Abstract

A new approach to the problem of energy in solid state dye random lasers is presented. The measurements performed in terms of absolute energy show that the slope efficiency depends on the measurement conditions. In particular, in lasers with pumping in the picoseconds range, the result is really different if measured by recording the emission in the same time range or in a longer one (nanoseconds range). In the last case, no energy threshold is observed. A previously developed model has been applied to the solid state dye random laser. It is a rate-equations model, based on a distribution of paths with different lengths, which partially share population inversion. The results of the model are satisfactory and show that the dynamic behavior is pretty similar in solid state dye random lasers and in inorganic powders.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

2017 (3)

M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Speckle-free near-infrared imaging using a Nd3+ random laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(10), 106201 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sobczyk and D. Szymanski, “Luminescence properties of Nd3+-doped Y2Te4O11 microcrystalline powder,” J. Lumin. 183, 226–232 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random laser action in Nd:YAG crystal powder,” Materials (Basel) 9(5), 369 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2012 (3)

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, M. Al-Saleh, C. Chlique, X. Zhang, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Laser action in Nd3+-doped lanthanum oxysulfide powders,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23690–23699 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Firdaus, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, “Improved lasing characteristics of ZnO/organic-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

S. Kéna-Cohen, P. N. Stavrinou, D. C. Bradley, and S. A. Maier, “Random lasing in low molecular weight organic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041114 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, S. Faez, and A. Lagendijk, “Classification of light sources and their interaction with active and passive environments,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031801 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80(5), 055803 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12251–12263 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Intrinsic intensity fluctuations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 053808 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

C. Sanchez, B. Lebeau, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Optical properties of functional hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater. 15(23), 1969–1994 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lam and M. J. Damzen, “Characterization of solid-state dyes and their use as tunable laser amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 77(6–7), 577–584 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

G. van Soest and A. Lagendijk, “β factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(44 Pt 2B), 047601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

R. Reisfeld, “Prospects of sol-gel technology towards luminescent materials,” Opt. Mater. 16(1–2), 1–7 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

V. de Zea Bermúdez, L. D. Carlos, and L. Alcácer, “Sol-gel derived urea cross-linked organically modified silicates. 1. Room temperature mid-infrared spectra,” Chem. Mater. 11(3), 569–580 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

J. M. Guerra and I. Iparraguirre, “Spectral evolution of a flash-lamp-pumped untuned dye laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–33 (1986).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

P. Juramy, P. Flamant, and Y. H. Meyer, “Spectral properties of pulsed dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(10), 855–865 (1977).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

K. Firdaus, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, “Improved lasing characteristics of ZnO/organic-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Akkus, O.

Alcácer, L.

V. de Zea Bermúdez, L. D. Carlos, and L. Alcácer, “Sol-gel derived urea cross-linked organically modified silicates. 1. Room temperature mid-infrared spectra,” Chem. Mater. 11(3), 569–580 (1999).
[Crossref]

Al-Saleh, M.

Auzel, F.

Azkargorta, J.

Balda, R.

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. García-Revilla, and M. Barredo-Zurriarrain, “Random laser properties of Nd3+ crystal powders,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11787–11803 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, S. García-Revilla, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, and R. Balda, “Random laser model for Nd3+-doped powders and its application to stimulated emission cross-section calculations,” Opt. Express 26(23), 31018–31030 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Speckle-free near-infrared imaging using a Nd3+ random laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(10), 106201 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random laser action in Nd:YAG crystal powder,” Materials (Basel) 9(5), 369 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, L. D. Carlos, E. Pecoraro, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Diffusive random laser modes under a spatiotemporal scope,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1456–1469 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, M. Al-Saleh, C. Chlique, X. Zhang, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Laser action in Nd3+-doped lanthanum oxysulfide powders,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23690–23699 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Pecoraro, S. García-Revilla, R. A. S. Ferreira, R. Balda, L. D. Carlos, and J. Fernández, “Real time random laser properties of Rhodamine-doped di-ureasil hybrids,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7470–7478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12251–12263 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barredo-Zuriarrain, M.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, S. García-Revilla, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, and R. Balda, “Random laser model for Nd3+-doped powders and its application to stimulated emission cross-section calculations,” Opt. Express 26(23), 31018–31030 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Speckle-free near-infrared imaging using a Nd3+ random laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(10), 106201 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random laser action in Nd:YAG crystal powder,” Materials (Basel) 9(5), 369 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, L. D. Carlos, E. Pecoraro, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Diffusive random laser modes under a spatiotemporal scope,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1456–1469 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barredo-Zurriarrain, M.

