Abstract

We report on high-power femtosecond cylindrical vector beam (CVB) generation from a Gaussian-pumped optical parametric oscillator (OPO). By introducing a half waveplate and a vortex half-wave plate of m = 1 to realize intracavity polarization modulation to the resonant Gaussian signal, the OPO could deliver broadband signal beam in CVB profile, i.e., radially and azimuthally polarized beam profile. The central wavelength of the generated CVB signals can be tuned continuously from 1405 to 1601 nm, while the corresponding pulse durations are all around 150 fs. A maximum average output power of 614 mW at 1505 nm is obtained. Moreover, our OPO cavity design can be extended to generate high order CVB by simply changing the vortex half-wave plate with different orders. Such a high-power CVB OPO configuration has the advantages of flexible control and wide tuning range, making it a practical tool for applications in super-resolution imaging, optical communication and quantum correlations.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Intracavity cylindrical vector beam generation from all-PM Er-doped mode-locked fiber laser

Yuwei Zhao, Jintao Fan, Haosen Shi, Yuepeng Li, Youjian Song, and Minglie Hu
Opt. Express 27(6) 8808-8818 (2019)

High efficiency mode-locked, cylindrical vector beam fiber laser based on a mode selective coupler

Hongdan Wan, Jie Wang, Zuxing Zhang, Yu Cai, Bin Sun, and Lin Zhang
Opt. Express 25(10) 11444-11451 (2017)

High-power synchronously pumped AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator

Kenneth J. McEwan
Opt. Lett. 23(9) 667-669 (1998)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  2. Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, B. Sun, and L. Zhang, “High efficiency mode-locked, cylindrical vector beam fiber laser based on a mode selective coupler,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11444–11451 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  5. K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, “Focusing of high numerical aperture cylindrical-vector beams,” Opt. Express 7(2), 77–87 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. Q. Zhan and J. R. Leger, “Focus shaping using cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 10(7), 324–331 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(23), 233901 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. Sun and C. Liu, “Ultrasmall focusing spot with a long depth of focus based on polarization and phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 99–101 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Three-dimensional focus shaping with cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Commun. 265(2), 411–417 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Moradi, V. Shababadi, E. Madadi, E. Karimi, and F. Hajizadeh, “Efficient optical trapping with cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Express 27(5), 7266–7276 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Rullière, Femtosecond Laser Pulses (Springer, 2005)
  12. K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. A. Ishaaya, C. J. Hensley, B. Shim, S. Schrauth, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Highly-efficient coupling of linearly- and radially-polarized femtosecond pulses in hollowcore photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18630–18637 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Cai, J. Wang, J. Zhang, H. Wan, Z. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams in a mode-locked fiber laser using a mode-selective coupler,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(1), 010602 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. Hasegawa and Y. Hayasaki, “Holographic Vector Wave Femtosecond Laser Processing,” Int. J. Optomechatronics 8(2), 73–88 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. D. Tsibidis, E. Skoulas, and E. Stratakis, “Ripple formation on nickel irradiated with radially polarized femtosecond beams,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5172–5175 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. X. Wang, Z. Zeng, X. Zhuang, F. Wackenhut, A. Pan, and A. J. Meixner, “Second-harmonic generation in single CdSe nanowires by focused cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 42(13), 2623–2626 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. Milione, Martin P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, Y. Ren, G. Xie, T. A. Nguyen, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, D. A. Nolan, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “4 × 20 Gbit/s mode division multiplexing over free space using vector modes and a q-plate mode (de)multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1980–1983 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  28. Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100906 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. Y. Zhao, J. Fan, H. Shi, Y. Li, Y. Song, and M. Hu, “Intracavity cylindrical vector beam generation from all-PM Er-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 27(6), 8808–8818 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  30. Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, S. Ruan, and L. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam generation based on mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3403–3407 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  32. Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  33. M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. C. Gu, M. Hu, L. Zhang, J. Fan, Y. Song, C. Wang, and D. T. Reid, “High average power, widely tunable femtosecond laser source from red to mid-infrared based on an Yb-fiber-laser-pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1820–1822 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanay, M. V. Jabir, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “All-periodically poled, high-power, continuous-wave, single frequency tunable UV source,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 33–36 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  36. J. Fan, C. Gu, J. Zhao, R. Liao, Y. Chu, L. Chai, C. Wang, and M. Hu, “Dielectric-mirror-less femtosecond optical parametric oscillator with ultrabroad-band tenability,” Opt. Lett. 43(10), 2316–2319 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  37. L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  38. X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2019 (3)

