Abstract

Dielectric metasurfaces provide the new freedom to implement information encoding and image hiding with monolayer of artificial atoms instead of bulky optical components to enable wavelength, phase and polarization modulations. We proposed an optical encryption scheme by integrating the Visual Cyptography (VC) with the phase-encoding technique for metasurface. In the encryption process, the secret image is hidden into a group of unrecognizable and mutually-unrelated phase-only meta-holograms with high security of concealment. In the decryption process, the secret image is extracted conveniently by superimposing the reconstructed holographic patterns via directly illuminating the generated meta-holograms instead of complicated holographic exposure facilities and additional cryptographic computations. Different from the general polarization or wavelength encryption of meta-hologram, we use VC to share the secret image into a set of encrypted meta-holograms for the first time, which greatly improves the security of image hiding. In view of the merits of high security, simple decryption and flexible adjustability, we believe it will have significant potential applications in the future optical information security.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2019 (1)

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Yang, Q. Gao, and Y. Shi, “Visual-cryptographic image hiding with holographic optical elements,” Opt. Express 26(24), 31995–32006 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

X. Wang and S. Mei, “Information authentication using an optical dielectric metasurface,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(36), 36LT02 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Walter, G. Li, C. Meier, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Ultrathin nonlinear metasurface for optical image encoding,” Nano Lett. 17(5), 3171–3175 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Roy and F. Harper, “Periodic table for Floquet topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. B 96(15), 155118 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. T. Li, F. Dong, B. Wang, F. Gan, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. F. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, “Polarization-independent and high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for visible light,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16309–16319 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, B. Javidi, and X. Chen, “Advances in optical security systems,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(2), 120 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

A. Alfalou and C. Brosseau, “Optical image compression and encryption methods,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 589 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. J. Shyu, S. Y. Huang, Y. K. Lee, R. Z. Wang, and K. Chen, “Sharing multiple secrets in visual cryptography,” Pattern Recognit. 40(12), 3633–3651 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

G. Ateniese, C. Blundo, A. D. Santis, and D. R. Stinson, “Extended capabilities for visual cryptography,” Theor. Comput. Sci. 250(1-2), 143–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Alfalou, A.

A. Alfalou and C. Brosseau, “Optical image compression and encryption methods,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 589 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ambrosio, A.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ateniese, G.

G. Ateniese, C. Blundo, A. D. Santis, and D. R. Stinson, “Extended capabilities for visual cryptography,” Theor. Comput. Sci. 250(1-2), 143–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Y.

Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bi, K.

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Blundo, C.

G. Ateniese, C. Blundo, A. D. Santis, and D. R. Stinson, “Extended capabilities for visual cryptography,” Theor. Comput. Sci. 250(1-2), 143–161 (2001).
[Crossref]

Brosseau, C.

A. Alfalou and C. Brosseau, “Optical image compression and encryption methods,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(3), 589 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cai, B.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, K.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheah, K. W.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, K.

S. J. Shyu, S. Y. Huang, Y. K. Lee, R. Z. Wang, and K. Chen, “Sharing multiple secrets in visual cryptography,” Pattern Recognit. 40(12), 3633–3651 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, B. Javidi, and X. Chen, “Advances in optical security systems,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(2), 120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chen, B. Javidi, and X. Chen, “Advances in optical security systems,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(2), 120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I. D.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, W.

Débarre, A.

Dong, F.

Dong, G.

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dong, G. Y.

Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z.

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
[Crossref]

Faraon, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, F.

Gao, F.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Q.

Gong, Q.

Grbic, A.

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens’ surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(19), 197401 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, B. O.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, Y.

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
[Crossref]

Harper, F.

R. Roy and F. Harper, “Periodic table for Floquet topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. B 96(15), 155118 (2017).
[Crossref]

Horie, Y.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. L.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, D.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K.

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, S. Y.

S. J. Shyu, S. Y. Huang, Y. K. Lee, R. Z. Wang, and K. Chen, “Sharing multiple secrets in visual cryptography,” Pattern Recognit. 40(12), 3633–3651 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. W.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Javidi, B.

W. Chen, B. Javidi, and X. Chen, “Advances in optical security systems,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(2), 120 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamin, S.

J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanhaiya, P.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, “Broadband and chiral binary dielectric meta-holograms,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Gouët, J. L.

Lee, Y. K.

S. J. Shyu, S. Y. Huang, Y. K. Lee, R. Z. Wang, and K. Chen, “Sharing multiple secrets in visual cryptography,” Pattern Recognit. 40(12), 3633–3651 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lei, M.

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

F. Walter, G. Li, C. Meier, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Ultrathin nonlinear metasurface for optical image encoding,” Nano Lett. 17(5), 3171–3175 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Li, J.

J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
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Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
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Li, K. F.

