Abstract

A trifluoromethyl-substituted 9,9′-bianthracene derivative named 10,10′-bis(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)-9,9′-bianthracene (BAn-(3)-CF3) has been designed and synthesized for organic light-emitting device (OLED). The compound is thermally stable with high decomposition temperature (T d = 356 °C) and glass transition temperature (T g = 266 °C). Non-doped deep blue OLED using BAn-(3)-CF3 as the emitter shows the Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.156, 0.142), which is indicative of excellent blue color purity. Furthermore, BAn-(3)-CF3 serves as an excellent host material doped for 4,4-bis[4-(di-p-tolylamino)styryl]biphenyl (DPAVBi) to get high-performance blue OLED with low turn-on voltage of 3.8 V, high luminance of over 12000 cd/m2, high current efficiency of 5.88 cd/A and high external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 3.15%.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  16. P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
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  20. M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. P. Zhang , W. Dou , Z. H. Ju , X. L. Tang , W. Liu , C. Y. Chen , B. Wang , and W. S. Liu , “Modularity analysis of tunable solid-state emission based on a twisted conjugated molecule containing 9,9'-bianthracene group,” Adv. Mater. 25(42), 6112−6116 (2013).
  24. K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  25. C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. A. Seo, C. W. Lee, and M. S. Gong, “Spirobenzofluorene linked anthracene derivatives: synthesis and application in blue fluorescent host materials,” Dyes Pigments 96(1), 211–219 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, X. Xu, and G. Zhou, “Recent advances of the emitters for high performance deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(5), 913–944 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Baek, Y. R. Cheon, H. Shin, J. W. Park, and Y. H. Kim, “New asymmetrical limb structured blue emitting material for OLED [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1151–1158 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (7)

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Natarajan and M. Schmittel, “Photoluminescence, redox properties, and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted 9,9′-bianthryls,” J. Org. Chem. 78(20), 10383–10394 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu and C. Yang, “Blue fluorescent emitters: design tactics and applications in organic light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(12), 4963–4976 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Seo, C. W. Lee, and M. S. Gong, “Spirobenzofluorene linked anthracene derivatives: synthesis and application in blue fluorescent host materials,” Dyes Pigments 96(1), 211–219 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, and A. J. Bard, “Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted anthracene-functionalized bimesitylenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451–3460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hriz, N. Jaballah, J. L. Fave, and M. Majdoub, “Synthesis and characterization of new anthracene-based semi-conducting materials,” J. Mater. Sci. 47(23), 8067–8075 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Huang, J. Su, and H. Tian, “The development of anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 10977–10989 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

U. Müller and M. Baumgarten, “Novel oligo(9,10-anthrylene)s: models for electron transfer and high-spin formation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117(21), 5840–5850 (1995).
[Crossref]

1949 (1)

F. Bell and D. H. Waring, “The symmetrical dianthryls. part I,” J. Chem. Soc. 63(0), 267–269 (1949).
[Crossref]

Baek, J. Y.

Bard, A. J.

J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, and A. J. Bard, “Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted anthracene-functionalized bimesitylenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451–3460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumgarten, M.

U. Müller and M. Baumgarten, “Novel oligo(9,10-anthrylene)s: models for electron transfer and high-spin formation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117(21), 5840–5850 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bell, F.

F. Bell and D. H. Waring, “The symmetrical dianthryls. part I,” J. Chem. Soc. 63(0), 267–269 (1949).
[Crossref]

Bin, J. K.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, X.

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chae, G. S.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. C.

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheah, K. W.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chein, Y. Y.

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. H.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. T.

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, I. C.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. T.

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. H.

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C. H.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cheng, N.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheon, Y. R.

Cho, M. J.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, D. H.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chou, H.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chou, P.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cui, D.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, G.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dou, W.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duan, L.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fave, J. L.

K. Hriz, N. Jaballah, J. L. Fave, and M. Majdoub, “Synthesis and characterization of new anthracene-based semi-conducting materials,” J. Mater. Sci. 47(23), 8067–8075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fung, K. M.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gong, M. S.