2018 (6)

J. Fan, C. Gu, J. Zhao, R. Liao, Y. Chu, L. Chai, C. Wang, and M. Hu, “Dielectric-mirror-less femtosecond optical parametric oscillator with ultrabroad-band tenability,” Opt. Lett. 43(10), 2316–2319 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, S. Ruan, and L. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam generation based on mode selective coupler,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(16), 3403–3407 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100906 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cai, J. Wang, J. Zhang, H. Wan, Z. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams in a mode-locked fiber laser using a mode-selective coupler,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(1), 010602 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (8)

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Wan, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, B. Sun, and L. Zhang, “High efficiency mode-locked, cylindrical vector beam fiber laser based on a mode selective coupler,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11444–11451 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, Z. Zeng, X. Zhuang, F. Wackenhut, A. Pan, and A. J. Meixner, “Second-harmonic generation in single CdSe nanowires by focused cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 42(13), 2623–2626 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (5)

2014 (1)

S. Hasegawa and Y. Hayasaki, “Holographic Vector Wave Femtosecond Laser Processing,” Int. J. Optomechatronics 8(2), 73–88 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Gu, M. Hu, L. Zhang, J. Fan, Y. Song, C. Wang, and D. T. Reid, “High average power, widely tunable femtosecond laser source from red to mid-infrared based on an Yb-fiber-laser-pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1820–1822 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2006 (2)

W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Three-dimensional focus shaping with cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Commun. 265(2), 411–417 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(23), 233901 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Sun and C. Liu, “Ultrasmall focusing spot with a long depth of focus based on polarization and phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

Aadhi, A.

Alcusa-Sáez, E. P.

L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

Allegre, O. J.

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Andrés, M. V.

L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Apurv Chaitanay, N.

Bautista, G.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brown, T. G.

Bu, J.

Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burge, R. E.

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cai, Y.

Carrión-Higueras, L.

L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

Chen, S.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Three-dimensional focus shaping with cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Commun. 265(2), 411–417 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chu, Y.

Chung, D.

Dearden, G.

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dhaka, V.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Díez, A.

L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dorn, R.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(23), 233901 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dou, X.

Du, L.

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Edwardson, S. P.

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Engelhardt, J.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Esteban-Martin, A.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Falk, H. J.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, J.

Feng, T.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fotakis, C.

E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

Görlitz, F.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grasso, M.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Hajizadeh, F.

Han, L.

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hannel, J.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, S.

S. Hasegawa and Y. Hayasaki, “Holographic Vector Wave Femtosecond Laser Processing,” Int. J. Optomechatronics 8(2), 73–88 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hayasaki, Y.

S. Hasegawa and Y. Hayasaki, “Holographic Vector Wave Femtosecond Laser Processing,” Int. J. Optomechatronics 8(2), 73–88 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hell, S. W.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hensley, C. J.

Hoyer, P.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

Huang, H.

Huhtio, T.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huttunen, M. J.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ishaaya, A. A.

Jabir, M. V.

Jia, H.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jian, S.

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

Karimi, E.

Karvonen, L.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kauranen, M.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koch, K. W.

Kontio, J. M.

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kumar, S. C.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lavery, Martin P. J.

Leger, J. R.

Leuchs, G.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(23), 233901 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

Li, P.

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Liao, J.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liao, R.

Lipsanen, H.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

Liu, J.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Low, D. K. Y.

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Madadi, E.

Mäkitalo, J.

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

Manousaki, A.

E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marrucci, L.

Meixner, A. J.

Milione, G.

Min, C.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
[Crossref]

Moh, K. J.

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Moradi, H.

Nguyen, T. A.

Nie, Y.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nolan, D. A.

Pan, A.

Pang, F.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Perrie, W.

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qi, J.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qi, S.

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

Quabis, S.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(23), 233901 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reid, D. T.

Ren, Y.

Ruan, S.

Rullière, C.

C. Rullière, Femtosecond Laser Pulses (Springer, 2005)

Sahl, S. J.

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Samanta, G. K.

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanay, M. V. Jabir, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “All-periodically poled, high-power, continuous-wave, single frequency tunable UV source,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 33–36 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schrauth, S.

Shababadi, V.

