Abstract

Extruded polymer fibers with submillimeter diameters are considered for tailored optical and near-IR properties. Retroreflection of light is demonstrated. Simulated and measured reflection spectra are compared and found to agree. Additional simulations suggest that retroreflection from gold coated 12-pointed star fibers could exceed retroreflection from microbeads on t-shirt. Finally, a novel, robust, extruded retroreflective fiber with performance approaching microbeads is presented.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Fabrication and measurement of 3D printed retroreflective fibers

Michael Ghebrebrhan, Gabriel Z. J. Loke, and Yoel Fink
Opt. Mater. Express 9(8) 3432-3438 (2019)

Fabrication of extruded fluoroindate optical fibers

Jiafang Bei, Tanya M. Monro, Alexander Hemming, and Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem
Opt. Mater. Express 3(3) 318-328 (2013)

Low loss Ge-As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber, fabricated using extruded preform, for mid-infrared photonics

Zhuoqi Tang, Vladimir S. Shiryaev, David Furniss, Lukasz Sojka, Slawomir Sujecki, Trevor M. Benson, Angela B. Seddon, and Mikhail F. Churbanov
Opt. Mater. Express 5(8) 1722-1737 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B. O Connor, K. P. Pipe, and M. Shtein, “Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193306 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. Gauvreau, N. Guo, K. Schicker, K. Stoeffler, F. Boismenu, A. Ajji, R. Wingfield, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Color-changing and color-tunable photonic bandgap fiber textiles,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15677–15693 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Ghebrebrhan, F. J. Aranda, D. P. Ziegler, J. B. Carlson, J. Perry, D. M. Archambault, D. A. DiGiovanni, A. J. Gatesman, R. H. Giles, W. Zhang, E. R. Brown, and B. R. Kimball, “Tunable millimeter and sub-millimeter spectral response of textile metamaterial via resonant states,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2853–2859 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. F. Hensen, Plastics Extrusion Technology (Hanser Gardner Publications, 1997).
  8. R. M. Griffith and J. T. Tsai, “Shape changes during drawing of non-circular extruded profiles,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 20(18), 1181–1187 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. A. Huneault, P. G. Lafleur, and P. J. Carreau, “Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 30(23), 1544–1550 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. Nippon Gohsei” (Nichigo G-polymer, 2014). http://www.g-polymer.com/eng/syouai/ .
  13. Hills, Inc.” (Hills, Inc., 2014). http://www.hillsinc.net .
  14. P. Tabeling, Introduction to Microfluidics (S. Chen translator, Oxford University Press, 2005).
  15. L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Fluid Mechanics (J. B. Sykes and W. H. Reid translators. Pergamon Press, 1959).
  16. WS-1 Reflectance Standards” (Ocean Optics, Inc., 2014). http://oceanoptics.com/product/ws-1-reflectance-standards/ .
  17. Zemax - Optical and Illumination Software” (Zemax 2014). http://www.zemax.com/home/ .
  18. D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, “Light scattering from optical fibers with arbitrary refractive-index distributions,” JOSA 65(4), 367–375 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Zhang, W. Gao, and H. Qiu, “Retro-Reflection of Round Fibers,” Text. Res. J. 73(11), 965–970 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Brydson, Plastics Materials (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999).
  21. D. Perry, H. Appleyard, G. Cartridge, P. Cobb, G. Coop, B. Lomas, G. Ritchie, C. Taylor, M. Welch, and C. Farnfield, Identification of textile materials, (Textile Institute, Manchester, 1985).
  22. J. E. Eaton, “An extension of the Luneberg-type lens,” Naval Research Lab, Washington D.C., (1953).

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

B. O Connor, K. P. Pipe, and M. Shtein, “Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193306 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Gauvreau, N. Guo, K. Schicker, K. Stoeffler, F. Boismenu, A. Ajji, R. Wingfield, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Color-changing and color-tunable photonic bandgap fiber textiles,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15677–15693 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

H. Zhang, W. Gao, and H. Qiu, “Retro-Reflection of Round Fibers,” Text. Res. J. 73(11), 965–970 (2003).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. A. Huneault, P. G. Lafleur, and P. J. Carreau, “Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 30(23), 1544–1550 (1990).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

R. M. Griffith and J. T. Tsai, “Shape changes during drawing of non-circular extruded profiles,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 20(18), 1181–1187 (1980).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, “Light scattering from optical fibers with arbitrary refractive-index distributions,” JOSA 65(4), 367–375 (1975).
[Crossref]

Ajji, A.

