Abstract

A theoretical model together with a numerical algorithm of surface plasmon (SP) coupling are built for simulating SP-enhanced light color conversion from a shorter-wavelength radiating dipole (representing a quantum well - QW) into a longer-wavelength one (representing a quantum dot - QD) through QD absorption at the shorter wavelength. An Ag nanoparticle (NP) located between the two dipoles is designed for producing strong SP couplings simultaneously at the two wavelengths. At the QW emission wavelength, SP couplings with the QW and QD dipoles lead to the energy transfer from the QW into the QD and hence the absorption enhancement of the QD. At the QD emission wavelength, SP coupling with the excited QD dipole results in the enhancement of QD emission efficiency. The combination of the SP-induced effects at the two wavelengths leads to the increase of overall color conversion efficiency. The color conversion efficiencies in using Ag NPs of different geometries or SP resonance behaviors for producing different QD absorption and emission enhancement levels are compared.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (5)

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

C. Y. Liu, T. P. Chen, T. S. Kao, J. K. Huang, H. C. Kuo, Y. F. Chen, and C. Y. Chang, “Color-conversion efficiency enhancement of quantum dots via selective area nano-rods light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19978–19987 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, W. Y. Chang, C. A. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling for suppressing p-GaN absorption and TM-polarized emission in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4229–4232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. V. Han, H. Y. Lin, C. C. Lin, W. C. Chong, J. R. Li, K. J. Chen, P. Yu, T. M. Chen, H. M. Chen, K. M. Lau, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based micro LED display technology,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32504–32515 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. R. Wu, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface-plasmon-coupled emission enhancement of a quantum well with a metal nanoparticle embedded in a light-emitting diode,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(10), 2599–2606 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (7)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Wang, F. J. Tsai, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, N. Li, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing InGaN-based solar cell efficiency through localized surface plasmon interaction by embedding Ag nanoparticles in the absorbing layer,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2682–2694 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Absorption enhancement of an amorphous Si solar cell through surface plasmon-induced scattering with metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(13Suppl 2), A207–A220 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Sun and E. M. Goldys, “Linear Absorption and Molar Extinction Coefficients in Direct Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(25), 9261–9266 (2008).
[Crossref]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69(11–12), 681 (1946).

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, C. J.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, C. Y.

Chang, W. Y.

W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Yang, Y. R. Wu, and Y. W. Kiang, “Different surface plasmon coupling behaviors of a surface Al nanoparticle between TE and TM polarizations in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8340–8355 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, W. Y. Chang, C. A. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling for suppressing p-GaN absorption and TM-polarized emission in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4229–4232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1Suppl 1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. R. Wu, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface-plasmon-coupled emission enhancement of a quantum well with a metal nanoparticle embedded in a light-emitting diode,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(10), 2599–2606 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chanyawadee, S.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chao, C. H.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Charlton, M. D. B.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. C.

Chen, C. Y.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Wang, F. J. Tsai, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, N. Li, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing InGaN-based solar cell efficiency through localized surface plasmon interaction by embedding Ag nanoparticles in the absorbing layer,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2682–2694 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, G. S.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. M.

Chen, H. S.

Chen, H. T.

Chen, I. H.

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. J.

Chen, S. H.

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, T. M.

Chen, T. P.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y. S.

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. J.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chiang, H. C.

Chiu, M. H.

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chong, W. C.

Chou, K. P.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, Y. C.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chuang, W. H.

Cui, Y.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Do, Y. R.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Y. H.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goldys, E. M.

J. Sun and E. M. Goldys, “Linear Absorption and Molar Extinction Coefficients in Direct Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(25), 9261–9266 (2008).
[Crossref]

Han, H. V.

Harley, R. T.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Y.

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsiao, J. H.

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsieh, C.

Hsu, C. M.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, T. C.

Hsu, Y. C.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hua, W. H.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C. A.

Huang, C. F.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, F. W.

