Abstract

We present a comparative study of equalization-enhanced phase noise (EEPN) and phase to amplitude (P2A) noise with chromatic dispersion (CD) pre- and post-compensation in single side-band (SSB) transmission and direct-detection (DD) systems, respectively. We analyze the interplay of laser phase noise and fiber dispersion on an optical SSB Nyquist shaped four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) signal in a Kramers-Kronig (KK) receiver. Our main results show that the EEPN in a DD-KK receiver dominates the system noise with the relaxed signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The P2A noise in CD post-compensation scheme is relaxed due to the complex filed recovery with KK receiver. The numerical simulations are implemented to illustrate the interplay of laser linewidth and fiber dispersion in both CD pre- and post-compensation scenarios. Compared with CD pre-compensation, 3-dB reduction of power spectral density (PSD) of P2A noise at the peak is alleviated with CD post-compensation. The laser linewidth has ~1 MHz release with CD post-compensation for a 56-Gbaud PAM-4 signal over 100-km standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) transmission.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

C. Sun, D. Che, H. Ji, and W. Shieh, “Study of Chromatic Dispersion Impacts on Kramers–Kronig and SSBI Iterative Cancellation Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(4), 303–306 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (8)

S. Le, K. Schuh, and H. Tan, “A Closed-Form Expression for Direct Detection Transmission Systems With Kramers-Kronig Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(23), 2048–2051 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “Kramers–Kronig Receivers for 100-km Datacenter Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(1), 79–89 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. N. Liu, L. Zhang, T. Zuo, and Q. Zhang, “IM/DD Transmission Techniques for Emerging 5G Fronthaul, DCI, and Metro Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 560–567 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, J. Huo, C. Yu, C. Lu, and A. Lau, “Digital Signal Processing for Short-Reach Optical Communications: A Review of Current Technologies and Future Trends,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 377–400 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Xiang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, K. Zhang, T. M. Hoang, F. Zhang, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental study of performance enhanced IM/DD transmissions based on constellation switching,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15480–15489 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. Plant, “Enabling High-Capacity Long-Reach Direct Detection Transmission With QAM-PAM Stokes Vector Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 460–467 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Zhu, J. Zhang, X. Yi, H. Ying, X. Li, M. Luo, Y. Song, X. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Optical single side-band Nyquist PAM-4 transmission using dual-drive MZM modulation and direct detection,” Opt. Express 26(6), 6629–6638 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Le, K. Schuh, M. Chagnon, F. Buchali, R. Dischler, V. Aref, H. Buelow, and K. Engenhardt, “1.72-Tb/s Virtual-Carrier-Assisted Direct-Detection Transmission Over 200 km,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(6), 1347–1353 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (7)

X. Ruan, K. Li, D. J. Thomson, C. Lacava, F. Meng, I. Demirtzioglou, P. Petropoulos, Y. Zhu, G. T. Reed, and F. Zhang, “Experimental comparison of direct detection Nyquist SSB transmission based on silicon dual-drive and IQ Mach-Zehnder modulators with electrical packaging,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19332–19342 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, N. Kaneda, J. Lee, J. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, “Optical filter requirements in an EML-based single-sideband PAM4 intensity-modulation and direct-detection transmission system,” Opt. Express 25(6), 5852–5860 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, J. Zhang, X. Yi, Y. Song, B. Xu, X. Li, X. Du, and K. Qiu, “Hilbert superposition and modified signal-to-signal beating interference cancellation for single side-band optical NPAM-4 direct-detection system,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12622–12631 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Morsy-Osman, E. El-Fiky, S. Fan, M. Xiang, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection over 80km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector Kramers Kronig transceiver,” Opt. Express 25, 33534–33542 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhu, K. Zou, and F. Zhang, “C-Band 112 Gb/s Nyquist Single Sideband Direct Detection Transmission Over 960 km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(8), 651–654 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınc, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. Killey, “SSBI Mitigation and the Kramers–Kronig Scheme in Single-Sideband Direct-Detection Transmission With Receiver-Based Electronic Dispersion Compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

2015 (4)

2014 (1)

2011 (2)

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17713–17728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Jacobsen, M. Lidón, T. Xu, S. Popov, A. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of Pre- and Post-compensation of Chromatic Dispersion on Equalization Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Multilevel Systems,” J. Opt. Commun. 32(4), 257–261 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

1990 (1)

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

Antonelli, C.

Aref, V.

Bayvel, P.

Benlachtar, Y.

Berger, C. R.

Bouziane, R.

Buchali, F.

Buelow, H.

