Abstract

We report a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM)-modelocked thin-disk laser oscillator delivering a record 350-W average output power with 940-fs, 39-µJ pulses at 8.88-MHz repetition rate and 37-MW peak power. This oscillator is based on the Yb:YAG gain material and has a large pump spot on the disk. The cavity design includes an imaging scheme, which results in multiple reflections on the disk gain medium to enable a larger output coupling rate compared to those used in thin-disk oscillators with a single reflection on the disk. This reduces the intracavity power for a given output power, thus decreasing the stress on the intracavity components. We operate the laser in a low-pressure environment in order to limit the disk’s thermal lensing and drastically reduce the nonlinearity picked up in the intracavity air medium. The combination of the imaging scheme and low-pressure operation paves the way to further power scaling of ultrafast thin-disk oscillators toward the kW milestone.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

2018 (5)

2017 (4)

2016 (3)

2015 (3)

2014 (2)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, B. Rudin, A.-R. Bellancourt, D. Iwaniuk, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High precision optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7571–7579 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locking with saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

J. Herrmann, “Theory of Kerr-lens mode locking: role of self-focusing and radially varying gain,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(3), 498–512 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Ackermann, M.

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

Alfieri, C. G. E.

Alismail, A.

Amann, M. C.

Apolonski, A.

Apolonskiy, A.

Arisholm, G.

Aslani, F.

Aspelmeyer, M.

Aus der Au, J.

Baer, C. R. E.

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barros, H. G.

Bauer, D.

M. Poetzlberger, J. Zhang, S. Gröbmeyer, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, J. Brons, and O. Pronin, “Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillator with 50% output coupling rate,” Opt. Lett. 44(17), 4227–4230 (2019).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Ultrafast thin-disk multipass laser amplifier delivering 1.4 kW (4.7 mJ, 1030 nm) average power converted to 820 W at 515 nm and 234 W at 343 nm,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21064–21077 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Brons, V. Pervak, E. Fedulova, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, V. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonskiy, O. Pronin, and F. Krausz, “Energy scaling of Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6442–6445 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Bauer, I. Zawischa, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator with 41 µJ pulse energy at 145 W average infrared power and high power frequency conversion,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9698–9704 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Second Generation Thin-Disk Multipass Amplifier Delivering Picosecond Pulses with 2 kW of Average Output Power,” in Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), ATu4A.5.

Bellancourt, A.-R.

Boehm, G.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brons, J.

Brunner, F.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Cole, G. D.

Dausinger, F.

S. Nolte, F. Schrempel, and F. Dausinger, “Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology,” in Springer Series in Optical Sciences, (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Dekorsy, T.

Deppe, B.

Diebold, A.

A. Diebold, F. Saltarelli, I. J. Graumann, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Gas-lens effect in kW-class thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12648–12659 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Saltarelli, A. Diebold, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Self-phase modulation cancellation in a high-power ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillator,” Optica 5(12), 1603–1606 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Labaye, M. Gaponenko, V. J. Wittwer, A. Diebold, C. Paradis, N. Modsching, L. Merceron, F. Emaury, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, C. J. Saraceno, C. Kränkel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Extreme ultraviolet light source at a megahertz repetition rate based on high-harmonic generation inside a mode-locked thin-disk laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5170–5173 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Emaury, A. Diebold, C. J. Saraceno, and U. Keller, “Compact extreme ultraviolet source at megahertz pulse repetition rate with a low-noise ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillator,” Optica 2(11), 980–984 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, T.

Emaury, F.

F. Labaye, M. Gaponenko, V. J. Wittwer, A. Diebold, C. Paradis, N. Modsching, L. Merceron, F. Emaury, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, C. J. Saraceno, C. Kränkel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Extreme ultraviolet light source at a megahertz repetition rate based on high-harmonic generation inside a mode-locked thin-disk laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5170–5173 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Emaury, A. Diebold, C. J. Saraceno, and U. Keller, “Compact extreme ultraviolet source at megahertz pulse repetition rate with a low-noise ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillator,” Optica 2(11), 980–984 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast thin-disk laser with 80 µJ pulse energy and 242 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 9–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

Erhard, S.