Huang, H. W.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J. J.

Huang, J. K.

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kao, T. S.

Kiang, Y. W.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Yang, Y. R. Wu, and Y. W. Kiang, “Different surface plasmon coupling behaviors of a surface Al nanoparticle between TE and TM polarizations in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8340–8355 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. F. Yao, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, W. H. Liu, C. G. Tu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, F. W. Huang, C. L. Lee, and T. C. Hsu, “Further emission efficiency improvement of a commercial-quality light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Lett. 43(22), 5631–5634 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, W. Y. Chang, C. A. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling for suppressing p-GaN absorption and TM-polarized emission in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4229–4232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1Suppl 1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. R. Wu, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface-plasmon-coupled emission enhancement of a quantum well with a metal nanoparticle embedded in a light-emitting diode,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(10), 2599–2606 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lin, Y. Kuo, C. Y. Liao, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface plasmon effects in the absorption enhancements of amorphous silicon solar cells with periodical metal nanowall and nanopillar structures,” Opt. Express 20(1S1), A104–A118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Wang, F. J. Tsai, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, N. Li, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing InGaN-based solar cell efficiency through localized surface plasmon interaction by embedding Ag nanoparticles in the absorbing layer,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2682–2694 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Absorption enhancement of an amorphous Si solar cell through surface plasmon-induced scattering with metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(13Suppl 2), A207–A220 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, H. C.

Kuo, Y.

W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Yang, Y. R. Wu, and Y. W. Kiang, “Different surface plasmon coupling behaviors of a surface Al nanoparticle between TE and TM polarizations in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8340–8355 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, W. Y. Chang, C. A. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling for suppressing p-GaN absorption and TM-polarized emission in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4229–4232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1Suppl 1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. R. Wu, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface-plasmon-coupled emission enhancement of a quantum well with a metal nanoparticle embedded in a light-emitting diode,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(10), 2599–2606 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lin, Y. Kuo, C. Y. Liao, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface plasmon effects in the absorption enhancements of amorphous silicon solar cells with periodical metal nanowall and nanopillar structures,” Opt. Express 20(1S1), A104–A118 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lagoudakis, P. G.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lau, K. M.

Lee, C. L.

Lee, C. T.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. Y.

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. H.

Lee, S.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. R.

Li, N.

Liao, C. H.

Liao, C. Y.

Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, C. C.

Lin, C. H.

C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. F. Yao, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, W. H. Liu, C. G. Tu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, F. W. Huang, C. L. Lee, and T. C. Hsu, “Further emission efficiency improvement of a commercial-quality light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Lett. 43(22), 5631–5634 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, H. Y.

Lin, Y. C.

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
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Lu, Y. C.

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
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Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
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W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
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Oh, J. H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014).
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H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
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K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
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Su, C. Y.

Su, M. Y.

Sun, J.

J. Sun and E. M. Goldys, “Linear Absorption and Molar Extinction Coefficients in Direct Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(25), 9261–9266 (2008).
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Talapin, D. V.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
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Ting, S. Y.

Tsai, F. J.

Tsai, M. C.

Tsai, Y. H.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
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Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
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Tse, W. F.

Tseng, P. H.

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
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Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
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J. Y. Wang, F. J. Tsai, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, N. Li, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing InGaN-based solar cell efficiency through localized surface plasmon interaction by embedding Ag nanoparticles in the absorbing layer,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2682–2694 (2010).
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F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Absorption enhancement of an amorphous Si solar cell through surface plasmon-induced scattering with metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(13Suppl 2), A207–A220 (2010).
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Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
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Wang, Y. T.

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G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
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Wu, M. H.

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
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Wu, R. N.

Wu, Y. R.

Yang, C. C.