Chagnon, M.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “Kramers–Kronig Receivers for 100-km Datacenter Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(1), 79–89 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2015), paper 0697.
[Crossref]

Che, D.

C. Sun, D. Che, H. Ji, and W. Shieh, “Study of Chromatic Dispersion Impacts on Kramers–Kronig and SSBI Iterative Cancellation Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(4), 303–306 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Che and W. Shieh, “Polarization Demultiplexing for Stokes Vector Direct Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 754–760 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Single-Channel 480-Gb/s Direct Detection of POL-MUX IQ Signal Using Single-Sideband Stokes Vector Receiver,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), paper Tu2C.7.
[Crossref]

Chen, H. Y.

Chen, J.

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y. K.

Chen, Z.

Demirtzioglou, I.

Dischler, R.

Du, X.

Edagawa, N.

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

El-Fiky, E.

Engenhardt, K.

Erkilinc, M.

Erkilinç, M. S.

Fan, S.

Friberg, A.

G. Jacobsen, M. Lidón, T. Xu, S. Popov, A. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of Pre- and Post-compensation of Chromatic Dispersion on Equalization Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Multilevel Systems,” J. Opt. Commun. 32(4), 257–261 (2011).
[Crossref]

Friberg, A. T.

Fu, S.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fukui, T.

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-Spectral Efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD Single Sideband Baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 Signals,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), paper Th3D.4.
[Crossref]

Galdino, L.

Gao, F.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Griesser, H.

Gui, T.

Hirai, R.

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-Spectral Efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD Single Sideband Baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 Signals,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), paper Th3D.4.
[Crossref]

Ho, K. P.

Hoang, T.

Hoang, T. M.

Huang, X.

Huo, J.

Jacobsen, G.

Ji, H.

C. Sun, D. Che, H. Ji, and W. Shieh, “Study of Chromatic Dispersion Impacts on Kramers–Kronig and SSBI Iterative Cancellation Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(4), 303–306 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kakkar, A.

Kaneda, N.

Kikuchi, N.

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-Spectral Efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD Single Sideband Baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 Signals,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), paper Th3D.4.
[Crossref]

Killey, R.

Killey, R. I.

Lacava, C.

Laperle, C.

Lau, A.

Lau, A. P.

Lavery, D.

T. Xu, G. Liga, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, S. J. Savory, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Equalization enhanced phase noise in Nyquist-spaced superchannel transmission systems using multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13990 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le, S.

S. Le, K. Schuh, and H. Tan, “A Closed-Form Expression for Direct Detection Transmission Systems With Kramers-Kronig Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(23), 2048–2051 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Le, K. Schuh, M. Chagnon, F. Buchali, R. Dischler, V. Aref, H. Buelow, and K. Engenhardt, “1.72-Tb/s Virtual-Carrier-Assisted Direct-Detection Transmission Over 200 km,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(6), 1347–1353 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Li, J.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, G. Jacobsen, S. Popov, J. Li, E. Vanin, K. Wang, A. T. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Chromatic dispersion compensation in coherent transmission system using digital filters,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16243–16257 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

Li, X.

Li, Z.

Lidón, M.

G. Jacobsen, M. Lidón, T. Xu, S. Popov, A. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of Pre- and Post-compensation of Chromatic Dispersion on Equalization Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Multilevel Systems,” J. Opt. Commun. 32(4), 257–261 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liga, G.

T. Xu, G. Liga, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, S. J. Savory, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Equalization enhanced phase noise in Nyquist-spaced superchannel transmission systems using multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13990 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, G.

Liu, G. N.

Louchet, H.

Lu, C.

Luo, M.

Man, J.

Mao, Y.

Mecozzi, A.

Meng, F.

Milder, P. A.

Morsy-Osman, M.

Navarro, J.

O’Sullivan, M.

Osman, M.

Ozolins, O.

Pachnicke, S.

Pang, X.

Paquet, C.

Paquet, S.

Petropoulos, P.

Pilori, D.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2015), paper 0697.
[Crossref]

Plant, D.

Plant, D. V.

Popov, S.

Qiu, K.

Randel, S.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2015), paper 0697.
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “Kramers–Kronig Receivers for 100-km Datacenter Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(1), 79–89 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2015), paper 0697.
[Crossref]

Reed, G. T.

Ruan, X.

Samani, A.

Savory, S. J.

T. Xu, G. Liga, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, S. J. Savory, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Equalization enhanced phase noise in Nyquist-spaced superchannel transmission systems using multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13990 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schatz, R.

Schuh, K.