Shen, J.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Y.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, F.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Shim, B.

Simonen, J.

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. P.

Skoulas, E.

E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. D. Tsibidis, E. Skoulas, and E. Stratakis, “Ripple formation on nickel irradiated with radially polarized femtosecond beams,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5172–5175 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Stratakis, E.

E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. D. Tsibidis, E. Skoulas, and E. Stratakis, “Ripple formation on nickel irradiated with radially polarized femtosecond beams,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5172–5175 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Sun, C.

Sun, W.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tan, J.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsibidis, G. D.

Wackenhut, F.

Wan, H.

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

Wang, F.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, T.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, Z. Zeng, X. Zhuang, F. Wackenhut, A. Pan, and A. J. Meixner, “Second-harmonic generation in single CdSe nanowires by focused cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 42(13), 2623–2626 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Watkins, K. G.

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weng, X.

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Wu, D.

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xie, C.

Xie, G.

Xu, L.

Yang, A.

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yao, S.

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Youngworth, K. S.

Yuan, X.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.-C.

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zayats, A. V.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Z.

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, J.

Y. Cai, J. Wang, J. Zhang, H. Wan, Z. Zhang, and L. Zhang, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams in a mode-locked fiber laser using a mode-selective coupler,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(1), 010602 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, X. Dou, Y. Yang, C. Xie, J. Bu, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Flexible generation of femtosecond cylindrical vector beams,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(3), 030007 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, J.

J. Fan, C. Gu, J. Zhao, R. Liao, Y. Chu, L. Chai, C. Wang, and M. Hu, “Dielectric-mirror-less femtosecond optical parametric oscillator with ultrabroad-band tenability,” Opt. Lett. 43(10), 2316–2319 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, S.

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, X.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

S. Liu, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, P. Li, D. Wu, L. Han, and J. Zhao, “Highly efficient generation of arbitrary vector beams with tunable polarization, phase, and amplitude,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 228–233 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, D. K. Y. Low, and R. E. Burge, “Direct noninterference cylindrical vector beam generation applied in the femtosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Zhang, Y. Cai, J. Wang, H. Wan, and L. Zhang, “Switchable dual-wavelength cylindrical vector beam generation from a passively mode-locked fiber laser based on carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100906 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (3)

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0700105 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Carrión-Higueras, E. P. Alcusa-Sáez, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “All-fiber laser with intracavity acousto-optic dynamic mode converter for efficient generation of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Weng, L. Du, A. Yang, C. Min, and X. Yuan, “Generating arbitrary order cylindrical vector beams with inherent transform mechanism,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Wang, F. Shi, T. Wang, F. Pang, T. Wang, and X. Zeng, “Method of generating femtosecond cylindrical vector beams using broadband mode converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(9), 747–750 (2017).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Optomechatronics (1)

S. Hasegawa and Y. Hayasaki, “Holographic Vector Wave Femtosecond Laser Processing,” Int. J. Optomechatronics 8(2), 73–88 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

O. J. Allegre, W. Perrie, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins, “Laser microprocessing of steel with radially and azimuthally polarized femtosecond vortex pulses,” J. Opt. 14(8), 085601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Yao, S. Xiao, and S. Jian, “Radially polarized cylindrical vector beam generation in all-fibre narrow linewidth single-longitudinal-mode laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 16(5), 055101 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

Y. Zhang, J. Shen, C. Min, Y. Jin, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, S. Zhu, Y. Sheng, A. V. Zayats, and X. Yuan, “Nonlinearity-Induced Multiplexed Optical Trapping and Manipulation with Femtosecond Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 18(9), 5538–5543 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3207–3212 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Bautista, J. Mäkitalo, Y. Chen, V. Dhaka, M. Grasso, L. Karvonen, H. Jiang, M. J. Huttunen, T. Huhtio, H. Lipsanen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Semiconductor Nanowires with Focused Vector Beams,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1564–1569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Hannel, H. J. Falk, F. Görlitz, P. Hoyer, J. Engelhardt, S. J. Sahl, and S. W. Hell, “STED nanoscopy with fluorescent quantum dots,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7127 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Chen and Q. Zhan, “Three-dimensional focus shaping with cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Commun. 265(2), 411–417 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Qi, W. Sun, J. Liao, Y. Nie, X. Wang, J. Zhang, X. Liu, H. Jia, M. Lu, S. Chen, J. Liu, J. Yang, J. Tan, and X. Li, “Generation and analysis of both in-phase and out-phase radially polarized femtosecond-pulse beam,” Opt. Eng. 52(2), 024201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (8)