J. A. Seo, C. W. Lee, and M. S. Gong, “Spirobenzofluorene linked anthracene derivatives: synthesis and application in blue fluorescent host materials,” Dyes Pigments 96(1), 211–219 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hong, T. R.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, X.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hriz, K.

K. Hriz, N. Jaballah, J. L. Fave, and M. Majdoub, “Synthesis and characterization of new anthracene-based semi-conducting materials,” J. Mater. Sci. 47(23), 8067–8075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hua, W.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

J. Huang, J. Su, and H. Tian, “The development of anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 10977–10989 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, M. J.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jaballah, N.

K. Hriz, N. Jaballah, J. L. Fave, and M. Majdoub, “Synthesis and characterization of new anthracene-based semi-conducting materials,” J. Mater. Sci. 47(23), 8067–8075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jeng, R. J.

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jeong, H. C.

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jiao, B.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ju, Z.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. S.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katagiri, H.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kawata, S.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kido, J.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. J.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. H.

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. J.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. H.

J. Y. Baek, Y. R. Cheon, H. Shin, J. W. Park, and Y. H. Kim, “New asymmetrical limb structured blue emitting material for OLED [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1151–1158 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. K.

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ku, P. J.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kwon, J. H.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwon, S. K.

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lam, K. M.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. S.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C. W.

J. A. Seo, C. W. Lee, and M. S. Gong, “Spirobenzofluorene linked anthracene derivatives: synthesis and application in blue fluorescent host materials,” Dyes Pigments 96(1), 211–219 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, R. H.

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. B.

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T. W.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, X.

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, C. G.

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, K. F.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. S.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, J. J.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. T.

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, R. S.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. S.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, D.

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ma, L.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Majdoub, M.

K. Hriz, N. Jaballah, J. L. Fave, and M. Majdoub, “Synthesis and characterization of new anthracene-based semi-conducting materials,” J. Mater. Sci. 47(23), 8067–8075 (2012).
[Crossref]

Moorthy, J. N.

J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, and A. J. Bard, “Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted anthracene-functionalized bimesitylenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451–3460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, U.

U. Müller and M. Baumgarten, “Novel oligo(9,10-anthrylene)s: models for electron transfer and high-spin formation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117(21), 5840–5850 (1995).
[Crossref]

Natarajan, P.

P. Natarajan and M. Schmittel, “Photoluminescence, redox properties, and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted 9,9′-bianthryls,” J. Org. Chem. 78(20), 10383–10394 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, and A. J. Bard, “Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted anthracene-functionalized bimesitylenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451–3460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J. W.

Pu, Y.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qin, J.

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, Y.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sasabe, H.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Satoh, F.

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmittel, M.

P. Natarajan and M. Schmittel, “Photoluminescence, redox properties, and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted 9,9′-bianthryls,” J. Org. Chem. 78(20), 10383–10394 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seo, J. A.

J. A. Seo, C. W. Lee, and M. S. Gong, “Spirobenzofluorene linked anthracene derivatives: synthesis and application in blue fluorescent host materials,” Dyes Pigments 96(1), 211–219 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shih, H. T.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shin, H.

Shin, J.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sit, W. Y.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

So, S.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Son, Y. H.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, J. Y.

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, J.

J. Huang, J. Su, and H. Tian, “The development of anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 10977–10989 (2012).
[Crossref]

Su, J. H.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Suk, J.

J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, and A. J. Bard, “Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted anthracene-functionalized bimesitylenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451–3460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, X.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tao, X.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tian, H.

J. Huang, J. Su, and H. Tian, “The development of anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 10977–10989 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsai, H.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Um, H. A.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Waring, D. H.

F. Bell and D. H. Waring, “The symmetrical dianthryls. part I,” J. Chem. Soc. 63(0), 267–269 (1949).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. T.

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wong, W. Y.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. C.

