Abstract

Optical, spectroscopic and thermo-mechanical properties of monoclinic Li6Eu1-xGdx(BO3)3 (x = 0,0.25,0.35) bulk single crystals, grown to be used in the design of heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers (HSCBs), were investigated. The linear thermal expansion was determined along the a, b, c and c* directions over the temperature range 303–873 K, and its tensor principal coefficients were calculated for both x = 0.25 and x = 0. In addition, the anisotropic thermal conductivity was measured over the temperature range 20-400 K in Li6Eu0.75Gd0.25(BO3)3 (LGEB7, x = 0.25), and the principal components of its tensor at 300 K were established. Spectroscopic properties such as polarized absorption, polarized emission, Raman spectroscopy and optical refractive indices are also reported for the first time. Based on the polarized emission spectra, the line and oscillator strengths, the radiative lifetimes and fluorescent branching ratios were obtained. The intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2,4) were obtained and then predicted via the Judd–Ofelt theory. The crystal field parameters and the 7F1 level splitting were discussed using the simple overlap model (SOM) and the method of equivalent nearest neighbours (MENN). The 613 nm emission originates from the 5D07F2 transition and the associated stimulated emission peak cross section reaches its maximum value in π-polarization, ≈1.07 × 10−20 cm2 in LGEB7. The thermo-mechanical characterizations and spectroscopic analysis in LGEB7 suggest that this crystal has better optical properties than the Eu3+-doped Li6Y(BO3)3 crystals. However, its potential for solid-state laser applications is still quite speculative, unless a clever thermo-mechanical management of the crystal under laser operation is designed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

Y. A. R. Oliveira, H. Lima, A. S. Souza, and M. A. Couto dos Santos, “An alternative description for the interaction between the Eu3+ ion and its nearest neighbours,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 655–657 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lj. Đačanin, S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, M. Nikolic, and M. D. Dramicanin, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of luminescence emission from Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles obtained by a polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” Phys. B 406(11), 2319–2322 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Chuenarrom, P. Benjakul, and P. Daosodsai, “Effect of indentation load and time on Knoop and Vickers microhardness tests for enamel and dentin,” Mater. Res. 12(4), 473–476 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Couto dos Santos, “Charge factor, symmetry and electrostatics in europium compounds,” EPL 87(6), 67006 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

V. Rodriguez, “Quantitative determination of linear and second-harmonic generation optical effective responses of achiral or chiral materials in planar structures: theory and materials,” J. Chem. Phys. 128(6), 064707 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

H. Choosuwan, R. Guo, A. S. Bhalla, and U. Balachandran, “Negative thermal expansion behavior in single crystal and ceramic of Nb2O5-based compositions,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(8), 5051 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Rodriguez and C. Sourisseau, “General Maker-fringe ellipsometric analysis in multilayer nonlinear and linear anisotropic optical media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(11), 2650–2664 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

1999 (1)

P. Porcher, M. Couto Dos Santos, and O. L. Malta, “Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and the crystal structure: The simple overlap model,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1(3), 397–405 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, “Periodic absorption in monoclinic crystals,” J. Phys. IV Colloque C4, suppl. J. Phys. 4, 111 (1994).

1992 (1)

L. Gonzalez-Mestres, “The Ultimate solar neutrino detector: Simultaneous detection of light and phonons in a fast scintillator made of single crystals of an indium compound and cooled to very low temperature,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Theoretical and Phenomenological Aspects of Underground Physics, Toledo (Spain), september 1991,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 28A(1), 478–481 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

M. Leskelä and J. Hölsä, “Luminescence properties of Eu3+ doped Li6Ln(BO3)3 (Ln=Gd,Y) phosphors,” Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 28, 151–154 (1991).

