Abstract

We propose a three layered metal-graphene-metal metasurface to investigate the controllable linear asymmetric transmission and perfect polarization conversion in THz regime, by using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. An on-to-off control of asymmetric transmission and perfect polarization conversion is achieved by changing the Fermi energy of graphene from 0.8 eV to 0 eV. We present the electric field distribution and Fabry-Perot-like cavity model to analyze the working mechanisms. By gradually shifting the Fermi energy of graphene, two functions are realized, i.e., controllable linear asymmetric transmission and controllable total transmission with near perfect polarization conversion.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (9)

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Wang, R. C. Jin, J. Li, J. Q. Li, and Z. G. Dong, “Enhanced asymmetric transmissions attributed to the cavity coupling hybrid resonance in a continuous omega-shaped metamaterial,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3508–3517 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jing, X. Gui, P. Zhou, and Z. Hong, “Physical explanation of Fabry–Perot cavity for broadband bilayer metamaterials polarization converter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(12), 2322–2327 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, S. Li, L. Deng, C. Zhang, Y. Yang, and H. Zhu, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on a sinusoidally-slotted graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(5), 1164–1173 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, R. Li, J. Qin, S. Wang, and T. Han, “Ultra-broadband wide-angle linear polarization converter based on H-shaped metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(16), 20913–20919 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Peng, X. Li, X. Jiang, and S. Li, “A novel THz half-wave polarization converter for cross-polarization conversions of both linear and circular polarizations and polarization conversion ratio regulating by graphene,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(19), 4250–4258 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, R. Li, S. Wang, and T. Han, “Ultra-broadband linear polarization converter based on anisotropic metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(20), 26235–26241 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (6)

D. F. Tang, C. Wang, W. K. Pan, M. H. Li, and J. F. Dong, “Broad dual-band asymmetric transmission of circular polarized waves in near-infrared communication band,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11329–11339 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jiang, W. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “High-efficiency tunable circular asymmetric transmission using dielectric metasurface integrated with graphene sheet,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19732–19739 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, Y. Fu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhou, “Optical chirality breaking in a bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 25(19), 23051–23059 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Auchter, J. Marquez, S. L. Yarbro, and E. Dervishi, “A facile alternative technique for large-area graphene transfer via sacrificial polymer,” AIP Adv. 7(12), 125306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

2015 (1)

2014 (6)

2013 (3)

Y. Cheng, Y. Nie, X. Wang, and R. Gong, “An ultrathin transparent metamaterial polarization transformer based on a twist-split-ring resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 111(1), 209–215 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. S. Gómez-Díaz and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Graphene-based plasmonic switches at near infrared frequencies,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15490–15504 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Diodelike asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves using magnetoelectric coupling and electromagnetic wave tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 213905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, J. Chen, H. X. Cui, Y. Li, and H. T. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission for linearly polarized electromagnetic radiation,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8347–8356 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves and polarization angle dependent wave rotation using a chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14290–14299 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green’s functions and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akosman, A. E.

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Diodelike asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves using magnetoelectric coupling and electromagnetic wave tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 213905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves and polarization angle dependent wave rotation using a chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14290–14299 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyropoulos, C.

Arigong, B.

Auchter, E.

E. Auchter, J. Marquez, S. L. Yarbro, and E. Dervishi, “A facile alternative technique for large-area graphene transfer via sacrificial polymer,” AIP Adv. 7(12), 125306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Avouris, P.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandra, B.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, Y. Nie, X. Wang, and R. Gong, “An ultrathin transparent metamaterial polarization transformer based on a twist-split-ring resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 111(1), 209–215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheville, R. A.

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Colombo, L.

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, H. X.

Cui, T.

J. Shi, H. Ma, C. Guan, Z. Wang, and T. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90°-twisted Babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cunningham, P. D.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Deng, L.

Dervishi, E.

E. Auchter, J. Marquez, S. L. Yarbro, and E. Dervishi, “A facile alternative technique for large-area graphene transfer via sacrificial polymer,” AIP Adv. 7(12), 125306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

Dong, J.

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dong, J. F.

Dong, Z. G.

Fal’ko, V. I.

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Freitag, M.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

Gao, J.

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gellert, P. R.

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gómez-Díaz, J. S.

Gong, R.

Y. Cheng, Y. Nie, X. Wang, and R. Gong, “An ultrathin transparent metamaterial polarization transformer based on a twist-split-ring resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 111(1), 209–215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guan, C.

J. Shi, H. Ma, C. Guan, Z. Wang, and T. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90°-twisted Babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gui, X.

Guo, J.

Guo, T.

Han, T.