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Li, W.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
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D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
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Li, Z. F.

Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
[Crossref]

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J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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Lu, Y.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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X. Wang and S. Mei, “Information authentication using an optical dielectric metasurface,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(36), 36LT02 (2017).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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F. Walter, G. Li, C. Meier, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Ultrathin nonlinear metasurface for optical image encoding,” Nano Lett. 17(5), 3171–3175 (2017).
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Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
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Neubrech, F.

J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
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D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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Shi, Y. S.

Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
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S. J. Shyu, S. Y. Huang, Y. K. Lee, R. Z. Wang, and K. Chen, “Sharing multiple secrets in visual cryptography,” Pattern Recognit. 40(12), 3633–3651 (2007).
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Song, J.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
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Stinson, D. R.

G. Ateniese, C. Blundo, A. D. Santis, and D. R. Stinson, “Extended capabilities for visual cryptography,” Theor. Comput. Sci. 250(1-2), 143–161 (2001).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
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Teng, J.

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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F. Walter, G. Li, C. Meier, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Ultrathin nonlinear metasurface for optical image encoding,” Nano Lett. 17(5), 3171–3175 (2017).
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Wang, C. M.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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S. J. Shyu, S. Y. Huang, Y. K. Lee, R. Z. Wang, and K. Chen, “Sharing multiple secrets in visual cryptography,” Pattern Recognit. 40(12), 3633–3651 (2007).
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Wang, X.

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
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X. Wang and S. Mei, “Information authentication using an optical dielectric metasurface,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(36), 36LT02 (2017).
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Wang, X. H.

Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Xu, H.

Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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Xu, Y.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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Yang, X. L.

Z. F. Li, P. W. Qiao, G. Y. Dong, Y. S. Shi, K. Bi, X. L. Yang, and X. F. Meng, “Polarization-multiplexed broadband hologram on all-dielectric metasurface,” EPL 124(1), 14003 (2018).
[Crossref]

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Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
[Crossref]

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D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Zentgraf, T.

F. Walter, G. Li, C. Meier, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Ultrathin nonlinear metasurface for optical image encoding,” Nano Lett. 17(5), 3171–3175 (2017).
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Zhang, L.

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Walter, G. Li, C. Meier, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Ultrathin nonlinear metasurface for optical image encoding,” Nano Lett. 17(5), 3171–3175 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao, H. Jiang, B. Liu, J. Song, Y. Jiang, C. Tang, and J. Li, “Dielectric huygens’ metasurface for high-efficiency hologram operating in transmission mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30613 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, G.

J. Li, S. Kamin, G. Zheng, F. Neubrech, S. Zhang, and N. Liu, “Addressable metasurfaces for dynamic holography and optical information encryption,” Sci. Adv. 4(6), r6768 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, F. Yue, G. Li, G. Zheng, K. Chan, S. Chen, M. Chen, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. Pun, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Helicity multiplexed broadband metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8241 (2015).
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Zhou, J.

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
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W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Z. K.

Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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ACS Nano (1)

D. Hu, Y. Lu, Y. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Gao, B. Cai, B. O. Guan, C. W. Qiu, and X. Li, “Laser-splashed three-dimensional plasmonic nanovolcanoes for steganography in angular anisotropy,” ACS Nano 12(9), 9233–9239 (2018).
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Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Y. Bao, Y. Yu, H. Xu, Q. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. K. Zhou, and X. H. Wang, “Coherent pixel design of metasurfaces for multidimensional optical control of multiple printing-image switching and encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(51), 1805306 (2018).
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EPL (1)

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J. Alloys Compd. (1)

K. Bi, X. Wang, Y. Hao, M. Lei, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “Wideband slot-coupled dielectric resonator-based filter,” J. Alloys Compd. 785, 1264–1269 (2019).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

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Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. Liu, H. Zhu, J. Teng, B. Luk’yanchuk, J. K. W. Yang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Silicon multi-meta-holograms for the broadband visible light,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(3), 500–509 (2016).
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Nano Lett. (3)

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic for image hiding process.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 VC encryption principle: (a) four possible expansions; (b) different expanded pixel pairs for white and black pixels; c) encoded VK1 and (d)VK2; (e) recovered image; (f) target image.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Transmittance and phase shift vs. radius of TiO2 nanopillar. (b) Super-cell and corresponding phase shift. (c) Spatial phase distribution in the x-z profile. (d) Phase shift vs. radius r from 20 nm to 95 nm covering the wavelength from 620nm to 680nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Optical setup for the VC decryption. (b) Schematic diagram of meta-hologramic imaging; (c) Recovered pure-amplitude VKs and extracted secret image.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Transmission of TiO2 meta-holograms over a wide band. The extracted secret images at different wavelengths of (b) 600nm, (c) 650nm, and (d) 700nm.

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