S. Le, K. Schuh, and H. Tan, “A Closed-Form Expression for Direct Detection Transmission Systems With Kramers-Kronig Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(23), 2048–2051 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Le, K. Schuh, M. Chagnon, F. Buchali, R. Dischler, V. Aref, H. Buelow, and K. Engenhardt, “1.72-Tb/s Virtual-Carrier-Assisted Direct-Detection Transmission Over 200 km,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(6), 1347–1353 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, K.

Shieh, W.

C. Sun, D. Che, H. Ji, and W. Shieh, “Study of Chromatic Dispersion Impacts on Kramers–Kronig and SSBI Iterative Cancellation Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(4), 303–306 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Che and W. Shieh, “Polarization Demultiplexing for Stokes Vector Direct Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 754–760 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Shieh and K. P. Ho, “Equalization-enhanced phase noise for coherent-detection systems using electronic digital signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15718–15727 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Single-Channel 480-Gb/s Direct Detection of POL-MUX IQ Signal Using Single-Sideband Stokes Vector Receiver,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), paper Tu2C.7.
[Crossref]

Shtaif, M.

Shu, L.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sillekens, E.

Song, Y.

Sowailem, M.

Sun, C.

C. Sun, D. Che, H. Ji, and W. Shieh, “Study of Chromatic Dispersion Impacts on Kramers–Kronig and SSBI Iterative Cancellation Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(4), 303–306 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Single-Channel 480-Gb/s Direct Detection of POL-MUX IQ Signal Using Single-Sideband Stokes Vector Receiver,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), paper Tu2C.7.
[Crossref]

Taga, H.

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

Tan, H.

S. Le, K. Schuh, and H. Tan, “A Closed-Form Expression for Direct Detection Transmission Systems With Kramers-Kronig Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(23), 2048–2051 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tao, L.

Thomsen, B.

Thomsen, B. C.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, R. Bouziane, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Signal-signal beat interference cancellation in spectrally-efficient WDM direct-detection Nyquist-pulse-shaped 16-QAM subcarrier modulation,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23694–23709 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Xu, G. Liga, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, S. J. Savory, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Equalization enhanced phase noise in Nyquist-spaced superchannel transmission systems using multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13990 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomson, D. J.

Vanin, E.

Wakabayashi, H.

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wan, Z.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Winzer, P.

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “Kramers–Kronig Receivers for 100-km Datacenter Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(1), 79–89 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2015), paper 0697.
[Crossref]

Woods, I.

Xiang, M.

Xing, Z.

Xu, B.

Xu, K.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

T. Xu, G. Liga, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, S. J. Savory, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Equalization enhanced phase noise in Nyquist-spaced superchannel transmission systems using multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13990 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Jacobsen, M. Lidón, T. Xu, S. Popov, A. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of Pre- and Post-compensation of Chromatic Dispersion on Equalization Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Multilevel Systems,” J. Opt. Commun. 32(4), 257–261 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, G. Jacobsen, S. Popov, J. Li, E. Vanin, K. Wang, A. T. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Chromatic dispersion compensation in coherent transmission system using digital filters,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16243–16257 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

Yamamoto, S.

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Ying, H.

Yoshida, Y.

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

Zeng, L.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, K.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Y.

G. Jacobsen, M. Lidón, T. Xu, S. Popov, A. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of Pre- and Post-compensation of Chromatic Dispersion on Equalization Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Multilevel Systems,” J. Opt. Commun. 32(4), 257–261 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, G. Jacobsen, S. Popov, J. Li, E. Vanin, K. Wang, A. T. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Chromatic dispersion compensation in coherent transmission system using digital filters,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16243–16257 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhong, K.

Zhou, E.

Zhou, X.

Zhu, M.

Zhu, Y.

Zhuge, Q.

Zou, K.

Y. Zhu, K. Zou, and F. Zhang, “C-Band 112 Gb/s Nyquist Single Sideband Direct Detection Transmission Over 960 km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(8), 651–654 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Zou, Y. Zhu, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Spectrally efficient terabit optical transmission with Nyquist 64-QAM half-cycle subcarrier modulation and direct detection,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2767–2770 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zuo, T.