1987 (1)

C. Fu Wen Tian, C. Fouassier, and P. Hagenmuller, “Influence of energy migration on the luminescence in Li6Eu(BO3)3, a material with predominant one-dimensional interactions,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 48(3), 245–248 (1987).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

F. Auzel and O. L. Malta, “A scalar crystal field strength parameter for rare-earth ions: meaning and usefulness,” J. Phys. (France) 44(2), 201–206 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

O. L. Malta, “Theoretical crystal-field parameters for the YOCl:Eu3+ system. A simple overlap model,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 88(3), 353–356 (1982).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

R. D. Peccei and H. R. Quinn, “CP conservation in the presence of pseudoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(25), 1440–1443 (1977).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

J. L. Schlenker, G. V. Gibbs, and M. B. Boisen, “Thermal expansion coefficients for monoclinic crystals: a phenomenological approach,” Am. Mineral. 60, 828–833 (1975).

1973 (1)

G. Blasse, “The Eu3+ luminescence as a measure for chemical bond differences in solids,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 20(6), 573–574 (1973).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

J. Bouvaist and D. Weigel, “Sesquioxyde de plomb, Pb2O3. II. Etude de la dilatation thermique d’un monocristal,” Acta Crystallogr. A 26(5), 510–514 (1970).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

S. D. Ross, “Vibrational assignments in borates with the vaterite structure,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 29(1-3), 131–145 (1969).
[Crossref]

1967 (2)

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, “Effects of diffusion on energy transfer by resonance,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22(3), 779–784 (1967).
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1963 (1)

N. C. Chang, “Fluorescence and stimulated emission from trivalent europium in yttrium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(12), 3500–3504 (1963).
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1956 (2)

W. C. Steele and J. C. Decius, “Infrared absorption of lanthanum, scandium, and indium borate and the force constants of borate ion,” J. Chem. Phys. 25(6), 1184–1188 (1956).
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M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
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V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
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Aka, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

Alves, S.

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
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Balachandran, U.

H. Choosuwan, R. Guo, A. S. Bhalla, and U. Balachandran, “Negative thermal expansion behavior in single crystal and ceramic of Nb2O5-based compositions,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(8), 5051 (2002).
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Barros, G.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
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R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
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Benjakul, P.

C. Chuenarrom, P. Benjakul, and P. Daosodsai, “Effect of indentation load and time on Knoop and Vickers microhardness tests for enamel and dentin,” Mater. Res. 12(4), 473–476 (2009).
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Berdowski, P. A. M.

P. A. M. Berdowski, M. Buijs, and G. Blasse, “Energy migration in Eu3+ compounds; Its dependence on dimensionality and Eu3+-Eu3+ distance,” J. Phys. Colloque C 7 suppl. n°10, Tome 46, octobre 1985.

Bhalla, A. S.

H. Choosuwan, R. Guo, A. S. Bhalla, and U. Balachandran, “Negative thermal expansion behavior in single crystal and ceramic of Nb2O5-based compositions,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(8), 5051 (2002).
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G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Luminescent properties of NaGdO2:Eu3+,” Sol. St. Comm. 4(8), 373–375 (1966).
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P. A. M. Berdowski, M. Buijs, and G. Blasse, “Energy migration in Eu3+ compounds; Its dependence on dimensionality and Eu3+-Eu3+ distance,” J. Phys. Colloque C 7 suppl. n°10, Tome 46, octobre 1985.

Boisen, M. B.

J. L. Schlenker, G. V. Gibbs, and M. B. Boisen, “Thermal expansion coefficients for monoclinic crystals: a phenomenological approach,” Am. Mineral. 60, 828–833 (1975).

Boughton, R. I.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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Boulanger, B.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
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P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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Boulon, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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Bouvaist, J.

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Brenier, A.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Luminescent properties of NaGdO2:Eu3+,” Sol. St. Comm. 4(8), 373–375 (1966).
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Brito, H. F.

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
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Buijs, M.

P. A. M. Berdowski, M. Buijs, and G. Blasse, “Energy migration in Eu3+ compounds; Its dependence on dimensionality and Eu3+-Eu3+ distance,” J. Phys. Colloque C 7 suppl. n°10, Tome 46, octobre 1985.

Burns, G.

J. D. Axe and G. Burns, “Influence of covalency upon rare-earth ligand field splittings,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 331–340 (1966).
[Crossref]

Caspers, H. H.

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
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Cassanho, A.

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Chaminade, J. P.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

Chaminade, J.-P.

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
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Chang, N. C.

