Abstract

We report simple and compact all-fiber erbium-doped soliton and dispersion-managed soliton femtosecond lasers mode-locked by the MXene Ti3C2Tx. A saturable absorber device fabricated by optical deposition of Ti3C2Tx onto a microfiber exhibits strong saturable absorption properties, with a modulation depth of 11.3%. The oscillator operating in the soliton regime produces 597.8 fs-pulses with 5.21 nm of bandwidth, while the cavity with weak normal dispersion (~0.008 ps2) delivers 104 fs pulses with 42.5 nm of bandwidth. Our results contribute to the growing body of work studying the nonlinear optical properties of MXene that underpin new opportunities for ultrafast photonic technology.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
  20. M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. W. Liu, M. Liu, Y. OuYang, H. Hou, G. Ma, M. Lei, and Z. Wei, “Tungsten diselenide for mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with short pulse duration,” Nanotechnology 29(17), 174002 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, M. Liu, M. Lei, S. Fang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, “Tungsten disulfide saturable absorbers for 67 fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2950–2959 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Chen, S. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Gao, and W. Zhang, “Sub-300 femtosecond soliton tunable fiber laser with all-anomalous dispersion passively mode locked by black phosphorus,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13316–13324 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. I. R. Shein and A. L. Ivanovskii, “Graphene-like nanocarbides and nanonitrides of d metals (MXenes): synthesis, properties and simulation,” Micro & Nano Lett. 8(2), 59–62 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  32. B. Aïssa, A. Ali, K. A. Mahmoud, T. Haddad, and M. Nedil, “Transport properties of a highly conductive 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene/graphene composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(4), 043109 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  33. Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. X. Y. Feng, B. Y. Ding, W. Y. Liang, F. Zhang, T. Y. Ning, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “MXene Ti3C2Tx absorber for a 1.06 μm passively Q-switched ceramic laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(8), 085805 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  35. X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  36. K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. R. I. Woodward and E. J. R. Kelleher, “2D Saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Appl. Sci. (Basel) 5(4), 1440–1456 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  39. M. Naguib, M. Kurtoglu, V. Presser, J. Lu, J. Niu, M. Heon, L. Hultman, Y. Gogotsi, and M. W. Barsoum, “Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3 AlC2.,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4248–4253 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. B. Anasori, M. R. Lukatskaya, and Y. Gogotsi, “2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(2), 16098 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  41. B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  42. C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 1100–1114 (1994).
    [Crossref]

2018 (7)

K. Wu, B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, C. S. Guo, C. Li, P. S. Xiao, J. Wang, L. J. Zhou, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, “High-performance mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers based on novel 2D materials of topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus: review and perspective (invited),” Opt. Commun. 406(SI), 214–229 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Xing, S. Chen, X. Liang, Q. Liu, M. Qu, Q. Zou, J. Li, H. Tan, L. Liu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Two-Dimensional MXene (Ti3C2)-Integrated Cellulose Hydrogels: Toward Smart Three-Dimensional Network Nanoplatforms Exhibiting Light-Induced Swelling and Bimodal Photothermal/Chemotherapy Anticancer Activity,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(33), 27631–27643 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Y. Feng, B. Y. Ding, W. Y. Liang, F. Zhang, T. Y. Ning, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “MXene Ti3C2Tx absorber for a 1.06 μm passively Q-switched ceramic laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(8), 085805 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, M. Liu, Y. OuYang, H. Hou, G. Ma, M. Lei, and Z. Wei, “Tungsten diselenide for mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with short pulse duration,” Nanotechnology 29(17), 174002 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (6)

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, M. Liu, M. Lei, S. Fang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, “Tungsten disulfide saturable absorbers for 67 fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2950–2959 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Aiub, D. Steinberg, E. A. Thoroh de Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “200-fs mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser by using mechanically exfoliated MoS2 saturable absorber onto D-shaped optical fiber,” Opt. Express 25(9), 10546–10552 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Anasori, M. R. Lukatskaya, and Y. Gogotsi, “2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(2), 16098 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “Metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Aïssa, A. Ali, K. A. Mahmoud, T. Haddad, and M. Nedil, “Transport properties of a highly conductive 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene/graphene composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(4), 043109 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, S. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Gao, and W. Zhang, “Sub-300 femtosecond soliton tunable fiber laser with all-anomalous dispersion passively mode locked by black phosphorus,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13316–13324 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, I. Pasternak, A. Krajewska, W. Strupinski, and G. Sobon, “Sub-90 fs a stretched-pulse mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27503–27508 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward and E. J. R. Kelleher, “2D Saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Appl. Sci. (Basel) 5(4), 1440–1456 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. N. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Yu, Y. G. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, J. R. Tian, and Y. R. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015105 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large Energy, Wavelength Widely Tunable, Topological Insulator Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0900508 (2014).

