Abstract

On-chip mode-division multiplexing (MDM), as a promising method of scaling communication bandwidth, has attracted tremendous attention due to potential applications in optical interconnects ranging from intra-chip to board-to-board communications. However, the MDM technique usually suffers from signal degradation due to crosstalk between spatial modes in multimode waveguide devices. Here we design waveguide-integrated graphene spatial mode filters for on-chip MDM to overcome this limitation. Specifically, TE1-mode-pass and TE2-mode-pass filters are designed based on different waveguide architectures. For the TE1-mode-pass filters, we have obtained a maximum TE1-to-TE0 modal extinction ratio (ER) of 9.19 dB in a 200-μm-long waveguide. While, for the TE2-mode-pass filters, we have achieved a maximum TE2-to-TE1 modal ER of 5.37 dB and TE2-to-TE0 modal ER of 6.44 dB in a 200-μm-long waveguide. Our study could help improve the signal-to-noise ratio for on-chip MDM optical interconnects.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Low-loss and broadband silicon mode filter using cascaded plasmonic BSWGs for on-chip mode division multiplexing

W. Jiang, J. Miao, T. Li, and L. Ma
Opt. Express 27(21) 30429-30440 (2019)

Integrated silicon multifunctional mode-division multiplexing system

De Zhou, Chunlei Sun, Yaxiao Lai, Yu Yu, and Xinliang Zhang
Opt. Express 27(8) 10798-10805 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Dai, J. Wang, and Y. Shi, “Silicon mode (de)multiplexer enabling high capacity photonic networks-on-chip with a single-wavelength-carrier light,” Opt. Lett. 38(9), 1422–1424 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “A 60 Gb/s MDM-WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7 dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18543–18555 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. X. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “Mode-Division Multiplexing for Silicon Photonic Network-on-Chip,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(15), 3223–3228 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Ye, Y. Yu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “On-chip data exchange for mode division multiplexed signals,” Opt. Express 24(1), 528–535 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, and R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1854–1856 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. T.-H. Xiao, Z. Cheng, and K. Goda, “Graphene-on-silicon hybrid plasmonic-photonic integrated circuits,” Nanotechnology 28(24), 245201 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Ye, Y. Yu, J. Zou, W. Yang, and X. Zhang, “On-chip multiplexing conversion between wavelength division multiplexing-polarization division multiplexing and wavelength division multiplexing-mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 758–761 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. C. P. Chen, J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, Y. Liu, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “60-Gb/s mode division multiplexing and wavelength division multiplexing in Si multimode waveguides,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 2013), 1–3.
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Wang, S. He, and D. Dai, “On-chip silicon 8-channel hybrid (de) multiplexer enabling simultaneous mode-and polarization-division-multiplexing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), L18–L22 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. B. Stern, X. Zhu, C. P. Chen, L. D. Tzuang, J. Cardenas, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “On-chip mode-division multiplexing switch,” Optica 2(6), 530–535 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. B. A. Dorin and W. N. Ye, “Two-mode division multiplexing in a silicon-on-insulator ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4547–4558 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. C. Li and D. Dai, “Low-loss and low-crosstalk multi-channel mode (de)multiplexer with ultrathin silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2370–2373 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. J. Wang, Y. Xuan, M. Qi, H. Huang, Y. Li, M. Li, X. Chen, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, W. Li, X. Wang, S. Zou, and F. Gan, “Broadband and fabrication-tolerant on-chip scalable mode-division multiplexing based on mode-evolution counter-tapered couplers,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1956–1959 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. A. Phatak, Z. Cheng, C. Qin, and K. Goda, “Design of electro-optic modulators based on graphene-on-silicon slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 41(11), 2501–2504 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2019 (1)

N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

T.-H. Xiao, Z. Cheng, and K. Goda, “Graphene-on-silicon hybrid plasmonic-photonic integrated circuits,” Nanotechnology 28(24), 245201 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “Mode-Division Multiplexing for Silicon Photonic Network-on-Chip,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(15), 3223–3228 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Li and D. Dai, “Low-loss and low-crosstalk multi-channel mode (de)multiplexer with ultrathin silicon waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2370–2373 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

M. Ye, Y. Yu, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “On-chip data exchange for mode division multiplexed signals,” Opt. Express 24(1), 528–535 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Phatak, Z. Cheng, C. Qin, and K. Goda, “Design of electro-optic modulators based on graphene-on-silicon slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 41(11), 2501–2504 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2014 (5)

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Abadía, N.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J.-H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagley, J.

N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, J.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benjamin, D. K.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

B. Stern, X. Zhu, C. P. Chen, L. D. Tzuang, J. Cardenas, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “On-chip mode-division multiplexing switch,” Optica 2(6), 530–535 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “A 60 Gb/s MDM-WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7 dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. P. Chen, J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, Y. Liu, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “60-Gb/s mode division multiplexing and wavelength division multiplexing in Si multimode waveguides,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 2013), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bradley, A. L.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cardenas, J.

B. Stern, X. Zhu, C. P. Chen, L. D. Tzuang, J. Cardenas, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “On-chip mode-division multiplexing switch,” Optica 2(6), 530–535 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. P.