N. C. Chang, “Fluorescence and stimulated emission from trivalent europium in yttrium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 34(12), 3500–3504 (1963).
[Crossref]

Chavoutier, M.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
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Cheng, X.

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choosuwan, H.

H. Choosuwan, R. Guo, A. S. Bhalla, and U. Balachandran, “Negative thermal expansion behavior in single crystal and ceramic of Nb2O5-based compositions,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(8), 5051 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chuenarrom, C.

C. Chuenarrom, P. Benjakul, and P. Daosodsai, “Effect of indentation load and time on Knoop and Vickers microhardness tests for enamel and dentin,” Mater. Res. 12(4), 473–476 (2009).
[Crossref]

Coron, N.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
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Couto Dos Santos, M.

P. Porcher, M. Couto Dos Santos, and O. L. Malta, “Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and the crystal structure: The simple overlap model,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1(3), 397–405 (1999).
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Couto dos Santos, M. A.

Y. A. R. Oliveira, H. Lima, A. S. Souza, and M. A. Couto dos Santos, “An alternative description for the interaction between the Eu3+ ion and its nearest neighbours,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 655–657 (2014).
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M. A. Couto dos Santos, “Charge factor, symmetry and electrostatics in europium compounds,” EPL 87(6), 67006 (2009).
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Couzi, M.

V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
[Crossref]

Czirr, J. B.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

Ðacanin, Lj.

Lj. Đačanin, S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, M. Nikolic, and M. D. Dramicanin, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of luminescence emission from Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles obtained by a polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” Phys. B 406(11), 2319–2322 (2011).
[Crossref]

Daosodsai, P.

C. Chuenarrom, P. Benjakul, and P. Daosodsai, “Effect of indentation load and time on Knoop and Vickers microhardness tests for enamel and dentin,” Mater. Res. 12(4), 473–476 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Andrade, A. V. M.

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
[Crossref]

de Boer, M.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

de Marcillac, P.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Debray, J.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Decius, J. C.

W. C. Steele and J. C. Decius, “Infrared absorption of lanthanum, scandium, and indium borate and the force constants of borate ion,” J. Chem. Phys. 25(6), 1184–1188 (1956).
[Crossref]

Decourt, R.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
[Crossref]

Delaigue, M.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
[Crossref]

Descamps, D.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Di Stefano, P.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dolzhenkova, E. F.

R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dramicanin, M. D.

Lj. Đačanin, S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, M. Nikolic, and M. D. Dramicanin, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of luminescence emission from Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles obtained by a polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” Phys. B 406(11), 2319–2322 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dubovik, M. F.

R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
[Crossref]

El Hafid, H.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, J.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fargues, A.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Farias, F. S.

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fontana, M. D.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fouassier, C.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

C. Fu Wen Tian, C. Fouassier, and P. Hagenmuller, “Influence of energy migration on the luminescence in Li6Eu(BO3)3, a material with predominant one-dimensional interactions,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 48(3), 245–248 (1987).
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Fry, J. L.

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Fu Wen Tian, C.

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Gadret, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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Garcia, A.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
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V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
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J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
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V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
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W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
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M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
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R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
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Gonçalves e Silva, F. R.

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
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Gonzalez-Mestres, L.

L. Gonzalez-Mestres, “The Ultimate solar neutrino detector: Simultaneous detection of light and phonons in a fast scintillator made of single crystals of an indium compound and cooled to very low temperature,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Theoretical and Phenomenological Aspects of Underground Physics, Toledo (Spain), september 1991,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 28A(1), 478–481 (1992).
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L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, “Neutrinos, dark matter and low temperature detector,” Proceedings of the 2nd European Workshop on low temperature devices for the detection of low energy neutrinos and dark matter, Annecy, France, 1–36 (1988) May 2–4.

Gressier, V.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
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Guedes, I.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
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Guillen, F.

V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
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Guo, R.

H. Choosuwan, R. Guo, A. S. Bhalla, and U. Balachandran, “Negative thermal expansion behavior in single crystal and ceramic of Nb2O5-based compositions,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(8), 5051 (2002).
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Hagenmuller, P.