2013 (1)

I. R. Shein and A. L. Ivanovskii, “Graphene-like nanocarbides and nanonitrides of d metals (MXenes): synthesis, properties and simulation,” Micro & Nano Lett. 8(2), 59–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable Dual-Wavelength Synchronously Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Graphene Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Naguib, M. Kurtoglu, V. Presser, J. Lu, J. Niu, M. Heon, L. Hultman, Y. Gogotsi, and M. W. Barsoum, “Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3 AlC2.,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4248–4253 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, I. H. White, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast stretched-pulse fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res. 3(6), 404–411 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Area theorem and energy quantization for dissipative optical solitons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(10), 1978–1982 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 1100–1114 (1994).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(5), 051108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aïssa, B.

B. Aïssa, A. Ali, K. A. Mahmoud, T. Haddad, and M. Nedil, “Transport properties of a highly conductive 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene/graphene composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(4), 043109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aiub, E. J.

Albrow-Owen, T.

X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
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Ali, A.

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
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Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Anasori, M. R. Lukatskaya, and Y. Gogotsi, “2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(2), 16098 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
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Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-Layer Graphene as a Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulsed Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
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K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
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M. Naguib, M. Kurtoglu, V. Presser, J. Lu, J. Niu, M. Heon, L. Hultman, Y. Gogotsi, and M. W. Barsoum, “Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3 AlC2.,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4248–4253 (2011).
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Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
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C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 1100–1114 (1994).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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K. Wu, B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, C. S. Guo, C. Li, P. S. Xiao, J. Wang, L. J. Zhou, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, “High-performance mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers based on novel 2D materials of topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus: review and perspective (invited),” Opt. Commun. 406(SI), 214–229 (2018).
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J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
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K. Wu, B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, C. S. Guo, C. Li, P. S. Xiao, J. Wang, L. J. Zhou, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, “High-performance mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers based on novel 2D materials of topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus: review and perspective (invited),” Opt. Commun. 406(SI), 214–229 (2018).
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C. Xing, S. Chen, X. Liang, Q. Liu, M. Qu, Q. Zou, J. Li, H. Tan, L. Liu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Two-Dimensional MXene (Ti3C2)-Integrated Cellulose Hydrogels: Toward Smart Three-Dimensional Network Nanoplatforms Exhibiting Light-Induced Swelling and Bimodal Photothermal/Chemotherapy Anticancer Activity,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(33), 27631–27643 (2018).
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Y. Chen, S. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Gao, and W. Zhang, “Sub-300 femtosecond soliton tunable fiber laser with all-anomalous dispersion passively mode locked by black phosphorus,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13316–13324 (2016).
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Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large Energy, Wavelength Widely Tunable, Topological Insulator Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0900508 (2014).

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, S. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Gao, and W. Zhang, “Sub-300 femtosecond soliton tunable fiber laser with all-anomalous dispersion passively mode locked by black phosphorus,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13316–13324 (2016).
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Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large Energy, Wavelength Widely Tunable, Topological Insulator Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0900508 (2014).

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable Dual-Wavelength Synchronously Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Graphene Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
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Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Chertopalov, S.

Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
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Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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Cho, W. B.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153107 (2012).
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Chong, A.

Curley, P. F.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 1100–1114 (1994).
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X. Y. Feng, B. Y. Ding, W. Y. Liang, F. Zhang, T. Y. Ning, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “MXene Ti3C2Tx absorber for a 1.06 μm passively Q-switched ceramic laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(8), 085805 (2018).
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Dong, X. Z.

Z. H. Yu, Y. G. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, J. R. Tian, and Y. R. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015105 (2014).
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Dong, Y.

Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
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Du, J.

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
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Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large Energy, Wavelength Widely Tunable, Topological Insulator Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0900508 (2014).

Dubey, M.

F. N. Xia, H. Wang, D. Xiao, M. Dubey, and A. Ramasubramaniam, “Two-dimensional material nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 899–907 (2014).
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Fan, D.