Fattahi, H.

Fedulova, E.

Fobbe, F.

Follman, D.

Fritsch, K.

Gaponenko, M.

Giesen, A.

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 859–861 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gingras, G.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast thin-disk laser with 80 µJ pulse energy and 242 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 9–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Pulse energy scaling to 5 µJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2728–2730 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gorjan, M.

Gottwald, T.

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

Graf, T.

Grange, R.

Grasse, C.

Graumann, I. J.

Gröbmeyer, S.

Hashimoto, S.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heckl, O. H.

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hekmat, N.

Herrmann, J.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hoffmann, M.

F. Meyer, N. Hekmat, S. Mansourzadeh, F. Fobbe, F. Aslani, M. Hoffmann, and C. J. Saraceno, “Optical rectification of a 100  W average power mode-locked thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 43(24), 5909–5912 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast thin-disk laser with 80 µJ pulse energy and 242 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 9–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hövel, R.

Hugel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Innerhofer, E.

Ito, H.

Iwaniuk, D.

Jung, I. D.

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locking with saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kalashnikov, V.

Kalashnikov, V. L.

Karszewski, M.

Kartner, F. X.

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locking with saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kaumanns, M.

Keller, U.

F. Saltarelli, A. Diebold, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Self-phase modulation cancellation in a high-power ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillator,” Optica 5(12), 1603–1606 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, F. Saltarelli, I. J. Graumann, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Gas-lens effect in kW-class thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12648–12659 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Labaye, M. Gaponenko, V. J. Wittwer, A. Diebold, C. Paradis, N. Modsching, L. Merceron, F. Emaury, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, C. J. Saraceno, C. Kränkel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Extreme ultraviolet light source at a megahertz repetition rate based on high-harmonic generation inside a mode-locked thin-disk laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5170–5173 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Emaury, A. Diebold, C. J. Saraceno, and U. Keller, “Compact extreme ultraviolet source at megahertz pulse repetition rate with a low-noise ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillator,” Optica 2(11), 980–984 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast thin-disk laser with 80 µJ pulse energy and 242 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 9–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, B. Rudin, A.-R. Bellancourt, D. Iwaniuk, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High precision optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7571–7579 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Pulse energy scaling to 5 µJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2728–2730 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1921–1923 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 859–861 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locking with saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

Killi, A.

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Ultrafast thin-disk multipass laser amplifier delivering 1.4 kW (4.7 mJ, 1030 nm) average power converted to 820 W at 515 nm and 234 W at 343 nm,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21064–21077 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Bauer, I. Zawischa, D. H. Sutter, A. Killi, and T. Dekorsy, “Mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator with 41 µJ pulse energy at 145 W average infrared power and high power frequency conversion,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9698–9704 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Second Generation Thin-Disk Multipass Amplifier Delivering Picosecond Pulses with 2 kW of Average Output Power,” in Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), ATu4A.5.

Kitamura, K.

Klenke, A.

Kränkel, C.

Krausz, F.

Kuhn, V.

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

Kurimura, S.

Labaye, F.

Limpert, J.

Loescher, A.

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Ultrafast thin-disk multipass laser amplifier delivering 1.4 kW (4.7 mJ, 1030 nm) average power converted to 820 W at 515 nm and 234 W at 343 nm,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21064–21077 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Second Generation Thin-Disk Multipass Amplifier Delivering Picosecond Pulses with 2 kW of Average Output Power,” in Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), ATu4A.5.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Magni, V.

Major, Z.

Mangold, M.

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mans, T.

Mansourzadeh, S.

Marchese, S. V.

Merceron, L.

Metzger, T.

Meyer, F.

Modsching, N.

Moser, M.

Müller, M.

Negel, J.-P.