C. Fu Wen Tian, C. Fouassier, and P. Hagenmuller, “Influence of energy migration on the luminescence in Li6Eu(BO3)3, a material with predominant one-dimensional interactions,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 48(3), 245–248 (1987).
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Hejtmanek, J.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
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Hirayama, F.

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, “Influence of energy transfer by the exchange mechanism on donor luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 43(6), 1978 (1965).
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I. C. Hisatsune and N. H. Suarez, “Infrared spectra of metaborate monomer and trimer ions,” Inorg. Chem. 3(2), 168–174 (1964).
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Hollander, R. W.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

Hölsä, J.

M. Leskelä and J. Hölsä, “Luminescence properties of Eu3+ doped Li6Ln(BO3)3 (Ln=Gd,Y) phosphors,” Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 28, 151–154 (1991).

Hölsä, J. M.

J. M. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3, RE=Gd,Y,” J. Lum. 48 & 49, 497–500 (1991).

Hu, X.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
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Inokuti, M.

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, “Influence of energy transfer by the exchange mechanism on donor luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 43(6), 1978 (1965).
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Jenssen, H. P.

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, “Periodic absorption in monoclinic crystals,” J. Phys. IV Colloque C4, suppl. J. Phys. 4, 111 (1994).

Jiang, M.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
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Jiang, M. H.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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Joly, S.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
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Jubera, V.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
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Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kellou, A.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
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Korshikova, T. I.

R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
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Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, “Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. 145(1), 325–337 (1966).
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Leblanc, J.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Leskelä, M.

M. Leskelä and J. Hölsä, “Luminescence properties of Eu3+ doped Li6Ln(BO3)3 (Ln=Gd,Y) phosphors,” Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. 28, 151–154 (1991).

J. M. Hölsä and M. Leskelä, “Optical study of Eu3+ luminescence in lithium rare earth borates, Li6RE(BO3)3, RE=Gd,Y,” J. Lum. 48 & 49, 497–500 (1991).

Lima, H.

Y. A. R. Oliveira, H. Lima, A. S. Souza, and M. A. Couto dos Santos, “An alternative description for the interaction between the Eu3+ ion and its nearest neighbours,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 655–657 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ling, Z.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Loong, C.-K.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lukic, S. R.

Lj. Đačanin, S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, M. Nikolic, and M. D. Dramicanin, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of luminescence emission from Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles obtained by a polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” Phys. B 406(11), 2319–2322 (2011).
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Ma, T.

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
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Malta, O. L.

P. Porcher, M. Couto Dos Santos, and O. L. Malta, “Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and the crystal structure: The simple overlap model,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1(3), 397–405 (1999).
[Crossref]

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
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F. Auzel and O. L. Malta, “A scalar crystal field strength parameter for rare-earth ions: meaning and usefulness,” J. Phys. (France) 44(2), 201–206 (1983).
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O. L. Malta, “Theoretical crystal-field parameters for the YOCl:Eu3+ system. A simple overlap model,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 88(3), 353–356 (1982).
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Manek-Honninger, I.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mangin, J.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martinez, M.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Menaert, B.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ménaert, B.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Menezes, J. F. S.

O. L. Malta, H. F. Brito, J. F. S. Menezes, F. R. Gonçalves e Silva, S. Alves, F. S. Farias, and A. V. M. de Andrade, “Spectroscopic properties of a new light-converting device Eu(thenoytrifluoroacetonate)32(dibenzyl sulfoxide). A theoretical analysis based on structural data obtained from a sparkle model,” J. Lumin. 75(3), 255–268 (1997).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nikolic, M.

Lj. Đačanin, S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, M. Nikolic, and M. D. Dramicanin, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of luminescence emission from Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles obtained by a polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” Phys. B 406(11), 2319–2322 (2011).
[Crossref]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, “Periodic absorption in monoclinic crystals,” J. Phys. IV Colloque C4, suppl. J. Phys. 4, 111 (1994).

Oliveira, Y. A. R.

Y. A. R. Oliveira, H. Lima, A. S. Souza, and M. A. Couto dos Santos, “An alternative description for the interaction between the Eu3+ ion and its nearest neighbours,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 655–657 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peccei, R. D.