Chen, X.

J. Wang, Y. Xuan, M. Qi, H. Huang, Y. Li, M. Li, X. Chen, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, W. Li, X. Wang, S. Zou, and F. Gan, “Broadband and fabrication-tolerant on-chip scalable mode-division multiplexing based on mode-evolution counter-tapered couplers,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1956–1959 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. P.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Z.

T.-H. Xiao, Z. Cheng, and K. Goda, “Graphene-on-silicon hybrid plasmonic-photonic integrated circuits,” Nanotechnology 28(24), 245201 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Phatak, Z. Cheng, C. Qin, and K. Goda, “Design of electro-optic modulators based on graphene-on-silicon slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 41(11), 2501–2504 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chou, C.-Y.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Da Ros, F.

Dadap, J. I.

Dai, D.

Ding, Y.

Donegan, J. F.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dorin, B. A.

Dresselhaus, M. S.

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, J. B.

Fan, B.

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gan, F.

Geng, B.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goda, K.

T.-H. Xiao, Z. Cheng, and K. Goda, “Graphene-on-silicon hybrid plasmonic-photonic integrated circuits,” Nanotechnology 28(24), 245201 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Phatak, Z. Cheng, C. Qin, and K. Goda, “Design of electro-optic modulators based on graphene-on-silicon slot waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 41(11), 2501–2504 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gough, J. J.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Green, W. M.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grote, R. R.

Han, L.

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, S.

J. Wang, S. He, and D. Dai, “On-chip silicon 8-channel hybrid (de) multiplexer enabling simultaneous mode-and polarization-division-multiplexing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), L18–L22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hoang, T.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hong, B. H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsieh, I.-W.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C.-C.

N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, B.

Huang, C.

Huang, H.

Iijima, S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalilian, R.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jauregui, L. A.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jennings, B. D.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiao, L.

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ju, L.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karademir, E.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. R.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, J.

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, T.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Li, M.

Li, W.

Li, Y.

Liang, S.

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

B. Stern, X. Zhu, C. P. Chen, L. D. Tzuang, J. Cardenas, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “On-chip mode-division multiplexing switch,” Optica 2(6), 530–535 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

C. P. Chen, J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, Y. Liu, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “60-Gb/s mode division multiplexing and wavelength division multiplexing in Si multimode waveguides,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 2013), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, M.

Luke, K.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.-W.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

McCloskey, D.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Morton, P. A.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Osgood, R. M.

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “A 60 Gb/s MDM-WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7 dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, and R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1854–1856 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. P. Chen, J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, Y. Liu, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “60-Gb/s mode division multiplexing and wavelength division multiplexing in Si multimode waveguides,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 2013), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Ou, H.

Özyilmaz, B.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.-S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pei, S. S.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

Phatak, A.

Poitras, C. B.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qi, M.

Qiao, L.

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qin, C.

Reina, A.

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sekaric, L.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Z.

Shi, Y.

Shu, C.

X. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “Mode-Division Multiplexing for Silicon Photonic Network-on-Chip,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(15), 3223–3228 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Son, H.

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. I.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Souhan, B.

Stein, A.

Stern, B.

Sun, C.

Tian, J.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsang, H. K.

X. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “Mode-Division Multiplexing for Silicon Photonic Network-on-Chip,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(15), 3223–3228 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tseng, W.-S.

N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tzuang, L. D.

Ulin-Avila, E.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y. A.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wan, X.

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Y. Xuan, M. Qi, H. Huang, Y. Li, M. Li, X. Chen, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, W. Li, X. Wang, S. Zou, and F. Gan, “Broadband and fabrication-tolerant on-chip scalable mode-division multiplexing based on mode-evolution counter-tapered couplers,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1956–1959 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. He, and D. Dai, “On-chip silicon 8-channel hybrid (de) multiplexer enabling simultaneous mode-and polarization-division-multiplexing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), L18–L22 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, J. Wang, and Y. Shi, “Silicon mode (de)multiplexer enabling high capacity photonic networks-on-chip with a single-wavelength-carrier light,” Opt. Lett. 38(9), 1422–1424 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wu, A.

Wu, W.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Xia, F.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiao, T.-H.

T.-H. Xiao, Z. Cheng, and K. Goda, “Graphene-on-silicon hybrid plasmonic-photonic integrated circuits,” Nanotechnology 28(24), 245201 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, K.

Xu, X.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xuan, Y.

Yang, W.

Ye, M.

Ye, W. N.

Yeh, N.-C.

N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Q.

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Zentgraf, T.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhong, C.

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, H.

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Zou, J.

Zou, S.