Hanson, G. W.

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green’s functions and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hayden, L. M.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, D.

Helgert, C.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, Z.

X. Jing, X. Gui, P. Zhou, and Z. Hong, “Physical explanation of Fabry–Perot cavity for broadband bilayer metamaterials polarization converter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(12), 2322–2327 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, F.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

Jiang, J.

Jiang, T.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.

Jiang, Y.

Jin, R. C.

Jin, Y.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jing, X.

X. Jing, X. Gui, P. Zhou, and Z. Hong, “Physical explanation of Fabry–Perot cavity for broadband bilayer metamaterials polarization converter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(12), 2322–2327 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kafesaki, M.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kang, M.

Khardikov, V. V.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kley, E. B.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, J. Q.

Li, M. H.

Li, R.

Li, S.

Li, X.

L. Peng, X. Li, X. Jiang, and S. Li, “A novel THz half-wave polarization converter for cross-polarization conversions of both linear and circular polarizations and polarization conversion ratio regulating by graphene,” J. Lightwave Technol. 36(19), 4250–4258 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Li, Z.

Lin, Y.

Liu, C.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

K. Xu, Z. Xiao, J. Tang, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-broad band and dual-band highly efficient polarization conversion based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Physica E 81, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, D. J.

Liu, D. Y.

Liu, W.

Liu, X.

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Luo, J.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, S.

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Lv, T.

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

J. Shi, H. Ma, C. Guan, Z. Wang, and T. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90°-twisted Babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. L.

Marquez, J.

E. Auchter, J. Marquez, S. L. Yarbro, and E. Dervishi, “A facile alternative technique for large-area graphene transfer via sacrificial polymer,” AIP Adv. 7(12), 125306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Menzel, C.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mutlu, M.

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Diodelike asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves using magnetoelectric coupling and electromagnetic wave tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 213905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves and polarization angle dependent wave rotation using a chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14290–14299 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nie, Y.

Y. Cheng, Y. Nie, X. Wang, and R. Gong, “An ultrathin transparent metamaterial polarization transformer based on a twist-split-ring resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 111(1), 209–215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Novoselov, K. S.

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Diodelike asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves using magnetoelectric coupling and electromagnetic wave tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 213905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves and polarization angle dependent wave rotation using a chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14290–14299 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, W.

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pan, W. K.

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, L.

Peng, N.

Perruisseau-Carrier, J.

Pertsch, T.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plum, E.

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Polishak, B.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pu, Y.

Qin, J.

Qu, Y.

Ran, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, H.

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwab, M. G.

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwanecke, A. S.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

Serebryannikov, A. E.

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Diodelike asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves using magnetoelectric coupling and electromagnetic wave tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 213905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves and polarization angle dependent wave rotation using a chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14290–14299 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

She, W.

Shi, J.

Y. Xu, Q. Shi, Z. Zhu, and J. Shi, “Mutual conversion and asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25679–25688 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Shi, H. Ma, C. Guan, Z. Wang, and T. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90°-twisted Babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, Q.

Singh, R.

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, D.

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. F.

Tang, J.

K. Xu, Z. Xiao, J. Tang, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-broad band and dual-band highly efficient polarization conversion based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Physica E 81, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

Tian, Y.

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tulevski, G.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Twieg, R. J.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Valdes, N. N.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vallejo, F. A.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, R.

Wang, B.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. F. Tang, C. Wang, W. K. Pan, M. H. Li, and J. F. Dong, “Broad dual-band asymmetric transmission of circular polarized waves in near-infrared communication band,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11329–11339 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H. T.

Wang, L.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Wang, W.

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, Y. Nie, X. Wang, and R. Gong, “An ultrathin transparent metamaterial polarization transformer based on a twist-split-ring resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 111(1), 209–215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. H.

Wang, Z.

K. Xu, Z. Xiao, J. Tang, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-broad band and dual-band highly efficient polarization conversion based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Physica E 81, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, H. Ma, C. Guan, Z. Wang, and T. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90°-twisted Babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. H.

Wen, X.

Williams, J. C.

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

Wu, Y.

S. Wu, S. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Wu, J. Jiang, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, “Asymmetric transmission and optical rotation of a quasi-3D asymmetric metallic structure,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6426–6429 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, F.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, R.

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Z.

K. Xu, Z. Xiao, J. Tang, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-broad band and dual-band highly efficient polarization conversion based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Physica E 81, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Z. Y.

Xu, J.

Xu, K.

K. Xu, Z. Xiao, J. Tang, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-broad band and dual-band highly efficient polarization conversion based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Physica E 81, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Xu, X.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yan, H.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, C.