R. D. Peccei and H. R. Quinn, “CP conservation in the presence of pseudoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(25), 1440–1443 (1977).
[Crossref]

Pechev, S.

Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pelenc, D.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pérez, O.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Perret-Gallix, D.

L. Gonzalez-Mestres and D. Perret-Gallix, “Neutrinos, dark matter and low temperature detector,” Proceedings of the 2nd European Workshop on low temperature devices for the detection of low energy neutrinos and dark matter, Annecy, France, 1–36 (1988) May 2–4.

Petit, Y.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[Crossref]

Petrovic, D. M.

Lj. Đačanin, S. R. Lukic, D. M. Petrovic, M. Nikolic, and M. D. Dramicanin, “Judd-Ofelt analysis of luminescence emission from Zn2SiO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles obtained by a polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” Phys. B 406(11), 2319–2322 (2011).
[Crossref]

Porcher, P.

P. Porcher, M. Couto Dos Santos, and O. L. Malta, “Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and the crystal structure: The simple overlap model,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1(3), 397–405 (1999).
[Crossref]

Porée, F.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Quinn, H. R.

R. D. Peccei and H. R. Quinn, “CP conservation in the presence of pseudoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(25), 1440–1443 (1977).
[Crossref]

Ran, D. G.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rast, H. E.

H. H. Caspers, H. E. Rast, and J. L. Fry, “Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of EuF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(11), 4505–4514 (1967).
[Crossref]

Redon, T.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, V.

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Rodriguez, “Quantitative determination of linear and second-harmonic generation optical effective responses of achiral or chiral materials in planar structures: theory and materials,” J. Chem. Phys. 128(6), 064707 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rodriguez and C. Sourisseau, “General Maker-fringe ellipsometric analysis in multilayer nonlinear and linear anisotropic optical media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(11), 2650–2664 (2002).
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Ross, S. D.

S. D. Ross, “Vibrational assignments in borates with the vaterite structure,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 29(1-3), 131–145 (1969).
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Sablayrolles, J.

J. Sablayrolles, V. Jubera, M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honninger, J.-P. Chaminade, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, and A. Garcia, “Thermal properties and CW-laser operation of the ytterbium-doped borate Li6Y(BO3)3,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 115(2-3), 512–515 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, J. Sablayrolles, F. Guillen, R. Decourt, M. Couzi, and A. Garcia, “From the infrared to the visible range: spectroscopic studies of ytterbium doped oxyborates,” Opt. Commun. 282(1), 53–59 (2009).
[Crossref]

Salvestrini, J.-P.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sarro, P. M.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

Schlenker, J. L.

J. L. Schlenker, G. V. Gibbs, and M. B. Boisen, “Thermal expansion coefficients for monoclinic crystals: a phenomenological approach,” Am. Mineral. 60, 828–833 (1975).

Segonds, P.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photonics Reviews 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Silva, E. N.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Skinner, B. J.

B. J. Skinner, “Physical properties of the end members of the garnet group,” Am. Mineral. 41, 428–436 (1956).

Sourisseau, C.

Souza, A. S.

Y. A. R. Oliveira, H. Lima, A. S. Souza, and M. A. Couto dos Santos, “An alternative description for the interaction between the Eu3+ ion and its nearest neighbours,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 655–657 (2014).
[Crossref]

Steele, W. C.

W. C. Steele and J. C. Decius, “Infrared absorption of lanthanum, scandium, and indium borate and the force constants of borate ion,” J. Chem. Phys. 25(6), 1184–1188 (1956).
[Crossref]

Suarez, N. H.

I. C. Hisatsune and N. H. Suarez, “Infrared spectra of metaborate monomer and trimer ions,” Inorg. Chem. 3(2), 168–174 (1964).
[Crossref]

Sun, S. Q.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tanimoto, O.

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, “Effects of diffusion on energy transfer by resonance,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22(3), 779–784 (1967).
[Crossref]

Tolmachev, A. V.

R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
[Crossref]

Torres, L.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

van Eijk, C. W. E.