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
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Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
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C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
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C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. F. Yao, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, W. H. Liu, C. G. Tu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, F. W. Huang, C. L. Lee, and T. C. Hsu, “Further emission efficiency improvement of a commercial-quality light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Lett. 43(22), 5631–5634 (2018).
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W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Yang, Y. R. Wu, and Y. W. Kiang, “Different surface plasmon coupling behaviors of a surface Al nanoparticle between TE and TM polarizations in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8340–8355 (2018).
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C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017).
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C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
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C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
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Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
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Y. Kuo, C. Y. Su, C. Hsieh, W. Y. Chang, C. A. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling for suppressing p-GaN absorption and TM-polarized emission in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4229–4232 (2015).
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Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1Suppl 1), A155–A166 (2014).
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Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
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Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. R. Wu, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface-plasmon-coupled emission enhancement of a quantum well with a metal nanoparticle embedded in a light-emitting diode,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(10), 2599–2606 (2013).
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H. Y. Lin, Y. Kuo, C. Y. Liao, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Surface plasmon effects in the absorption enhancements of amorphous silicon solar cells with periodical metal nanowall and nanopillar structures,” Opt. Express 20(1S1), A104–A118 (2012).
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Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, J. J. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Absorption enhancement of an amorphous Si solar cell through surface plasmon-induced scattering with metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(13Suppl 2), A207–A220 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Wang, F. J. Tsai, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, N. Li, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing InGaN-based solar cell efficiency through localized surface plasmon interaction by embedding Ag nanoparticles in the absorbing layer,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2682–2694 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. J.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y. F.

W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Yang, Y. R. Wu, and Y. W. Kiang, “Different surface plasmon coupling behaviors of a surface Al nanoparticle between TE and TM polarizations in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8340–8355 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. F. Yao, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, W. H. Liu, C. G. Tu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, F. W. Huang, C. L. Lee, and T. C. Hsu, “Further emission efficiency improvement of a commercial-quality light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Lett. 43(22), 5631–5634 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, D. M.

Yoon, H. C.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Oh, K. H. Lee, H. C. Yoon, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Color-by-blue display using blue quantum dot light-emitting diodes and green/red color converting phosphors,” Opt. Express 22(S2Suppl 2), A511–A520 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J. H.

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

Yu, Z.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, E.

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(28), 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C. H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22(5), 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, C. F. Huang, J. Y. Wang, Y. C. Lu, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Polarization dependent coupling of surface plasmon on a one-dimensional Ag grating with an InGaN/GaN dual-quantum-well structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Lu, Y. S. Chen, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, C. H. Lin, C. Y. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Improving emission enhancement in surface plasmon coupling with an InGaN/GaN quantum well by inserting a dielectric layer of low refractive index between metal and semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 233113 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. F. Lu, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Reduction of the efficiency droop effect of a light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(26), 261104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Lin, I. H. Chen, and C. H. Chao, “Effective color conversion of GaN-based LEDs via coated phosphor layers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 764–767 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. S. Chen, B. Y. Wei, C. T. Lee, and H. Y. Lee, “Monolithic red/green/blue micro-LEDs with HBR and DBR structures,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(3), 262–265 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. T. Lee, C. J. Cheng, H. Y. Lee, Y. C. Chu, Y. H. Fang, C. H. Chao, and M. H. Wu, “Color conversion of GaN-based micro light-emitting diodes using quantum dots,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2296–2299 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. (1)

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Transact. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

J. Sun and E. M. Goldys, “Linear Absorption and Molar Extinction Coefficients in Direct Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(25), 9261–9266 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

C. C. Lin and R. S. Liu, “Advances in phosphors for light-emitting diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2(11), 1268–1277 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. Zhu, C. M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 1979–1984 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (2)