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Ultrafast thin-disk multipass laser amplifier delivering 1.4 kW (4.7 mJ, 1030 nm) average power converted to 820 W at 515 nm and 234 W at 343 nm,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21064–21077 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Second Generation Thin-Disk Multipass Amplifier Delivering Picosecond Pulses with 2 kW of Average Output Power,” in Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), ATu4A.5.

Nolte, S.

S. Nolte, F. Schrempel, and F. Dausinger, “Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology,” in Springer Series in Optical Sciences, (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Nubbemeyer, T.

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Paradis, C.

Paschotta, R.

Pervak, V.

Phillips, C. R.

Piehler, S.

Poetzlberger, M.

Poprawe, R.

Pronin, O.

Rudin, B.

Russbueldt, P.

Saltarelli, F.

Saraceno, C. J.

F. Meyer, N. Hekmat, S. Mansourzadeh, F. Fobbe, F. Aslani, M. Hoffmann, and C. J. Saraceno, “Optical rectification of a 100  W average power mode-locked thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 43(24), 5909–5912 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, F. Saltarelli, I. J. Graumann, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Gas-lens effect in kW-class thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12648–12659 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Labaye, M. Gaponenko, V. J. Wittwer, A. Diebold, C. Paradis, N. Modsching, L. Merceron, F. Emaury, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, C. J. Saraceno, C. Kränkel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Extreme ultraviolet light source at a megahertz repetition rate based on high-harmonic generation inside a mode-locked thin-disk laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5170–5173 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Emaury, A. Diebold, C. J. Saraceno, and U. Keller, “Compact extreme ultraviolet source at megahertz pulse repetition rate with a low-noise ultrafast thin-disk laser oscillator,” Optica 2(11), 980–984 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast thin-disk laser with 80 µJ pulse energy and 242 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 9–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sartorius, T.

Sawodny, O.

Schad, S.-S.

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

Scharun, M.

S.-S. Schad, T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, M. Ackermann, D. Bauer, M. Scharun, and A. Killi, “Recent development of disk lasers at TRUMPF,” Proc. SPIE 9726, 972615 (2016)..
[Crossref]

Schrempel, F.

S. Nolte, F. Schrempel, and F. Dausinger, “Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology,” in Springer Series in Optical Sciences, (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Schriber, C.

Schulte, J.

Spühler, G. J.

Stark, H.

Steinkopff, A.

Südmeyer, T.

F. Labaye, M. Gaponenko, V. J. Wittwer, A. Diebold, C. Paradis, N. Modsching, L. Merceron, F. Emaury, I. J. Graumann, C. R. Phillips, C. J. Saraceno, C. Kränkel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Extreme ultraviolet light source at a megahertz repetition rate based on high-harmonic generation inside a mode-locked thin-disk laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5170–5173 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Diebold, T. Zengerle, C. G. E. Alfieri, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, D. Follman, G. D. Cole, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Optimized SESAMs for kilowatt-level ultrafast lasers “ Opt,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10512–10526 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast thin-disk laser with 80 µJ pulse energy and 242 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 9–12 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W average output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, B. Rudin, A.-R. Bellancourt, D. Iwaniuk, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High precision optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7571–7579 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, M. Golling, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Pulse energy scaling to 5 µJ from a femtosecond thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2728–2730 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1921–1923 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 859–861 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D.

M. Poetzlberger, J. Zhang, S. Gröbmeyer, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, J. Brons, and O. Pronin, “Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillator with 50% output coupling rate,” Opt. Lett. 44(17), 4227–4230 (2019).
[Crossref]