Bian, H.

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boilot, J. P.

C. Sanchez, B. Lebeau, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Optical properties of functional hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater. 15(23), 1969–1994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bradley, D. C.

S. Kéna-Cohen, P. N. Stavrinou, D. C. Bradley, and S. A. Maier, “Random lasing in low molecular weight organic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carlos, L. D.

Chaput, F.

C. Sanchez, B. Lebeau, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Optical properties of functional hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater. 15(23), 1969–1994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. H.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, P. Y.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. H.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chlique, C.

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Consoli, A.

Costela, A.

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cui, H.

Damzen, M. J.

S. Y. Lam and M. J. Damzen, “Characterization of solid-state dyes and their use as tunable laser amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 77(6–7), 577–584 (2003).
[Crossref]

de Zea Bermúdez, V.

V. de Zea Bermúdez, L. D. Carlos, and L. Alcácer, “Sol-gel derived urea cross-linked organically modified silicates. 1. Room temperature mid-infrared spectra,” Chem. Mater. 11(3), 569–580 (1999).
[Crossref]

Drachev, V.

El-Dardiry, R. G. S.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, S. Faez, and A. Lagendijk, “Classification of light sources and their interaction with active and passive environments,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031801 (2011).
[Crossref]

Faez, S.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, S. Faez, and A. Lagendijk, “Classification of light sources and their interaction with active and passive environments,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031801 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fernández, J.

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. García-Revilla, and M. Barredo-Zurriarrain, “Random laser properties of Nd3+ crystal powders,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11787–11803 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, S. García-Revilla, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, and R. Balda, “Random laser model for Nd3+-doped powders and its application to stimulated emission cross-section calculations,” Opt. Express 26(23), 31018–31030 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Speckle-free near-infrared imaging using a Nd3+ random laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(10), 106201 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random laser action in Nd:YAG crystal powder,” Materials (Basel) 9(5), 369 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, L. D. Carlos, E. Pecoraro, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Diffusive random laser modes under a spatiotemporal scope,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1456–1469 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, M. Al-Saleh, C. Chlique, X. Zhang, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Laser action in Nd3+-doped lanthanum oxysulfide powders,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23690–23699 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Pecoraro, S. García-Revilla, R. A. S. Ferreira, R. Balda, L. D. Carlos, and J. Fernández, “Real time random laser properties of Rhodamine-doped di-ureasil hybrids,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7470–7478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12251–12263 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferreira, R. A. S.

Firdaus, K.

K. Firdaus, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, “Improved lasing characteristics of ZnO/organic-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Flamant, P.

P. Juramy, P. Flamant, and Y. H. Meyer, “Spectral properties of pulsed dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(10), 855–865 (1977).
[Crossref]

García, O.

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

García-Moreno, I.

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

García-Ramiro, B.

García-Revilla, S.

Garrido, L.

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gouedard, C.

Guerra, J. M.

J. M. Guerra and I. Iparraguirre, “Spectral evolution of a flash-lamp-pumped untuned dye laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–33 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hou, C.

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Husson, D.

Illarramendi, M. A.

Iparraguirre, I.

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. García-Revilla, and M. Barredo-Zurriarrain, “Random laser properties of Nd3+ crystal powders,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11787–11803 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, S. García-Revilla, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, and R. Balda, “Random laser model for Nd3+-doped powders and its application to stimulated emission cross-section calculations,” Opt. Express 26(23), 31018–31030 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Speckle-free near-infrared imaging using a Nd3+ random laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(10), 106201 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random laser action in Nd:YAG crystal powder,” Materials (Basel) 9(5), 369 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, L. D. Carlos, E. Pecoraro, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Diffusive random laser modes under a spatiotemporal scope,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1456–1469 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, M. Al-Saleh, C. Chlique, X. Zhang, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Laser action in Nd3+-doped lanthanum oxysulfide powders,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23690–23699 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Guerra and I. Iparraguirre, “Spectral evolution of a flash-lamp-pumped untuned dye laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–33 (1986).
[Crossref]

Juramy, P.