Yang, Y.

Yao, L. F.

Yao, Z.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yarbro, S. L.

E. Auchter, J. Marquez, S. L. Yarbro, and E. Dervishi, “A facile alternative technique for large-area graphene transfer via sacrificial polymer,” AIP Adv. 7(12), 125306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, A.

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, X. M.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, W.

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wu, S. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Wu, J. Jiang, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, “Asymmetric transmission and optical rotation of a quasi-3D asymmetric metallic structure,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6426–6429 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, J.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, Y. Fu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhou, “Optical chirality breaking in a bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 25(19), 23051–23059 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

Zheludev, N. I.

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhao, Y. Fu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhou, “Optical chirality breaking in a bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 25(19), 23051–23059 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, M.

Zhou, P.

Zhou, X.

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

J. Zhu, S. Li, L. Deng, C. Zhang, Y. Yang, and H. Zhu, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on a sinusoidally-slotted graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(5), 1164–1173 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

Zhu, W.

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Xu, Q. Shi, Z. Zhu, and J. Shi, “Mutual conversion and asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25679–25688 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zuo, D.

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (1)

E. Auchter, J. Marquez, S. L. Yarbro, and E. Dervishi, “A facile alternative technique for large-area graphene transfer via sacrificial polymer,” AIP Adv. 7(12), 125306 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Shi, X. Liu, S. Yu, T. Lv, Z. Zhu, H. Ma, and T. Cui, “Dual-band asymmetric transmission of linear polarization in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191905 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

Y. Cheng, Y. Nie, X. Wang, and R. Gong, “An ultrathin transparent metamaterial polarization transformer based on a twist-split-ring resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 111(1), 209–215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Carbon (2)

Y. Huang, Z. Yao, F. Hu, C. Liu, L. Yu, Y. Jin, and X. Xu, “Tunable circular polarization conversion and asymmetric transmission of planar chiral graphene-metamaterial in terahertz region,” Carbon 119, 305–313 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Jiang, J. Cao, J. Zhao, and B. Zhu, “Tunable broadband polarization rotator in terahertz frequency based on graphene metamaterial,” Carbon 133, 170–175 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green’s functions and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo, L. M. Hayden, B. Polishak, X. Zhou, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, J. C. Williams, and R. J. Twieg, “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(4), 043505 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nano Lett. (2)

V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, V. V. Khardikov, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Asymmetric transmission of light and enantiomerically sensitive plasmon resonance in planar chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1996–1999 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanostructured metal film with asymmetric optical transmission,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2940–2943 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

H. Yan, X. Li, B. Chandra, G. Tulevski, Y. Wu, M. Freitag, W. Zhu, P. Avouris, and F. Xia, “Tunable infrared plasmonic devices using graphene/insulator stacks,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(5), 330–334 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Luo, B. Li, A. Yu, J. Gao, X. Wang, and D. Zuo, “Broadband tunable terahertz polarization converter based on graphene metamaterial,” Opt. Commun. 413, 184–189 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, X. Jing, H. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, and Z. Hong, “Broadband linear polarization conversion based on the coupling of bilayer metamaterials in the terahertz region,” Opt. Commun. 383, 310–315 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (16)

J. Xu, R. Li, J. Qin, S. Wang, and T. Han, “Ultra-broadband wide-angle linear polarization converter based on H-shaped metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(16), 20913–20919 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, R. Li, S. Wang, and T. Han, “Ultra-broadband linear polarization converter based on anisotropic metasurface,” Opt. Express 26(20), 26235–26241 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Peng and W. She, “Asymmetric optical transmission through periodic arrays of cone air holes in a metal film,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28452–28458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, X. Wen, Y. Qu, L. Wang, R. Wan, and Z. Zhang, “Co-occurrence of circular dichroism and asymmetric transmission in twist nanoslit-nanorod Arrays,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16425–16433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Tang, C. Wang, W. K. Pan, M. H. Li, and J. F. Dong, “Broad dual-band asymmetric transmission of circular polarized waves in near-infrared communication band,” Opt. Express 25(10), 11329–11339 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, Y. Fu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhou, “Optical chirality breaking in a bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 25(19), 23051–23059 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Wang, R. C. Jin, J. Li, J. Q. Li, and Z. G. Dong, “Enhanced asymmetric transmissions attributed to the cavity coupling hybrid resonance in a continuous omega-shaped metamaterial,” Opt. Express 26(3), 3508–3517 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ding, B. Arigong, H. Ren, M. Zhou, J. Shao, Y. Lin, and H. Zhang, “Efficient multiband and broadband cross polarization converters based on slotted L-shaped nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 22(23), 29143–29151 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jiang, W. Zhao, and Y. Jiang, “High-efficiency tunable circular asymmetric transmission using dielectric metasurface integrated with graphene sheet,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19732–19739 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Yang, Y. Luo, J. Guo, Y. Pu, D. He, Y. Jiang, J. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Wideband tunable mid-infrared cross polarization converter using rectangle-shape perforated graphene,” Opt. Express 24(15), 16913–16922 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, Q. Shi, Z. Zhu, and J. Shi, “Mutual conversion and asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light in bilayered chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25679–25688 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Liu, M. H. Li, X. M. Zhai, L. F. Yao, and J. F. Dong, “Enhanced asymmetric transmission due to Fabry-Perot-like cavity,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11707–11712 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Xiao, D. J. Liu, X. L. Ma, and Z. H. Wang, “Multi-band transmissions of chiral metamaterials based on Fabry-Perot like resonators,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7053–7061 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves and polarization angle dependent wave rotation using a chiral metamaterial,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14290–14299 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kang, J. Chen, H. X. Cui, Y. Li, and H. T. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission for linearly polarized electromagnetic radiation,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8347–8356 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Gómez-Díaz and J. Perruisseau-Carrier, “Graphene-based plasmonic switches at near infrared frequencies,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15490–15504 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