I. J. Graumann, A. Diebold, C. G. E. Alfieri, F. Emaury, B. Deppe, M. Golling, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, C. R. Phillips, and U. Keller, “Peak-power scaling of femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 25(19), 22519–22536 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Nubbemeyer, M. Kaumanns, M. Ueffing, M. Gorjan, A. Alismail, H. Fattahi, J. Brons, O. Pronin, H. G. Barros, Z. Major, T. Metzger, D. Sutter, and F. Krausz, “1 kW, 200 mJ picosecond thin-disk laser system,” Opt. Lett. 42(7), 1381–1384 (2017).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, A. Voss, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Ultrafast thin-disk multipass laser amplifier delivering 1.4 kW (4.7 mJ, 1030 nm) average power converted to 820 W at 515 nm and 234 W at 343 nm,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21064–21077 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Brons, V. Pervak, E. Fedulova, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, V. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonskiy, O. Pronin, and F. Krausz, “Energy scaling of Kerr-lens mode-locked thin-disk oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6442–6445 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Negel, A. Loescher, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, A. Killi, M. A. Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Second Generation Thin-Disk Multipass Amplifier Delivering Picosecond Pulses with 2 kW of Average Output Power,” in Lasers Congress 2016 (ASSL, LSC, LAC), OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), ATu4A.5.

Sutter, D. H.

Tünnermann, A.

Ueffing, M.

Usami, T.

Vernaleken, A.

Voss, A.

Weitenberg, J.

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wittmüss, P.

Wittwer, V. J.

Witzel, B.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond laser oscillators for high-field science,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 599–604 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zawischa, I.

Zengerle, T.

Zhang, J.

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable Concept for Diode-Pumped High-Power Solid-State Lasers,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58(5), 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

F. X. Kartner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locking with saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, M. Mangold, M. Hoffmann, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “SESAMs for high-power oscillators: design guidelines and damage thresholds,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 29–41 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, C. Schriber, A. Diebold, M. Hoffmann, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Toward millijoule-level high-power ultrafast thin-disk oscillators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 106–123 (2015).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Average output power from Yb:YAG SESAM-modelocked and KLM oscillators, which represented a new record at the time of publication. The labels indicate the output pulse energy. References are provided in the text. In this result we combine a cavity design including multiple reflections on the disk gain medium with operation in a low-pressure environment.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Schematic of the cavity design, including three reflections on the disk gain medium. TFP: thin-film polarizer; (b) beam profile at 350-W output power in cw operation, i.e., with the SESAM replaced by a HR mirror; (c) beam profile at 350 W in modelocked operation. The beam profiles are acquired by imaging the leakage of a mirror in a position ≈ 0.85 m from the SESAM. The horizontal and vertical cuts of the beam through the center of mass are presented together with gaussian fits (in red).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Evolution of the 1/e2 mode radius as a function of the position inside the laser cavity. ΔFdisk = 0 corresponds to the cold disk. The green line assumes the disk’s focusing power at lasing threshold and the orange line at the middle of the stability zone; (b) stability zone: calculated beam radius at the position of the disk (black line) and the SESAM (light blue line) as a function of the disk’s focusing power change ΔFdisk. The vertical green and orange dashed lines represent the disk’s focusing power values used for Fig. 3(a); the red dashed line the focusing power at the maximum output power. We optimized the cavity such that going from low to high power, we move around the center of the stability zone.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Power slopes: (a) average output power and pulse duration versus pump power. Red squares refer to cw laser operation with -6’600 fs2 of round-trip GDD. Blue and green squares refer to a laser configuration with -16’600 fs2 of GDD and including a TFP, in cw and modelocked operation, respectively; (c) saturation properties of the SESAM: reflectivity for a Gaussian beam versus spatially-averaged fluence on the SESAM (black line). For this calculation we assume that the pulse duration scales inversely to the pulse energy (orange line), as in soliton pulse shaping. The operating point at 350-W average output power, 940-fs pulse duration is marked with a vertical dashed line.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Laser diagnostics at 350-W output power. (a) Optical spectrum; (b) intensity autocorrelator; microwave spectrum (c) centered on the peak at the repetition rate with 300 Hz resolution bandwidth and noise floor around −42 dBc and (d) showing the harmonics with 10 kHz resolution bandwidth and noise floor around −50 dBc. Red dashed lines in (a) and (b) are fits assuming sech2-shaped pulses, the resulting FWHM of the optical spectrum and the pulse duration from the fits are reported in the corresponding figures.