C. Xing, S. Chen, X. Liang, Q. Liu, M. Qu, Q. Zou, J. Li, H. Tan, L. Liu, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Two-Dimensional MXene (Ti3C2)-Integrated Cellulose Hydrogels: Toward Smart Three-Dimensional Network Nanoplatforms Exhibiting Light-Induced Swelling and Bimodal Photothermal/Chemotherapy Anticancer Activity,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(33), 27631–27643 (2018).
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J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
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Fan, D. Y.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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Fang, S.

Feng, X. Y.

X. Y. Feng, B. Y. Ding, W. Y. Liang, F. Zhang, T. Y. Ning, J. Liu, and H. Zhang, “MXene Ti3C2Tx absorber for a 1.06 μm passively Q-switched ceramic laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(8), 085805 (2018).
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Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, I. H. White, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast stretched-pulse fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res. 3(6), 404–411 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Ge, Y. Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gogotsi, Y.

Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “Metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Anasori, M. R. Lukatskaya, and Y. Gogotsi, “2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(2), 16098 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Naguib, M. Kurtoglu, V. Presser, J. Lu, J. Niu, M. Heon, L. Hultman, Y. Gogotsi, and M. W. Barsoum, “Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3 AlC2.,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4248–4253 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, C. S.

K. Wu, B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, C. S. Guo, C. Li, P. S. Xiao, J. Wang, L. J. Zhou, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, “High-performance mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers based on novel 2D materials of topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus: review and perspective (invited),” Opt. Commun. 406(SI), 214–229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z. N.

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Haddad, T.

B. Aïssa, A. Ali, K. A. Mahmoud, T. Haddad, and M. Nedil, “Transport properties of a highly conductive 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene/graphene composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(4), 043109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Halim, J.

K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
[Crossref]

Han, H.

Hantanasirisakul, K.

K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 153107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, I. H. White, and A. C. Ferrari, “Ultrafast stretched-pulse fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Nano Res. 3(6), 404–411 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, J. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, Z. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Heon, M.

M. Naguib, M. Kurtoglu, V. Presser, J. Lu, J. Niu, M. Heon, L. Hultman, Y. Gogotsi, and M. W. Barsoum, “Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3 AlC2.,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4248–4253 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, H.

W. Liu, M. Liu, Y. OuYang, H. Hou, G. Ma, M. Lei, and Z. Wei, “Tungsten diselenide for mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with short pulse duration,” Nanotechnology 29(17), 174002 (2018).
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Howe, R. C. T.

X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, G.

X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

Y. Dong, S. Chertopalov, K. Maleski, B. Anasori, L. Hu, S. Bhattacharya, A. M. Rao, Y. Gogotsi, V. N. Mochalin, and R. Podila, “Saturable absorption in 2D Ti3C2 MXene thin films for passive photonic diodes,” Adv. Mater. 30(10), 1705714 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Y.

X. Jin, G. Hu, M. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, R. C. T. Howe, T. C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Zheng, and T. Hasan, “102 fs pulse generation from a long-term stable, inkjet-printed black phosphorus-mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12506–12513 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, W.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hultman, L.

M. Naguib, M. Kurtoglu, V. Presser, J. Lu, J. Niu, M. Heon, L. Hultman, Y. Gogotsi, and M. W. Barsoum, “Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3 AlC2.,” Adv. Mater. 23(37), 4248–4253 (2011).
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Ilday, F. O.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, and F. O. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large Energy, Wavelength Widely Tunable, Topological Insulator Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0900508 (2014).

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable Dual-Wavelength Synchronously Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Graphene Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
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G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. F.

K. Wu, B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, C. S. Guo, C. Li, P. S. Xiao, J. Wang, L. J. Zhou, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, “High-performance mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers based on novel 2D materials of topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus: review and perspective (invited),” Opt. Commun. 406(SI), 214–229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

Z. H. Yu, Y. G. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, J. R. Tian, and Y. R. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24(1), 015105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Y.

K. Wu, B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, C. S. Guo, C. Li, P. S. Xiao, J. Wang, L. J. Zhou, W. W. Zou, and J. P. Chen, “High-performance mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers based on novel 2D materials of topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus: review and perspective (invited),” Opt. Commun. 406(SI), 214–229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
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M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large Energy, Wavelength Widely Tunable, Topological Insulator Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0900508 (2014).

Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable Dual-Wavelength Synchronously Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Graphene Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, M. Q.

