Abstract

A bidirectional 793 nm diode-pumped actively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica polarization-maintaining (PM) double-clad (DC) fiber laser is reported. With this fiber laser, 55 W of average output power with 100 ns pulse width at 200 kHz repetition rate and 2.09 µm wavelength is obtained. The pump power injection with end-caps fusion-spliced on fiber tips provides good power stability (< 1.1%) and beam quality factors (M2 < 1.7). The fiber laser output beam polarization factor is 97.5%. At 55 W, no thermal-induced damage is observed on any optical element, and power scaling of the laser is only pump-power-limited in the range of the total available pump power (180 W).

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. W. Yao, C. Shen, Z. Shao, Q. Liu, H. Wang, Y. Zhao, and D. Shen, “High-power nanosecond pulse generation from an integrated Tm-Ho fiber MOPA over 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 26(7), 8841–8848 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. E. Lucas, L. Lombard, Y. Jaouën, S. Bordais, and G. Canat, “1 kW peak power, 110 ns single-frequency thulium doped fiber amplifier at 2050 nm,” Appl. Opt. 53(20), 4413–4419 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. Jiang and P. Tayebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1797–1799 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Generation of self-mode-locked resembling pulses in a fast gain-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1624–1626 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Kivistö, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, S. D. Jackson, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Passively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-doped silica fiber laser using a highly nonlinear saturable absorber and dynamic gain pulse compression,” Opt. Express 16(26), 22058–22063 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. W. Yang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched fiber laser near 2 μm,” Appl. Opt. 51(23), 5664–5667 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Tang, X. Li, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power passively Q-switched thulium fiber laser with distributed stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5474–5477 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Tang and J. Xu, “High-power pulsed thulium fiber oscillator modulated by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011103 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 μm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2780–2782 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy, actively Q-switched Tm3+,Ho3+ -codoped silica 2 μm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1044–1046 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. Kieleck, A. Berrou, B. Donelan, B. Cadier, T. Robin, and M. Eichhorn, “6.5 W ZnGeP(2) OPO directly pumped by a Q-switched Tm(3+)-doped single-oscillator fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1101–1104 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “2.4 mJ, 33 W Q-switched Tm-doped fiber laser with near diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 97–99 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “High-power pulsed thulium fiber oscillator modulated by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Lucas, L. Lombard, Y. Jaouën, S. Bordais, and G. Canat, “1 kW peak power, 110 ns single-frequency thulium doped fiber amplifier at 2050 nm,” Appl. Opt. 53(20), 4413–4419 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

W. Yang, J. Hou, B. Zhang, R. Song, and Z. Liu, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched fiber laser near 2 μm,” Appl. Opt. 51(23), 5664–5667 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

An, Y.

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Berrou, A.

Bordais, S.

Cadier, B.

Canat, G.

Donelan, B.

Eichhorn, M.

Guina, M.

Guo, C.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, X.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

Jackson, S. D.

Jansen, F.

Jaouën, Y.

Jauregui, C.

Jiang, M.

Jin, X.

Kieleck, C.

Kivistö, S.

Koskinen, R.

Li, X.

Limpert, J.

Lin, W.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

Liu, Z.

Lombard, L.

Long, J. Y.

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lucas, E.

Luo, A.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Michalska, M.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Ouyang, D.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Paajaste, J.

Robin, T.

Ruan, S.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shao, Z.

Shen, C.

Shen, D.

Shen, D. Y.

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Song, R.

Stutzki, F.

Swiderski, J.

Tang, Y.

Tayebati, P.

Tünnermann, A.

Wang, H.

Wang, Q. J.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y. Sh.

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Xie, W.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “High-power pulsed thulium fiber oscillator modulated by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yang, Q.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

Yang, Z.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yao, W.

Yu, X.

Yuan, X.

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhao, J.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Zheng, Z.

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

Zhou, W.

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “High-power pulsed thulium fiber oscillator modulated by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

D. Ouyang, J. Zhao, Z. Zheng, S. Ruan, C. Guo, P. Yan, and W. Xie, “110 W all fiber actively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

J. Y. Long, D. Y. Shen, Y. Sh. Wang, W. Zhao, Y. An, and W. Zhou, “Stable passively Q-switched operation of Tm3+ doped silica fiber laser by anti-resonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(5), 986–990 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. He, A. Luo, W. Lin, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, W. Xu, Z. Luo, and Z. Yang, “A stable 2 µm passively Q-switched fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution,” Laser Phys. 24(8), 085102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (8)

C. Kieleck, A. Berrou, B. Donelan, B. Cadier, T. Robin, and M. Eichhorn, “6.5 W ZnGeP(2) OPO directly pumped by a Q-switched Tm(3+)-doped single-oscillator fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1101–1104 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Jiang and P. Tayebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1797–1799 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy actively Q-switched Tm3+-doped silica 2 μm fiber laser pumped at 792 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2780–2782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Eichhorn and S. D. Jackson, “High-pulse-energy, actively Q-switched Tm3+,Ho3+ -codoped silica 2 μm fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1044–1046 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “2.4 mJ, 33 W Q-switched Tm-doped fiber laser with near diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 97–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Generation of self-mode-locked resembling pulses in a fast gain-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1624–1626 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, X. Li, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power passively Q-switched thulium fiber laser with distributed stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5474–5477 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured average output power versus incident pump power for different repetition rates. The plot with black triangular dots corresponds to CW mode of operation when AOM is turned off.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Average output power stability over 45 min measured at 45 W output power and 200 kHz repetition rate.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Ratio of linear output power over the total Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped fiber output power after a polarizer versus rotation angle of a HWP placed between the output coupler and a fixed polarizer.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Beam quality factors M2 of the laser output beam measured at 45 W average output power and 200 kHz repetition rate. Inset shows beam profile registered at one specific propagation point.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica fiber laser pulse width versus incident pump power for different repetition rates. The inset shows a pulse shape of a 60 ns (FWHM) pulse.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Emitted power spectrum of the Tm3+, Ho3+-codoped silica fiber laser, registered at 50 W average output power and 200 kHz repetition rate. Central emission wavelength is 2090 nm with 0.2 nm spectral linewidth (FWHM).

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