Aranda, F.

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aranda, F. J.

M. Ghebrebrhan, F. J. Aranda, D. P. Ziegler, J. B. Carlson, J. Perry, D. M. Archambault, D. A. DiGiovanni, A. J. Gatesman, R. H. Giles, W. Zhang, E. R. Brown, and B. R. Kimball, “Tunable millimeter and sub-millimeter spectral response of textile metamaterial via resonant states,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2853–2859 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Archambault, D.

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Archambault, D. M.

Badding, J. V.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barco, K.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Belton, L.

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boismenu, F.

Brown, E. R.

Carlson, J.

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Carlson, J. B.

Carreau, P. J.

M. A. Huneault, P. G. Lafleur, and P. J. Carreau, “Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 30(23), 1544–1550 (1990).
[Crossref]

Day, T. D.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, J.

L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Depre, A.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D. A.

Dubois, C.

Gao, W.

H. Zhang, W. Gao, and H. Qiu, “Retro-Reflection of Round Fibers,” Text. Res. J. 73(11), 965–970 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gatesman, A. J.

Gauvreau, B.

Ghebrebrhan, M.

Giles, R. H.

Gopalan, V.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griffith, R. M.

R. M. Griffith and J. T. Tsai, “Shape changes during drawing of non-circular extruded profiles,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 20(18), 1181–1187 (1980).
[Crossref]

Grillet, A.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guo, N.

He, R.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoey, M.

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huneault, M. A.

M. A. Huneault, P. G. Lafleur, and P. J. Carreau, “Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 30(23), 1544–1550 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kimball, B. R.

M. Ghebrebrhan, F. J. Aranda, D. P. Ziegler, J. B. Carlson, J. Perry, D. M. Archambault, D. A. DiGiovanni, A. J. Gatesman, R. H. Giles, W. Zhang, E. R. Brown, and B. R. Kimball, “Tunable millimeter and sub-millimeter spectral response of textile metamaterial via resonant states,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2853–2859 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kinet, D.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krebber, K.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krishnamurthi, M.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lafleur, P. G.

M. A. Huneault, P. G. Lafleur, and P. J. Carreau, “Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 30(23), 1544–1550 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, “Light scattering from optical fibers with arbitrary refractive-index distributions,” JOSA 65(4), 367–375 (1975).
[Crossref]

O Connor, B.

B. O Connor, K. P. Pipe, and M. Shtein, “Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193306 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peng, H.

L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perry, J.

M. Ghebrebrhan, F. J. Aranda, D. P. Ziegler, J. B. Carlson, J. Perry, D. M. Archambault, D. A. DiGiovanni, A. J. Gatesman, R. H. Giles, W. Zhang, E. R. Brown, and B. R. Kimball, “Tunable millimeter and sub-millimeter spectral response of textile metamaterial via resonant states,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2853–2859 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pipe, K. P.

B. O Connor, K. P. Pipe, and M. Shtein, “Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193306 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pirotte, F.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Presby, H. M.

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, “Light scattering from optical fibers with arbitrary refractive-index distributions,” JOSA 65(4), 367–375 (1975).
[Crossref]

Qiu, H.

H. Zhang, W. Gao, and H. Qiu, “Retro-Reflection of Round Fibers,” Text. Res. J. 73(11), 965–970 (2003).
[Crossref]

Qiu, L.

L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sazio, P. J. A.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schicker, K.

Schukar, M.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shtein, M.

B. O Connor, K. P. Pipe, and M. Shtein, “Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193306 (2008).
[Crossref]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Sparks, J. R.

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoeffler, K.

Tsai, J. T.

R. M. Griffith and J. T. Tsai, “Shape changes during drawing of non-circular extruded profiles,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 20(18), 1181–1187 (1980).
[Crossref]

Wingfield, R.

Witt, J.

