotechnology 27(35), 355202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Sensors (Basel) (1)

B. Romeira, L. M. Pessoa, H. M. Salgado, C. N. Ironside, and J. M. Figueiredo, “Photo-detectors integrated with resonant tunneling diodes,” Sensors (Basel) 13(7), 9464–9482 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (8)

R. Izumi, S. Suzuki, and M. Asada, “1.98 THz resonant-tunneling-diode oscillator with reduced conduction loss by thick antenna electrode,” in 42nd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

J. Figueiredo, B. Romeira, T. Slight, and C. Ironside, “Resonant tunnelling optoelectronic circuits,” Advances in Optical and Photonic Devices (IntechOpen, 2010).

B. Romeira, “Dynamics of resonant tunneling diode optoelectronic oscillators,” Thesis, Universidade do Algarve, 2012.

W. Zhang, S. Watson, J. Wang, J. Figueiredo, E. Wasige, and A. E. Kelly, “Optical Characteristics Analysis of Resonant Tunneling Diode Photodiode Based Oscillators,” in 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–6.
[Crossref]

J. Tavares, L. Pessoa, J. Figueiredo, and H. Salgado, “Analysis of resonant tunnelling diode oscillators under optical modulation,” in 2017 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz communications technologies based on photonic and electronic approaches,” 18th European Wireless Conference (IEEE, 2012).

J. Wang, A. Al-Khalidi, C. Zhang, A. Ofiare, L. Wang, and E. Wasige, “Resonant tunneling diode as high speed optical/electronic transmitter,” in 2017 10th UK-Europe-China Workshop on Millimetre Waves and Terahertz Technologies (UCMMT), (IEEE, 2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, “Monolithic microwave/millimetrewave integrated circuit resonant tunnelling diode sources with around a milliwatt output power,” PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2014.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Photograph of the double RTD-PD oscillator and (b) the schematic circuit structure of the oscillator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 I-V characteristic of an RTD-PD in the operating condition of (a) electrical modulation and (b) optical modulation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental set-up for electrical signal modulation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental set-up for optical signal modulation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output signal from the oscillator at the data rates of (a) 400 Mbps and (b) 3 Gbps when the RTD-PDs were biased in the first PDC region.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Output signal from the RTD-PD oscillator when biasing at (a) PDC region (0.67V), (b) NDC region (0.74V) and (c) NDC region (0.77V).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) modulated optical signal injected to the RTD-PD, (b) electrical output signal from the RTD-PD oscillator when biased in the first PDC where is the steady mode, (c) output signal overlapped with oscillation when biasing the RTD-PD from steady state mode into oscillation mode.

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