P. Juramy, P. Flamant, and Y. H. Meyer, “Spectral properties of pulsed dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(10), 855–865 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kéna-Cohen, S.

S. Kéna-Cohen, P. N. Stavrinou, D. C. Bradley, and S. A. Maier, “Random lasing in low molecular weight organic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. L.

Lagendijk, A.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, S. Faez, and A. Lagendijk, “Classification of light sources and their interaction with active and passive environments,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031801 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80(5), 055803 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Intrinsic intensity fluctuations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 053808 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. van Soest and A. Lagendijk, “β factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(44 Pt 2B), 047601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, S. Y.

S. Y. Lam and M. J. Damzen, “Characterization of solid-state dyes and their use as tunable laser amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 77(6–7), 577–584 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lebeau, B.

C. Sanchez, B. Lebeau, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Optical properties of functional hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater. 15(23), 1969–1994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Levy, D.

Li, Y. H.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, J. H.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. H.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

López, C.

Maier, S. A.

S. Kéna-Cohen, P. N. Stavrinou, D. C. Bradley, and S. A. Maier, “Random lasing in low molecular weight organic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mariano da Silva, D.

Merdrignac-Conanec, O.

Meyer, Y. H.

P. Juramy, P. Flamant, and Y. H. Meyer, “Spectral properties of pulsed dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(10), 855–865 (1977).
[Crossref]

Migus, A.

Mosk, A. P.

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80(5), 055803 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Intrinsic intensity fluctuations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 053808 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

K. Firdaus, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, “Improved lasing characteristics of ZnO/organic-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pecoraro, E.

Pei, Y.

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, “Prospects of sol-gel technology towards luminescent materials,” Opt. Mater. 16(1–2), 1–7 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, C.

C. Sanchez, B. Lebeau, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Optical properties of functional hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater. 15(23), 1969–1994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sastre, R.

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sauteret, C.

Shalaev, V. M.

Sobczyk, M.

M. Sobczyk and D. Szymanski, “Luminescence properties of Nd3+-doped Y2Te4O11 microcrystalline powder,” J. Lumin. 183, 226–232 (2017).
[Crossref]

Song, Q.

Stavrinou, P. N.

S. Kéna-Cohen, P. N. Stavrinou, D. C. Bradley, and S. A. Maier, “Random lasing in low molecular weight organic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Song, S. Xiao, Z. Xu, J. Liu, X. Sun, V. Drachev, V. M. Shalaev, O. Akkus, and Y. L. Kim, “Random lasing in bone tissue,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1425–1427 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szymanski, D.

M. Sobczyk and D. Szymanski, “Luminescence properties of Nd3+-doped Y2Te4O11 microcrystalline powder,” J. Lumin. 183, 226–232 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsai, S. Y.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

van der Molen, K. L.

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80(5), 055803 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Intrinsic intensity fluctuations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 053808 (2006).
[Crossref]

van Soest, G.

G. van Soest and A. Lagendijk, “β factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(44 Pt 2B), 047601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wetter, N. U.

Wu, J. J.

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

Xu, Z.

Yao, F.

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zayat, M.

Zhang, X.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

O. García, L. Garrido, R. Sastre, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Synthetic strategies for hybrid materials to improve properties for optoelectronic applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(14), 2017–2025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. Sanchez, B. Lebeau, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Optical properties of functional hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater. 15(23), 1969–1994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Y. Lam and M. J. Damzen, “Characterization of solid-state dyes and their use as tunable laser amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. B 77(6–7), 577–584 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Kéna-Cohen, P. N. Stavrinou, D. C. Bradley, and S. A. Maier, “Random lasing in low molecular weight organic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041114 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Firdaus, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, “Improved lasing characteristics of ZnO/organic-dye random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

V. de Zea Bermúdez, L. D. Carlos, and L. Alcácer, “Sol-gel derived urea cross-linked organically modified silicates. 1. Room temperature mid-infrared spectra,” Chem. Mater. 11(3), 569–580 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Juramy, P. Flamant, and Y. H. Meyer, “Spectral properties of pulsed dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13(10), 855–865 (1977).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