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeigler, D.

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, W. Gao, and H. Qiu, “Retro-Reflection of Round Fibers,” Text. Res. J. 73(11), 965–970 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Ziegler, D. P.

Adv. Mater. (1)

R. He, T. D. Day, M. Krishnamurthi, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Silicon p-i-n Junction Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(10), 1461–1467 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

L. Qiu, J. Deng, X. Lu, Z. Yang, and H. Peng, “Integrating Perovskite Solar Cells into a Flexible Fiber,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(39), 10425–10428 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. O Connor, K. P. Pipe, and M. Shtein, “Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193306 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. Grillet, K. Barco, D. Kinet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, K. Krebber, F. Pirotte, and A. Depre, “Optical Fiber Sensors Embedded into Medical Textiles for Healthcare Monitoring,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1215–1222 (2008).
[Crossref]

JOSA (1)

D. Marcuse and H. M. Presby, “Light scattering from optical fibers with arbitrary refractive-index distributions,” JOSA 65(4), 367–375 (1975).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Polym. Eng. Sci. (2)

R. M. Griffith and J. T. Tsai, “Shape changes during drawing of non-circular extruded profiles,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 20(18), 1181–1187 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. A. Huneault, P. G. Lafleur, and P. J. Carreau, “Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 30(23), 1544–1550 (1990).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

F. J. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of a retro-reflection fiber cross section formed via tri-component fiber extrusion,” Proc. SPIE 7781, 778107 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Aranda, J. Perry, D. Archambault, L. Belton, J. Carlson, M. Hoey, D. Zeigler, and B. R. Kimball, “Optical properties of woven arrays of bi-component extruded polymer fibers,” Proc. SPIE 8120, 812018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Text. Res. J. (1)

H. Zhang, W. Gao, and H. Qiu, “Retro-Reflection of Round Fibers,” Text. Res. J. 73(11), 965–970 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

J. Brydson, Plastics Materials (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999).

D. Perry, H. Appleyard, G. Cartridge, P. Cobb, G. Coop, B. Lomas, G. Ritchie, C. Taylor, M. Welch, and C. Farnfield, Identification of textile materials, (Textile Institute, Manchester, 1985).

J. E. Eaton, “An extension of the Luneberg-type lens,” Naval Research Lab, Washington D.C., (1953).

Nippon Gohsei” (Nichigo G-polymer, 2014). http://www.g-polymer.com/eng/syouai/ .

Hills, Inc.” (Hills, Inc., 2014). http://www.hillsinc.net .

P. Tabeling, Introduction to Microfluidics (S. Chen translator, Oxford University Press, 2005).

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Fluid Mechanics (J. B. Sykes and W. H. Reid translators. Pergamon Press, 1959).

WS-1 Reflectance Standards” (Ocean Optics, Inc., 2014). http://oceanoptics.com/product/ws-1-reflectance-standards/ .

Zemax - Optical and Illumination Software” (Zemax 2014). http://www.zemax.com/home/ .

F. Hensen, Plastics Extrusion Technology (Hanser Gardner Publications, 1997).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (Left) Designed 12-pointed retroreflective fiber core with each inner angle possessing 90° measure (red). (Right) SEM image of extruded retroreflective fiber with G-polymer sheath intact. Both substantial rounding of corners and deviation from 90° inner angle measure are visible.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (Left) Goniometer and light source/detector used for retroreflection experiments. The light source is pointed towards the stage. (Right) Uncoated round fiber sample used in measurements.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured relative retroreflection ratio (RRR) at 5° incidence and orthogonal orientation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Retroreflected power for (a) uncoated and (b) gold-coated 12-pointed star shaped fibers at the various incidence angles for measured orthogonal orientation (blue line), measured parallel orientation (red line), simulated orthogonal orientation (blue circles), and simulated parallel orientation (red circles).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The core-ring retroreflective fiber with clear circular surface fibers and blue inner core fiber (a), and 10% deformed surface fibers (b). For fiber (a), the RRR ratio is over 2300, while for fiber (b) it is over 1100.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Physical properties of melt polymers.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R R R = 100 ×   retroreflected power from sample retroreflected power from reference surface

Metrics