ACS Nano (1)

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Cao, Q. Yu, L. A. Jauregui, J. Tian, W. Wu, Z. Liu, R. Jalilian, D. K. Benjamin, Z. Jiang, J. Bao, S. S. Pei, and Y. P. Chen, “Electronic transport in chemical vapor deposited graphene synthesized on Cu: Quantum Hall effect and weak localization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 122106 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

L. Han, S. Liang, J. Xu, L. Qiao, H. Zhu, and W. Wang, “Simultaneous Wavelength- and Mode-Division (De)multiplexing for High-Capacity On-Chip Data Transmission Link,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(2), 1–10 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L.-W. Luo, P. A. Morton, and M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(23), 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

B. D. Jennings, D. McCloskey, J. J. Gough, T. Hoang, N. Abadía, C. Zhong, E. Karademir, A. L. Bradley, and J. F. Donegan, “Characterisation of multi-mode propagation in silicon nitride slab waveguides,” J. Opt. 19(1), 015604 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

A. Reina, H. Son, L. Jiao, B. Fan, M. S. Dresselhaus, Z. Liu, and J. Kong, “Transferring and Identification of Single- and Few-Layer Graphene on Arbitrary Substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17741–17744 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. Wang, S. He, and D. Dai, “On-chip silicon 8-channel hybrid (de) multiplexer enabling simultaneous mode-and polarization-division-multiplexing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), L18–L22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

J. Wang, Z. Cheng, Z. Chen, X. Wan, B. Zhu, H. K. Tsang, C. Shu, and J. Xu, “High-responsivity graphene-on-silicon slot waveguide photodetectors,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13206–13211 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (2)

N.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Hsu, J. Bagley, and W.-S. Tseng, “Single-step growth of graphene and graphene-based nanostructures by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,” Nanotechnology 30(16), 162001 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Xiao, Z. Cheng, and K. Goda, “Graphene-on-silicon hybrid plasmonic-photonic integrated circuits,” Nanotechnology 28(24), 245201 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. R. Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optica (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

Z. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Wang, “On-chip optical mode exchange using tapered directional coupler,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 16072 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. P. Chen, J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, Y. Liu, R. M. Osgood, and K. Bergman, “60-Gb/s mode division multiplexing and wavelength division multiplexing in Si multimode waveguides,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 2013), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Designs of the waveguide-integrated graphene spatial mode filters. (a) Schematic of the TE1-mode-pass filter. (b) Cross-section of the TE1-mode-pass filter. The widths of the silicon waveguide and GN are indicated as W1 and W2. (c) Schematic of the TE2-mode-pass filter. (d) Cross-section of the TE2-mode-pass filter. The widths of the silicon waveguide and each GN are indicated as W3 and W4.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulations of the effective RIs of the TE0, TE1, TE2, and TE3 modes as a function of waveguide width at the wavelength of 1550 nm. The inset shows intensity distributions of the first three order TE modes in the 1500-nm-wide waveguide. Red arrows in the inset indicate the directions of the electric-field polarization. Red and blue dash lines indicate the waveguide widths we used in the model to design the waveguide-integrated graphene spatial mode filters.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulations of the optical losses of the TE0 and TE1 modes in the 1100-nm-wide waveguide as a function of the GN width (W3) at the wavelength of 1550 nm. The schematic and cross-section of the waveguide are shown in Figs. 1(a) and 1(b). Based on the electric-field distribution of TE0 mode, as shown in the inset, we determined the position of the GN in the horizontal direction. The orange arrow indicates the GN width with which the TE1-mode-pass filter has the maximum TE1-to-TE0 modal ER.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulations of the optical losses of the TE0, TE1, and TE2 modes in the 1500-nm-wide waveguide as a function of the GN width (W4) at the wavelength of 1550 nm. The schematic and cross-section of the waveguide are shown in Figs. 1(c) and 1(d). Based on the electric-field distribution of the TE1 mode, as shown in the inset, we determined the position of the GN in the horizontal direction. The orange arrow indicates the GN width with which the TE2 mode filter has the maximum TE2-to-TE1 modal ER.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Design of the waveguide-integrated bilayer graphene spatial mode filters at the wavelength of 1550 nm. The cross-sections of the devices are shown in the insets. Bilayer GNs insolating by the silicon dioxide layer are integrated on the multimode waveguides. (a) Simulated optical losses of the TE0 and TE1 modes in the 1100-nm-wide silicon waveguide as a function of the GN width (W3). The orange arrow indicates the GN width with which the TE1-mode-pass filter has the maximum TE1-to-TE0 modal ER. (b) Simulated optical losses of the TE0, TE1, and TE2 modes in the 1500-nm-wide silicon waveguide as a function of the GN width (W4). The orange arrow indicates the GN width with which the TE2-mode-pass filter has the maximum TE2-to-TE1 modal ER.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Design of the slot-waveguide-integrated graphene spatial mode filters at the wavelength of 1550 nm. The cross-sections of the devices are shown in the insets. Monolayer GNs are sandwiched in the multimode slot waveguides. The silicon dioxide layer is used to insulate the GNs and silicon waveguides. (a) Simulated optical losses of the TE0 and TE1 modes in the 1100-nm-wide silicon waveguide as a function of the GN width (W3). The orange line indicates the GN width with which the TE1-mode-pass filter has the maximum TE1-to-TE0 modal ER. (b) Simulated optical losses of the TE0, TE1, and TE2 modes in the 1500-nm-wide silicon waveguide as a function of the GN width (W4). The orange line indicates the GN width with which the TE2-mode-pass filter has the maximum TE2-to-TE1 modal ER.

Metrics