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

L. Shu, J. Li, Z. Wan, F. Gao, S. Fu, X. Li, Q. Yang, and K. Xu, “Single-Lane 112-Gbit/s SSB-PAM4 Transmission With Dual-Drive MZM and Kramers–Kronig Detection Over 80-km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 7204509 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Zhu, K. Zou, and F. Zhang, “C-Band 112 Gb/s Nyquist Single Sideband Direct Detection Transmission Over 960 km SSMF,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(8), 651–654 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Sun, D. Che, H. Ji, and W. Shieh, “Study of Chromatic Dispersion Impacts on Kramers–Kronig and SSBI Iterative Cancellation Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 31(4), 303–306 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Le, K. Schuh, and H. Tan, “A Closed-Form Expression for Direct Detection Transmission Systems With Kramers-Kronig Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30(23), 2048–2051 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (12)

C. Laperle and M. O’Sullivan, “Advances in High-Speed DACs, ADCs, and DSP for Optical Coherent Transceivers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 629–643 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, and H. Wakabayashi, “Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(11), 1716–1722 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. Kakkar, J. Navarro, R. Schatz, H. Louchet, X. Pang, O. Ozolins, G. Jacobsen, and S. Popov, “Comprehensive Study of Equalization-Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Optical Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(23), 4834–4841 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, T. Zuo, Y. Mao, Q. Zhang, E. Zhou, G. Liu, and X. Xu, “Beyond 100-Gb/s Transmission Over 80-km SMF Using Direct-Detection SSB-DMT at C-Band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 723–729 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Che and W. Shieh, “Polarization Demultiplexing for Stokes Vector Direct Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 754–760 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, and D. Plant, “Four-Dimensional Modulation and Stokes Direct Detection of Polarization Division Multiplexed Intensities, Inter Polarization Phase and Inter Polarization Differential Phase,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(7), 1585–1592 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, M. Erkılınc, K. Shi, E. Sillekens, L. Galdino, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. Killey, “SSBI Mitigation and the Kramers–Kronig Scheme in Single-Sideband Direct-Detection Transmission With Receiver-Based Electronic Dispersion Compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(10), 1887–1893 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, J. Huo, C. Yu, C. Lu, and A. Lau, “Digital Signal Processing for Short-Reach Optical Communications: A Review of Current Technologies and Future Trends,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 377–400 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, M. Osman, A. Samani, C. Paquet, S. Paquet, I. Woods, and D. Plant, “Enabling High-Capacity Long-Reach Direct Detection Transmission With QAM-PAM Stokes Vector Modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 460–467 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. N. Liu, L. Zhang, T. Zuo, and Q. Zhang, “IM/DD Transmission Techniques for Emerging 5G Fronthaul, DCI, and Metro Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(2), 560–567 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, C. Antonelli, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, and P. Winzer, “Kramers–Kronig Receivers for 100-km Datacenter Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(1), 79–89 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Le, K. Schuh, M. Chagnon, F. Buchali, R. Dischler, V. Aref, H. Buelow, and K. Engenhardt, “1.72-Tb/s Virtual-Carrier-Assisted Direct-Detection Transmission Over 200 km,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(6), 1347–1353 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Jacobsen, M. Lidón, T. Xu, S. Popov, A. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Influence of Pre- and Post-compensation of Chromatic Dispersion on Equalization Enhanced Phase Noise in Coherent Multilevel Systems,” J. Opt. Commun. 32(4), 257–261 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

W. Shieh and K. P. Ho, “Equalization-enhanced phase noise for coherent-detection systems using electronic digital signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15718–15727 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Xu, G. Jacobsen, S. Popov, J. Li, E. Vanin, K. Wang, A. T. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Chromatic dispersion compensation in coherent transmission system using digital filters,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16243–16257 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17713–17728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Zhong, X. Zhou, T. Gui, L. Tao, Y. Gao, W. Chen, J. Man, L. Zeng, A. P. Lau, and C. Lu, “Experimental study of PAM-4, CAP-16, and DMT for 100 Gb/s Short Reach Optical Transmission Systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1176–1189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, R. Bouziane, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Signal-signal beat interference cancellation in spectrally-efficient WDM direct-detection Nyquist-pulse-shaped 16-QAM subcarrier modulation,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23694–23709 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, J. Zhang, X. Yi, H. Ying, X. Li, M. Luo, Y. Song, X. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Optical single side-band Nyquist PAM-4 transmission using dual-drive MZM modulation and direct detection,” Opt. Express 26(6), 6629–6638 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Xiang, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, K. Zhang, T. M. Hoang, F. Zhang, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental study of performance enhanced IM/DD transmissions based on constellation switching,” Opt. Express 26(12), 15480–15489 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, N. Kaneda, J. Lee, J. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, “Optical filter requirements in an EML-based single-sideband PAM4 intensity-modulation and direct-detection transmission system,” Opt. Express 25(6), 5852–5860 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, J. Zhang, X. Yi, Y. Song, B. Xu, X. Li, X. Du, and K. Qiu, “Hilbert superposition and modified signal-to-signal beating interference cancellation for single side-band optical NPAM-4 direct-detection system,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12622–12631 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ruan, K. Li, D. J. Thomson, C. Lacava, F. Meng, I. Demirtzioglou, P. Petropoulos, Y. Zhu, G. T. Reed, and F. Zhang, “Experimental comparison of direct detection Nyquist SSB transmission based on silicon dual-drive and IQ Mach-Zehnder modulators with electrical packaging,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19332–19342 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hoang, M. Sowailem, Q. Zhuge, Z. Xing, M. Morsy-Osman, E. El-Fiky, S. Fan, M. Xiang, and D. Plant, “Single wavelength 480 Gb/s direct detection over 80km SSMF enabled by Stokes vector Kramers Kronig transceiver,” Opt. Express 25, 33534–33542 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