C. Wang, X. Zhou, D. Tang, W. Pan, and J. Dong, “Ultra-broad band diode-like asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Optik (Stuttg.) 164, 171–177 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (4)

R. Singh, E. Plum, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, A. K. Azad, R. A. Cheville, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and N. I. Zheludev, “Terahertz metamaterial with asymmetric transmission,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 80(15), 153104 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, H. Ma, C. Guan, Z. Wang, and T. Cui, “Broadband chirality and asymmetric transmission in ultrathin 90°-twisted Babinet-inverted metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(16), 165128 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, and T. Jiang, “Asymmetric electromagnetic wave transmission of linear polarization via polarization conversion through chiral metamaterial structures,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 85(19), 195131 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mutlu, A. E. Akosman, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, “Diodelike asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves using magnetoelectric coupling and electromagnetic wave tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 213905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Menzel, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, E. B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized light at optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 253902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Physica E (1)

K. Xu, Z. Xiao, J. Tang, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-broad band and dual-band highly efficient polarization conversion based on the three-layered chiral structure,” Physica E 81, 169–176 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of a unit cell of the proposed hybrid metal-graphene metasurface.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Moduli of the T components. (b) Asymmetric transmission parameters. (c) Polarization conversion ratio and total transmission for y-polarized incidence. (d) Polarization rotation angle and ellipticity for y-polarized incidence.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic diagram of the two Fabry-Perot-like cavities in the structure. (b) and (c) Electric field distributions of x- and y-polarized (taking the frequency of 1.3 THz for example) incident waves, and both x o z plane (up) and y o z plane (down) are presented.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Total transmission spectra of x- and y-polarized incident waves. Insets show the electric field distributions of x- and y-polarized (1.3 THz) incident waves of the OFF state of the structure. (b) Schematic diagram of working mechanism.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Asymmetric transmission parameters with different Fermi energy of graphene. (b) and (c) Dependence of polarization conversion ratio and total transmission of y-polarized incidence on the Fermi energy of the middle graphene grating.

Equations (9)

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σ S = σ int r a ( ω , E F , Γ , T ) + σ int e r ( ω , E F , Γ , T ) ,
σ int r a ( ω , E F , Γ , T ) = j e 2 k B T π 2 ( ω j 2 Γ ) ( E F k B T + 2 ln ( e E F / k B T + 1 ) ) ,
σ int e r ( ω , E F , Γ , T ) j e 2 4 π ln ( 2 | E F | ( ω j 2 Γ ) 2 | E F | + ( ω j 2 Γ ) ) ,
Δ l i n x = | T y x | 2 | T x y | 2 = Δ l i n y ,
P C R y = | T x y | 2 / ( | T x y | 2 + | T y y | 2 ) ,
θ = 1 2 [ arg ( T + + ) arg ( T ) ] ,
η = arc sin ( | T + + | 2 | T | 2 | T + + | 2 + | T | 2 ) ,
( t x t y ) = ( T x x T x y T y x T y y ) ( i x i y ) = T l i n f ( i x i y )
( T + + T + T + T ) = 1 2 ( T x x + T y y + i ( T x y T y x ) T x x T y y + i ( T x y + T y x ) T x x T y y + i ( T x y + T y x ) T x x + T y y i ( T x y T y x ) ) ,

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