J. Fan, C. Gu, J. Zhao, R. Liao, Y. Chu, L. Chai, C. Wang, and M. Hu, “Dielectric-mirror-less femtosecond optical parametric oscillator with ultrabroad-band tenability,” Opt. Lett. 43(10), 2316–2319 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Gu, M. Hu, L. Zhang, J. Fan, Y. Song, C. Wang, and D. T. Reid, “High average power, widely tunable femtosecond laser source from red to mid-infrared based on an Yb-fiber-laser-pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1820–1822 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanay, M. V. Jabir, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “All-periodically poled, high-power, continuous-wave, single frequency tunable UV source,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 33–36 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Milione, Martin P. J. Lavery, H. Huang, Y. Ren, G. Xie, T. A. Nguyen, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, D. A. Nolan, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “4 × 20 Gbit/s mode division multiplexing over free space using vector modes and a q-plate mode (de)multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1980–1983 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. D. Tsibidis, E. Skoulas, and E. Stratakis, “Ripple formation on nickel irradiated with radially polarized femtosecond beams,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5172–5175 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, Z. Zeng, X. Zhuang, F. Wackenhut, A. Pan, and A. J. Meixner, “Second-harmonic generation in single CdSe nanowires by focused cylindrical vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 42(13), 2623–2626 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Sun and C. Liu, “Ultrasmall focusing spot with a long depth of focus based on polarization and phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, “Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(23), 233901 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

E. Skoulas, A. Manousaki, C. Fotakis, and E. Stratakis, “Biomimetic surface structuring using cylindrical vector femtosecond laser beams,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 45114 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

C. Rullière, Femtosecond Laser Pulses (Springer, 2005)

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The mode transformation of the linear polarization light with different orientations propagate forward and then reflect backward through the VWP (m = 1). (a) 0° linear polarization (b) +45° linear polarization (c) 90° linear polarization (d) −45° linear polarization.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup of the OPO for CVB generation. M1-M2: gold-coated concave mirrors; M3–M5: mirrors; M6: output coupler; HWP: halfwave plate; PBS: polarizing beam-splitter; VWP: vortex half-wave plate; CCD: charge-coupled device.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) CVB signals wavelength tuning range of the OPO and average output power of the signal with a variation of central wavelength. (b) Measured pulse durations (filled circles) and corresponding calculated transform-limited pulse durations (empty circles) across the tuning range. (c) A typical autocorrelation of CVB signal at 1505 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) The experimentally measured output powers of the Gaussian beam and the first order CVB at 1505 nm are shown in black and red dots, respectively. (b) The conversion efficiencies of Gaussian beam and the first order CVB as a function of incident pump power.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Donut-shape intensity profiles and corresponding polarization patterns are depicted for four representative 1st-CVBs. The second to fourth column: Transmitted intensity distributions after a linear polarizer with horizontal (0°), counter-diagonal (45°), vertical (90°) and main-diagonal (135°) orientations, as depicted by the double-ended arrows.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Azimuthal-intensity profile for radius r of the beam after passing through a horizontally oriented polarizer at 1550 nm. (b) The polarization extinction ratios of radially polarized beam at different wavelengths.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Donut-shape intensity profiles and corresponding polarization patterns are depicted for on-demand generated (a)–(b) 2nd-CVBs. (c) 3rd-CVB. The second to fourth column: Transmitted intensity distributions after a linear polarizer with horizontal, counter-diagonal, vertical and main-diagonal orientations, as depicted by the superimposed double-ended arrows.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ ( φ ) = m 2 φ + φ 0
M ( θ ) = [ cos 2 θ sin 2 θ sin 2 θ cos 2 θ ]
E = M ( θ ) ( cos α sin α ) = ( cos ( m φ + 2 φ 0 α ) sin ( m φ + 2 φ 0 α ) )
E r = M ( θ ) E = ( cos α sin α )
E 0 = ( cos φ sin φ ) , E 90 = ( sin φ cos φ )
E + 45 = 1 2 ( cos φ + sin φ sin φ cos φ ) , E 45 = 1 2 ( cos φ sin φ sin φ + cos φ )
I ( r , θ ) = I max ( r ) cos 2 ( θ θ 0 )

Metrics