C. P. Allier, R. W. Hollander, C. W. E. van Eijk, P. M. Sarro, M. de Boer, J. B. Czirr, J. P. Chaminade, and C. Fouassier, “Thin photodiodes for a neutron scintillator silicon-well detector,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(41), 1158–1161 (2001).

Veber, P.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Veber, Ph.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

Velazquez, M.

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
[Crossref]

Velázquez, M.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Véron, E.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Viraphong, O.

R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, Y. Petit, O. Pérez, B. Glorieux, O. Viraphong, P. de Marcillac, N. Coron, L. Torres, E. Véron, A. Kellou, Ph. Veber, R. Decourt, and H. El Hafid, “Growth and spectroscopic properties of 6Li- and 10B-enriched crystals for heat-scintillation cryogenic bolometers used in the rare events searches,” CrystEngComm 15(19), 3785–3792 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Martinez, N. Coron, C. Ginestra, J. Gironnet, V. Gressier, J. Leblanc, P. de Marcillac, T. Redon, P. Di Stefano, L. Torres, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, and O. Viraphong, “Scintillating bolometers for fast neutrons spectroscopy in rare events searches,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 375(1), 012025 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Chavoutier, V. Jubera, P. Veber, M. Velazquez, O. Viraphong, J. Hejtmanek, R. Decourt, J. Debray, B. Menaert, P. Segonds, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, I. Manek-Honninger, A. Fargues, D. Descamps, and A. Garcia, “Thermal, optical and spectroscopic characterizations of borate laser crystals,” J. Sol. St. Chem. 184(2), 441–446 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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Weigel, D.

J. Bouvaist and D. Weigel, “Sesquioxyde de plomb, Pb2O3. II. Etude de la dilatation thermique d’un monocristal,” Acta Crystallogr. A 26(5), 510–514 (1970).
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Xia, H.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
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Xiaa, H. R.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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Yavetskiy, R. P.

R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yokota, M.

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, “Effects of diffusion on energy transfer by resonance,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22(3), 779–784 (1967).
[Crossref]

Yu, F.

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
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Zaccaro, J.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J.-P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

G. Barros, E. N. Silva, A. P. Ayala, I. Guedes, C.-K. Loong, J. Wang, X. Hu, and H. Zhang, “Raman spectroscopic characterization of RECa4O(BO3)3 (RE=La,Gd) crystals,” Vib. Spectrosc. 46(2), 100–106 (2008).
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J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
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Zhang, H. J.

W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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Zhang, S.

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
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Zhao, X.

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
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Acta Crystallogr. A (1)

J. Bouvaist and D. Weigel, “Sesquioxyde de plomb, Pb2O3. II. Etude de la dilatation thermique d’un monocristal,” Acta Crystallogr. A 26(5), 510–514 (1970).
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[Crossref]