K. Hantanasirisakul, M. Q. Zhao, P. Urbankowski, J. Halim, B. Anasori, S. Kota, C. E. Ren, M. W. Barsoum, and Y. Gogotsi, “Fabrication of Ti3C2Tx MXene transparent thin films with tunable optoelectronic properties,” Adv. Electron. Mater. 2(6), 1600050 (2016).
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H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
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M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
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Zheng, X. W.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
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H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
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Zhu, T.

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Zhu, X.

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
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G. Hu, T. Albrow-Owen, X. Jin, A. Ali, Y. Hu, R. C. T. Howe, K. Shehzad, Z. Yang, X. Zhu, R. I. Woodward, T. C. Wu, H. Jussila, J. B. Wu, P. Peng, P. H. Tan, Z. Sun, E. J. R. Kelleher, M. Zhang, Y. Xu, and T. Hasan, “Black phosphorus ink formulation for inkjet printing of optoelectronics and photonics,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 278 (2017).
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Z. T. Wang, Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Switchable Dual-Wavelength Synchronously Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Graphene Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 869–876 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, ultrafast pulse mode-locked by topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanosheets interacting with photonic crystal fiber: from anomalous dispersion to normal dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 3300108 (2015).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-Wavelength Harmonically Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Topological Insulator Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
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Opt. Express (8)

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
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H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
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J. Sotor, I. Pasternak, A. Krajewska, W. Strupinski, and G. Sobon, “Sub-90 fs a stretched-pulse mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27503–27508 (2015).
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W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, M. Liu, M. Lei, S. Fang, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, “Tungsten disulfide saturable absorbers for 67 fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(3), 2950–2959 (2017).
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Y. Chen, S. Chen, J. Liu, Y. Gao, and W. Zhang, “Sub-300 femtosecond soliton tunable fiber laser with all-anomalous dispersion passively mode locked by black phosphorus,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13316–13324 (2016).
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E. J. Aiub, D. Steinberg, E. A. Thoroh de Souza, and L. A. M. Saito, “200-fs mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser by using mechanically exfoliated MoS2 saturable absorber onto D-shaped optical fiber,” Opt. Express 25(9), 10546–10552 (2017).
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Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Du, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, J. Chen, X. Zhu, G. Hu, P. Peng, Z. Zheng, and H. Zhang, “Phosphorene quantum dot saturable absorbers for ultrafast fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 42357 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM image of the delaminated Ti3C2Tx after HF etching; (b) TEM image of MXene Ti3C2Tx; (c) AFM of Ti3C2Tx nanosheets, and the height profiles of the six nanosheets marked with colored lines are shown in (d) and (e); (f) Scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) of a Ti3C2Tx nanosheet; (g)-(i) are EDS images of Ti3C2Tx corresponding to C, Ti and F elements, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Diagram of the optical deposition method; (b) optical microscopic image.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Balanced twin-detector measurement setup; (b) measured saturable absorption and fit.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic of soliton mode-locked fiber laser with microfiber-based MXene-SA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output performance of the soliton Er-doped fiber laser based on MXene-SA: (a) typical output pulse train with a spacing of 55.53 ns; (b) measured optical spectrum with a 3 dB spectral width of 5.21 nm at 1564 nm; (c) autocorrelation trace of the 597 fs (deconvolved) output pulses together with a sech2 fit; (d) RF spectrum showing the signal-to-background contrast of 55.2 dB, with a resolution bandwidth of 10 kW.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic of the stretched-pulse mode-locked fiber laser with the microfiber-based MXene-SA.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Output performance of the stretched-pulse Er-doped fiber laser based on the MXene-SA: (a) typical output pulse train, with a fundamental period of 50.37 ns; (b) optical spectrum with FWHM of 42.54 nm at 1550 nm; (c) autocorrelation trace of the output pulses and Gaussian fit, with a pulse duration of 104 s (deconvolved); (d) RF spectrum at the fundamental frequency of 20.03 MHz with a signal-to-background contrast of 62.4 dB (measured resolution bandwidth is 1 kHz).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Variations of the pulse duration and spectral width in a roundtrip of the stretched pulse fiber laser cavity

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Output Performance Comparison of the Shortest-Pulse Er-Doped Fiber Lasers Based on CNT, graphene, TIs, TMDCs, BP, or MXene Ti3C2T x SA Materials

Equations (1)

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T ( I ) = 1 Δ T × exp ( I / I s a t ) T n s ,

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