S. H. Lin, P. Y. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. H. Chen, J. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, S. Y. Tsai, and J. J. Wu, “Manipulation of polarized random lasers from dye-doped twisted nematic liquid crystals within wedge cells,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(2), 1502208 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

M. Sobczyk and D. Szymanski, “Luminescence properties of Nd3+-doped Y2Te4O11 microcrystalline powder,” J. Lumin. 183, 226–232 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Speckle-free near-infrared imaging using a Nd3+ random laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(10), 106201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Materials (Basel) (1)

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random laser action in Nd:YAG crystal powder,” Materials (Basel) 9(5), 369 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Yao, H. Bian, Y. Pei, C. Hou, and X. Sun, “Behaviors of random laser dye-doped nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 359, 15–19 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

A. Consoli, D. Mariano da Silva, N. U. Wetter, and C. López, “Large area resonant feedback random lasers based on dye-doped biopolymer films,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29954–29963 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Pecoraro, S. García-Revilla, R. A. S. Ferreira, R. Balda, L. D. Carlos, and J. Fernández, “Real time random laser properties of Rhodamine-doped di-ureasil hybrids,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7470–7478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, L. D. Carlos, E. Pecoraro, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, and R. Balda, “Diffusive random laser modes under a spatiotemporal scope,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1456–1469 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, S. García-Revilla, M. Barredo-Zuriarrain, and R. Balda, “Random laser model for Nd3+-doped powders and its application to stimulated emission cross-section calculations,” Opt. Express 26(23), 31018–31030 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, M. Al-Saleh, C. Chlique, X. Zhang, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Laser action in Nd3+-doped lanthanum oxysulfide powders,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23690–23699 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. García-Revilla, and M. Barredo-Zurriarrain, “Random laser properties of Nd3+ crystal powders,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11787–11803 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12251–12263 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

R. Reisfeld, “Prospects of sol-gel technology towards luminescent materials,” Opt. Mater. 16(1–2), 1–7 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. M. Guerra and I. Iparraguirre, “Spectral evolution of a flash-lamp-pumped untuned dye laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–33 (1986).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Intrinsic intensity fluctuations in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 74(5), 053808 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80(5), 055803 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, S. Faez, and A. Lagendijk, “Classification of light sources and their interaction with active and passive environments,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031801 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

G. van Soest and A. Lagendijk, “β factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(44 Pt 2B), 047601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. A. Noginov, Solid-State Random Lasers (Springer, 2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 RL emission intensity as function of time of different shots pumped with energies around the threshold value.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output energy as a function of incident pump energy. Blue squares have been measured by integrating the intensity of the emission for 20 ns in each pulse. Red dots have been obtained measuring the intensity peak of the same pulses. The slope line values and correlation factors are shown in the figure. The diffuse absorbance of the sample is 52%. The values shown have been obtained from a one hundred pulse average.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output energy of the stimulated emission as function of absorbed energy in photons per unit area for a sample of 64% diffuse absorbance at 532 nm wavelength. Experimental values (red dots) and from the theoretical model using a sharing parameter p = 0.20 (black line).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output energy of the stimulated emission as function of absorbed energy in photons per unit area obtained from the model, for different values of p and β factors.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output energy of the stimulated emission as function of absorbed energy in photons per unit area for a sample of 52% diffuse absorbance at 532 nm wavelength. Experimental values (red dots) and from the theoretical model using sharing parameters p = 0.06 (black line), p = 0.13 (red line) and p = 0.25 (blue line).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dN( x,t ) dt =WANcσ[ pNϕ+ ( 1p ) x 0 2 0 x'exp( x'/ x 0 )ϕNdx' ]
dϕ(x,t) dt =βAN+cσNϕ c x ϕ
W( t )= P abs ( t ) h ν p S l abs = E abs h ν p S f( t ) l abs
E out = P out ( t )dt with P out ( t ) h ν e S = c l abs x 0 2 0 exp( x x 0 ) ϕ( x,t )dx
ησ· E thr h ν P S 0.2

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