Y. He, W. H. Hua, M. C. Low, Y. H. Tsai, C. J. Cai, H. C. Chiang, J. H. Yu, J. H. Hsiao, P. H. Tseng, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Z. Zhang, “Exocytosis of gold nanoparticle and photosensitizer from cancer cells and their effects on photodynamic and photothermal processes,” Nanotechnology 29(23), 235101 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Hua, C. J. Cai, K. P. Chou, Y. H. Tsai, M. C. Low, C. G. Tu, C. Y. Chen, C. C. Ni, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. C. Hsu, “Control of pore structure in a porous gold nanoparticle for effective cancer cell damage,” Nanotechnology 30(2), 025101 (2019).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

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Opt. Express (13)

W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Yang, Y. R. Wu, and Y. W. Kiang, “Different surface plasmon coupling behaviors of a surface Al nanoparticle between TE and TM polarizations in a deep-UV light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8340–8355 (2018).
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C. H. Lin, H. C. Chiang, Y. T. Wang, Y. F. Yao, C. C. Chen, W. F. Tse, R. N. Wu, W. Y. Chang, Y. Kuo, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Efficiency enhancement of light color conversion through surface plasmon coupling,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23629–23640 (2018).
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Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1Suppl 1), A155–A166 (2014).
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C. Y. Su, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, W. H. Liu, M. Y. Su, H. C. Chiang, M. C. Tsai, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Dependencies of surface plasmon coupling effects on the p-GaN thickness of a thin-p-type light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21526–21536 (2017).
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Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, C. H. Lin, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Evaluating the blue-shift behaviors of the surface plasmon coupling of an embedded light emitter with a surface Ag nanoparticle by adding a dielectric interlayer or coating,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30709–30720 (2015).
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Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A914–A929 (2011).
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Y. Kuo, Y. F. Yao, M. H. Chiu, W. Y. Chang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Coupling behaviors of a radiating dipole with the surface plasmon induced on a metal protrusion,” Plasmonics 10(2), 241–249 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a): Schematic illustration of the conventional processes of the color conversion from QW emission into QD emission. (b): Schematic illustration of the color conversion processes with SP couplings at the QW and QD emission wavelengths.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a)-(d): Schematic illustrations of the structures of samples A, B, C-x (x = 1-3), and D, respectively, for simulation study. The application of QDs in either sample B or C-x includes an infinitely thick CdSe absorbing layer and a QD dipole. The SP couplings in samples C-x and D are induced by the edge-rounded, disk-like Ag NP, which has the radius a and height h.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Real part (with the left ordinate) and imaginary part (with the right ordinate) of the dielectric constant of the CdSe layers in Figs. 2(b) and 2(c).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Flowchart showing the numerical computation procedures.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Radiated power of the QW dipole with different normalization combinations. Here, sample C refers to sample C-1. The vertical dashed line indicates the wavelength at 470 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 C/B ratios of QW radiated power for the three samples of different Ag NP geometries. The vertical dashed line indicates the wavelength of 470 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Curve I: C/B ratio of QD radiated power (with the left ordinate) as a function of QD emission wavelength when the QW dipole is removed in sample C-1. Curve II: C/B ratio of QD carrier population (with the right ordinate) as a function of QW emission wavelength in sample C-1. The left (right) vertical dashed line indicates the wavelength at 470 (620) nm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Curve labeled by “QD emission”: C/B ratio of QD radiated power (with the upper abscissa) duplicated from curve I in Fig. 7. Curve labeled by “QD carrier population (QD absorption)”: C/B ratio of QD carrier population (with the lower abscissa) duplicated from curve II in Fig. 7. Curve labeled by “Color conversion”: C/B ratio of overall QD radiated power (with the upper abscissa) under the excitation of the QW dipole in sample C-1. The vertical dashed line indicates the QW (QD) emission wavelength at 470 (620) nm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Results similar to Fig. 7 for sample C-2.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Results similar to Fig. 8 for sample C-2.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Results similar to Fig. 7 for sample C-3.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Results similar to Fig. 8 for sample C-3.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 C/B ratio comparisons of QW emission, QD absorption, QD emission, and conversion efficiency between the three samples of different Ag NP sizes when 470-nm blue light is converted into 620-nm red light.

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