Ph. Veber, M. Velazquez, V. Jubera, S. Pechev, and O. Viraphong, “Flux growth of Yb3+-doped RE2O3 (RE=Y,Lu) single crystals at half their melting point temperature,” CrystEngComm 13(16), 5220 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Yu, S. Zhang, X. Cheng, X. Duan, T. Ma, and X. Zhao, “Crystal growth, structure and thermal properties of noncentrosymmetric single crystals PrCa4O(BO3)3,” CrystEngComm 15(26), 5226–5231 (2013).
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V. Jubera, Ph. Veber, M. Chavoutier, A. Garcia, F. Adamietz, V. Rodriguez, J.-P. Chaminade, and M. Velazquez, “Crystal growth and optical characterizations of Yb3+-doped LiGd6O5(BO3)3 single crystal: a new promising laser material,” CrystEngComm 12(2), 355–357 (2010).
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W. W. Ge, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, M. H. Jiang, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, H. R. Xiaa, and R. I. Boughton, “Thermal properties of monoclinic crystal Er3+,Yb3+:Ca4YO(BO3)3,” J. Appl. Cryst. 40(1), 125–132 (2007).
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R. P. Yavetskiy, E. F. Dolzhenkova, M. F. Dubovik, T. I. Korshikova, and A. V. Tolmachev, “Czochralski growth and optical properties of Li6Gd1-xEux(BO3)3 (x=0-1) single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 276(3-4), 485–490 (2005).
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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Shaped LGEB6 and LGEB7 crystals used for the determination of their physical properties.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Gd concentration longitudinal and radial profiles in a LGEB7 single crystal. The x = 0.25 stoichiometry corresponds to 1.31 at. %. The symbol CGd,i stands for the initial Gd concentration in the melt.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Coefficients of the Sellmeier Eq. for LGEB7 single crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Left: measured thermal expansion ratio curves of the LGEB7 single crystal as a function of temperature; Right: measured thermal expansion ratio curves of the 6Li6Eu(10BO3)3 (LEB) single crystal.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Top: thermal conductivity of LGEB7 measured along the crystallographic directions a, b, c*, c’ and along the growth direction; Bottom: related thermal diffusivity along the same directions.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Polarized Raman spectra of the oriented LEB and LGEB7 single crystals at room temperature.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Propagation along the b-axis in polarized light. Left: absorption cross section in the LGEB7 crystal at 393 nm, as a function of polarization orientation; Right: absorption cross section in LGEB7 single crystal in orthogonal Eigen polarizations at RT. The inset is a zoom in the 355-422 nm spectral range, showing the significant wavelength dependence of the absorption anisotropy.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 FL-calibrated stimulated emission cross-section of the LGEB6 and LGEB7 single crystals in polarized direction at room temperature.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 EuO8 polyhedra and their orientation. Left: the sheet plane is (a,c) and b is perpendicular to the sheet; Right: the same figure rotated by 90° resulting in b belonging to the sheet plane and the (a,c)-plane perpendicular to the sheet. π-polarization means (P) parallel to b, and σ-polarization means either (P) perpendicular to b in the sheet plane or (P) perpendicular to both b and the sheet plane.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Fluorescence decays measured in the three crystals, LGEB6, LGEB7 and LEB.

Tables (9)

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Table 1 Refractive indices of LGEB7 single crystal at room temperature.

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Table 2 Nonlinear least-squares fitting results of the thermal expansion of a LGEB7 crystal.

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Table 3 Thermal conductivity (in units W.m−1.K−1) of LGEB7 and LEB crystals, compared with those of related crystals, along the crystallographic and principal axes, at 300 K.

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Table 4 Thermal diffusivity values of LEB, LGEB7 and related crystals at 300 K.

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Table 5 Load-dependent Knoop microhardness along the crystallographic directions.

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Table 6 Correlation diagram for LEB and LGEB7 single crystals.

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Table 7 Observed Raman wavenumbers (in cm−1) of LEB and LGEB7 single crystals, and their proposed assignments.

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Table 8 Charge factors (g), polarizabilities (α, in 10−24 cm3), 7F1 energy sublevels and splitting and crystal field parameters (in cm−1) and intensity parameters (Ωλ, in 10−20 cm2). In red are experimental data and the set of α which has reproduced the experimental Ωλ. (*) average values.

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Table 9 Results of the Judd-Ofelt analysis in polarized directions carried out in the LGEB7 and LGEB6 single crystals: Ω2,4 JO parameters, electric and magnetic oscillator strength (f), radiative transition rates (AR), branching ratios (βR), radiative lifetimes (τR) and quantum efficiency (η).

Equations (11)

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HK=14230( F/ d 2 )
n 2 = A + B λ 2 + C + 2
α ¯ = 1 L RT ΔL ΔT
Δ L / L 0 = A + B T + C T 2 + D T 1
α ij =( 1.20 0 0.26 0 2.04 0 0.26 0 1.52 )× 10 5 K 1
α ' ij =( 1.05 0 0 0 2.04 0 0 0 1.67 )× 10 5 K 1
tan2φ= 2| α 13 | α 33 α 11 = 1.66
α ij =( 1.14 0 0.4 0 2.03 0 0.4 0 1.52 )× 10 5 K 1
α ' ij =( 0.92 0 0 0 2.03 0 0 0 1.82 )× 10 5 K 1
σ e = 1 8πc n p 2 β R p 1 τ R λ 5 I e p ( λ ) λ I e p ( λ )dλ
I ( t ) = I 0 exp ( t / τ 0 B t 1 / 3 )

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