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, F. I.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, K. C.

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. Z.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xia, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

X. Yang, X. Xu, and G. Zhou, “Recent advances of the emitters for high performance deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(5), 913–944 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

M. Zhu and C. Yang, “Blue fluorescent emitters: design tactics and applications in organic light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(12), 4963–4976 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. J.

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. H.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, K.

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, X. Xu, and G. Zhou, “Recent advances of the emitters for high performance deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(5), 913–944 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, T.

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yeh, S. C.

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoon, S. H.

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, S. S.

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Y.

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhong, C.

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G.

X. Yang, X. Xu, and G. Zhou, “Recent advances of the emitters for high performance deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(5), 913–944 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu and C. Yang, “Blue fluorescent emitters: design tactics and applications in organic light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(12), 4963–4976 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

M. J. Cho, S. J. Kim, S. H. Yoon, J. Shin, T. R. Hong, H. J. Kim, Y. H. Son, J. S. Kang, H. A. Um, T. W. Lee, J. K. Bin, B. S. Lee, J. H. Yang, G. S. Chae, J. H. Kwon, and D. H. Choi, “New bipolar host materials for realizing blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency at 1000 cd/m2.,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(22), 19808–19815 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (3)

Y. H. Kim, H. C. Jeong, S. H. Kim, K. Yang, and S. K. Kwon, “High-purity-blue and high-efficiency electroluminescent devices based on anthracene,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(11), 1799–1805 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hu, Y. Pu, F. Satoh, S. Kawata, H. Katagiri, H. Sasabe, and J. Kido, “Bisanthracene-based donor-acceptor-type light-emitting dopants: highly efficient deep-blue emission in organic light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(14), 2064–2071 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. C. Wu, P. J. Ku, C. S. Lin, H. T. Shih, F. I. Wu, M. J. Huang, J. J. Lin, I. C. Chen, and C. H. Cheng, “The photophysical properties of dipyrenylbenzenes and their application as exceedingly efficient blue emitters for electroluminescent devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(1), 67–75 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen, and Y. Y. Chein, “Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties,” Adv. Mater. 16(1), 61–65 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

M. Zhu and C. Yang, “Blue fluorescent emitters: design tactics and applications in organic light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 42(12), 4963–4976 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dyes Pigments (2)

Y. C. Chang, S. C. Yeh, Y. H. Chen, C. T. Chen, R. H. Lee, and R. J. Jeng, “New carbazole-substituted anthracene derivatives based non-doped blue light-emitting devices with high brightness and efficiency,” Dyes Pigments 99(3), 577–587 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. A. Seo, C. W. Lee, and M. S. Gong, “Spirobenzofluorene linked anthracene derivatives: synthesis and application in blue fluorescent host materials,” Dyes Pigments 96(1), 211–219 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

U. Müller and M. Baumgarten, “Novel oligo(9,10-anthrylene)s: models for electron transfer and high-spin formation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117(21), 5840–5850 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, and A. J. Bard, “Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted anthracene-functionalized bimesitylenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451–3460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Soc. (1)

F. Bell and D. H. Waring, “The symmetrical dianthryls. part I,” J. Chem. Soc. 63(0), 267–269 (1949).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (3)

S. Lin, F. Wu, H. Tsai, P. Chou, H. Chou, C. Cheng, and R. S. Liu, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 8122–8128 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Xia, Z. Y. Zhang, J. H. Su, Q. Zhang, K. M. Fung, K. M. Lam, K. F. Li, W. Y. Wong, K. W. Cheah, H. Tian, and C. H. Chen, “Robust and highly efficient blue light-emitting hosts based on indene-substituted anthracene,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3768–3774 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Huang, J. Su, and H. Tian, “The development of anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 10977–10989 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (4)