T. Xu, G. Liga, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, S. J. Savory, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Equalization enhanced phase noise in Nyquist-spaced superchannel transmission systems using multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 13990 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

Cisco Global Cloud Index, Forecast and Methodology, 2016–2021 White Paper, https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/global-cloud-index-gci/white-paper-c11-738085.html .

D. Che, C. Sun, and W. Shieh, “Single-Channel 480-Gb/s Direct Detection of POL-MUX IQ Signal Using Single-Sideband Stokes Vector Receiver,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2018), paper Tu2C.7.
[Crossref]

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, Y. Wan, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Comparison of DSB and SSB transmission for OFDM-PON,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2012), paper NTu1J.7.
[Crossref]

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-Spectral Efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD Single Sideband Baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 Signals,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), paper Th3D.4.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2015), paper 0697.
[Crossref]

https://www.hft.tu-berlin.de/fileadmin/fg154/ONT/Skript/ENG-Ver/EDFA.pdf .

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 System model of DD-KK receiver with CD pre-compensation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 System model of DD-KK receiver with CD post-compensation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulation setup of SSB transmission system.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The histograms of the P2A noise. (a) CD pre-compensation. (b) CD post-compensation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) PSD of P2A noise. (b) The SNR improvement of P2A noise between CD pre- and post-compensation.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The CSPR versus the BER of 56-Gbaud PAM-4 signal over 100-km SSMF with 1-MHz laser linewidth.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) SNR of the received signal with different laser linewidth. (b) BER performance with different laser linewidth.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The required laser linewidth with different signal symbol rate.

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R o (f)=[ ( S(f) e jk f 2 )X(f) ] e jk f 2 +X(f) e jk f 2 = S(f f 1 ) e jk( f 1 2 2f f 1 ) X( f 1 )d f 1 +X(f) e jk f 2
R sc (f)= S(f f 1 ) e jk( f 1 2 2f f 1 ) X( f 1 )d f 1 X(f) e jk f 2 = X( f 1 )X( f 2 ) e jk ( f 1 + f 2 ) 2 e j2kf f 1 S( f( f 1 + f 2 ) )d f 1 d f 2
X cc (f)=X(f) e jk f 2 X(f) e jk f 2 = X(f f 1 )X( f 1 ) e jk( f 2 2f f 1 ) d f 1
R sc-EDC (f)=[ S(f f 1 ) e jk f 2 X( f 1 )d f 1 X(f) e jk f 2 ] e jk f 2 = X( f 1 )X( f 2 ) e j2kf f 2 S( f( f 1 + f 2 ) )d f 1 d f 2
X ccEDC (f)= X cc (f) e jk f 2 = - X(f f 1 ) X( f 1 ) e j2kf f 1 d f 1
δ EEPN 2 = πc 2 f 0 2 DLBν
N P2Apre (f)= 1 2π [ X cc 2 (f) e j2πfτ df ] e j2πfτ dτ
N P2Apost (f)= 1 2π [ X ccEDC 2 (f) e j2πfτ df ] e j2πfτ dτ
N P2Apre (f)= 1 2 { n=0 4 J n ( 1 f 2ν π ) J n+1 ( 1 f 2ν π ) sin[ ( 2n+1 )πc f 2 DL f 0 2 ] } 2
N P2Apost (f)= 1 2 { n=0 4 J n ( 1 f 2ν π ) J n+1 ( 1 f 2ν π ) sin[ ( 2n+1 )πc f 2 DL f 0 2 ] } 2 cos 2 [ πc f 2 DL f 0 2 ]
δ P2A 2 = df df+B N P2A (f)df
1 SNR = 1 SN R EEPN + 1 SN R P2A + 1 SN R ASE

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