X. Yang, X. Xu, and G. Zhou, “Recent advances of the emitters for high performance deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(5), 913–944 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Z. Wu, Z. Li, B. Jiao, L. Li, L. Ma, D. Wang, G. Zhou, and X. Hou, “Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices (CIEy ≈ 0.08) doped with fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives (fluorophores),” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(48), 8117–8127 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, Z. Li, L. Ma, G. Zhou, W. Y. Sit, S. So, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-bianthracene derivatives with twisted intramolecular charge-transfer excited states as blue host materials for high-performance fluorescent electroluminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(44), 9375–9384 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, B. Jiao, Z. Wu, P. Liu, L. Ma, X. Lei, D. Wang, G. Zhou, H. Hu, and X. Hou, “Fluorinated 9,9′-spirobifluorene derivatives as host materials for highly efficient blue organic light-emitting devices,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(11), 2183–2192 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

K. Hriz, N. Jaballah, J. L. Fave, and M. Majdoub, “Synthesis and characterization of new anthracene-based semi-conducting materials,” J. Mater. Sci. 47(23), 8067–8075 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. B. Lee, J. Y. Song, H. J. Yang, Y. K. Kim, and S. S. Yoon, “Blue fluorescent materials composed of anthracene-aryl amine-anthracene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 15(7), 5238–5241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Org. Chem. (1)

P. Natarajan and M. Schmittel, “Photoluminescence, redox properties, and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of twisted 9,9′-bianthryls,” J. Org. Chem. 78(20), 10383–10394 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

M. Zhu, T. Ye, C. G. Li, X. Cao, C. Zhong, D. Ma, J. Qin, and C. Yang, “Efficient solution-processed nondoped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene-bridged anthracene derivatives appended with charge transport moieties,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(36), 17965–17972 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Org. Electron. (1)

P. Zhang, W. Dou, Z. Ju, L. Yang, X. Tang, W. Liu, Y. Z. Wu, and W. S. Liu, “A 9,9′-bianthracene-cored molecule enjoying twisted intramolecular charge transfer to enhance radiative-excitons generation for highly efficient deep-blue OLEDs,” Org. Electron. 14(3), 915–925 (2013).
[Crossref]

RSC Advances (1)

W. Hua, Z. Liu, L. Duan, G. Dong, Y. Qiu, B. Zhang, D. Cui, X. Tao, N. Cheng, and Y. Liu, “Deep-blue electroluminescence from nondoped and doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on a new monoaza[6]helicene,” RSC Advances 5(1), 75–84 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

S. S., Yoon , H. J. Kim , Y. K. Kim , S. E. Lee , and S. J. Lee, “Two anthracene-containing materials for blue organic light-emitting diodes,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 601(1), 142−150 (2014).

P. Zhang , W. Dou , Z. H. Ju , X. L. Tang , W. Liu , C. Y. Chen , B. Wang , and W. S. Liu , “Modularity analysis of tunable solid-state emission based on a twisted conjugated molecule containing 9,9'-bianthracene group,” Adv. Mater. 25(42), 6112−6116 (2013).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Synthesis and structure of BAn-(3)-CF3.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The optimized geometry and the molecular orbital surface of the HOMO and LUMO for BAn-(3)-CF3 obtained at the B3LYP/6-31G level.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 TGA (a) and DSC (b) measurements for BAn-(3)-CF3 (DSC measurements: 2nd scan after N2 treatment, 10 °C/min) .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 UV-vis absorption spectra (a) and PL spectra (b) of BAn-(3)-CF3 in dilute CH2Cl2 solution and solid film.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Trace of cyclic voltammetric measurement of BAn-(3)-CF3.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Current density-voltage curves, (b) Brightness-voltage curves, (c) Current efficiency-current density curves, and (d) Power efficiency-current density curves.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Normalized EL spectra of DPAVBi-doped device using BAn-(3)-CF3 recorded at various driving voltages, and (b) External quantum efficiency-current density curves for BAn-(3)-CF3 devices.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Structures of the DPAVBi-doped device.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Physical properties of the BAn-(3)-CF3.

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Table 2 EL performance of BAn-(3)-CF3 devices.

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